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JEE Main Preparation Tips for Physics: Joint Entrance Examination (JEE) is one of the most popular and sought-after engineering entrance exams in India and every year lakhs of candidates appear in the entrance to seek admissions into top engineering institutes. Physics subject is considered as one of the toughest subjects and it happens to be the key subject for JEE Main. The Physics section comes with application-based questions which are easy to solve but difficult to interpret. Students need to have a grip over the basic concepts to attempt such questions.
As per experts, the level of difficulty of Physics is similar to the other two subjects and is moderate to easy. However, last year, JEE Main was relatively tough with Physics being the toughest section to crack. Further, past trends have reflected that Physics has always been tricky and on the tougher side. Here, it becomes important for candidates to buckle up and kickstart their preparations, as Physics is all set to give you a tough time.
Study Approach for JEE Main Physics Preparation
To start with, it’s important for students to strengthen their fundamentals and basic concepts. They must complete the prescribed JEE Main Syllabus and there is no shortcut to this. Even a single question can make a difference to your JEE scores and percentile with a marginal difference. For JEE Main, students must refer to NCERT Class XI and XII Physics books to get a grasp of concepts to a basic level. Further, they must delve deep into each topic by referring to other books.
Next step towards preparation should be the analysis of previous years’ JEE Main question papers. Know the topics covered and weightage given to each topic in terms of the number of questions and the level of difficulty. Based on the importance of each topic, plan your preparation schedule. Hereunder, we have categorized major topics based on their importance as per previous years’ trends.
Boards or JEE Main?
There is no need to worry about fetching out extra time along with class 12 boards as JEE Main and board exam preparation can be clubbed together due to similarity in the syllabus. The only difference is while attempting a board examination, students must be prepared for a subjective paper and while attempting JEE Main, the main focus should be on the speed with accuracy.
How To Prepare For JEE Main Physics?
Various students have the varying interest and therefore varying knowledge of Physics accordingly. Physics section of JEE Main and JEE Advanced is a scoring section similar to Mathematics as it requires a logical approach along with calculations. A lot of students find Physics easier compared to Chemistry due to a large number of topics in Chemistry. Given below are some tips which will help students know exactly what they are lacking in their preparation for JEE Main Physics.
- Short notes of formulas: It is imperative that you create short notes for formulas while studying any chapter of Physics. These short notes of formulae will help you revise easily during the last few days.
- Read the Question thoroughly: It is of utmost importance that you have understood the question properly before attempting it. Sometimes, it is possible that the question requires a combined approach of two or more topics, because of which it is difficult to understand.
- Accuracy is the key: While solving mock tests or practice papers, students generally practice speed but do not work on accuracy. Accuracy is gained by solving the questions correctly. Higher accuracy is important than higher speed.
- Previous Year Question Papers and Mock Tests: The examination mode has changed and it requires the student to sit in front of a bright screen for more than 3 hours continuously. Mocks Tests for JEE Main will help you get used to this. Practice previous year question papers with a classic approach to end distractions from mobile phones or laptops.
- Revision every week: Howsoever easy it might seem, revising a full subject during the last few weeks is just impossible. To make sure the topics are within your mind, revision is required every week. Along with this, difficult questions must be marked to attempt later on.
- Study 3 hours, Analyse 3 hours: It is important to solve at least 1 full mock of 3 hours every two or three days once the whole syllabus is complete. But what’s even more important is analysing that particular mock test and the performance. Working on the right approach, weak and strong topics will help boost the scores in future.
Most Important Topics of JEE Main Physics
Some topics cover the major portion of Physics portion and students shouldn’t miss them out during preparations. Check them out-
- Modern Physics – JEE Main 2020 paper has five questions from Modern Physics, making it one of the most important topics. Make sure to cover sub-topics like nuclear fission and fusion, dual nature of matter, radioactive decay of substances and X-rays. Also study the Bohr’s model properly. Again NCERT shall be a starting point and further consult HC Verma for the theory part and 3000 Solved Problems in Physics by Schaum for the numerical part.
- Electrostatics: Every year almost four questions are being asked from Electrostatics; considered to be one of the high scoring topics in Physics. With the clarity of basic concepts, students can easily crack four questions from a single topic. Concepts of Physics by H C Verma is a highly recommended book for Electrostatics as it comprises solved numerical problems of good quality.
- Oscillation and Waves– Like Electrostatics, students can expect 3-4 questions on this topic too. Clear concepts from NCERT and then delve further with H C Verma for application of concepts.
- Optics – Comparatively, an easy topic with minimum 2-3 questions being asked every year. While doing studies make sure to understand Huygens principles. The best book recommended for this topic would be Understanding Physics for JEE Main, Advanced Optics & Modern Physics by DC Pandey.
Check JEE Main Exam Pattern
Moderately Important Topics of JEE Main Physics
Topics listed hereunder are equally important and should be covered by students during preparations to be on the safer side. A good amount of questions are being asked about these topics. Take a look at these and the books one must refer to:
- Magnetics – JEE Main usually includes 2 questions from this portion and JEE Main in 40 Days by ARIHANT and Understanding Physics for JEE Main are the best books to refer.
- Electromagnetic Induction and AC- Mostly, numerical problems are asked in this section. Get a grasp over Faraday’s Law and consult Concepts of Physics by H C Verma for understanding the topic.
- Current Electricity– Physics section covers almost 3 questions on Current Electricity with Ohm’s law, Ohmic and Non-Ohmic conductors and colour code for resistors being the most important sub-topics. Refer Concepts of Physics by H C Verma to brush up fundamentals.
- Waves- Usually this portion has one question every year and HC Verma would be a good book to refer. Make sure to give importance to topics like S.H.M and its equation, principle of superposition of waves and Doppler Effect in sound.
Lesser Important Topics of JEE Main Physics
The last category of topics includes questions from sections that may or may not have questions in JEE Main. However, it’s advised to not to skip them completely and read them to have a clarity of concepts. Usually, one question is asked about these topics.
- Physics and measurement
- Dual nature of matter and radiation
- Communication system
Preparation Tips for JEE Main Physics – Part B
JEE Main Physics (Part B) gives 20% weightage to practical applications (Experimentation) of concepts. The problems are simple and require a basic understanding of experimenting. The questions are based on topics like
- Vernier Calipers
- Ohm’s Law
- Metre Scale
- Surface Tension of Water
- Screw Gauge
- Coefficient of Viscosity
- Speed of Sound
- Young Modulus of Elasticity
- Refractive Index of a Glass Slab
- Simple Pendulum
- Use of Multimeter
- Resistivity of the Material
It is advised that students must work around this section too, in order to increase their score and attempt as many questions as possible.
Study Material for JEE Main Physics
It is very much possible that even though a student might have prepared study notes for him/her self, they might feel incomplete or too detailed. Finding a short summary of all the topics is probably not easy and even though friends are very much reliable, one might not really send hundreds of pages on WhatsApp or email. To ease this part, we are providing study notes for JEE Main Physics in the links below-
|JEE Main Physics Study Material||Download Links|
|JEE Main Physics Notes – Part I||Download|
|JEE Main Physics Notes – Part II||Download|
NTA Free Mock Tests and Old Question Papers
National Testing Agency has provided Free Mock Tests as well as Old Question Papers up to 2017 on their official website for students to practice. These mocks are based on the actual exams and have the same visual pattern that the candidates will see in the actual examination. Although, it is not possible to find topic-wise mocks here, students can practice full mocks for JEE Main Physics Preparation. Steps to access the mocks tests are given below-
- Head over to the official website of NTA – www.nta.ac.in
- Click on the ‘Students’ tab given in the menu.
- Under the ‘Test Practice’ section, click on ‘Mock Test’
- After a new webpage loads, select your exam as JEE Main, choose the paper you want to attempt and click on ‘Start Mock Test’.
To access old question papers, click on Downloads in the menu. You will find previous year exam papers there. Choose the year and examination and select the paper you want to download.
Level of Difficulty in JEE Main Physics
JEE Main Physics has had varying levels of questions according to difficulty in various shifts in the past few years. But on an average basis, it has usually been moderate to difficult. Given below is an analysis of questions bifurcated according to difficulty level in JEE Main 2020 January session. Although as per the given analysis, JEE Main Physics pretends to be the easiest section of B.E/B. Tech Paper (Paper 1) but according to the reviews of the various papers by candidates, Physics was considered tricky and pretty hard. The major problem faced by students is to understand and interpret the question. Normally, questions are easy to solve but it takes a fine amount of time to interpret them.
Topic-wise Weightage in JEE Main Physics
Given below is a weightage of various topics in JEE Main Physics according to past year trends. As you can see, Mechanics covers a lot of major topics and a large number of questions are asked from Mechanics, which can be scoring for a lot of candidates. Do note that the pattern is based on 30 questions asked previously with a total of 120 marks. As per the new exam pattern, this analysis might have changed.
|Topics||Number of Questions||Total Marks||Weightage(%)|
|Current & Electricity||1||4||3%|
|Electromagnetic Field & Force||2||8||7%|
|Heat & Thermodynamics||3||12||10%|
|KTG & Thermodynamics||2||8||7%|
|Error in Measurement||2||8||7%|
|Properties of Matter||2||8||6%|
|Rigid Body Dynamics||2||8||7%|
|Work, Power & Energy||1||4||3%|
|Electromagnetic waves and communications||2||8||7%|
|Modern Physics – Concepts||2||8||7%|
|Geometrical Optics & Physical Optic||2||8||7%|
|SHM & Waves||2||8||7%|
|Simple Harmonic Motion||1||4||3%|
NTA Video Lectures for JEE Main Physics by IIT-PAL
If a candidate wishes to understand a particular chapter thoroughly, National Testing Agency (NTA) has provided video lectures made by some reputed IIT Professors under the name of IIT-PAL on Youtube. The chapters are divided into sub-topics for each chapter of JEE Main Physics. There are a total of 188 video lectures of 50 to 60 minutes runtime. To watch these video lectures follow the steps given below-
- Head over to official website of NTA – www.nta.ac.in
- Click on the ‘Students’ tab.
- Under the ‘Test Practice’ section, select ‘Content Based Lectures’.
- Alternatively, students can head over to Youtube website and search for IIT-PAL and look for the topic they want to study.
Preparation Books for JEE Physics
For the purpose of revision, it is always suggested to refer NCERT Books of Class 11th and 12th. NCERT books provide quick understanding along with few important questions to solve. But when the requirement is of deep understanding and heavy practice, reference books offer best material. Check out the list of books given below that students must read and refer for gearing up their preparations for JEE Main Physics.
|HC Verma||Concepts of Physics Vol I and II|
|I.E. Irodov||Problems in General Physics|
|Arihant Publications||Understanding Physics by D.C. Pandey: Set of books for:
Electricity & Magnetism
Mechanics (Vol. 1 & 2)
Optics & Modern Physics
Waves & Thermodynamics
|R.P. Feynman||Feynman Lectures on Physics|
|SS Krotov||Problems in Physics|
|Arthur Beiser, Shobhit Mahajan, S. Rai Choudhury||Concepts of Modern Physics|
|Halliday, Resnick and Walker||Fundamentals of Physics|
|Advanced Level Physics: Examples and Exercises||Nelkon, Michael, Parker, Philip|
As we went through a large number of JEE Main Physics Preparation Tips, there are still a lot of points left unchecked. There are multiple pages with multiple tips and so much more and the list is never-ending. To utilize your time in the best way possible, it is important to just read the basic tips and start preparing. Most of the students get confused about the pattern to follow and a lot of students keep reading these tips but never read their books! Do not delay your studies and do not think that learning is ever going to stop! Just open your books and start practising high weightage topics!