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JEE Main Chemistry Syllabus: Topic-wise Weightage, Best Books and Important Topics

Last updated on August 26th, 2020 at 03:23 pm

NTA officially released the JEE Main Chemistry Syllabus on its official website. Owing to COVID 19 pandemic, the authorities have devised a new exam pattern and therefore updated JEE Main syllabus 2020. The new JEE Main syllabus will be available in PDF format at jeemain.nta.nic.in. The Chemistry section will hold 25 objective type questions carrying 100 Marks.

  • NTA released updated exam dates for JEE Main second session which was postponed due to COVID – 19.
  • JEE Main 2020 is now scheduled from 1st September – 6th September 2020.
  • ‘National Test Abhyas’ application on NTA official website offers daily mock tests based on JEE Main syllabus.
  • Aspirants need to focus on the latest JEE Main Chemistry syllabus for better preparation

The article below provides complete information on JEE Main syllabus for Chemistry along with tips and tricks to prepare for the JEE Main 2020 exam. Scroll down to get details on important books, question papers, syllabus of other subjects and JEE Main Exam Pattern.

Note: To download the syllabus in PDF, just press Ctrl + P (Print) and choose the option to save as PDF. Also, one can add the JEE Main Chemistry Syllabus PDF page in your ‘To-do list’ if you are beginning your revision or JEE Main preparations.

Main Chapters of JEE Main Chemistry

*JEE Main exam is majorly based on 11th and 12th CBSE syllabus. The syllabus of JEE Main is mapped in accordance with NCERT texts for uniformity throughout the country*. Therefore, below section details on subsections in Chemistry namely – Physical Chemistry, Inorganic Chemistry and Organic Chemistry that forms a major part of JEE Main Chemistry syllabus and carry equal weightage.

Section Chapters
Physical Chemistry Some Basic Concepts in Chemistry
Atomic Structure
State of Matter
Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure
Chemical Thermodynamics
Solutions
Equilibrium
Redox, Reaction and Electrochemistry
Chemical Kinetics
Surface Chemistry
Inorganic Chemistry Classification of elements and periodicity in properties
Hydrogen
Block elements (alkali and alkaline earth metals)
P Block elements group 13 to group 18 elements
d- and f – block elements
Coordination compounds
Environmental chemistry
General principles and processes of isolation of metals
Organic Chemistry Purification and characterization of organic compounds
Hydrocarbons
Chemistry in everyday life
Principles related to practical chemistry

Organic compounds containing –

  1. Halogens
  2. Oxygen
  3. Nitrogen
Polymers
Biomolecules
Some basic principles of organic chemistry

Also Check | JEE Main Physics Syllabus

Detailed JEE Main Syllabus for Chemistry

Given below is a detailed JEE Main Chemistry Syllabus with chapters and sub-topics of each chapter. JEE Main Chemistry syllabus is divided the same way as given above – Physical, Inorganic and Organic chemistry.

Syllabus for JEE Main Chemistry – Physical Chemistry

The JEE Main syllabus for Physical Chemistry is as follows:

Chapter 1 – Some Basic Concepts of Chemistry

  • Matter and its nature, Dalton’s the atomic theory, the concept of the atom, molecule, element, and compound.
  • Physical quantities and their measurements in Chemistry, precision, and accuracy, significant figures, S.I. Units, dimensional analysis.
  • Laws of chemical combination.
  • Atomic and molecular masses, mole concept, molar mass, percentage composition, empirical and molecular formulae.
  • Chemical equations and stoichiometry.

Chapter 2 – States of Matter

  • Classification of matter into solid, liquid and gaseous states.
  • Gaseous State: Measurable properties of gases; Gas laws – Boyle’s law, Charles’s law, Graham’s law of diffusion, Avogadro’s law, Dalton’s law of partial pressure.
  • The concept of the Absolute scale of temperature; Ideal gas equation, Kinetic theory of gases (only postulates).
  • The concept of average, root mean square and most probable velocities.
  • Real gases, deviation from Ideal behaviour, compressibility factor, van der Waals equation, liquefaction of gases, critical constants.
  • Liquid State: Properties of liquids – vapour pressure, viscosity and surface tension and effect of temperature on them (qualitative treatment only).
  • Solid State: Classification of solids-molecular, ionic, covalent and metallic solids, amorphous and crystalline solids (elementary idea).
  • Bragg’s Law and its applications.
  • Unit cell and lattices, packing in solids (fcc, bcc and hcp lattices), voids, calculations involving unit cell parameters, imperfection in solids.
  • Electrical, magnetic and dielectric properties.

Chapter 3 – Atomic Structure

  • Discovery of subatomic particles (electron, proton, and neutron).
  • Thomson and Rutherford atomic models and their limitations.
  • Nature of electromagnetic radiation, photoelectric effect.
  • The spectrum of hydrogen atom, Bohr model of hydrogen atom – its postulates, derivation of the relations for energy of the electron and radii of the different orbits, limitations of Bohr’s model.
  • Dual nature of matter, de-Broglie relationship, Heisenberg uncertainty principle.
  • Elementary ideas of quantum mechanics, the quantum mechanical model of an atom, its important features, the concept of atomic orbitals as one electron wave functions.
  • Variation of Ψ1 and Ψ2 with r for 1s and 2s orbitals; various quantum numbers (principal, angular momentum, and magnetic quantum numbers), and their significance.
  • Shapes of s, p and d – orbitals, electron spin and spin quantum number.
  • Rules for filling electrons in orbitals – Aufbau principle, Pauli exclusion principle and Hund’s rule, electronic configuration of elements, the extra stability of half-filled and completely filled orbitals.

Chapter 4 – Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure

  • Kossel – Lewis approach to chemical bond formation, the concept of ionic and covalent bonds.
  • Ionic Bonding: Formation of ionic bonds, factors affecting the formation of ionic bonds; calculation of lattice enthalpy.
  • Covalent Bonding: Concept of electronegativity, Fajan’s rule, dipole moment; Valence Shell Electron Pair Repulsion (VSEPR) theory and shapes of simple molecules.
  • Quantum mechanical approach to covalent bonding: Valence bond theory, Its important features, the concept of hybridization involving s, p, and d orbitals; Resonance.
  • Molecular Orbital Theory: Its important features, LCAOs, types of molecular orbitals (bonding, antibonding), sigma and pi-bonds, molecular orbital electronic configurations of homonuclear diatomic molecules, the concept of bond order, bond length and bond energy.
  • Elementary idea of metallic bonding, Hydrogen bonding, and its applications.

Chapter 5 – Chemical Thermodynamics

  • Fundamentals of thermodynamics: System and surroundings, extensive and intensive properties, state functions, types of processes.
  • First law of thermodynamics: Concept of work, heat internal energy, and enthalpy, heat capacity, molar heat capacity.
  • Hess’s law of constant heat summation.
  • Enthalpies of bond dissociation, combustion, formation, atomization, sublimation, phase transition, hydration, ionization, and solution.
  • The second law of thermodynamics: Spontaneity of processes; Delta S of the universe and Delta G of the system as criteria for spontaneity, Delta Go (Standard Gibbs energy change) and equilibrium constant.

Chapter 6 – Solutions

  • Different methods for expressing the concentration of a solution: molality, molarity, mole fraction, percentage (by volume and mass both), the vapour pressure of solutions and Raoult’s Law.
  • Ideal and non-ideal solutions, vapour pressure – composition, plots for ideal and non-ideal solutions.
  • Colligative properties of dilute solutions, relative lowering of vapour pressure, depression of freezing point, elevation of boiling point and osmotic pressure.
  • Determination of molecular mass using colligative properties.
  • Abnormal value of molar mass, Hoff factor, and its significance.

Chapter 7 – Equilibrium

  • Meaning of equilibrium, the concept of dynamic equilibrium.
  • Equilibria involving physical processes: Solid – liquid, liquid – gas and solid – gas equilibria, Henry’s law, a general characteristic of equilibrium involving physical processes.
  • Equilibria involving chemical processes: Law of chemical equilibrium, equilibrium constants (Kp and Kc) and their significance, the significance of Delta G and Delta Go in chemical equilibria, factors affecting equilibrium concentration, pressure, temperature, the effect of the catalyst.
  • Le Chatelier’s principle.
  • Ionic equilibrium: Weak and strong electrolytes, ionization of electrolytes, various concepts of acids and bases (Arrhenius, Bronsted-Lowry and Lewis) and their ionization, acid-base equilibria (including multi stage ionization) and ionization constants, ionization of water, pH scale, common ion effect, hydrolysis of salts and pH of their solutions, solubility of sparingly soluble salts and solubility products, buffer solutions.

Chapter 8 – Redox Reactions and Electrochemistry

  • Electronic concepts of oxidation and reduction, redox reactions, oxidation number, rules for assigning oxidation number, balancing of redox reactions.
  • Electrolytic and metallic conduction, conductance in electrolytic solutions, specific and molar conductivities and their variation with concentration.
  • Kohlrausch’s law and its applications.
  • Electrochemical cells: Electrolytic and Galvanic cells, different types of electrodes, electrode potentials including standard electrode potential, half – cell and cell reactions, emf of a Galvanic cell and its measurement.
  • Nernst equation and its applications; Relationship between cell potential and Gibbs’ energy change.
  • Dry cell and lead accumulator, Fuel cells.
  • Corrosion and its prevention.

Chapter 9 – Chemical Kinetics

  • The rate of a chemical reaction, factors affecting the rate of reactions: concentration, temperature, pressure, and catalyst.
  • Elementary and complex reactions, order and molecularity of reactions, rate law, rate constant and its units, differential and integral forms of zero and first order reactions, their characteristics and half-lives, the effect of temperature on the rate of reactions.
  • Arrhenius theory, activation energy and its calculation, collision theory of bimolecular gaseous reactions (no derivation).

Chapter 10 – Surface Chemistry

  • Adsorption: Physisorption and chemisorption and their characteristics, factors affecting the adsorption of gases on solids: Freundlich and Langmuir adsorption isotherms, adsorption from solutions.
  • Catalysis: Homogeneous and heterogeneous, activity and selectivity of solid catalysts, enzyme catalysis, and its mechanism.
  • Colloidal state: Distinction among true solutions, colloids, and suspensions, classification of colloids: lyophilic, lyophobic.
  • Multimolecular, macromolecular and associated colloids (micelles), preparation and properties of colloids: Tyndall effect, Brownian movement, electrophoresis, dialysis, coagulation, and flocculation.
  • Emulsions and their characteristics.

Also Check | JEE Main Mock Tests

Syllabus for JEE Main Chemistry – Inorganic Chemistry

The JEE Main Inorganic Chemistry syllabus is as follows:

Chapter 11 – Classification of Elements and Periodicity in Properties

  • Modern periodic law and present form of the periodic table.
  • s, p, d and f block elements.
  • Periodic trends in properties of elements atomic and ionic radii, ionization enthalpy.
  • Electrons gain enthalpy, valence, oxidation states and chemical reactivity.

Chapter 12 – General Principles and Process of Isolation of Metals

  • Modes of occurrence of elements in nature, minerals, ores.
  • Steps involved in the extraction of metals: concentration, reduction (chemical and electrolytic methods) and refining with special reference to the extraction of Al, Cu, Zn, and Fe.
  • Thermodynamic and electrochemical principles involved in the extraction of metals.

Chapter 13 – Hydrogen

  • The position of hydrogen in periodic table, isotopes, preparation, properties, and uses of hydrogen.
  • Physical and chemical properties of water and heavy water.
  • Structure, preparation, reactions, and uses of hydrogen peroxide.
  • Classification of hydrides: ionic, covalent and interstitial.
  • Hydrogen as a fuel.

Chapter 14 – S Block Elements (Alkali and Alkaline Earth Metals)

  • Group 1 and Group 2 Elements: General introduction, electronic configuration and general trends in physical and chemical properties of elements, anomalous properties of the first element of each group, diagonal relationships.
  • Preparation and properties of some important compounds: sodium carbonate, sodium chloride, sodium hydroxide and sodium hydrogen carbonate.
  • Industrial uses of lime, limestone, Plaster of Paris and cement.
  • The biological significance of Na, K, Mg and Ca.

Chapter 15 – P Block Elements

  • Group 13 to Group 18 Elements: General Introduction, Electronic configuration, and general trends in physical and chemical properties of elements across the periods and down the groups; unique behaviour of the first element in each group. Groupwise study of the p block elements.
  • Group 13: Preparation, properties, and uses of boron and aluminium; Structure, properties and uses of borax, boric acid, diborane, boron trifluoride, aluminium chloride, and alums.
  • Group 14: Tendency for catenation; Structure, properties, and uses of allotropes and oxides of carbon, silicon tetrachloride, silicates, zeolites, and silicones.
  • Group 15: Properties and uses of nitrogen and phosphorus; Allotropic forms of phosphorus; Preparation, properties, structure, and uses of ammonia, nitric acid, phosphine and phosphorus halides, (PCl3, PCl5); Structures of oxides and oxoacids of nitrogen and phosphorus.
  • Group 16: Preparation, properties, structures and uses of dioxygen and ozone; Allotropic forms of sulfur; Preparation, properties, structures, and uses of sulfur dioxide, sulphuric acid (including its industrial preparation); Structures of oxoacids of sulfur.
  • Group 17: Preparation, properties, and uses of chlorine and hydrochloric acid; Trends in the acidic nature of hydrogen halides; Structures of Interhalogen compounds and oxides and oxyacids of halogens.
  • Group 18: Occurrence and uses of noble gases; Structures of fluorides and oxides of xenon.

Chapter 16 – D and F Block Elements

  • Transition Elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence and characteristics, general trends in properties of the first-row transition elements: physical properties, ionization enthalpy, oxidation states, atomic radii, colour, catalytic behaviour, magnetic properties, complex formation, interstitial compounds, alloy formation.
  • Preparation, properties, and uses of K2Cr2O7 and KMnO4.
  • Inner Transition Elements: Lanthanides, Electronic configuration, oxidation states, chemical reactivity and lanthanide contraction, and Actinoids: Electronic configuration and oxidation states.

Chapter 17 – Coordination Compounds

  • Introduction to coordination compounds, Werner’s theory.
  • ligands, coordination number, denticity, chelation.
  • IUPAC nomenclature of mononuclear coordination compounds, isomerism.
  • Bonding-Valence bond approach and basic ideas of Crystal field theory, colour and magnetic properties.
  • Importance of coordination compounds (in qualitative analysis, extraction of metals and in biological systems).

Chapter 18 – Environmental Chemistry

  • Environmental pollution: Atmospheric, water, and soil.
  • Atmospheric pollution: Tropospheric and stratospheric.
  • Gaseous pollutants: Oxides of carbon, nitrogen, and sulfur, hydrocarbons; their sources, harmful effects, and prevention.
  • Greenhouse effect and Global warming, acid rain.
  • Particulate pollutants: Smoke, dust, smog, fumes, mist; their sources, harmful effects, and prevention.
  • Stratospheric pollution: Formation and breakdown of ozone, depletion of ozone layer, its mechanism and effects.
  • Water Pollution: Major pollutants such as pathogens, organic wastes, and chemical pollutants; their harmful effects and prevention.
  • Soil pollution: Major pollutants such as Pesticides (insecticides, herbicides and fungicides) their harmful effects and prevention.
  • Strategies to control environmental pollution.

Also Check | JEE Main Mathematics Syllabus

Syllabus for JEE Main Chemistry – Organic Chemistry

The JEE Main Inorganic Chemistry syllabus is as follows:

Chapter 19 – Purification and Characterisation of Organic Compounds

  • Purification: Crystallization, sublimation, distillation, differential extraction, and chromatography principles and their applications.
  • Qualitative analysis: Detection of nitrogen, sulfur, phosphorus, and halogens.
  • Quantitative analysis (basic principles only): Estimation of carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, halogens, sulfur, phosphorus.
  • Calculations of empirical formula and molecular formulae; Numerical problems in organic quantitative analysis.

Chapter 20 – Some Basic Principles of Organic Chemistry

  • Tetravalency of carbon; Shapes of simple molecules – hybridization (s and p).
  • Classification of organic compounds based on functional groups: -C = C- and those containing halogens, oxygen, nitrogen, and sulfur; Homologous series.
  • Isomerism: structural and stereoisomerism.
  • Nomenclature (Trivial and IUPAC): Covalent bond fission Homolytic and heterolytic: free radicals, carbocations, and carbanions; stability of carbocations and free radicals, electrophiles and nucleophiles.
  • Electronic displacement in a covalent bond: Inductive effect, electromeric effect, resonance, and hyperconjugation.
  • Common types of organic reactions: Substitution, addition, elimination, and rearrangement.

Chapter 21 – Hydrocarbons

  • Classification, isomerism, IUPAC nomenclature, general methods of preparation, properties and reactions.
  • Alkanes: Conformations; Sawhorse and Newman projections (of ethane); Mechanism of halogenation of alkanes.
  • Alkenes: Geometrical isomerism.
  • Mechanism of electrophilic addition: addition of hydrogen, halogens, water, hydrogen halides (Markownikoff’s and peroxide effect); Ozonolysis, oxidation, and polymerization.
  • Alkynes: Acidic character; Addition of hydrogen, halogens, water and hydrogen halides; Polymerization.
  • Aromatic hydrocarbons: Nomenclature, benzene structure and aromaticity.
  • Mechanism of electrophilic substitution: halogenation, nitration, Friedel Crafts alkylation and acylation, directive influence of the functional group in monosubstituted benzene.

Chapter 22 – Organic Compounds Containing Halogens

  • General methods of preparation, properties, and reactions.
  • Nature of C-X bond.
  • Mechanisms of substitution reactions.
  • Uses, Environmental effects of chloroform, iodoform, freons, and DDT.

Chapter 23 – Organic Compounds Containing Oxygen

  • General methods of preparation, properties, reactions, and uses.
  • Alcohols: Identification of primary, secondary and tertiary alcohols; mechanism of dehydration.
  • Phenols: Acidic nature, electrophilic substitution reactions: halogenation, nitration, and sulphonation, Reimer Tiemann reaction.
  • Ethers: Structure.
  • Aldehyde and Ketones: Nature of carbonyl group; Nucleophilic addition to >C=O group, relative reactivities of aldehydes and ketones.
  • Important reactions such as Nucleophilic addition reactions (addition of HCN, NH3 and its derivatives), Grignard reagent; oxidation; reduction (Wolff Kishner and Clemmensen); the acidity of hydrogen, aldol condensation, Cannizzaro reaction, Haloform reaction.
  • Chemical tests to distinguish between aldehydes and Ketones.
  • Carboxylic Acids: Acidic strength and factors affecting it.

Chapter 24 – Organic Compounds Containing Nitrogen

  • General methods of preparation, properties, reactions, and uses.
  • Amines: Nomenclature, classification, structure, basic character and identification of primary, secondary and tertiary amines and their basic character.
  • Diazonium Salts: Importance in synthetic organic chemistry.

Chapter 25 – Polymers

  • General introduction and classification of polymers, general methods of polymerization addition and condensation, co-polymerization.
  • Natural and synthetic rubber and vulcanization.
  • Some important polymers with emphasis on their monomers and uses, polyethene, nylon, polyester, and bakelite.

Chapter 26 – Biomolecules

  • General introduction and importance of biomolecules.
  • Carbohydrates: Classification: aldoses and ketoses; monosaccharides (glucose and fructose), constituent monosaccharides or oligosaccharides (sucrose, lactose, maltose) and polysaccharides (starch, cellulose, glycogen).
  • Proteins: Elementary Idea of amino acids, peptide bond, polypeptides; Proteins: primary, secondary, tertiary and quaternary structure (qualitative idea only), denaturation of proteins, enzymes.
  • Vitamins: Classification and functions.
  • B Chemical constitution of DNA and RNA. Biological functions of nucleic acids.

Chapter 27 – Chemistry in Everyday Life

  • Chemicals in medicines: Analgesics, tranquilizers, antiseptics, disinfectants, antimicrobials, antifertility drugs, antibiotics, antacids, antihistamines, their meaning and common examples.
  • Chemicals in food: Preservatives, artificial sweetening agents common examples.
  • Cleansing agents: Soaps and detergents, cleansing action.

Chapter 28 – Principles Related to Practical Chemistry

  • Detection of extra elements (N, S, halogens) in organic compounds.
  • Detection of the following functional groups: hydroxyl (alcoholic and phenolic), carbonyl (aldehyde and ketone), carboxyl and amino groups in organic compounds.
  • The chemistry involved in the preparation of the following: Inorganic compounds: Mohr’s salt, potash alum, and Organic compounds: Acetanilide, p-nitro acetanilide, aniline yellow, iodoform.
  • The chemistry involved in the titrimetric exercises: Acids bases and the use of indicators, oxalic-acid vs KMnO4, Mohr’s salt vs KMnO4.
  • Chemical principles involved in the qualitative salt analysis: Cations: Pb2+, Cu2+, AI3+, Fe3+, Zn2+, Ni2+, Ca2+, Ba2+, Mg2+, NH4+, and Anions: CO32-, S2-, SO42-, NO2-, NO3-, CI-, Br, I. (Insoluble salts excluded).
  • Chemical principles involved in the following experiments: Enthalpy of solution of CuSO4, Enthalpy of neutralization of strong acid and strong base, Preparation of lyophilic and lyophobic sols, and Kinetic study of the reaction of iodide ion with hydrogen peroxide at room temperature.

Check JEE Main Preparation tips for Chemistry

Important Topics of Chemistry in JEE Main

Analysing the past few years JEE Main question papers, students can note certain frequently asked questions. Such questions are a vital part of JEE Main Syllabus. Therefore, candidates must give more attention and practice such important topics. Also, certain topics of JEE Main Chemistry syllabus carry more weightage, hence they should be practised thoroughly as well. Such relevant topics from the JEE Main Chemistry syllabus along with the weightage is given below:

Important topics from JEE Main Organic Chemistry

In JEE Main, the type of questions asked is not fixed for Organic Chemistry. Questions can be asked randomly that makes almost every topic in JEE Main Chemistry syllabus important for JEE Main 2020 exam.

Some important topics in JEE Main organic chemistry are:-

  • Reactions and their mechanism
  • Acidity
  • Nomenclature
  • Basicity

Tips to score well in JEE Main chemistry section:

  • Start from basic and frequent questions.
  • Practise topics with high weightage first.
  • In JEE Main, questions based on mechanism and named reactions have been asked repeatedly, so focus on that properly.
  • Prepare steps of common chemical reactions.
  • Develop daily 2-3 questions on average, from a topic.
  • Questions on organic synthesis are repeatedly asked in the exam.

Important topics from JEE Main Inorganic Chemistry

For JEE Main 2020 all the topics in Inorganic Chemistry are considered important. In JEE Main all the chapters carry equal weightage. Clear your basics and the fundamentals of each and every topic.

Some important topics in JEE Main Inorganic chemistry are:

  • Methods of Preparation and Chemical Reactions, uses, etc. of the compounds.
  • Chemical bonding
  • Elements of the periodic table
  • Transition elements and coordination chemistry
  • S & P block elements and Hydrogen

For Inorganic chemistry, building a solid foundation is of high importance. Frequent questions have been asked from the following topics:

  • Dipole Moment
  • Shape and Hybridisation
  • Molecular Orbital Theory
  • Fajan’s Rule & its application

Tips to score in Inorganic chemistry section:

  • Around 3 questions are asked from transition elements and coordination chemistry chapters
  • More questions are based on topics like Lanthanoid Contraction, Isomerism (Structural, Geometrical, Linkage, Optical Isomerism), Nomenclature and Crystal Field Theory.

Important topics from JEE Main Physical Chemistry

  • Mole concept in Physical Chemistry is the most important topic for JEE Main.
  • Certain reactions like Redox Reaction are based on the Mole concept. Hence, being the basic connect this topic should be clear.
  • Formulas and basic concepts of Atomic Structure should be clear.
  1. Many questions are frequently asked from this chapter in JEE Main.
  2. Important topics from this chapter are The Wavelength of Electronic Transition, Quantum Numbers and Ionisation Energy.
  • Topics like State and Solid-state are also important for JEE Main 2020
  • Questions from topics like van der Waals equation, Kinetic Theory of Gases and Types of Molecular Velocity are also counted for frequently asked questions.

The other topics that carry equal weightage in JEE Main are:

  • Equilibrium
  • Chemical Thermodynamics
  • Chemical Kinetics
  • Electrochemistry & Redox Reactions
  • Surface Chemistry
  • Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure
  • Solutions

Topic-wise Weightage of Chemistry in JEE Main

For JEE Main Chemistry, there are theory-based questions. These questions are less time consuming as compared to Physics and Mathematics questions. Although complex, questions on chemistry topics can boost your marks in JEE Main exam. Given below is a weightage table for various chapters. This weightage is provided as per the trends in the past.Chemistry Syllabus_Chapter Wise Weightage

Topics No of Questions Marks
Transition Elements and Coordination Chemistry 3 12
Chemical Kinetics 1 4
Atomic Structure 1 4
Chemical Bonding 2 8
Alkyl Halides 1 4
Solid State And Surface Chemistry 1 4
Nuclear Chemistry And Environment 2 8
Redox Reaction 1 4
Electrochemistry 1 4
Thermodynamics And Gaseous State 2 8
General Organic Chemistry 1 4
Stereochemistry 1 4
Chemical And Ionic Equilibrium 2 8
Hydrocarbon 1 4
Carboxylic Acid and their Derivatives 1 4
Periodic table and Representative Elements 2 8
Carbohydrates, amino acid and Polymers 1 4
Aromatic Compounds 1 4

Level of Difficulty of Chemistry in JEE Main (January 2020 session)

The table below shows the segregation of questions in JEE Main 2020 January Session on an average basis of all shifts combined.

Section Difficult Medium Easy
Chemistry 4 11 10
Mathematics 2 10 13
Physics 2 7 16

As per the table:

  • Chemistry section comprised the most number of difficult questions.
  • It also has 10 questions that are easy to solve.
  • The easy questions were less time-consuming.

Check JEE Main Question Papers

IIT-PAL Video Lectures Provided by NTA

NTA has uploaded several video lectures recorded by some reputed IIT Professors under the name of IIT-PAL on Youtube. These lectures are divided into sub topics for each chapter. There are more than 100 videos of approximately 50 to 60 minute runtime for each video. Steps to access these videos are given below:

  • Visit the official website of NTA – www.nta.ac.in.
  • Then, click on the ‘Students’ tab.
  • Under the ‘Test Practice’ section, select ‘Content Based Lectures’.

Content based lectures

Alternatively, students can also head over to Youtube and search for IIT-PAL along with the topic name they wish to watch the lecture for.

Best Books to Prepare JEE Main Chemistry

Practically it may sound impractical for one book to cover the entire JEE Main Chemistry syllabus as for chemistry, the syllabus is exhaustive. Most of the top educational writers publish separate books for the three subsections. Given below are some best books that aspirants can refer to while preparing the JEE Main syllabus for Chemistry.

Common Books
  • Textbooks for Class 12 Chemistry (NCERT)
  • Exemplar Problems for Class 12 Chemistry (NCERT)
  • Textbooks for Class 11 Chemistry (NCERT)
  • Exemplar Problems for Class 11 Chemistry (NCERT)
Organic Chemistry
  • Advanced Problems in Organic Chemistry for JEE by M S Chauhan
  • A Guidebook to Mechanism in Organic Chemistry for the JEE by Peter Sykes
Inorganic Chemistry
  • Concise Inorganic Chemistry by J.D. Lee
  • Problems in Inorganic Chemistry for JEE Main & Advanced by V. K. JAISWAL
Physical Chemistry
  • Atkins’ Physical Chemistry
  • Problems in Physical Chemistry – Narendra Awasthi

Things To Remember While Preparing for JEE Main Chemistry

JEE Main Chemistry Syllabus is considered as a scoring section by majority students as the questions vary from easy to moderate. Also most of the questions are based on fundamental concepts. The questions are less time consuming due to the fact they are not calculation based. JEE Main Chemistry syllabus is more about a planned approach rather than direct conceptual applications.

  • JEE Main aspirants must be thorough with all the important formulas, named reactions, chemical equations, and periodic table trends.
  • These concepts constitute a major portion of JEE Main Chemistry syllabus.
  • JEE Main  study material plays a very important role in the exam preparations.
  • There could be a large chunk of direct and indirect questions from the above-mentioned concepts.
  • Try not to just memorize the theory and formulas as it does not improvise problem-solving skills.
  • At the end, there must be the knowledge of what logic works behind a particular concept.

Check JEE Main 2020 Best Books for B.Arch

Some Numerical Value-Based Questions in Chemistry

Ques. The hardness of a water sample (in terms of equivalents of CaCO3) containing 10–3M CaSO4 is : (molar mass of CaSO4 = 136g/mol).

Ans. 100 ppm

Ques. The standard electrode potential Eº and its temperature coefficient (dEº/dT)p for a cell are 2V and –5×10–4 VK–1 at 300K respectively. The cell reaction is Zn(s) + Cu2+(aq)→ Zn2+(aq) + Cu(s). The standard reaction enthalpy (ΔrHº) at 300K is _________________ kJ/mol (F= 96485 C mol-1)

Ans. -414.9

Ques. The number of monochlorinated products obtained on chlorination of 2 methylbutane is_________.

Ans. 4

Click here to download the official PDF of JEE Main Sample Numerical Based Questions on Chemistry. Do more practise and solve as many questions as possible. Also, such numerical type questions do not carry any negative marking.