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National Education Policy 2020 (NEP 2020) was released on Wednesday after almost 34 years. The new changes introduced by the central government have been applauded by many educationists. The Ministry of Human Resource Development will now be officially renamed as the Ministry of Education. Instead of 1.3%, the contribution of GDP in the education sector will now be 6%.
In a much-needed change, NEP 2020 has mentioned that the National Testing Agency (NTA) will conduct a common aptitude test for the higher education of students. NTA currently conducts exams like JEE Main, NEET, UGC-NET and other university entrance exams such as IGNOU exam, JNU exam, Delhi University exam and others.
Along with a common entrance exam, NTA will also offer specialized common subject exams in various streams such as science, humanities, languages, arts and vocational subjects. All these exams will be conducted at least twice a year to ensure maximum participation from students, without the hassles of losing a year towards progressing in their higher education.
No Need of Coachings For ‘Cracking’ Exams
This new entrance exam policy seems much similar to that of the Scholastic Assessment Test (SAT) in the USA. The SAT is conducted for admission to UG courses of various colleges and universities in the USA.
Under the head of “Transforming Assessment for Student Development” in NEP 2020, it is mentioned that the current system of entrance exams will be amended to “eliminate the need for taking coaching for ‘cracking’ the exams”. This could mean that the current requirements for admission and the criteria for assessment under JEE Main, might be reformed in the next year with a major change.
IITs and NITs will also be encouraged to take admissions based on results of Regional, National and International Olympiads for their undergraduate courses. Many such reforms are yet to be interpreted for changes in the school-based education and higher education of students.
In another change, a new regulatory body might be overcome the University Grants Commission (UGC) and All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE) which are responsible for providing affiliations and setting standards for universities and technical colleges in India. This new regulator will be called the Higher Education Commission of India (HECI). This could marginally change the management of the higher education sector of India with roles and responsibilities changing accordingly.