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JEE Main Mathematics Syllabus: Topic-wise weightage, Best books

Latest Update: As announced by the HRD Minister Mr Ramesh Pokhriyal on 5th May, 2020, the JEE Main examination will be conducted from 18th – 23rd July, 2020.


JEE Main Mathematics Syllabus is prepared by the examination conducting body. NTA will release the syllabus along with the information brochure on JEE Main 2020. As per the analysis of previous years’ JEE Main papers, it is expected that there will be no change in the syllabus. However, there may be a change in the JEE Main Exam Pattern.

JEE Main Mathematics syllabus is based on the syllabus of class 11 and 12 of CBSE board. By knowing the JEE Main Mathematics Syllabus students will have clear idea about what type of questions asked in the paper, and difficulty level of the papers. Read the following article to no more about JEE Main syllabus for Mathematics section, weightage of chapters and number of questions from each unit.

JEE Main Mathematics Syllabus

Following is the detailed analysis of unit wise and topic wise Mathematics syllabus:

Unit 1: Sets, Relations and Functions

  • Sets and their representation
  • Union, intersection and complement of sets and their algebraic properties
  • Power set
  • Relation, Types of relations, equivalence relations, functions
  • One-one, into and onto functions, composition of functions

Unit 2: Complex Number and Quadratic Equations

  • Complex numbers as ordered pairs of reals
  • Representation of complex numbers in the form (a+ib) and their representation in a plane, Argand diagram.
  • Algebra of complex numbers, modulus and argument (or amplitude) of a complex number, square root of a complex number.
  • Triangle inequality.
  • Quadratic equations in real and complex number system and their solutions.
  • The relation between roots and coefficients, nature of roots, the formation of quadratic equations with given roots.

Unit 3: Matrices and Determinants

  • Matrices: Algebra of matrices, types of matrices, and matrices of order two and three.
  • Determinants: Properties of determinants, evaluation of determinants, the area of triangles using determinants.
  • Adjoint and evaluation of inverse of a square matrix using determinants and elementary transformations.
  • Test of consistency and solution of simultaneous linear equations in two or three variables using determinants and matrices

Unit 4: Permutations and Combinations

  • The fundamental principle of counting.
  • Permutation as an arrangement and combination as selection.
  • The meaning of P (n,r) and C (n,r). Simple applications.

Unit 5: Mathematical Induction

  • The principle of Mathematical Induction and its simple applications.

JEE Main Mathematics Syllabus

Unit 6: Binomial Theorem

  • Binomial theorem for a positive integral index.
  • General term and middle term.
  • Properties of Binomial coefficients and simple applications.

Unit 7: Sequences and Series

  • Arithmetic and Geometric progressions, insertion of arithmetic.
  • Geometric means between two given numbers.
  • The relation between A.M. and G.M.
  • Sum up to n terms of special series: Sn, Sn2, Sn3
  • Arithmetic – Geometric progression.

Unit 8: Limit, Continuity and Differentiability

  • Real-valued functions, algebra of functions, polynomials, rational, trigonometric, logarithmic and exponential functions, inverse functions.
  • Graphs of simple functions.
  • Limits, continuity, and differentiability.
  • Differentiation of the sum, difference, product, and quotient of two functions.
  • Differentiation of trigonometric, inverse trigonometric, logarithmic, exponential, composite and implicit functions; derivatives of order up to two.
  • Rolle’s and Lagrange’s Mean Value Theorems.
  • Applications of derivatives: Rate of change of quantities, monotonic – increasing and decreasing functions, Maxima, and minima of functions of one variable, tangents, and normals

Unit 9: Integral Calculus

  • Integral as an antiderivative.
  • Fundamental integrals involving algebraic, trigonometric, exponential and logarithmic functions.
  • Integration by substitution, by parts, and by partial fractions.
  • Integration using trigonometric identities.
  • Integral as limit of a sum.

Evaluation of simple integrals:

  • Fundamental Theorem of Calculus.
  • Properties of definite integrals, evaluation of definite integrals, determining areas of the regions bounded by simple curves in standard form

Unit 10: Differential Equations

  • Ordinary differential equations, their order, and degree.
  • Formation of differential equations.
  • The solution of differential equations by the method of separation of variables.
  • The solution of homogeneous and linear differential equations of the type:

Unit 11: Co-ordinate Geometry

  • Cartesian system of rectangular coordinates in a plane, distance formula, section formula, locus and its equation, translation of axes, the slope of a line, parallel and perpendicular lines, intercepts of a line on the coordinate axes.
  • Straight lines: Various forms of equations of a line, intersection of lines, angles between two lines, conditions for concurrence of three lines.
  • The distance of a point from a line, equations of internal and external bisectors of angles between two lines, coordinates of centroid, orthocentre, and circumcentre of a triangle, equation of the family of lines passing through the point of intersection of two lines.
  • Circles, conic sections: Standard form of equation of a circle, general form of the equation of a circle, its radius and centre, equation of a circle when the endpoints of a diameter are given, points of intersection of a line and a circle with the centre at the origin and condition for a line to be tangent to a circle, equation of the tangent.
  • Sections of cones, equations of conic sections (parabola, ellipse, and hyperbola) in standard forms, condition for y = mx + c to be a tangent and point (s) of tangency.

Unit 12: Three Dimensional Geometry

  • Coordinates of a point in space, the distance between two points.
  • Section formula, direction ratios and direction cosines, the angle between two intersecting lines.
  • Skew lines, the shortest distance between them and its equation.
  • Equations of a line and a plane in different forms, the intersection of a line and a plane, coplanar lines.

Unit 13: Vector Algebra

  • Vectors and scalars, the addition of vectors.
  • Components of a vector in two dimensions and three-dimensional space.
  • Scalar and vector products, scalar and vector triple product.

Unit 14: Statistics and Probability

  • Measures of Dispersion: Calculation of mean, median, mode of grouped and ungrouped data. Calculation of standard deviation, variance and mean deviation for grouped and ungrouped data.
  • Probability: Probability of an event, addition and multiplication theorems of probability, Baye’s theorem, probability distribution of a random variate, Bernoulli trials and Binomial distribution.

Unit 15: Trigonometry

  • Trigonometric identities and equations.
  • Trigonometric functions.
  • Inverse trigonometric functions and their properties.
  • Heights and Distances

Unit 16: Mathematical Reasoning

  • Statements, logical operations and, or, implies, implied by, if and only if.
  • Understanding of tautology, contradiction, converse, and Contrapositive

JEE Main Mathematics Syllabus: Chapter-Wise Weightage

Some chapters from the JEE Main Mathematics syllabus carry more weightage than the others. The table provided below contains the most important topics from JEE Main syllabus with weightage:

Important Topics Expected weightage
Coordinate Geometry 12%
Integral Calculus 12%
Trigonometry 7%
Sequence and Series 7%
Matrices and Determinants 7%
Differential Equations 7%

There are a total of 16 units in JEE Main Syllabus for Mathematics with the following weightage:

Topic Number of questions
Sets, Relations and Functions 1
Complex Numbers and Quadratic Equations 3
Matrices and Determinants 2
Permutations and Combinations 1
Mathematical Induction 1
Binomial Theorem and its simple applications 1
Sequences and Series 2
Limit, Continuity and Differentiability 1
Integral Calculus 3
Differential Equations 1
Co-Ordinate Geometry 5
Three Dimensional Geometry 3
Vector Algebra 1
Statistics and Probability 2
Trigonometry 2
Mathematical Reasoning 1

Recommended Books for Preparing JEE Main Mathematics

Mathematics section requires a comprehensive preparation. The following table represents some of the best books for JEE Main along with their author’s name that students can prefer for their Mathematical exam preparation:

Books Name Authors Name
IIT Mathematics M.L. Khanna
Differential Calculus Das Gupta
Class XI and XII Mathematics R.D. Sharma
Trigonometry, Geometry Books S.L. Loney
Integral Calculus for IIT-JEE Amit Agarwal
Calculus and Analytic Geometry Thomas and Finney
Problems in Calculus of One Variable I. A. Maron
Higher Algebra Hall and Knight

Some Numerical Value Based Question in Mathematics

Q1. Let α and β be two roots of the equation x2+2x+2=0, then α 15+β15 is equal to_____________.

Ans. -256

Q2. Consider a group of 5 females and 7 males. The number of different teams consisting of 2 females and 3 males, that can be formed from this group, if there are two specific males A and B, who refuse to be the member of the same team, is ________________.

Ans. 300

Q3. If y = y (x) is the solution of the differential equation x +2y = x2 satisfying y (1) = 1, then 16 y (1/2) is equal to _______.

Ans. 49

Also Read | JEE Main Syllabus for Chemistry

JEE Main Syllabus for Physics: Important topics, Weightage Analysis

Latest Update: As announced by the HRD Minister Mr Ramesh Pokhriyal on 5th May, 2020, the JEE Main examination will be conducted from 18th – 23rd July, 2020.


JEE Main Syllabus for Physics is provided by the exam conducting authority. This year NTA has made some change in the pattern of the examination. Physics section will hold 25 objective type questions.

JEE Main Syllabus for Physics contains two sections – A and B. Section A pertains to the Theory Part which holds 80% of the total weightage and Section B contains Practical Part (Experimental Skills) having 20% weightage. Read the following article to know more about Physics syllabus for JEE Main 2020.

Also Check | JEE Main Exam Pattern

The following table depicts the JEE Main Syllabus for Physics (Theory Part):

S.No. Unit Topics
1 Physics and Measurement Physics, Technology and society, S.I. units,
Fundamental and derived units.
Least count, accuracy and precision of measuring instruments, Errors in measurement,
Dimensions of Physical quantities, dimensional analysis and its applications
2 Kinematics Frame of reference.
Motion in a straight line: Position-time graph, speed and velocity.
Uniform and non-uniform motion, average speed and instantaneous velocity Uniformly accelerated motion, velocity-time, position-time graphs, relations for uniformly accelerated motion.
Scalars and Vectors, Vector Addition and Subtraction, Zero Vector, Scalar and Vector products, Unit Vector, Resolution of a Vector
Relative Velocity, Motion in a plane.
Projectile Motion, Uniform Circular Motion
3 Laws of Motion Force and Inertia,
Newton’s First Law of motion; Momentum, Newton’s Second Law of motion; Impulse; Newton’s Third Law of motion.
Law of conservation of linear momentum and its applications, Equilibrium of concurrent forces.
Static and Kinetic friction, Laws of friction, Rolling friction.
Dynamics of uniform circular motion: Centripetal force and its applications,
4 Work, Energy and Power Work done by a constant force and a variable force; Kinetic and potential energies, Work-Energy theorem
Power
Potential energy of a spring, Conservation of mechanical energy, Conservative and nonconservative forces;
Elastic and inelastic collisions in one and two dimensions.
5 Rotational Motion Centre of mass of a two-particle system, Centre of mass of a rigid body
Basic concepts of rotational motion; moment of a force, torque, angular momentum, conservation of angular momentum and its applications
Moment of inertia, Radius of gyration
Values of moments of inertia for simple geometrical objects, parallel and perpendicular axes theorems and their applications.
Rigid body rotation, Equations of rotational motion
6 Gravitation The Universal law of gravitation
Acceleration due to gravity and its variation with altitude and depth, Kepler’s laws of planetary motion
Gravitational potential energy; gravitational potential.
Escape velocity.
Orbital velocity of a satellite. Geostationary satellites.
7 Properties of Solids and Liquids Elastic behaviour, Stress-strain relationship, Hooke’s Law, Young’s modulus, bulk modulus, modulus of rigidity. Pressure due to a fluid column
Pascal’s law and its applications
Viscosity, Stokes’ law, terminal velocity, streamline and turbulent flow, Reynolds number
Bernoulli’s principle and its applications
Surface energy and surface tension, angle of contact, application of surface tension – drops, bubbles and capillary rise
Heat, temperature, thermal expansion;
Specific heat capacity, calorimetry
Change of state, latent heat
Heat transfer-conduction, convection and radiation, Newton’s law of cooling
8 Thermodynamics Thermal equilibrium, zeroth law of thermodynamics, concept of temperature
Heat, work and internal energy
First law of thermodynamics
The second law of thermodynamics: reversible and irreversible processes
Carnot engine and its efficiency
9 Kinetic Theory of Gases Equation of state of a perfect gas, work done on compressing a gas.
Kinetic theory of gases -assumptions, concept of pressure. Kinetic energy and temperature: rms speed of gas molecules
Degrees of freedom, Law of equipartition of energy
Applications to specific heat capacities of gases Mean free path
Avogadro’s number
10 Oscillations and Waves Periodic motion – period, frequency, displacement as a function of time.
Periodic functions
Simple harmonic motion (S.H.M.) and its equation; phase; oscillations of a spring -restoring force and force constant;
Energy in S.H.M. – kinetic and potential energies; Simple pendulum – derivation of expression for its time period
Free, forced and damped oscillations,
Resonance
Wave motion
Longitudinal and transverse waves, speed of a wave
Displacement relation for a progressive wave
Principle of superposition of waves, reflection of waves, Standing waves in strings and organ pipes, fundamental mode and harmonics, Beats, Doppler effect in sound
11 Electrostatics Electric charges: Conservation of charge, Coulomb’s law-forces between two point charges, forces between multiple charges
Superposition principle and continuous charge distribution
Electric field: Electric field due to a point charge, Electric field lines, Electric dipole, Electric field due to a dipole, Torque on a dipole in a uniform electric field
Electric flux, Gauss’s law and its applications to find field due to infinitely long uniformly charged straight wire, uniformly charged infinite plane sheet and uniformly charged thin spherical shell
Electric potential and its calculation for a point charge, electric dipole and system of charges.
Equipotential surfaces, Electrical potential energy of a system of two point charges in an electrostatic field.
Conductors and insulators, Dielectrics and electric polarization, capacitor, combination of capacitors in series and in parallel, capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor with and without dielectric medium between the plates, Energy stored in a capacitor.
12 Current Electricity Electric current, Drift velocity, Ohm’s law, Electrical resistance, Resistances of different materials, V-I characteristics of Ohmic and non-ohmic conductors
Electrical energy and power, Electrical resistivity, Colour code for resistors
Series and parallel combinations of resistors; Temperature dependence of resistance.
Electric Cell and its Internal resistance, Potential difference and emf of a cell, combination of cells in series and in parallel
Kirchhoff’s laws and their applications
Wheatstone bridge, Metre bridge
Potentiometer – principle and its applications.
13 Magnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism Biot – Savart law and its application to current carrying circular loop.
Ampere’s law and its applications to infinitely long current carrying straight wire and solenoid.
Force on a moving charge in uniform magnetic and electric fields.
Cyclotron
Force on a current-carrying conductor in a uniform magnetic field. Force between two parallel current-carrying conductors-definition of ampere, Torque experienced by a current loop in uniform magnetic field
Moving coil galvanometer, its current sensitivity and conversion to ammeter and voltmeter.
Current loop as a magnetic dipole and its magnetic dipole moment. Bar magnet as an equivalent solenoid, magnetic field lines; Earth’s magnetic field and magnetic elements.
Para-, dia-, and ferro- magnetic substances.
Magnetic susceptibility and permeability, Hysteresis, Electromagnets and permanent magnets.
14 Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents Electromagnetic induction
Faraday’s law, induced emf and current
Lenz’s Law, Eddy currents
Self and mutual inductance
Alternating currents, peak and rms value of alternating current/voltage
Reactance and Impedance; LCR series circuit, Resonance
Quality factor, power in AC circuits, wattless current.
AC Generator and Transformer.
15 Electromagnetic Waves Electromagnetic waves and their characteristics.
Transverse nature of electromagnetic waves.
Electromagnetic spectrum(radio waves, microwaves, infrared, visible, ultraviolet, X rays, gamma rays).
Applications of e.m. waves.
16 Optics Reflection and refraction of light at plane and spherical surfaces, mirror formula, Total internal reflection and its applications,
Deviation and Dispersion of light by a prism, Lens Formula, Magnification, Power of a Lens, Combination of thin lenses in contact, Microscope and Astronomical Telescope (reflecting and refracting) and their magnifying powers.
Wave optics: wavefront and Huygens’ principle, Laws of reflection and refraction using Huygen’s principle.
Interference, Young’s double slit experiment and expression for fringe width, coherent sources and sustained interference of light.
Diffraction due to a single slit, width of central maximum. Resolving power of microscopes and astronomical telescopes, Polarisation, plane polarized light
Brewster’s law, uses of plane polarized light and Polaroids.
17 Dual Nature of Matter and Radiation Dual nature of radiation
Photoelectric effect, Hertz and Lenard’s observations
Einstein’s photoelectric equation
Particle nature of light
Matter waves-wave nature of the particle, de Broglie relation.
Davis son-Germer experiment.
18 Atoms and Nuclei Alpha-particle scattering experiment
Rutherford’s model of the atom
Bohr model, energy levels, hydrogen spectrum
Composition and size of the nucleus, atomic masses, isotopes, isobars, and isotones
Radioactivity-alpha, beta and gamma particles/rays and their properties
Radioactive decay law
Mass-energy relation, mass defect
Binding energy per nucleon and its variation with mass number, nuclear fission and fusion.
19 Electronic Devices Semiconductors
Semiconductor diode: I-V characteristics in forward and reverse bias
Diode as a rectifier
1-V characteristics of LED, photodiode, solar cell and Zener diode; Zener diode as a voltage regulator
Junction transistor, transistor action, characteristics of a transistor
Transistor as an amplifier(common emitter configuration) and oscillator
Logic gates (OR, AND, NOT, NAND and NOR), Transistor as a switch
20 Communication Systems Propagation of electromagnetic waves in the atmosphere
Sky and space wave propagation, Need for modulation, Amplitude and Frequency Modulation, Bandwidth of signals, Bandwidth of Transmission medium,
Basic Elements of a Communication System (Block Diagram only).

Check JEE Main 2020 Syllabus

JEE Main Physics Syllabus

Section B

The following table depicts the JEE Main Syllabus for Physics (Practical Part):

S.No. Experiments
1 Vernier callipers-its use to measure internal and external diameter and depth of a vessel.
2 Screw gauge-its use to determine thickness/ diameter of thin sheet/wire.
3 Simple Pendulum-dissipation of energy by plotting a graph between square of amplitude and time.
4 Metre Scale – mass of a given object by principle of moments.
5 Young’s modulus of elasticity of the material of a metallic wire.
6 Surface tension of water by capillary rise and effect of detergents.
7 Co-efficient of Viscosity of a given viscous liquid by measuring terminal velocity of a given spherical body.
8 Plotting a cooling curve for the relationship between the temperature of a hot body and time.
9 Speed of sound in air at room temperature using a resonance tube.
10 Specific heat capacity of a given (i) solid and (ii) liquid by method of mixtures.
11 Resistivity of the material of a given wire using metre bridge.
12 Resistance of a given wire using Ohm’s law.
13 Potentiometer

-Comparison of emf of two primary cells.

-Determination of internal resistance of a cell.

14 Resistance and figure of merit of a galvanometer by half deflection method
15 Focal length of

-Convex mirror

-Concave mirror, and

-Convex lens

using parallax method

16 Plot of angle of deviation vs angle of incidence for a triangular prism.
17 Refractive index of a glass slab using a traveling microscope.
18 Characteristic curves of a p-n junction diode in forward and reverse bias.
19 Characteristic curves of a Zener diode and finding reverse break down voltage.
20 Characteristic curves of a transistor and finding current gain and voltage gain.
21 Identification of Diode, LED, Transistor, IC, Resistor, Capacitor from mixed collection of such items.
22 Using multimeter to

-Identify base of a transistor

-Distinguish between npn and pnp type transistor

-See the unidirectional flow of current in case of a diode and an LED.

-Check the correctness or otherwise of a given electronic component (diode, transistor or IC).

Also Check | Important Topics for JEE Main

Books for preparing JEE Main Physics Syllabus

Books Author
Concepts of Physics Volume 1 and Volume 2 H.C. Verma
Feynman Lectures on Physics
Feynman, Leighton and Sands
Problems in General Physics IE Irodov
Objective Questions on Physics- Chapterwise Solved Papers D.C. Pandey
Fundamentals of Physics
Halliday, Resnick and Walker
Problems in Physics AA Pinsky
Advance Physics Nelkon and Parker

Some Numerical Value Type Questions in Physics

Q1. A particle moves in the x-y plane under the influence of a force such that the linear momentum is P(t) = A [ î cos kt – ĵ sin kt ] Where A and k are constants. The angle in degrees between force and momentum is_________.

Ans. 90

Q2. A power line lies along the east – west direction and carries a current of 10 A. The force per meter due to earth’s magnetic field of 10-4 T is 10-X N/m. The value of x is_____________.

Ans. 3

Q3. Light of wavelength 0.6 mm from a sodium lamp falls on a photo cell and causes the emission of photoelectrons for which the stopping potential is 0.5 V. With light of wavelength 0.4 mm from a mercury lamp the stopping potential is 1.5 V. Then, the work function in eV of the photocell surface is____________.

Ans. 1.5

JEE Main Chemistry Syllabus: Topic-wise Weightage, Best Books and Important Topics

Latest Update: As announced by the HRD Minister Mr Ramesh Pokhriyal on 5th May, 2020, the JEE Main examination will be conducted from 18th – 23rd July, 2020.

JEE Main Chemistry Syllabus is provided by the NTA on its official website. NTA has changed the pattern of the examination. The Chemistry section will hold 25 objective type questions carrying 100 Marks.

This article provides you information with a complete syllabus of Chemistry for JEE Main 2020. Apart from this, candidates will get some important information for preparing for JEE Main, like Important Books, Question Papers, Syllabus of other subjects and JEE Main Exam Pattern. If you are aiming to crack JEE Main 2020 then your ongoing preparation should speed up. Now the candidates have very less time left to prepare for the exam.

In order to download the whole syllabus as PDF, just press Ctrl + P (Print) and choose the option to save this webpage as PDF. You can use this page as ‘To-do list’ if you are beginning your revision or preparation for JEE Main.

JEE Main Chemistry Syllabus – Chapters

Given below is the syllabus for various sub-sections of Chemistry namely – Physical Chemistry, Inorganic Chemistry and Organic Chemistry. The main chapters are given below after which you will also find a detailed summary of all these topics.

Section Chapters
Physical Chemistry Some Basic Concepts in Chemistry
Atomic Structure
State of Matter
Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure
Chemical Thermodynamics
Solutions
Equilibrium
Redox, Reaction and Electrochemistry
Chemical Kinetics
Surface Chemistry
Inorganic Chemistry Classification of elements and periodicity in properties
Hydrogen
Block elements (alkali and alkaline earth metals)
P Block elements group 13 to group 18 elements
d- and f – block elements
Coordination compounds
Environmental chemistry
General principles and processes of isolation of metals
Organic Chemistry Purification and characterisation of organic compounds
Hydrocarbons
Chemistry in everyday life
Principles related to practical chemistry
Organic compounds containing halogens
Organic compounds containing oxygen
Organic compounds containing nitrogen
Polymers
Biomolecules
Some basic principles of organic chemistry

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JEE Main Chemistry Syllabus

Detailed JEE Main Chemistry Syllabus

Given below is a detailed JEE Main Chemistry Syllabus with chapters and sub-topics of each chapter. JEE Main Chemistry Syllabus is divided the same way as given above – Physical, Inorganic and Organic chemistry.

Physical Chemistry Syllabus

Chapter 1 Some Basic Concepts of Chemistry
  • Matter and its nature, Dalton’s the atomic theory, the concept of the atom, molecule, element, and compound.
  • Physical quantities and their measurements in Chemistry, precision, and accuracy, significant figures, S.I. Units, dimensional analysis.
  • Laws of chemical combination.
  • Atomic and molecular masses, mole concept, molar mass, percentage composition, empirical and molecular formulae.
  • Chemical equations and stoichiometry.
Chapter 2 States of Matter
  • Classification of matter into solid, liquid and gaseous states.
  • Gaseous State: Measurable properties of gases; Gas laws – Boyle’s law, Charles’s law, Graham’s law of diffusion, Avogadro’s law, Dalton’s law of partial pressure.
  • The concept of the Absolute scale of temperature; Ideal gas equation, Kinetic theory of gases (only postulates).
  • The concept of average, root mean square and most probable velocities.
  • Real gases, deviation from Ideal behaviour, compressibility factor, van der Waals equation, liquefaction of gases, critical constants.
  • Liquid State: Properties of liquids – vapour pressure, viscosity and surface tension and effect of temperature on them (qualitative treatment only).
  • Solid State: Classification of solids-molecular, ionic, covalent and metallic solids, amorphous and crystalline solids (elementary idea).
  • Bragg’s Law and its applications.
  • Unit cell and lattices, packing in solids (fcc, bcc and hcp lattices), voids, calculations involving unit cell parameters, imperfection in solids.
  • Electrical, magnetic and dielectric properties.
Chapter 3 Atomic Structure
  • Discovery of subatomic particles (electron, proton, and neutron).
  • Thomson and Rutherford atomic models and their limitations.
  • Nature of electromagnetic radiation, photoelectric effect.
  • The spectrum of hydrogen atom, Bohr model of hydrogen atom – its postulates, derivation of the relations for energy of the electron and radii of the different orbits, limitations of Bohr’s model.
  • Dual nature of matter, de-Broglie relationship, Heisenberg uncertainty principle.
  • Elementary ideas of quantum mechanics, the quantum mechanical model of an atom, its important features, the concept of atomic orbitals as one electron wave functions.
  • Variation of Ψ1 and Ψ2 with r for 1s and 2s orbitals; various quantum numbers (principal, angular momentum, and magnetic quantum numbers), and their significance.
  • Shapes of s, p and d – orbitals, electron spin and spin quantum number.
  • Rules for filling electrons in orbitals – Aufbau principle, Pauli exclusion principle and Hund’s rule, electronic configuration of elements, the extra stability of half-filled and completely filled orbitals.
Chapter 4 Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure
  • Kossel – Lewis approach to chemical bond formation, the concept of ionic and covalent bonds.
  • Ionic Bonding: Formation of ionic bonds, factors affecting the formation of ionic bonds; calculation of lattice enthalpy.
  • Covalent Bonding: Concept of electronegativity, Fajan’s rule, dipole moment; Valence Shell Electron Pair Repulsion (VSEPR) theory and shapes of simple molecules.
  • Quantum mechanical approach to covalent bonding: Valence bond theory, Its important features, the concept of hybridization involving s, p, and d orbitals; Resonance.
  • Molecular Orbital Theory: Its important features, LCAOs, types of molecular orbitals (bonding, antibonding), sigma and pi-bonds, molecular orbital electronic configurations of homonuclear diatomic molecules, the concept of bond order, bond length and bond energy.
  • Elementary idea of metallic bonding, Hydrogen bonding, and its applications.
Chapter 5 Chemical Thermodynamics
  • Fundamentals of thermodynamics: System and surroundings, extensive and intensive properties, state functions, types of processes.
  • First law of thermodynamics: Concept of work, heat internal energy, and enthalpy, heat capacity, molar heat capacity
  • Hess’s law of constant heat summation.
  • Enthalpies of bond dissociation, combustion, formation, atomization, sublimation, phase transition, hydration, ionization, and solution.
  • The second law of thermodynamics: Spontaneity of processes; Delta S of the universe and Delta G of the system as criteria for spontaneity, Delta Go (Standard Gibbs energy change) and equilibrium constant.
Chapter 6 Solutions
  • Different methods for expressing the concentration of a solution: molality, molarity, mole fraction, percentage (by volume and mass both), the vapour pressure of solutions and Raoult’s Law.
  • Ideal and non-ideal solutions, vapour pressure – composition, plots for ideal and non-ideal solutions.
  • Colligative properties of dilute solutions, relative lowering of vapour pressure, depression of freezing point, elevation of boiling point and osmotic pressure.
  • Determination of molecular mass using colligative properties.
  • Abnormal value of molar mass, Hoff factor, and its significance.
Chapter 7 Equilibrium
  • Meaning of equilibrium, the concept of dynamic equilibrium.
  • Equilibria involving physical processes: Solid – liquid, liquid – gas and solid – gas equilibria, Henry’s law, a general characteristic of equilibrium involving physical processes.
  • Equilibria involving chemical processes: Law of chemical equilibrium, equilibrium constants (Kp and Kc) and their significance, the significance of Delta G and Delta Go in chemical equilibria, factors affecting equilibrium concentration, pressure, temperature, the effect of the catalyst.
  • Le Chatelier’s principle.
  • Ionic equilibrium: Weak and strong electrolytes, ionization of electrolytes, various concepts of acids and bases (Arrhenius, Bronsted-Lowry and Lewis) and their ionization, acid-base equilibria (including multi stage ionization) and ionization constants, ionization of water, pH scale, common ion effect, hydrolysis of salts and pH of their solutions, solubility of sparingly soluble salts and solubility products, buffer solutions.
Chapter 8 Redox Reactions and Electrochemistry
  • Electronic concepts of oxidation and reduction, redox reactions, oxidation number, rules for assigning oxidation number, balancing of redox reactions.
  • Electrolytic and metallic conduction, conductance in electrolytic solutions, specific and molar conductivities and their variation with concentration.
  • Kohlrausch’s law and its applications.
  • Electrochemical cells: Electrolytic and Galvanic cells, different types of electrodes, electrode potentials including standard electrode potential, half – cell and cell reactions, emf of a Galvanic cell and its measurement.
  • Nernst equation and its applications; Relationship between cell potential and Gibbs’ energy change.
  • Dry cell and lead accumulator, Fuel cells.
  • Corrosion and its prevention.
Chapter 9 Chemical Kinetics
  • The rate of a chemical reaction, factors affecting the rate of reactions: concentration, temperature, pressure, and catalyst.
  • Elementary and complex reactions, order and molecularity of reactions, rate law, rate constant and its units, differential and integral forms of zero and first order reactions, their characteristics and half-lives, the effect of temperature on the rate of reactions.
  • Arrhenius theory, activation energy and its calculation, collision theory of bimolecular gaseous reactions (no derivation).
Chapter 10 Surface Chemistry
  • Adsorption: Physisorption and chemisorption and their characteristics, factors affecting the adsorption of gases on solids: Freundlich and Langmuir adsorption isotherms, adsorption from solutions.
  • Catalysis: Homogeneous and heterogeneous, activity and selectivity of solid catalysts, enzyme catalysis, and its mechanism.
  • Colloidal state: Distinction among true solutions, colloids, and suspensions, classification of colloids: lyophilic, lyophobic.
  • Multimolecular, macromolecular and associated colloids (micelles), preparation and properties of colloids: Tyndall effect, Brownian movement, electrophoresis, dialysis, coagulation, and flocculation.
  • Emulsions and their characteristics.

Inorganic Chemistry Syllabus

Chapter 11 Classification of Elements and Periodicity in Properties
  • Modern periodic law and present form of the periodic table.
  • s, p, d and f block elements.
  • Periodic trends in properties of elements atomic and ionic radii, ionization enthalpy.
  • Electrons gain enthalpy, valence, oxidation states and chemical reactivity.
Chapter 12 General Principles and Process of Isolation of Metals
  • Modes of occurrence of elements in nature, minerals, ores.
  • Steps involved in the extraction of metals: concentration, reduction (chemical and electrolytic methods) and refining with special reference to the extraction of Al, Cu, Zn, and Fe.
  • Thermodynamic and electrochemical principles involved in the extraction of metals.
Chapter 13 Hydrogen
  • The position of hydrogen in periodic table, isotopes, preparation, properties, and uses of hydrogen.
  • Physical and chemical properties of water and heavy water.
  • Structure, preparation, reactions, and uses of hydrogen peroxide.
  • Classification of hydrides: ionic, covalent and interstitial.
  • Hydrogen as a fuel.
Chapter 14 S Block Elements (Alkali and Alkaline Earth Metals)
  • Group 1 and Group 2 Elements: General introduction, electronic configuration and general trends in physical and chemical properties of elements, anomalous properties of the first element of each group, diagonal relationships.
  • Preparation and properties of some important compounds: sodium carbonate, sodium chloride, sodium hydroxide and sodium hydrogen carbonate.
  • Industrial uses of lime, limestone, Plaster of Paris and cement.
  • The biological significance of Na, K, Mg and Ca.
Chapter 15 P Block Elements
  • Group 13 to Group 18 Elements: General Introduction, Electronic configuration, and general trends in physical and chemical properties of elements across the periods and down the groups; unique behaviour of the first element in each group. Groupwise study of the p block elements.
  • Group 13: Preparation, properties, and uses of boron and aluminium; Structure, properties and uses of borax, boric acid, diborane, boron trifluoride, aluminium chloride, and alums.
  • Group 14: Tendency for catenation; Structure, properties, and uses of allotropes and oxides of carbon, silicon tetrachloride, silicates, zeolites, and silicones.
  • Group 15: Properties and uses of nitrogen and phosphorus; Allotropic forms of phosphorus; Preparation, properties, structure, and uses of ammonia, nitric acid, phosphine and phosphorus halides, (PCl3, PCl5); Structures of oxides and oxoacids of nitrogen and phosphorus.
  • Group 16: Preparation, properties, structures and uses of dioxygen and ozone; Allotropic forms of sulfur; Preparation, properties, structures, and uses of sulfur dioxide, sulphuric acid (including its industrial preparation); Structures of oxoacids of sulfur.
  • Group 17: Preparation, properties, and uses of chlorine and hydrochloric acid; Trends in the acidic nature of hydrogen halides; Structures of Interhalogen compounds and oxides and oxyacids of halogens.
  • Group 18: Occurrence and uses of noble gases; Structures of fluorides and oxides of xenon.
Chapter 16 D and F Block Elements
  • Transition Elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence and characteristics, general trends in properties of the first-row transition elements: physical properties, ionization enthalpy, oxidation states, atomic radii, colour, catalytic behaviour, magnetic properties, complex formation, interstitial compounds, alloy formation.
  • Preparation, properties, and uses of K2Cr2O7 and KMnO4.
  • Inner Transition Elements: Lanthanides, Electronic configuration, oxidation states, chemical reactivity and lanthanide contraction, and Actinoids: Electronic configuration and oxidation states.
Chapter 17 Coordination Compounds
  • Introduction to coordination compounds, Werner’s theory.
  • ligands, coordination number, denticity, chelation.
  • IUPAC nomenclature of mononuclear coordination compounds, isomerism.
  • Bonding-Valence bond approach and basic ideas of Crystal field theory, colour and magnetic properties.
  • Importance of coordination compounds (in qualitative analysis, extraction of metals and in biological systems).
Chapter 18 Environmental Chemistry
  • Environmental pollution: Atmospheric, water, and soil.
  • Atmospheric pollution: Tropospheric and stratospheric.
  • Gaseous pollutants: Oxides of carbon, nitrogen, and sulfur, hydrocarbons; their sources, harmful effects, and prevention.
  • Greenhouse effect and Global warming, acid rain.
  • Particulate pollutants: Smoke, dust, smog, fumes, mist; their sources, harmful effects, and prevention.
  • Stratospheric pollution: Formation and breakdown of ozone, depletion of ozone layer, its mechanism and effects.
  • Water Pollution: Major pollutants such as pathogens, organic wastes, and chemical pollutants; their harmful effects and prevention.
  • Soil pollution: Major pollutants such as Pesticides (insecticides, herbicides and fungicides) their harmful effects and prevention.
  • Strategies to control environmental pollution.

Organic Chemistry Syllabus

Chapter 19 Purification and Characterisation of Organic Compounds
  • Purification: Crystallization, sublimation, distillation, differential extraction, and chromatography principles and their applications.
  • Qualitative analysis: Detection of nitrogen, sulfur, phosphorus, and halogens.
  • Quantitative analysis (basic principles only): Estimation of carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, halogens, sulfur, phosphorus.
  • Calculations of empirical formula and molecular formulae; Numerical problems in organic quantitative analysis.
Chapter 20 Some Basic Principles of Organic Chemistry
  • Tetravalency of carbon; Shapes of simple molecules – hybridization (s and p).
  • Classification of organic compounds based on functional groups: -C = C- and those containing halogens, oxygen, nitrogen, and sulfur; Homologous series.
  • Isomerism: structural and stereoisomerism.
  • Nomenclature (Trivial and IUPAC): Covalent bond fission Homolytic and heterolytic: free radicals, carbocations, and carbanions; stability of carbocations and free radicals, electrophiles and nucleophiles.
  • Electronic displacement in a covalent bond: Inductive effect, electromeric effect, resonance, and hyperconjugation.
  • Common types of organic reactions: Substitution, addition, elimination, and rearrangement.
Chapter 21 Hydrocarbons
  • Classification, isomerism, IUPAC nomenclature, general methods of preparation, properties and reactions.
  • Alkanes: Conformations; Sawhorse and Newman projections (of ethane); Mechanism of halogenation of alkanes.
  • Alkenes: Geometrical isomerism.
  • Mechanism of electrophilic addition: addition of hydrogen, halogens, water, hydrogen halides (Markownikoff’s and peroxide effect); Ozonolysis, oxidation, and polymerization.
  • Alkynes: Acidic character; Addition of hydrogen, halogens, water and hydrogen halides; Polymerization.
  • Aromatic hydrocarbons: Nomenclature, benzene structure and aromaticity.
  • Mechanism of electrophilic substitution: halogenation, nitration, Friedel Crafts alkylation and acylation, directive influence of the functional group in monosubstituted benzene.
Chapter 22 Organic Compounds Containing Halogens
  • General methods of preparation, properties, and reactions.
  • Nature of C-X bond.
  • Mechanisms of substitution reactions.
  • Uses, Environmental effects of chloroform, iodoform, freons, and DDT.
Chapter 23 Organic Compounds Containing Oxygen
  • General methods of preparation, properties, reactions, and uses.
  • Alcohols: Identification of primary, secondary and tertiary alcohols; mechanism of dehydration.
  • Phenols: Acidic nature, electrophilic substitution reactions: halogenation, nitration, and sulphonation, Reimer Tiemann reaction.
  • Ethers: Structure.
  • Aldehyde and Ketones: Nature of carbonyl group; Nucleophilic addition to >C=O group, relative reactivities of aldehydes and ketones.
  • Important reactions such as Nucleophilic addition reactions (addition of HCN, NH3 and its derivatives), Grignard reagent; oxidation; reduction (Wolff Kishner and Clemmensen); the acidity of hydrogen, aldol condensation, Cannizzaro reaction, Haloform reaction.
  • Chemical tests to distinguish between aldehydes and Ketones.
  • Carboxylic Acids: Acidic strength and factors affecting it.
Chapter 24 Organic Compounds Containing Nitrogen
  • General methods of preparation, properties, reactions, and uses.
  • Amines: Nomenclature, classification, structure, basic character and identification of primary, secondary and tertiary amines and their basic character.
  • Diazonium Salts: Importance in synthetic organic chemistry.
Chapter 25 Polymers
  • General introduction and classification of polymers, general methods of polymerization addition and condensation, co-polymerization.
  • Natural and synthetic rubber and vulcanization.
  • Some important polymers with emphasis on their monomers and uses, polyethene, nylon, polyester, and bakelite.
Chapter 26 Biomolecules
  • General introduction and importance of biomolecules.
  • Carbohydrates: Classification: aldoses and ketoses; monosaccharides (glucose and fructose), constituent monosaccharides or oligosaccharides (sucrose, lactose, maltose) and polysaccharides (starch, cellulose, glycogen).
  • Proteins: Elementary Idea of amino acids, peptide bond, polypeptides; Proteins: primary, secondary, tertiary and quaternary structure (qualitative idea only), denaturation of proteins, enzymes.
  • Vitamins: Classification and functions.
  • B Chemical constitution of DNA and RNA. Biological functions of nucleic acids.
Chapter 27 Chemistry in Everyday Life
  • Chemicals in medicines: Analgesics, tranquilizers, antiseptics, disinfectants, antimicrobials, antifertility drugs, antibiotics, antacids, antihistamines, their meaning and common examples.
  • Chemicals in food: Preservatives, artificial sweetening agents common examples.
  • Cleansing agents: Soaps and detergents, cleansing action.
Chapter 28 Principles Related to Practical Chemistry
  • Detection of extra elements (N, S, halogens) in organic compounds.
  • Detection of the following functional groups: hydroxyl (alcoholic and phenolic), carbonyl (aldehyde and ketone), carboxyl and amino groups in organic compounds.
  • The chemistry involved in the preparation of the following: Inorganic compounds: Mohr’s salt, potash alum, and Organic compounds: Acetanilide, p-nitro acetanilide, aniline yellow, iodoform.
  • The chemistry involved in the titrimetric exercises: Acids bases and the use of indicators, oxalic-acid vs KMnO4, Mohr’s salt vs KMnO4.
  • Chemical principles involved in the qualitative salt analysis: Cations: Pb2+, Cu2+, AI3+, Fe3+, Zn2+, Ni2+, Ca2+, Ba2+, Mg2+, NH4+, and Anions: CO32-, S2-, SO42-, NO2-, NO3-, CI-, Br, I. (Insoluble salts excluded).
  • Chemical principles involved in the following experiments: Enthalpy of solution of CuSO4, Enthalpy of neutralization of strong acid and strong base, Preparation of lyophilic and lyophobic sols, and Kinetic study of the reaction of iodide ion with hydrogen peroxide at room temperature.

Check JEE Main Preparation tips for Chemistry

Important Topics From JEE Main Chemistry Syllabus

Some topics are asked repeatedly in the past few years from JEE Main Syllabus. Candidates must give more attention and practice to such important topics. Here is a graph which reflects such topics from the JEE Main Chemistry syllabus along with the weightage.

JEE Main Chemistry Weightage

Important topics for JEE Main Organic Chemistry

In JEE Main the type of questions asked is not fixed in Organic Chemistry. Questions can be asked randomly so in this way all topics are important for JEE Main 2020. Prepare the basics and general topics of organic chemistry in detail.

Some important topics in JEE Main organic chemistry are:-

  • Reactions and their mechanism
  • Acidity
  • Nomenclature
  • basicity

In JEE Main Questions based on mechanism and named reactions are asked commonly. Prepare steps of common chemical reactions. 2-3 questions on average, from the topic, organic synthesis are asked in the exam.

Important topics for JEE Main Inorganic Chemistry

For JEE Main 2020 all the topics in Inorganic Chemistry are considered important. In JEE Main all the chapters carry equal weightage. Clear your basics and the fundamentals of each and every topic. Inorganic chemistry can be helpful in boosting your score only if you will prepare by the

  • Methods of Preparation and Chemical Reactions, uses, etc. of the compounds.
  • Chemical bonding
  • Elements of the periodic table
  • Transition elements and coordination chemistry
  • S & P block elements and Hydrogen

Focus on these topics and they should be on your tips. For Inorganic chemistry, these topics are important for building a solid foundation. Questions asked from Chemical bonding are based on the following topics:

  • Dipole Moment
  • Shape and Hybridisation
  • Molecular Orbital Theory
  • Fajan’s Rule & its application

About three questions are asked from transition elements and coordination chemistry chapters. Questions are based on topics like Lanthanoid Contraction, Isomerism (Structural, Geometrical, Linkage, Optical Isomerism), Nomenclature and Crystal Field Theory.

Important topics for JEE Main Physical Chemistry

Mole concept in Physical Chemistry is the most important topic for JEE Main. Certain reactions like Redox Reaction are based on the Mole concept. Hence, being the basic connect this topic should be on your tips.

In Atomic Structure, you formulae and basic concepts should be clear. Questions are frequently asked from this chapter in JEE Main. Important topics in this chapter are The Wavelength of Electronic Transition, Quantum Numbers and Ionisation Energy.

Topics like State and Solid-state are also important for JEE Main 2020. Make your fundamentals clear on these topics. From topics like van der Waals equation, Kinetic Theory of Gases and Types of Molecular Velocity are among the topics for frequently asked questions.

The other topics that carry equal weightage in JEE Main are below:

  • Equilibrium
  • Chemical Thermodynamics
  • Chemical Kinetics
  • Electrochemistry & Redox Reactions
  • Surface Chemistry
  • Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure
  • Solutions

Check JEE Main Important Formulas

Topic-wise Weightage of JEE Main Chemistry Syllabus

Usually in Chemistry, there are theory-based questions and they take less time to answer compared to Physics and Mathematics questions. Sometimes the concepts in the Chemistry section are seen as complex. Overall this section can boost your marks in JEE Main. Given below is a weightage table for various chapters. This table is subject to change as there is no official weightage provided by NTA. But according to the trends in the past, the weightage has been provided.

Topics No of Questions Marks
Transition Elements and Coordination Chemistry 3 12
Periodic table and Representative Elements 2 8
Thermodynamics And Gaseous State 2 8
Atomic Structure 1 4
Chemical Bonding 2 8
Chemical And Ionic Equilibrium 2 8
Solid State And Surface Chemistry 1 4
Nuclear Chemistry And Environment 2 8
Redox Reaction 1 4
Electrochemistry 1 4
Chemical Kinetics 1 4
General Organic Chemistry 1 4
Stereochemistry 1 4
Hydrocarbon 1 4
Alkyl Halides 1 4
Carboxylic Acid and their Derivatives 1 4
Carbohydrates, amino acid and Polymers 1 4
Aromatic Compounds 1 4

Level of Difficulty in JEE Main Chemistry (January 2020 session)

Given below is a table showing the segregation of questions in JEE Main 2020 January Session on an average basis of all shifts combined. Looking at the table below it seems that the Chemistry section was very hard compared to other sections. But it is also important to note that a large number of questions in chemistry were quick to solve which gave students enough time to work on medium and difficult questions as well.

Section Difficult Medium Easy
Chemistry 4 11 10
Mathematics 2 10 13
Physics 2 7 16

Check JEE Main Question Papers

IIT-PAL Video Lectures Provided by NTA

National Testing Agency has provided video lectures recorded by some reputed IIT Professors under the name of IIT-PAL on Youtube. These lectures are divided into sub topics for each chapter. There are more than a 100 videos of approximately 50 to 60 minute runtime for each video. To access these videos-

  • Head over to official website of NTA – www.nta.ac.in
  • Click on the ‘Students’ tab.
  • Under the ‘Test Practice’ section, select ‘Content Based Lectures’.

IIT-PAL Video Lectures

Alternatively, students can also head over to Youtube and search for IIT-PAL along with the topic name they wish to watch the lecture for.

Best Books to Prepare JEE Main Chemistry Syllabus

While it might be over-exaggerating if a particular book is said to be all-in-one for JEE Main Chemistry syllabus, as the vast syllabus for chemistry requires studying from various books. Moreover, top educational writers publish separate books for the three subsections. Given below are some best books that aspirants can refer to while preparing the JEE Main Chemistry syllabus.

Common Books

  • NCERT Textbooks for Class 12 Chemistry
  • NCERT Exemplar Problems for Class 12 Chemistry
  • NCERT Textbooks for Class 11 Chemistry
  • NCERT Exemplar Problems for Class 11 Chemistry

Organic Chemistry

  • Advanced Problems in Organic Chemistry for JEE by M S Chauhan
  • A Guidebook to Mechanism in Organic Chemistry for the JEE by Peter Sykes

Inorganic Chemistry

  • Concise Inorganic Chemistry by J.D. Lee
  • Problems in Inorganic Chemistry for JEE Main & Advanced by V. K. JAISWAL

Physical Chemistry

  • Atkins’ Physical Chemistry
  • Problems in Physical Chemistry – Narendra Awasthi

Things To Remember While Studying Chemistry

JEE Main Chemistry is often called out as a scoring section for most of the JEE aspirants. This is because every year, the question paper for Chemistry has easy to moderate questions on basic concepts. Questions also take less time to solve as they require theoretical knowledge rather than any calculations.

JEE Main Chemistry syllabus is more about a planned approach rather than direct conceptual applications. The students must be thorough with all the formulas, named reactions, chemical equations, and periodic table trends as all these concepts constitute a major portion of JEE Main Chemistry syllabus. There could be a large chunk of direct and indirect questions from the above-mentioned concepts.

But it is also important to note that just memorizing the theory and formulas will not always work for a JEE Main aspirant in developing the problem-solving skills. At the end, there must be the knowledge of what logic works behind a particular concept.

Check JEE Main 2020 Best Books for B.Arch

JEE Main Chemistry section is somehow considered to be one of the easiest sections, as many of the students have scored the most and performed very well in this section in the past. Practice a lot and solve as many these kinds of questions as you can because an aspirant who has practised these questions would be able to answer them instantly.

Some Numerical Value Based Questions in Chemistry

Ques. The hardness of a water sample (in terms of equivalents of CaCO3) containing 10–3M CaSO4 is : (molar mass of CaSO4 = 136g/mol).

Ans. 100 ppm

Ques. The standard electrode potential Eº and its temperature coefficient (dEº/dT)p for a cell are 2V and –5×10–4 VK–1 at 300K respectively. The cell reaction is Zn(s) + Cu2+(aq)→ Zn2+(aq) + Cu(s). The standard reaction enthalpy (ΔrHº) at 300K is _________________ kJ/mol (F= 96485 C mol-1)

Ans. -414.9

Ques. The number of monochlorinated products obtained on chlorination of 2 methylbutane is_________.

Ans. 4

JEE Main 2020 Syllabus: Subject-wise Syllabus for B.Tech, B.Arch and B.Plan Papers

Latest Update: HRD Minister Mr Ramesh Pokhriyal has announced the JEE Main 2020 new examination dates. The exam will be conducted from 18th – 23rd July 2020. Admit Cards will be issued 15 days before the exam. There has been no change in JEE Main Syllabus for 2020.


NTA has released the official JEE Main Syllabus for the year 2020. The JEE Main 2020 Syllabus varies depending upon the sections or subjects – Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics, Aptitude, Drawing and Planning. Candidates can get an insight of the JEE Main Syllabus from this article and devise a plan of action. All the students need to understand the JEE Main syllabus to prepare for the examination in the best possible manner.

The JEE Main examination is now conducted twice every year, in January and April. JEE Main April session will now be held in July 2020 due to the COVID-19 pandemic. The examination is conducted for 3 separate papers B.E/B.Tech, B.Arch and B.Planning.

Paper 1 is for B.E/B.Tech, Paper 2 is for B.Arch and Paper 3 is for B.Planning. Candidates seeking admissions to B.E./B.Tech and B.Arch courses to IITs, NITs, IIITs and CFTIs can apply for JEE Main 2020 when the registration window opens.

Overview of the JEE Main 2020 Syllabus

  • The syllabus for Paper 1 comprises three major subjects – Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics. This paper is specific for admissions to B.Tech/B.E courses.
  • Paper 2 syllabus comprises three major subjects which are Aptitude, Drawing and Mathematics. This paper is conducted for admissions to B.Arch Courses.
  • Finally, Paper 3 syllabus comprises three subjects which are Aptitude, Planning-based questions and Mathematics. This paper is conducted for admissions to the B. Planning course of IITs.

JEE Main Syllabus 2020: Subject-wise Syllabus

The JEE Main Syllabus is similar to that of the JEE Advanced examination. However, the difficulty level is different as the students may face more difficult questions in the JEE Advanced examination, which might have more than one answer. In order to acquire a good rank, the students need to know the syllabus and exam pattern and also keep their practice thorough.

JEE Main 2020 Chemistry Syllabus

The JEE Main Chemistry Syllabus is divided into three sections which are Physical Chemistry, Organic Chemistry and Inorganic Chemistry. The students must go through each of these sub-sections in order to score well.

Section A – Physical Chemistry

Following section caters to the entire Chemistry Syllabus for JEE Main 2020-

Unit Topic Details
1. Some Basic Concepts of Chemistry
  • Matter and its nature
  • Dalton’s Atomic Theory
  • Concept of atom, molecule, element and compound
  • Physical Quantities, SI Units, Atomic and molecular mass
  • Laws of Chemical Combination, Chemical Equation and Stoichiometry
2. States of Matter
  • Gaseous State – Measurable properties, Gas Laws, Kinetic theory of gases, Ideal Gas Equation, Van der Waals Equation and more
  • Liquid State – Properties of liquids Vapor pressure, viscosity and surface tension and effect of temperature on them (qualitative treatment only)
  • Solid State – Classification; Bragg’s Law; Unit cell and lattices; Electrical and Magnetic Properties
3. Atomic Structure
  • Thomson and Rutherford Atomic Models
  • Bohr Model of Hydrogen atom
  • Dual Nature of Matter, De-Broglie Relationship, Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle
  • Pauli’s Exclusion Principle and Hund’s Rule
  • Shapes of s, p and d orbitals
4. Chemical Bonding and molecular structure
  • Kossel – Lewis Approach to Chemical Bond Formation
  • Ionic Bonding
  • Covalent Bonding
  • Quantum Mechanical Approach to Covalent Bonding
  • Molecular Orbital Theory
5. Chemical Thermodynamics
  • Fundamentals of thermodynamics, System and surroundings, Extensive and Intensive Properties State Functions, Types of Processes
  • First Law of Thermodynamics – Concept of work, heat, internal energy and enthalpy, heat capacity, molar heat capacity.
  • Hess’s Law of constant heat Summation, Enthalpies of bond dissociation, combustion, formation, atomization, sublimation, etc.
  • Second Law of Thermodynamics – Spontaneity of Processes;
  • ∆S of the universe and ∆G as the criteria for spontaneity
6. Solutions
  • Different methods for expressing concentration of solution – molality, molarity, mole fraction,
  • Percentage by volume and mass both, vapour pressure of solutions and
  • Raoult’s Law – ideal and no ideal solutions, vapor pressure
  • Colligative properties of dilute solutions,
  • Relative lowering of vapor pressure, depression of freezing point,
  • Elevation of boiling of boiling point and osmotic pressure
  • Determination of molecular mass using colligative properties,
  • Abnormal value of molar mass,
  • Van Hoff Factor and its significance
7. Equilibrium
  • Meaning of Equilibrium, Concept of dynamic equilibrium
  • Equilibria involving Physical Processes – Law of Chemical Equilibrium,
  • Equilibrium constants (Kp and Kc) and their significance,
  • Significance of ∆G and ∆G° in chemical equilibria,
  • Factors affecting equilibrium concentrations, pressure, temperature effect of catalyst;
  • Le Chatelier’s principle.
  • Equilibria involving Physical Processes – solid-liquid, liquid-gas and solid-gas equilibria,
  • Henry’s Law, General characteristics of equilibrium involving physical processes.
  • Ionic Equilibrium – Weak and strong electrolytes, ionization of electrolytes,
  • Various concepts of acids and bases (Arrhenius Bronsted – Lowry and Lewis) and their ionization,
  • Acid-base equilibria (including multi stage ionization) and ionization constants,
  • Ionization of water, pH scale, common ion effect,
  • Hydrolysis of salts and pH of their solutions, solubility of sparingly soluble salts and solubility products and buffer solutions.
8. Redox Reactions and Electrochemistry
  • Electrical concepts of oxidation and reductions, redox reactions,
  • Oxidation number, rules for assigning oxidation number, balancing of redox reactions
  • Electrolytic and metallic conduction, conductance in electrolytic solutions,
  • Molar conductivities and their variation with concentration,
  • Koulrausch’s Law and its applications
  • Electrochemical Cells – Electrolytic and Galvanic Cells, different types of electrodes, electrode potentials,
  • Half-cell and cell reactions, emf of a galvanic cell and its measurement
  • Nernst equation and its applications
9. Chemical Kinetics
  • Rate of a chemical reaction, factors affecting the rate of reactions
  • Elementary and complex reactions, order and molecularity of reactions, rate law, rate constant and its units,
  • Differential and integral forms of zero and first order reactions, their characteristics and half-lives,
  • The effect of temperature on the rate of reactions.
  • Arrhenius theory, activation energy and its calculation,
  • Collision theory of bimolecular gaseous reactions (no derivation).
10. Surface Chemistry
  • Adsorption: Physisorption and chemisorption and their characteristics,
  • Factors affecting the adsorption of gases on solids
  • Freundlich and Langmuir adsorption isotherms, adsorption from solutions.
  • Catalysis: Homogeneous and heterogeneous, activity and selectivity of solid catalysts,
  • Enzyme catalysis, and its mechanism.
  • Colloidal state: Distinction among true solutions, colloids, and suspensions,
  • Classification of colloids: lyophilic, lyophobic.
  • Multimolecular, macromolecular and associated colloids (micelles), preparation and properties of colloids
  • Tyndall effect, Brownian movement, electrophoresis, dialysis, coagulation, and flocculation.
  • Emulsions and their characteristics.

Section B – Inorganic Chemistry

Given below are chapters and topics from Inorganic Chemistry for JEE Main 2020. Major focus is on Periodic table and its elements.

Unit Topic Details
11. Classification of elements and periodicity in properties
  • Modern periodic law and present form of the periodic table.
  • s, p, d and f block elements.
  • Periodic trends in properties of elements atomic and ionic radii, ionization enthalpy.
  • Electrons gain enthalpy, valence, oxidation states and chemical reactivity.
12. General Principles and processes of isolation of metals
  • Steps involved in the extraction of metals
  • Concentration, reduction (chemical and electrolytic methods) and refining
  • Special reference to the extraction of Al, Cu, Zn, and Fe.
  • Modes of occurrence of elements in nature, minerals, ores.
  • Thermodynamic and electrochemical principles involved in the extraction of metals.
13. Hydrogen
  • The position of hydrogen in periodic table, isotopes, preparation, properties, and uses of hydrogen.
  • Structure, preparation, reactions, and uses of hydrogen peroxide.
  • Physical and chemical properties of water and heavy water.
  • Hydrogen as a fuel
  • Classification of hydrides: ionic, covalent and interstitial.
14. S-Block Elements (Alkali and Alkali Earth Metals)
  • Group 1 and Group 2 Elements: General introduction,
  • Electronic configuration and general trends in physical and chemical properties of elements,
  • Anomalous properties of the first element of each group, diagonal relationships.
  • Preparation and properties of some important compounds
  • Sodium carbonate, sodium chloride, sodium hydroxide and sodium hydrogen carbonate.
  • Industrial uses of lime, limestone, Plaster of Paris and cement.
  • The biological significance of Na, K, Mg and Ca.
15. P-Block Elements
  • Group 13
  • Preparations and properties of Boron and aluminium;
  • Structure, properties and uses of borax, boric acid, diborane, boron trifluoride, aluminium chloride, alums.
  • Group 14
  • Tendency for Catenation;
  • Structure, properties and uses of Allotropes and oxides of carbon,
  • Silicon tetrachloride, silicates, zeolites and silicones
  • Group 15
  • Properties and uses of nitrogen and phosphorus;
  • Allotropic forms of Phosphorus;
  • Preparation, properties, structure and uses of ammonia, nitric acid, phosphine halides, (PCLჳ, PCLཏ);
  • Structures of oxides and oxoacids of nitrogen and phosphorus
  • Group 16
  • Preparation, properties, structures and uses of ozone;
  • Allotropic forms of sulphur;
  • Preparation, properties, structure and uses of sulphuric acid (including its industrial preparation);
  • Structures of oxoacids of sulphur
  • Group 17
  • Preparation, properties and uses of hydrochloric acid;
  • Trends in the acidic nature of hydrogen halides;
  • Structure of interhalogen compounds and oxides and oxoacids of halogens
  • Group 18
  • Occurrence and uses of noble gases;
  • Structures of Fluorides and oxides of xenon
16. D and f- Block Elements
  • Transition Elements
  • General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence and characteristics,
  • General trends in properties of the first-row transition elements
  • Physical properties, ionization enthalpy, oxidation states, atomic radii, colour, catalytic behaviour, magnetic properties,
  • Complex formation, interstitial compounds, alloy formation.
  • Preparation, properties, and uses of K2Cr2O7 and KMnO4.
  • Inner Transition Elements: Lanthanides, Electronic configuration, oxidation states, chemical reactivity and lanthanide contraction, and
  • Actinoids: Electronic configuration and oxidation states.
17. Coordination Compounds
  • Introduction to coordination compounds,
  • Werner’s theory.
  • ligands, coordination number, denticity, chelation.
  • IUPAC nomenclature of mononuclear coordination compounds, isomerism.
  • Bonding-Valence bond approach
  • Basic ideas of Crystal field theory, colour and magnetic properties.
  • Importance of coordination compounds (in qualitative analysis, extraction of metals and in biological systems).
18. Environmental Chemistry
  • Environmental pollution: Atmospheric, water, and soil.
  • Atmospheric pollution: Tropospheric and stratospheric.
  • Gaseous pollutants: Oxides of carbon, nitrogen, and sulfur, hydrocarbons;
  • Their sources, harmful effects, and prevention.
  • Greenhouse effect and Global warming, acid rain.
  • Particulate pollutants: Smoke, dust, smog, fumes, mist;
  • Their sources, harmful effects, and prevention.
  • Stratospheric pollution: Formation and breakdown of ozone, depletion of ozone layer, its mechanism and effects.
  • Water Pollution: Major pollutants such as pathogens, organic wastes, and chemical pollutants;
  • Their harmful effects and prevention.
  • Soil pollution: Major pollutants such as Pesticides (insecticides, herbicides and fungicides)
  • Their harmful effects and prevention.
  • Strategies to control environmental pollution.

Section C – Organic Chemistry

Organic Chemistry Syllabus for JEE Main 2020 is given below. All chapters is Organic Chemistry are important. Hydrocarbons and Organic compounds  usually carry a very high weightage in Organic Chemistry.

Unit Topic Details
19. Purification and Characterization of Organic Compounds
  • Purification – Crystallization, sublimation, distillation, differential extraction, and
  • Chromatography principles and their applications.
  • Qualitative Analysis – Detection of nitrogen, sulfur, phosphorus, and halogens.
  • Quantitative Analysis (basic principles only) –
  • Estimation of carbon, hydrogen, nitrogens, halogens, sulphur and phosphorus
  • Calculations of Empirical and Molecular Formulae;
  • Numerical Problems in organic quantitative analysis
20. Some basic principles of organic chemistry
  • Tetravalency of Carbon, Shapes of simple molecules – hybridization (s and p)
  • Classification of organic compounds based on functional groups: -C = C- and those containing halogens, oxygen, nitrogen, and sulfur;
  • Homologous series.
  • Isomerism – structural and stereoisomerism
  • Nomenclature – Covalent bond fission
  • Homolytic and heterolytic: free radicals, carbocations, and carbanions;
  • Stability of carbocations and free radicals, electrophiles and nucleophiles.
  • Electronic displacement in a covalent bond
  • Inductive effect, electromeric effect, resonance, and hyperconjugation.
  • Common types of organic directions: Substitution, addition, elimination and rearrangement.
21. Hydrocarbons
  • Classification, isomerism, IUPAC nomenclature,
  • General methods of preparation, properties and reactions.
  • Alkanes – Conformations;
  • Sawhorse and Newman projections (of ethane);
  • Mechanism of halogenation of alkanes.
  • Alkenes – Geometrical Isomerism
  • Mechanism of electrophilic addition: addition of hydrogen, halogens, water, hydrogen halides (Markownikoff’s and peroxide effect);
  • Ozonolysis, oxidation, and polymerization.
  • Alkynes – Acidic character;
  • Addition of hydrogen, halogens, water and hydrogen halides;
  • Polymerization.
  • Aromatic Hydrocarbons – Nomenclature, Benzene Structure and Atomicity
  • Mechanism of electrophilic substitution – halogenation, nitration,
  • Friedel Crafts alkylation and acylation,
  • Directive influence of the functional group in monosubstituted benzene.
22. Organic Compounds Containing Halogens
  • General Methods of preparation, properties and reactions
  • Nature of C-X Bond
  • Mechanisms of substitution reactions
  • Uses, Environmental effects of chloroform, iodoform, freons and DDT
23. Organic Compounds containing Oxygen
  • General methods of preparation, properties, reactions and uses
  • Alcohol – Identification of primary, secondary and tertiary alcohols;
  • Mechanism of dehydration.
  • Phenols – Acidic nature, electrophilic substitution reactions
  • Halogenation, nitration, and sulphonation,
  • Reimer Tiemann reaction.
  • Ethers – Structures
  • Aldehyde and Ketones – Nature of carbonyl group;
  • Nucleophilic addition to >C=O group
  • Relative reactivities of aldehydes and ketones
  • Important reactions such as Nucleophilic addition reactions (addition of HCN, NH3 and its derivatives), Grignard reagent;
  • Oxidation; reduction (Wolff Kishner and Clemmensen);
  • The acidity of hydrogen, aldol condensation, Cannizzaro reaction, Haloform reaction.
  • Chemical Tests to distinguish between aldehydes and ketones.
  • Carboxylic Acid – Acidic strength and factors affecting it.
24. Organic Compounds Containing Nitrogen
  • General methods of preparation, properties, reactions and uses
  • Amines – Nomenclature, classification, structure, basic character and identification of primary, secondary and tertiary amines and their basic character.
  • Diazonium Salts – Importance in synthetic organic chemistry.
25. Polymers
  • General Introduction and classification of polymers,
  • General methods of polymerization, addition and condensation, co-polymerization
  • Natural and synthetic rubber and vulcanization
  • Some important polymers with emphasis on monomers and uses
  • Polyethene, nylon, polyester, and bakelite.
26. Biomolecules
  • General Introduction and importance of biomolecules
  • Carbohydrates – Classification: aldoses and ketoses;
  • Monosaccharides (glucose and fructose), constituent monosaccharides or oligosaccharides (sucrose, lactose, maltose) and polysaccharides (starch, cellulose, glycogen).
  • Proteins – Elementary Idea of amino acids, peptide bond, polypeptides;
  • Proteins: primary, secondary, tertiary and quaternary structure (qualitative idea only), denaturation of proteins, enzymes.
  • Vitamins – Classification and Functions
  • B Chemical Constitution of DNA and RNA, Biological Functions of Nuclei Acids
27. Chemistry in Everyday life
  • Chemicals in medicines: Analgesics, tranquillizers, antiseptics, disinfectants, antimicrobials,
  • Antifertility drugs, antibiotics, antacids, antihistamines, their meaning and common examples.
  • Chemicals in food: Preservatives, artificial sweetening agents common examples.
  • Cleansing Agents – Soaps and detergents, cleansing action
28. Principles related to Practical Chemistry
  • Detection of extra elements (N, S, halogens) in organic compounds.
  • Detection of the following functional groups: hydroxyl (alcoholic and phenolic), carbonyl (aldehyde and ketone), carboxyl and amino groups in organic compounds.
  • The chemistry involved in the preparation of the following:
  • Inorganic compounds
  • Mohr’s salt, potash alum, and Organic compounds
  • Acetanilide, p-nitro acetanilide, aniline yellow, iodoform.
  • The chemistry involved in the titrimetric exercises: Acids bases and the use of indicators,
  • Oxalic-acid vs KMnO4,
  • Mohr’s salt vs KMnO4.
  • Chemical principles involved in the qualitative salt analysis:
  • Cations: Pb2+, Cu2+, AI3+, Fe3+, Zn2+, Ni2+, Ca2+, Ba2+, Mg2+, NH4+, and
  • Anions: CO32-, S2-, SO42-, NO2-, NO3-, CI-, Br, I. (Insoluble salts excluded).
  • Chemical principles involved in the following experiments: Enthalpy of solution of CuSO4, Enthalpy of neutralization of strong acid and strong base,
  • Preparation of lyophilic and lyophobic sols, and Kinetic study of the reaction of iodide ion with hydrogen peroxide at room temperature.

Weightage of JEE Main Chemistry Syllabus

An analysis of the Chemistry paper of JEE Main examination 2020 have been given below:

Chemistry Important Topics Weightage (%)
Inorganic Chemistry 29
Organic Chemistry 36
Physical Chemistry 35

Chemistry Syllabus Weightage

Read JEE Main Preparation Tips for Chemistry

JEE Main 2020 Physics Syllabus

The JEE Main Physics Syllabus is divided into two major section — Section A and Section B. Section A comprises 80% of the question paper and mainly has theoretical questions. Section B comprises 20% of the question paper and has practical-based questions.

Following section caters to the detailed syllabus of Physics for JEE Main 2020

Unit Topic Details
1 Physics and Measurement
  • Physics, Technology and society, S.I. units,
  • Fundamental and derived units.
  • Least count, accuracy and precision of measuring instruments, Errors in measurement,
  • Dimensions of Physical quantities, dimensional analysis and its applications
2 Kinematics
  • Frame of reference.
  • Motion in a straight line: Position-time graph, speed and velocity.
  • Uniform and non-uniform motion, average speed and instantaneous velocity
  • Uniformly accelerated motion, velocity-time, position-time graphs, relations for uniformly accelerated motion.
  • Scalars and Vectors, Vector addition and Subtraction,
  • Zero Vector, Scalar and Vector products, Unit Vector, Resolution of a Vector
  • Relative Velocity, Motion in a plane.
  • Projectile Motion, Uniform Circular Motion
3 Laws of Motion
  • Force and Inertia,
  • Newton’s First Law of motion;
  • Momentum, Newton’s Second Law of motion; Impulse;
  • Newton’s Third Law of motion.
  • Law of conservation of linear momentum and its applications, Equilibrium of concurrent forces.
  • Static and Kinetic friction, Laws of friction, Rolling friction.
  • Dynamics of uniform circular motion: Centripetal force and its applications,
4 Work, Energy and Power
  • Work done by a constant force and a variable force; Kinetic and potential energies, Work-Energy theorem
  • Power
  • Potential energy of a spring, Conservation of mechanical energy, Conservative and nonconservative forces;
  • Elastic and inelastic collisions in one and two dimensions.
5 Rotational Motion
  • Centre of mass of a two-particle system, Centre of mass of a rigid body
  • Basic concepts of rotational motion;
  • Moment of a force, torque, angular momentum, conservation of angular momentum and its applications
  • Moment of inertia, Radius of gyration
  • Values of moments of inertia for simple geometrical objects, parallel and perpendicular axes theorems and their applications.
  • Rigid body rotation, Equations of rotational motion
6 Gravitation
  • The Universal law of gravitation
  • Acceleration due to gravity and its variation with altitude and depth
  • Kepler’s laws of planetary motion
  • Gravitational potential energy; gravitational potential.
  • Escape velocity.
  • Orbital velocity of a satellite. Geostationary satellites.
7 Properties of Solids and Liquids
  • Elastic behaviour, Stress-strain relationship,
  • Hooke’s Law, Young’s modulus, bulk modulus, modulus of rigidity.
  • Pressure due to a fluid column
  • Pascal’s law and its applications
  • Viscosity, Stokes’ law, terminal velocity, streamline and turbulent flow,
  • Reynolds number
  • Bernoulli’s principle and its applications
  • Surface energy and surface tension, angle of contact, application of surface tension – drops, bubbles and capillary rise
  • Heat, temperature, thermal expansion;
  • Specific heat capacity, calorimetry
  • Change of state, latent heat
  • Heat transfer-conduction, convection and radiation, Newton’s law of cooling
8 Thermodynamics
  • Thermal equilibrium, zeroth law of thermodynamics, concept of temperature
  • Heat, work and internal energy
  • First law of thermodynamics
  • The second law of thermodynamics: reversible and irreversible processes
  • Carnot engine and its efficiency
9 Kinetic Theory of Gases
  • Equation of state of a perfect gas, work done on compressing a gas.
  • Kinetic theory of gases -assumptions, concept of pressure. Kinetic energy and temperature: rms speed of gas molecules
  • Degrees of freedom, Law of equipartition of energy
  • Applications to specific heat capacities of gases Mean free path
  • Avogadro’s number
10 Oscillations and Waves
  • Periodic motion – period, frequency, displacement as a function of time.
  • Periodic functions
  • Simple harmonic motion (S.H.M.) and its equation; phase; oscillations of a spring -restoring force and force constant;
  • Energy in S.H.M. – kinetic and potential energies; Simple pendulum – derivation of expression for its time period
  • Free, forced and damped oscillations,
  • Resonance
  • Wave motion
  • Longitudinal and transverse waves, speed of a wave
  • Displacement relation for a progressive wave
  • Principle of superposition of waves, reflection of waves, Standing waves in strings and organ pipes
  • Fundamental mode and harmonics, Beats, Doppler effect in sound
11 Electrostatics
  • Electric charges: Conservation of charge, Coulomb’s law-forces between two point charges, forces between multiple charges
  • Superposition principle and continuous charge distribution
  • Electric field: Electric field due to a point charge, Electric field lines, Electric dipole, Electric field due to a dipole, Torque on a dipole in a uniform electric field
  • Electic flux, Gauss’s law and its applications to find field due to infinitely long uniformly charged straight wire,
  • Uniformly charged infinite plane sheet and uniformly charged thin spherical shell
  • Electric potential and its calculation for a point charge, electric dipole and system of charges.
  • Equipotential surfaces, Electrical potential energy of a system of two point charges in an electrostatic field.
  • Conductors and insulators, Dielectrics and electric polarization, capacitor, combination of capacitors in series and in parallel,
  • Capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor with and without dielectric medium between the plates, Energy stored in a capacitor.
12 Current Electricity
  • Electric current, Drift velocity, Ohm’s law, Electrical resistance,
  • Resistances of different materials, V-I characteristics of Ohmic and non-ohmic conductors
  • Electrical energy and power, Electrical resistivity, Colour code for resistors
  • Series and parallel combinations of resistors; Temperature dependence of resistance.
  • Electric Cell and its Internal resistance,
  • Potential difference and emf of a cell, combination of cells in series and in parallel
  • Kirchhoff’s laws and their applications
  • Wheatstone bridge, Metre bridge
  • Potentiometer – principle and its applications.
13 Magnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism
  • Biot – Savart law and its application to current carrying circular loop.
  • Ampere’s law and its applications to infinitely long current carrying straight wire and solenoid.
  • Force on a moving charge in uniform magnetic and electric fields.
  • Cyclotron
  • Force on a current-carrying conductor in a uniform magnetic field.
  • Force between two parallel current-carrying conductors-definition of ampere,
  • Torque experienced by a current loop in uniform magnetic field
  • Moving coil galvanometer, its current sensitivity and conversion to ammeter and voltmeter.
  • Current loop as a magnetic dipole and its magnetic dipole moment.
  • Bar magnet as an equivalent solenoid, magnetic field lines;
  • Earth’s magnetic field and magnetic elements.
  • Para-, dia-, and ferro- magnetic substances.
  • Magnetic susceptibility and permeability, Hysteresis, Electromagnets and permanent magnets.
14 Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents
  • Electromagnetic induction
  • Faraday’s law, induced emf and current
  • Lenz’s Law, Eddy currents
  • Self and mutual inductance
  • Alternating currents, peak and rms value of alternating current/voltage
  • Reactance and Impedance; LCR series circuit, Resonance
  • Quality factor, power in AC circuits, wattless current.
  • AC Generator and Transformer.
15 Electromagnetic Waves
  • Electromagnetic waves and their characteristics.
  • Transverse nature of electromagnetic waves.
  • Electromagnetic spectrum(radio waves, microwaves, infrared, visible, ultraviolet, X rays, gamma rays).
  • Applications of e.m. waves.
16 Optics
  • Reflection and refraction of light at plane and spherical surfaces, mirror formula,
  • Total internal reflection and its applications,
  • Deviation and Dispersion of light by a prism, Lens Formula, Magnification, Power of a Lens,
  • Combination of thin lenses in contact, Microscope and Astronomical Telescope (reflecting and refracting) and their magnifying powers.
  • Wave optics: wavefront and Huygens’ principle,
  • Laws of reflection and refraction using Huygens principle.
  • Interference, Young’s double slit experiment and expression for fringe width, coherent sources and sustained interference of light.
  • Diffraction due to a single slit, width of central maximum.
  • Resolving power of microscopes and astronomical telescopes,
  • Polarisation, plane polarized light
  • Brewster’s law, uses of plane polarized light and Polaroids.
17 Dual Nature of Matter and Radiation
  • Dual nature of radiation
  • Photoelectric effect,
  • Hertz and Lenard’s observations
  • Einstein’s photoelectric equation
  • Particle nature of light
  • Matter waves-wave nature of the particle, de Broglie relation.
  • Davis son-Germer experiment.
18 Atoms and Nuclei
  • Alpha-particle scattering experiment
  • Rutherford’s model of the atom
  • Bohr model, energy levels, hydrogen spectrum
  • Composition and size of the nucleus, atomic masses, isotopes, isobars, and isotones
  • Radioactivity-alpha, beta and gamma particles/rays and their properties
  • Radioactive decay law
  • Mass-energy relation, mass defect
  • Binding energy per nucleon and its variation with mass number, nuclear fission and fusion.
19 Electronic Devices
  • Semiconductors
  • Semiconductor diode: I-V characteristics in forward and reverse bias
  • Diode as a rectifier
  • 1-V characteristics of LED, photodiode, solar cell and Zener diode; Zener diode as a voltage regulator
  • Junction transistor, transistor action, characteristics of a transistor
  • Transistor as an amplifier(common emitter configuration) and oscillator
  • Logic gates (OR, AND, NOT, NAND and NOR), Transistor as a switch
20 Communication Systems
  • Propagation of electromagnetic waves in the atmosphere
  • Sky and space wave propagation, Need for modulation,
  • Amplitude and Frequency Modulation, Bandwidth of signals,
  • Bandwidth of Transmission medium,
  • Basic Elements of a Communication System (Block Diagram only).

Weightage of JEE Main Physics Syllabus

Here we have been an in-depth analysis of the JEE Main Physics Paper 2020-

Physics Important Topics Weightage (%)
Electrodynamics 23
Heat & Thermodynamics 13
Mechanics 25
Modern Physics 19
Optics 14
SHM & Waves 6

Physics Syllabus Weightage

Read JEE Main Preparation Tips for Physics

JEE Main 2020 Mathematics Syllabus

Mathematics section is included in all the three papers of JEE Main 2020. The main topics of Mathematics that are included in the syllabus of JEE Main 2020 are Trigonometry, Algebra, Calculus and Coordinate Geometry.

Check detailed JEE Main Mathematics Syllabus

The following section caters to the detailed syllabus for Mathematics.

Unit Topic Details
1. Sets, Relations and Functions
  • Sets and their representation
  • Union, intersection and complement of sets and their algebraic properties
  • Power set
  • Relation, Types of relations, equivalence relations, functions
  • One-one, into and onto functions, composition of functions
2. Complex Number and Quadratic Equations
  • Complex numbers as ordered pairs of reals
  • Representation of complex numbers in the form (a+ib) and their representation in a plane, Argand diagram.
  • Algebra of complex numbers, modulus and argument (or amplitude) of a complex number, square root of a complex number.
  • Triangle inequality.
  • Quadratic equations in real and complex number systems and their solutions.
  • The relation between roots and coefficients, nature of roots, the formation of quadratic equations with given roots.
3. Matrices and Determinants
  • Algebra of matrices, types of matrices, and matrices of order two and three.
  • Properties of determinants, evaluation of determinants, the area of triangles using determinants.
  • Adjoint and evaluation of inverse of a square matrix using determinants and elementary transformations.
  • Test of consistency and solution of simultaneous linear equations in two or three variables using determinants and matrices
4. Permutations and Combinations
  • The fundamental principle of counting.
  • Permutation as an arrangement and combination as a selection.
  • The meaning of P (n,r) and C (n,r). Simple applications.
5. Mathematical Induction
  • The principle of Mathematical Induction and its simple applications.
6. Binomial Theorem
  • Binomial theorem for a positive integral index.
  • General term and middle term.
  • Properties of Binomial coefficients and simple applications.
7. Sequences and Series
  • Arithmetic and Geometric progressions, insertion of arithmetic.
  • Geometric means between two given numbers.
  • The relation between A.M. and G.M.
  • Sum up to n terms of special series: Sn, Sn2, Sn3
  • Arithmetic – Geometric progression.
8. Limit, Continuity and Differentiability
  • Real-valued functions, algebra of functions, polynomials, rational, trigonometric, logarithmic and exponential functions, inverse functions.
  • Graphs of simple functions.
  • Limits, continuity, and differentiability.
  • Differentiation of the sum, difference, product, and quotient of two functions.
  • Differentiation of trigonometric, inverse trigonometric, logarithmic, exponential, composite and implicit functions; derivatives of order up to two.
  • Rolle’s and Lagrange’s Mean Value Theorems.
  • Rate of change of quantities, monotonic – increasing and decreasing functions, Maxima, and minima of functions of one variable, tangents, and normals
9. Integral Calculus
  • Integral as an antiderivative.
  • Fundamental integrals involving algebraic, trigonometric, exponential and logarithmic functions.
  • Integration by substitution, by parts, and by partial fractions.
  • Integration using trigonometric identities.
  • Integral as limit of a sum.
  • Simple Integrals, Fundamental Theorem of Calculus.
  • Properties of definite integrals, evaluation of definite integrals,
  • Determining areas of the regions bounded by simple curves in standard form
10. Differential Equations
  • Ordinary differential equations, their order, and degree.
  • Formation of differential equations.
  • The solution of differential equations by the method of separation of variables.
  • The solution of homogeneous and linear differential equations of the type.
11. Coordinate Geometry
  • Cartesian system of rectangular coordinates in a plane, distance formula, section formula,
  • Locus and its equation, translation of axes, the slope of a line,
  • Parallel and perpendicular lines, intercepts of a line on the coordinate axes.
  • Straight lines
  • The distance of a point from a line, equations of internal and external bisectors of angles between two lines,
  • Coordinates of the centroid, orthocentre, and circumcentre of a triangle,
  • Equation of the family of lines passing through the point of intersection of two lines.
  • Circles, conic sections: Standard form of equation of a circle, a general form of the equation of a circle, its radius and centre,
  • Equation of a circle when the endpoints of a diameter are given, points of intersection of a line and
  • Circle with the centre at the origin and condition for a line to be tangent to a circle, equation of the tangent.
  • Sections of cones, equations of conic sections (parabola, ellipse, and hyperbola) in standard forms,
  • Condition for y = mx + c to be a tangent and point (s) of tangency.
12. Three Dimensional Geometry
  • Coordinates of a point in space, the distance between two points.
  • Section formula, direction ratios and direction cosines, the angle between two intersecting lines.
  • Skew lines, the shortest distance between them and its equation.
  • Equations of a line and a plane in different forms, the intersection of a line and a plane, coplanar lines.
13. Vector Algebra
  • Vectors and scalar
  • Components of a vector in two dimensions and three-dimensional space.
  • Scalar and vector products
14. Statistics and Probability
  • Measures of Dispersion
  • Calculation of mean, median, mode of grouped and ungrouped data.
  • Calculation of standard deviation, variance and mean deviation for grouped and ungrouped data.
  • Probability
  • Probability of an event, addition and multiplication theorems of probability,
  • Bayes theorem, probability distribution of a random variate,
  • Bernoulli trials and Binomial distribution.
15. Trigonometry
  • Trigonometric identities and equations.
  • Trigonometric functions.
  • Inverse trigonometric functions and their properties.
  • Heights and Distances
16. Mathematical Reasoning
  • Statements, logical operations and, or, implies, implied by, if and only if.
  • Understanding of tautology, contradiction, converse, and contrapositive

Weightage of JEE Main Mathematics Syllabus

An analysis of the Mathematics paper of JEE Main examination 2020 have been given below-

Maths Important Topics Weightage (%)
Complex Numbers 6
Coordinate Geometry 16
Differential & Integral Calculus 34
Fundamentals of Mathematics 4
Probability 8
Matrices 13
Trigonometry 9
Vector & 3D 10

Maths Syllabus Weightage

Read JEE Main Preparation Tips for Mathematics

JEE Main 2020 Drawing Test Syllabus

Drawing is included in Paper 2 of JEE Main examination. Few topics which are important for JEE Main Drawing Test are:

  • Drawing abstract shapes and geometric patterns in pen and paper.
  • Transformation of figures from 2D to 3D or vice-versa
  • Elevation of object rotation
  • Designing memory of urban scenes
  • Generation of plan
  • 3D view of an object, rotation

JEE Main 2020 Aptitude Test Syllabus

Aptitude section is included in both Paper 2 and Paper 3 of the JEE Main. The Aptitude section is divided into two parts according to the JEE Main Syllabus. The important topics from each of these parts which have been mentioned in the official JEE Main Syllabus have been given below:

Aptitude Important Topics Weightage
  • Awareness of Places, Persons, Building and Materials Texture and Objects related to Architecture
  • 3D- Perception and Appreciation of scale and proportion of Objects
3%
  • Visualizing 3D Objects from 2D drawings
4%
  • Visualizing different sides of 3D objects
3%
  • Mental Ability
2%
  • Analytical reasoning and Colour texture
1%

Aptitude Syllabus Weightage

JEE Main 2020 Planning-based Test Syllabus

Questions based on Planning will be a part of Paper 3 i.e. B.Planning only in JEE Main 2020. This is a new section introduced for students along with a completely new paper. There has been no clear data for Planning-based questions and students are still clueless about it. As per the sample questions provided on the official website of JEE Main 2020, it is implied that questions from Planning section will be from the follwoing topics-

  • General Awareness – Government programs/schemes, development issues, current affairs related to rural and urban development programs etc.
  • Critical thinking, Analytical skills, Map reading skills, Graphs, Charts, Basic Statistics etc.
  • Social Sciences – Geography, History, Political Science, Economics

To download the complete JEE Main 2020 syllabus as PDF, press Ctrl + P on this page and save this page as PDF. Or download the official PDF of JEE Main Syllabus released by NTA here.

Best Books for JEE Main Syllabus 2020 

Reference books are really helpful as they help in understanding the JEE Main Syllabus and JEE Main Exam Pattern. Following books are suggested in order to prepare for JEE Main as per the latest JEE Main Syllabus 2020-

Chemistry

Name of the Book Author
Organic Chemistry O.P. Tandon
Physical Chemistry O.P. Tandon
Numerical Chemistry P. Bahadur

Physics

Name of the Book Author
IIT JEE Physics D.C. Pandey
Concepts of Physics H.C. Verma
Fundamentals of Physics Resnick, Halliday and Walker

Mathematics

Name of the book Author
Mathematics XI and XII R.D. Sharma
Higher Algebra Hall & Knight
Problems of Calculus in one Variable I.A. Maron

Read More Books for JEE Main Preparation

Drawing

Important Books Author
B.Arch/ B. Planning Aptitude Test for J.E.E. (Main) S C Garg
A Complete Self-guide for B.Arch Entrance Examination P K Mishra

Aptitude

Important Book Name of the Author
Verbal and Non-Verbal Reasoning R.S. Aggarwal
Quantitative Aptitude R.S. Aggarwal

Check Best Books for B. Arch Preparation

Planning

Books Author
Contemporary India Part – 2 Textbook in Geography for Class – 10 NCERT
Democratic Politics – II Textbook in Social Science for Class 10 NCERT
India and the Contemporary World – 2 Textbook in History for Class – 10 NCERT
Understanding Economic Development – Textbook in Social Science for Class – 10 NCERT
Current Affair Yearly (2020) Arihant

JEE Main Syllabus is based on class XI and XII syllabus. Preparation of one will automatically help you get ready for the other. The students are advised to focus more on  JEE Main important topics and chapters for efficient learning and preparation.

JEE Main Exam Pattern for Paper 1 (B.E/B.Tech)

Previously, there were a total of 90 questions in Paper 1 with 30 questions from each section. Now, the total number of questions have been reduced to 75 with each section having 25 questions. This new pattern of examination has been implemented since the January 2020 examination. Out of these 25 questions, 20 will be of MCQ type and the rest 5 questions will be numerical value-based questions. Numerical value-based questions will not have negative marking. All the three sections will be given equal weightage. The total marks of Paper 1 are 300.

Section Number of Questions Type of Questions
Physics Total: 25 MCQ Type: 20
Numerical Value Type: 5
Chemistry Total: 25 MCQ Type: 20
Numerical Value Type: 5
Mathematics Total: 25 MCQ Type: 20
Numerical Value Type: 5

JEE Main Exam Pattern for Paper 2 (B.Arch)

Paper 2 will have a total of 77 questions divided in three sections – Aptitude, Mathematics and Drawing. The Mathematics section will be the same as Paper 1. The Drawing section previously had 3 questions but from 2020 onwards, it will have 2 questions of 50 marks each. Only this section will be conducted in an offline mode (Pen and Paper-based). The total marks of Paper 2 will constitute a total of 400 marks

Section Number of Questions Type of Questions
Aptitude Total: 50 MCQ Type: 50
Drawing Total: 2 Drawing Type: 2
Mathematics Total: 25 MCQ Type: 20
Numerical Value Type: 5

JEE Main Exam Pattern for Paper 3 (B.Planning)

This is a newly introduced paper for B.Planning courses in colleges. Paper 3 will have a total of 100 questions which will be divided into three sections – Aptitude, Mathematics and Planning. Here too, the Mathematics section will be the same as Paper 1. Paper 3 will constitute a total of 400 marks.

Section Number of Questions Type of Questions
Aptitude Total: 50 MCQ Type: 50
Planning-based questions Total: 25 MCQ Type: 25
Mathematics Total: 25 MCQ Type: 20
Numerical Value Type: 5

Check JEE Main Exam Pattern

FAQs

Ques. Can a student appear for both B.Arch and B.Planning examination?

Ans. Yes, a student can sit for both B.Arch and B.Planning examination. In that case, the duration of the examination will be 3 hours and 30 minutes.

Ques. Does the JEE Main Syllabus include topics from both Class XI and XII?

Ans. Yes, the JEE Main Syllabus covers all the important topics from both class XI and XII.

Ques. What are the important topics for Mathematics according to the JEE Main Syllabus?

Ans. Two of the most important topics for Mathematics from which the majority of questions are asked are Trigonometry and Calculus.

Ques. Is the JEE Main Syllabus and JEE Advanced Syllabus different?

Ans. No, the JEE Main Syllabus and the JEE Advanced Syllabus is mostly the same but the question pattern is different.

Ques. Does the JEE Main Syllabus change every year?

Ans. The JEE Main Syllabus remains mostly the same every year. One or two topics may be included or excluded from the syllabus.

Ques. Is the JEE Main Syllabus for Mathematics same for all the three papers?

Ans. Yes, the JEE Main Syllabus for Mathematics is the same for Paper 1, Paper 2 and Paper 3.