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JEE Main B.Arch Syllabus: Weightage, Important Topics and Preparation Tips

Last updated on July 9th, 2020 at 06:03 am

The competitive exams of India are what students have to look forward to, in order to get into their favourite course and that too, in their favourite colleges. There are many of them, with the most appearing for the JEE Main 2020. Joint Entrance Examination (JEE) is put forth by the National Testing Agency (NTA) conducted yearly for those who wish to become engineers and architects in their future. JEE Main B.Arch Paper is one of the three papers, conducted for admission to architecture courses of various colleges. In this article, we will discuss the JEE Main B.Arch Syllabus for 2020.

Latest: JEE Main 2020 New Dates are announced, will be conducted from 1 September to 6 September 2020.

The JoSAA is responsible for getting students admitted in more than 100 engineering colleges in India. This includes 23 Indian Institutes of Technology, 31 National Institute of Technology Campuses, 25 Indian Institutes of Information Technology, around 23 Government Funded Technical Institutes (GFTIs).

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What is JEE Main B.Arch Paper?

JEE Main is divided into three papers, B.E. or B.Tech, B.Arch And B.Planning. We will be talking about JEE Main B.Arch Syllabus in this article. The JEE Main B.Arch Paper or JEE Main Paper 2 is scheduled to be conducted in 1st week of September 2020. The date is not fixed yet, since the condition of not only India but also of the world, is somewhat unstable, due to the COVID-19 pandemic.

Whatever the scene of the outside world might be, students are supposed to work hard and study regularly, even if the whole examination scene looks dicey. Do not deviate and stop learning, as it can hamper your preparation. One aspiring for one of those prestigious architecture colleges with the help of JEE Main B.Arch examination should study continuously. The JEE Main B.Arch syllabus and all the other details such as weightage and preparation tips, are provided beforehand to them. Out of all the details, the JEE Main B.Arch (Paper 2) Syllabus is given below in this article. Let us first get a brief idea of JEE Main B.Arch Exam Pattern.

JEE Main B.Arch Exam Pattern

Particulars Details
Mode of exam Computer-Based, for the first two sections
Pen & Paper for the drawing sections
Duration of the exam The exam will last for three hours.
Total number of questions The total number of questions will be 77, with 25 questions for math, 50 for aptitude and 2 for drawing.
Types of questions that will be asked 20 Multiple Choice questions, 5 numerical answer type questions – for the first section.
50 Multiple choice questions for the aptitude section.
2 Drawing questions for the third section.
Maximum marks distributed 400 marks
Marks scheme used for each section Section 1:
Correct: 4 marks
Incorrect: – 1 mark
Correct: 4 marks
Incorrect: 0 marks
Section 2:
Correct: 4 marks
Incorrect: -1 mark
Unanswered: 0 marks
Section 3:
Correct: 50 marks
Mode of Language English, Hindi, and Gujarati

Check Exam Pattern of JEE Main Paper 2

JEE Main B.Arch Syllabus

JEE Main B.Arch Syllabus

Diving headfirst to study is a wrong decision when it comes to learning for JEE Main 2020 B.Arch. The syllabus seems vast and without any planning would make it seem gigantic. And soon enough, you will be holding your head in confusion and frustration. Map out your syllabus – but wait, you have to get it in your hands before mapping and planning it all out. Given below is the detailed JEE Main B.Arch Syllabus.

The JEE Main B.Arch Syllabus PDF was released by the NTA before the registrations for the JEE Main 2020 began. So that the students can quickly start compiling their material, including books and old question papers. Finally, they can get down to planning and deciding on a proper and comprehensive study plan. Without proper planning, covering important topics of JEE Main B.Arch Syllabus is just not possible. The syllabus is pretty unique; just don’t panic when you see the vastness of it. JEE Main April 2020 Paper 2 Syllabus, i.e. of B.Arch Paper will be divided into three sections. The first section or part will be based on Mathematics, the second one on Aptitude and the third one is a drawing-based section. Aspirants can save the JEE Main B.Arch Syllabus PDF by using Ctrl + P (Print) option on their devices.

Check JEE Main 2020 Syllabus

Section 1 – Mathematics Syllabus

JEE Main B.Arch Syllabus is vast mostly because of Mathematics. It consists of all the topics of Class 11th and 12th. Let us check what it entails and engages from the previous years’ JEE Main B.Arch Syllabus.

Units Sub-topics
Sets, Relations and Functions Sets, roster and set builder form of sets, Types of sets, subset, the proper and improper sets, Power set, universal set, the union of sets, complement of sets, De-Morgan’s Law, Ordered pairs, cartesian product, Relation, number of relations, types of relation, Functions, image, and Pre-image, Types of functions, Composition of function, condition for composite function, the property of a composite function, The inverse of a function.
Complex numbers and quadratic equations Algebra of complex numbers, Modulus and argument of complex numbers, The complex conjugate of complex numbers and properties of complex numbers, Polar form representation and Euler form, Finding the square root of complex numbers and complex equations, De-movie’ theorem, cube root and nth root of unity, Nature of roots, the relation of coefficient and roots, Vector representation and rotation, The discriminant of quadratic equation, Transformation of quadratic equations, condition of common roots.
Matrices and Determinants Matrix and operation on matrices, Types of matrix, Transpose of a matrix, symmetric and skew-symmetric matrix, Conjugate of matrix, Hermitian and skew-Hermitian matrix, Determinant of a matrix, Minor and cofactor of an element of matrix/determinant, Adjoint and the inverse of a matrix, Elementary row operations and use in finding the inverse of a matrix, System of linear equations and Cramer’s Rule, System of homogeneous linear equations.
Permutations and Combinations Fundamental Principle of Counting, Permutations as an Arrangement, Combinations as Selections, P (n,r) and C (n,r), Application of Permutation and Combination.
Mathematical Induction Principle of Mathematical Induction and it’s Simple Application, Principle of Mathematical Induction
Binomial Theorem and its simple applications Pascal’s Triangle, Binomial Theorem for Positive Integral Index, Properties and Application of Binomial Theorem, General Term, Middle Term
Sequence and Series Sequences, Arithmetic and Geometric Progression (AP, GP), Sum up to n terms, Arithmetic and Geometric Mean (AM, GM), Harmonic Progression (HP), Arithmetic-geometric series.
Limit, Continuity and differentiability Limits of a function, Properties of limits, Limits of polynomials and rational functions, Continuity of a function at a point, Discontinuity, Continuity of Composite Functions, Differentiability, Algebra of derivatives, Rolle’s Theorem, Mean Value Theorem (Lagrange).
Integral Calculus Introduction, integration as the inverse function of differentiation, Indefinite integral and properties of indefinite integral, Comparison between definite and Indefinite integral, Methods of integration, Integration by substitution, Integration using trigonometric identities, integration by partial fractions, integration by parts, Integrals of some particular function, Integrals of some special types, Definite integral and its properties, The fundamental theorem of calculus, Evaluations of definite integral by substitution.
Differential equations Order and Degree of a Differential equation, General and Particular solution, Formation of differential equations, Methods of solving different types of differential equations.
Coordinate Geometry Directrix, Latus Rectum, Slope and gradient, Focus and Eccentricity, Angle between two intersecting lines, their intersection points, parallel lines and collinear lines are the important terms of Coordinate Geometry.
Three-dimensional Geometry Coordinate of a point in space, distance formula, Direction cosine and Direction ratio, The angle between two intersecting lines, Skew lines and the shortest distance between two lines, Equation of line and plane, The intersection of line and plane.
Vector Algebra Vector (Position Vector, Direction cosine), Types of vector, Vector Algebra, Section Formula, Product of two vectors (Scalar and Vector product).
Statistics and Probability Independent Events, Dependent Events, Conditional probability, Random variables, etc.
Trigonometry Trigonometry Equation, Trigonometry Function and their Identities, Inverse Trigonometry.
Mathematical Reasoning Statements and types of statements, Basic logical connectives, conjunction, and disjunction, Negation, Conditional statements, The Contrapositive of conditional statements, the converse of conditional statements, Biconditional statements, Quantifiers, Validity of statements.

Check JEE Main Mathematics Syllabus in Detailed

Important Topics of JEE Main B.Arch Mathematics

Topic Expected questions – number Expected Marks
Differential Equations 5 20
Integral and Differential Calculus 6 24
Coordinate Geometry 2 8
Matrix & Determinants 2 8
Probability 2 8
Trigonometry 2 8

Other remaining topics will at least have one question from them appearing in the exam.

Check JEE Main 2020 Important Topics

Weightage of Mathematics in JEE Main B.Arch Syllabus

Topics Weightage
Coordinate Geometry 15%
Limit, continuity and differentiability 10%
Integral and Differential Calculus 12%
Statistics and Probability 8%
Complex numbers and quadratic equations 7%
Matrices and Determinants 7%
Three-Dimensional Geometry 6%
Sets, Relations and Functions 5%
Sequence and series 5%
Vector Algebra 5%
Trigonometry 4%
Permutations and combinations 4%
Mathematical reasoning 3%
Differential equations 3%
Mathematical Induction 3%
Binomial theorem and its simple applications 2%

JEE Main B.Arch Syllabus Mathematics Weightage

Section 2 – Aptitude Syllabus

The second part of JEE Main B.Arch Syllabus is the general aptitude section. The section is similar in the B.Planning paper and strives to test the students’ reasoning skills – including verbal, abstract and conceptual – and not to forget numerical reasoning.

Parts Sub-Topics
Part I Analytical Reasoning Mental Ability (Visual, Numerical and Verbal), Awareness of Persons, Objects, Places, Buildings, Materials, Visualizing three-dimensional objects from two-dimensional drawings, Texture related to Architecture and build-environment, visualizing different sides of three-dimensional objects
Part II Three dimensional- perception, Understanding and appreciation of scale and proportion, colour texture, harmony and contrast, building forms and elements. Transformation of forms both 2D and 3D union, subtraction, rotation, development of surfaces and volumes, Design and drawing of geometrical or abstract shapes and patterns in pencil, Generation of Plan, elevations and 3D views of objects, creating two-dimensional and three-dimensional compositions using given shapes and forms. Sketching of scenes and activities from memory of landscape (riverfronts, jungles, trees, plants, etc.) and rural life, urbanscape (public space, festivals, market, street scenes, monuments, recreational spaces, etc.)

Weightage of Aptitude in JEE Main B.Arch Syllabus

Topics Weightage
Visualizing three-dimensional objects from two-dimensional drawings 3-4%
Visualizing different sides of 3D objects 3%
Awareness of persons, places, Building, Materials 2-3%
Objects, texture related to Architecture and build-environment 2-3%
3D- Perception and Appreciation of scale and proportion of objects 2-3%
Mental Ability 2%
Colour Texture 1-2%
Analytical Reasoning 1-2%

JEE Main B.Arch Syllabus Aptitude Weightage

Do note that there is limited analysis of important topics for Aptitude Section of JEE Main B.Arch Paper. This is due to the recent changes in JEE Main Papers 1,2 and 3. However,

Section 3 – Drawing Skills

This section is the only one attempted in pen and paper mode in JEE Main 2020. It focuses on studying the drawing skills of the students’. The finesse and the precision they possess, through their drawings. The topics covered in JEE Main B.Arch Syllabus are a handful but important –

S.No. Topics
1 Drawing and Designing of geometrical or abstract shapes and patterns in pencil
2 Transformation of forms both 2D and 3D union
3 Development of Surfaces and Volumes
4 Generation of Plan
5 Creating 2D or 3D compositions using various shapes and forms
6 Elevation and 3D views of objects rotation
7 Sketching of activities from memory of urban scenes

There is no proper weightage or important topics for the Drawing section of JEE Main B.Arch Paper 2. This is because of the abstractness of this particular section. The scoring criteria is based on the examiners approach towards various intricate details in the answers drawn by the candidate. This section is often seen as one of the most scoring and sometimes the toughest section of JEE Main B.Arch Paper.

Read How to Score 250+ in JEE Main

Preparation Tips for JEE Main B.Arch Syllabus

  • Divide your syllabus in order to study properly

Most of the students make the usual mistake of studying everything in one go, without properly dividing the syllabus and making a proper study plan. If you have, on the other hand, made a proper study plan and are dedicatedly executing it, then you are more likely to successfully complete studying your syllabus. Make sure you prepare an effective plan, which is not only easy for you to follow but also covers everything that you need to study.

  • Check your strengths and weaknesses from the syllabus

When you are deciding which topic to give more focus on, then don’t go by how the weightage is divided among the topics. Regardless of the importance, it is important that you pay equal attention to all the topics that are given in your syllabus. More importantly, make sure that you cover your weak topics, even if they don’t carry as many points. This will make sure that you are appearing for the exam with your full potential and subsequently, potentially get you more marks.

  • Previous question papers

The Internet is full of references that you can take help with during planning your study or doing your actual study. Even if you are not provided with sample papers or previous exams’ papers, then you can get all of them online. Even if you are told about the important topics, it can never hurt to go over the previous papers, in case the examiner decides to add some questions from the previous years’ papers as well. You also get a proper idea about the way questions are asked – whether in a tricky way or just the way they are mentioned in your books and reference texts.

  • How to approach the exam?

The most important thing to keep in mind while appearing for the JEE Main B.Arch Examination is the strategy that you will use for passing. You have to keep in mind that most of the questions don’t have negative marking and are numbered. Make sure that you don’t waste all of your time answering the questions that are difficult; instead, complete the other sections which are easier to solve for you. It would be much better if you solve them first, then use all your remaining time you are finding difficult – this will make sure you will get your passing marks and even get that rank you want to achieve.

  • A clear head and calm mind

Mostly, students appearing for such competitions are out of their minds, worrying about the paper and how it will go and what will happen afterwards. This is what you need to avoid during this particular exam. JEE Main Architecture students should be able to have a clear head and calm mind, not just during you’re giving the exam but also before and after those three hours. A clear mind and a calm head would also make sure you are not stumped in the exam in the face of difficult questions.

Books to Refer for JEE Main B.Arch Syllabus

There might not be many reliable books that you can refer to. But there are definitely some trustworthy ones which students refer for a detailed study of JEE Main B.Arch Syllabus. Other than the usual textbooks that students referred to in the previous years (especially for mathematics), given below are some of the latest books that you can refer and study from. These books are wholesome and not just give complete information to the JEE Main B.Arch Syllabus, but also act as an introduction to the curriculum of B.Arch degree:

S.No Book’s name Author’s name
1. A Complete Self-Guide for B.Arch Entrance Examination P.K. Mishra (Arihant)
2. Complete Architecture Entrance Guide Ashok Goel and Arjun Kamal
3. Mathematics XI & XII R.S. Agarwal
4. Elementary Mathematics DoroFeev, Potapov
5. Higher Algebra Hall & Knight
6. Verbal and Non-verbal Reasoning Book R.S. Aggarwal
7. B.Arch/NATA/JEE Main- Offline Drawing Test Nimish Madan

If you are making an action plan on the basis of this syllabus, there are a handful of important points students need to remember. Make a small note of all the important points and formulas and go over it while revising or even the day before the exam; after studying a chapter or a concept, make sure you remember it by solving some practise questions on those topics; there is also an option of giving a JEE Main mock test online, which can help you see where you are now, after your thorough preparation.

There is no doubt that JEE Main B.Arch is going to happen, even if it happens directly into the year end. This means that the students need to be alert about any kind of updates and also side-by-side, should keep on studying with as much dedication that is possible, which is particularly hard as there is no guarantee about anything right now whatsoever. Students are advised to stay focused and not lose any hope they might be harbouring for their dream to become an architect.

JEE Main 2020 Syllabus not reduced, says NTA

Last updated on May 11th, 2020 at 09:52 am

With a lot of news reports mentioning reduction of the syllabus in new academic sessions for JEE Main and NEET and other examinations due to delay caused by Coronavirus (COVID-19) outbreak and the country-wide lockdown, it is natural that rumours about the current session of JEE Main 2020 were bound to spread. In a news report published by NDTV, an NTA official has clarified that there will be no reduction in the syllabus for JEE Main 2020 which is scheduled for 18th to 23rd July 2020 now. NTA is the official conducting agency for JEE Main and NEET, which comes directly under the Ministry of Human Resources Development.

Sorting out rumours about the exam

Rumours about the reduction in the syllabus were emerging stating that the syllabus for JEE Main 2020 has been reduced due to the distress caused by COVID-19 outbreak and the subsequent lockdown imposed by the government to prevent the spread.

“Do not believe the rumours. The syllabus for both JEE Main and NEET examinations remains the same”, said the NTA official.

Mr Ramesh Pokhriyal has stated in the live session held on Facebook and Twitter, as well as, in a separate statement with Indian Express that the syllabus for the upcoming academic year will be reduced according to the time period lost. There were no mentions about the current year syllabus due to which speculations from the internet started emerging.

With the postponement of the exam dates and the JEE Main new dates set for July 3rd week, it was needless to say that the exam syllabus remained the same as before. Moreover, students now have a reasonable, rather sufficient time to prepare for the examination as the exams have been delayed by over 3 months. Aspirants of the JEE Main examination usually start preparing right from the start of Class 11th and some even start from class 10th.

JEE Main and Advanced New Dates Announced

New dates for JEE Main 2020 were announced recently by Union HRD Minister, Mr Ramesh Pokhriyal ‘Nishank’. He announced that the JEE Main 2020 will be conducted from 18th to 23rd July 2020. The exam was previously postponed twice by the NTA. He also announced the new dates for NEET 2020 which will now be held on 26th July 2020.

JEE Advanced 2020 dates have also been announced by MHRD. It is the screening test for admissions to IITs and will be held on 23rd August 2020. Only top 2.5 lakh candidates of JEE Main are allowed to take JEE Advanced.

Also Read | JEE Advanced Exam Dates

JEE Main Syllabus 2021: Subject-wise Syllabus for B.Tech, B.Arch and B.Plan Papers

Last updated on December 15th, 2020 at 05:18 pm

NTA has not released the official JEE Main Syllabus for the year 2021 yet. There are chances that there will be changes in the JEE Main syllabus 2021 owing to the pandemic. The syllabus might be reduced due to the reduction in Class XII syllabus by various boards.

However, until the release of the official 2021 syllabus, we can have a look at the JEE Main 2020 syllabus to get an idea. The NTA JEE Main 2020 Syllabus varies depending upon the sections or subjects – Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics, Aptitude, Drawing and Planning. 

Candidates can get an insight of the JEE Main Syllabus 2021 from this article and devise a plan of action.


  • HRD MInister Ramesh Pokhriyal ‘Nishank’ has hinted towards a change in JEE Main exam pattern 2021. Read More
  • JoSAA Counselling for seat allotment to various engineering colleges has been completed for JEE Main candidates. Read More

The examination will be conducted for 3 separate papers B.E/B. Tech, B.Arch and B.Planning. Paper 1 is for B.E/B. Tech, Paper 2 is for B.Arch and Paper 3 is for B.Planning. Candidates seeking admissions to B.E./B.Tech and B.Arch courses to IITs, NITs, IIITs and CFTIs can fill JEE Main form online when the registration window opens.

JEE Main Syllabus for Chemistry JEE Main Syllabus for Physics
jEE Main Syllabus for Mathematics Best Books to Cover JEE Main Syllabus

Overview of the JEE Main Syllabus 2021

  • The syllabus for Paper 1 comprises three major subjects – Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics. This paper is specific for admissions to B.Tech/B.E courses.
  • Paper 2 syllabus comprises three major subjects which are Aptitude, Drawing and Mathematics. This paper is conducted for admissions to B.Arch Courses.
  • Finally, Paper 3 syllabus comprises three subjects which are Aptitude, Planning-based questions and Mathematics. This paper is conducted for admissions to the B. Planning course of IITs.

Read About the Top Engineering Colleges in India here

Will NTA Reduce JEE Main 2021 Syllabus?

Lockdown situation due to the outbreak of COVID-19 has led to the delay in events of JEE Main 2020 session. This has created pressure among the JEE main 2021 session aspirants, hence they have demanded a reduction in the JEE Main 2021 syllabus.

  • Yet there is no clarification by NTA regarding this. But a possibility of a reduction in JEE Main 2021 Syllabus is speculated. Director-General of NTA and Education Minister has hinted towards the reduction of JEE Main 2021 Syllabus.
  • As preparation time has reduced for JEE Main 2021 aspirants, NTA might consider the point of reducing JEE Main 2021 Syllabus.
  • JEE Main Syllabus is mostly prescribed from science subjects of class 11th & 12th. CBSE has already reduced class XI and XII syllabus by 30%. Therefore, the chances of reduction in JEE Main syllabus for 2021 has also increased.
  • It is advisable that aspirants should keep preparing and not halt their preparation until the further update by NTA. Read JEE Main Preparation Tips.

JEE Main Syllabus 2021: Subject-wise Syllabus

The JEE Main Syllabus is similar to that of the JEE Advanced examination. However, the difficulty level is different as the students may face more difficult questions in the JEE Advanced examination, which might have more than one answer. In order to acquire a good rank, the students need to know the syllabus and exam pattern and also keep their practice thorough.

JEE Main 2021 Chemistry Syllabus

The JEE Main Chemistry Syllabus is divided into three sections which are Physical Chemistry, Organic Chemistry and Inorganic Chemistry. The students must go through each of these subsections in order to score well.

Section A – Physical Chemistry

Following section caters to the entire NTA JEE Main Syllabus 2020 for Chemistry-

Unit Topic Details
1. Some Basic Concepts of Chemistry
  • Matter and its nature
  • Dalton’s Atomic Theory
  • Concept of atom, molecule, element and compound
  • Physical Quantities, SI Units, Atomic and molecular mass
  • Laws of Chemical Combination, Chemical Equation and Stoichiometry
2. States of Matter
  • Gaseous State – Measurable properties, Gas Laws, Kinetic theory of gases, Ideal Gas Equation, Van der Waals Equation and more
  • Liquid State – Properties of liquids Vapor pressure, viscosity and surface tension and effect of temperature on them (qualitative treatment only)
  • Solid State – Classification; Bragg’s Law; Unit cell and lattices; Electrical and Magnetic Properties
3. Atomic Structure
  • Thomson and Rutherford Atomic Models
  • Bohr Model of Hydrogen atom
  • Dual Nature of Matter, De-Broglie Relationship, Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle
  • Pauli’s Exclusion Principle and Hund’s Rule
  • Shapes of s, p and d orbitals
4. Chemical Bonding and molecular structure
  • Kossel – Lewis Approach to Chemical Bond Formation
  • Ionic Bonding
  • Covalent Bonding
  • Quantum Mechanical Approach to Covalent Bonding
  • Molecular Orbital Theory
5. Chemical Thermodynamics
  • Fundamentals of thermodynamics, System and surroundings, Extensive and Intensive Properties State Functions, Types of Processes
  • First Law of Thermodynamics – Concept of work, heat, internal energy and enthalpy, heat capacity, molar heat capacity.
  • Hess’s Law of constant heat Summation, Enthalpies of bond dissociation, combustion, formation, atomization, sublimation, etc.
  • Second Law of Thermodynamics – Spontaneity of Processes;
  • ∆S of the universe and ∆G as the criteria for spontaneity
6. Solutions
  • Different methods for expressing concentration of solution – molality, molarity, mole fraction,
  • Percentage by volume and mass both, vapour pressure of solutions and
  • Raoult’s Law – ideal and no ideal solutions, vapor pressure
  • Colligative properties of dilute solutions,
  • Relative lowering of vapor pressure, depression of freezing point,
  • Elevation of boiling of boiling point and osmotic pressure
  • Determination of molecular mass using colligative properties,
  • Abnormal value of molar mass,
  • Van Hoff Factor and its significance
7. Equilibrium
  • Meaning of Equilibrium, Concept of dynamic equilibrium
  • Equilibria involving Physical Processes – Law of Chemical Equilibrium,
  • Equilibrium constants (Kp and Kc) and their significance,
  • Significance of ∆G and ∆G° in chemical equilibria,
  • Factors affecting equilibrium concentrations, pressure, temperature effect of catalyst;
  • Le Chatelier’s principle.
  • Equilibria involving Physical Processes – solid-liquid, liquid-gas and solid-gas equilibria,
  • Henry’s Law, General characteristics of equilibrium involving physical processes.
  • Ionic Equilibrium – Weak and strong electrolytes, ionization of electrolytes,
  • Various concepts of acids and bases (Arrhenius Bronsted – Lowry and Lewis) and their ionization,
  • Acid-base equilibria (including multi stage ionization) and ionization constants,
  • Ionization of water, pH scale, common ion effect,
  • Hydrolysis of salts and pH of their solutions, solubility of sparingly soluble salts and solubility products and buffer solutions.
8. Redox Reactions and Electrochemistry
  • Electrical concepts of oxidation and reductions, redox reactions,
  • Oxidation number, rules for assigning oxidation number, balancing of redox reactions
  • Electrolytic and metallic conduction, conductance in electrolytic solutions,
  • Molar conductivities and their variation with concentration,
  • Koulrausch’s Law and its applications
  • Electrochemical Cells – Electrolytic and Galvanic Cells, different types of electrodes, electrode potentials,
  • Half-cell and cell reactions, emf of a galvanic cell and its measurement
  • Nernst equation and its applications
9. Chemical Kinetics
  • Rate of a chemical reaction, factors affecting the rate of reactions
  • Elementary and complex reactions, order and molecularity of reactions, rate law, rate constant and its units,
  • Differential and integral forms of zero and first order reactions, their characteristics and half-lives,
  • The effect of temperature on the rate of reactions.
  • Arrhenius theory, activation energy and its calculation,
  • Collision theory of bimolecular gaseous reactions (no derivation).
10. Surface Chemistry
  • Adsorption: Physisorption and chemisorption and their characteristics,
  • Factors affecting the adsorption of gases on solids
  • Freundlich and Langmuir adsorption isotherms, adsorption from solutions.
  • Catalysis: Homogeneous and heterogeneous, activity and selectivity of solid catalysts,
  • Enzyme catalysis, and its mechanism.
  • Colloidal state: Distinction among true solutions, colloids, and suspensions,
  • Classification of colloids: lyophilic, lyophobic.
  • Multimolecular, macromolecular and associated colloids (micelles), preparation and properties of colloids
  • Tyndall effect, Brownian movement, electrophoresis, dialysis, coagulation, and flocculation.
  • Emulsions and their characteristics.

Section B – Inorganic Chemistry

Given below are chapters and topics from Inorganic Chemistry for JEE Main 2021. Major focus is on the Periodic table and its elements.

Unit Topic Details
11. Classification of elements and periodicity in properties
  • Modern periodic law and present form of the periodic table.
  • s, p, d and f block elements.
  • Periodic trends in properties of elements atomic and ionic radii, ionization enthalpy.
  • Electrons gain enthalpy, valence, oxidation states and chemical reactivity.
12. General Principles and processes of isolation of metals
  • Steps involved in the extraction of metals
  • Concentration, reduction (chemical and electrolytic methods) and refining
  • Special reference to the extraction of Al, Cu, Zn, and Fe.
  • Modes of occurrence of elements in nature, minerals, ores.
  • Thermodynamic and electrochemical principles involved in the extraction of metals.
13. Hydrogen
  • The position of hydrogen in periodic table, isotopes, preparation, properties, and uses of hydrogen.
  • Structure, preparation, reactions, and uses of hydrogen peroxide.
  • Physical and chemical properties of water and heavy water.
  • Hydrogen as a fuel
  • Classification of hydrides: ionic, covalent and interstitial.
14. S-Block Elements (Alkali and Alkali Earth Metals)
  • Group 1 and Group 2 Elements: General introduction,
  • Electronic configuration and general trends in physical and chemical properties of elements,
  • Anomalous properties of the first element of each group, diagonal relationships.
  • Preparation and properties of some important compounds
  • Sodium carbonate, sodium chloride, sodium hydroxide and sodium hydrogen carbonate.
  • Industrial uses of lime, limestone, Plaster of Paris and cement.
  • The biological significance of Na, K, Mg and Ca.
15. P-Block Elements
  • Group 13
  • Preparations and properties of Boron and aluminium;
  • Structure, properties and uses of borax, boric acid, diborane, boron trifluoride, aluminium chloride, alums.
  • Group 14
  • Tendency for Catenation;
  • Structure, properties and uses of Allotropes and oxides of carbon,
  • Silicon tetrachloride, silicates, zeolites and silicones
  • Group 15
  • Properties and uses of nitrogen and phosphorus;
  • Allotropic forms of Phosphorus;
  • Preparation, properties, structure and uses of ammonia, nitric acid, phosphine halides, (PCLჳ, PCLཏ);
  • Structures of oxides and oxoacids of nitrogen and phosphorus
  • Group 16
  • Preparation, properties, structures and uses of ozone;
  • Allotropic forms of sulphur;
  • Preparation, properties, structure and uses of sulphuric acid (including its industrial preparation);
  • Structures of oxoacids of sulphur
  • Group 17
  • Preparation, properties and uses of hydrochloric acid;
  • Trends in the acidic nature of hydrogen halides;
  • Structure of interhalogen compounds and oxides and oxoacids of halogens
  • Group 18
  • Occurrence and uses of noble gases;
  • Structures of Fluorides and oxides of xenon
16. D and f- Block Elements
  • Transition Elements
  • General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence and characteristics,
  • General trends in properties of the first-row transition elements
  • Physical properties, ionization enthalpy, oxidation states, atomic radii, colour, catalytic behaviour, magnetic properties,
  • Complex formation, interstitial compounds, alloy formation.
  • Preparation, properties, and uses of K2Cr2O7 and KMnO4.
  • Inner Transition Elements: Lanthanides, Electronic configuration, oxidation states, chemical reactivity and lanthanide contraction, and
  • Actinoids: Electronic configuration and oxidation states.
17. Coordination Compounds
  • Introduction to coordination compounds,
  • Werner’s theory.
  • ligands, coordination number, denticity, chelation.
  • IUPAC nomenclature of mononuclear coordination compounds, isomerism.
  • Bonding-Valence bond approach
  • Basic ideas of Crystal field theory, colour and magnetic properties.
  • Importance of coordination compounds (in qualitative analysis, extraction of metals and in biological systems).
18. Environmental Chemistry
  • Environmental pollution: Atmospheric, water, and soil.
  • Atmospheric pollution: Tropospheric and stratospheric.
  • Gaseous pollutants: Oxides of carbon, nitrogen, and sulfur, hydrocarbons;
  • Their sources, harmful effects, and prevention.
  • Greenhouse effect and Global warming, acid rain.
  • Particulate pollutants: Smoke, dust, smog, fumes, mist;
  • Their sources, harmful effects, and prevention.
  • Stratospheric pollution: Formation and breakdown of ozone, depletion of ozone layer, its mechanism and effects.
  • Water Pollution: Major pollutants such as pathogens, organic wastes, and chemical pollutants;
  • Their harmful effects and prevention.
  • Soil pollution: Major pollutants such as Pesticides (insecticides, herbicides and fungicides)
  • Their harmful effects and prevention.
  • Strategies to control environmental pollution.

Section C – Organic Chemistry

Organic Chemistry Syllabus for JEE Main 2021 is given below. All chapters in Organic Chemistry are important. Hydrocarbons and Organic compounds usually carry a very high weightage in Organic Chemistry.

Unit Topic Details
19. Purification and Characterization of Organic Compounds
  • Purification – Crystallization, sublimation, distillation, differential extraction, and
  • Chromatography principles and their applications.
  • Qualitative Analysis – Detection of nitrogen, sulfur, phosphorus, and halogens.
  • Quantitative Analysis (basic principles only) –
  • Estimation of carbon, hydrogen, nitrogens, halogens, sulphur and phosphorus
  • Calculations of Empirical and Molecular Formulae;
  • Numerical Problems in organic quantitative analysis
20. Some basic principles of organic chemistry
  • Tetravalency of Carbon, Shapes of simple molecules – hybridization (s and p)
  • Classification of organic compounds based on functional groups: -C = C- and those containing halogens, oxygen, nitrogen, and sulfur;
  • Homologous series.
  • Isomerism – structural and stereoisomerism
  • Nomenclature – Covalent bond fission
  • Homolytic and heterolytic: free radicals, carbocations, and carbanions;
  • Stability of carbocations and free radicals, electrophiles and nucleophiles.
  • Electronic displacement in a covalent bond
  • Inductive effect, electromeric effect, resonance, and hyperconjugation.
  • Common types of organic directions: Substitution, addition, elimination and rearrangement.
21. Hydrocarbons
  • Classification, isomerism, IUPAC nomenclature,
  • General methods of preparation, properties and reactions.
  • Alkanes – Conformations;
  • Sawhorse and Newman projections (of ethane);
  • Mechanism of halogenation of alkanes.
  • Alkenes – Geometrical Isomerism
  • Mechanism of electrophilic addition: addition of hydrogen, halogens, water, hydrogen halides (Markownikoff’s and peroxide effect);
  • Ozonolysis, oxidation, and polymerization.
  • Alkynes – Acidic character;
  • Addition of hydrogen, halogens, water and hydrogen halides;
  • Polymerization.
  • Aromatic Hydrocarbons – Nomenclature, Benzene Structure and Atomicity
  • Mechanism of electrophilic substitution – halogenation, nitration,
  • Friedel Crafts alkylation and acylation,
  • Directive influence of the functional group in monosubstituted benzene.
22. Organic Compounds Containing Halogens
  • General Methods of preparation, properties and reactions
  • Nature of C-X Bond
  • Mechanisms of substitution reactions
  • Uses, Environmental effects of chloroform, iodoform, freons and DDT
23. Organic Compounds containing Oxygen
  • General methods of preparation, properties, reactions and uses
  • Alcohol – Identification of primary, secondary and tertiary alcohols;
  • Mechanism of dehydration.
  • Phenols – Acidic nature, electrophilic substitution reactions
  • Halogenation, nitration, and sulphonation,
  • Reimer Tiemann reaction.
  • Ethers – Structures
  • Aldehyde and Ketones – Nature of carbonyl group;
  • Nucleophilic addition to >C=O group
  • Relative reactivities of aldehydes and ketones
  • Important reactions such as Nucleophilic addition reactions (addition of HCN, NH3 and its derivatives), Grignard reagent;
  • Oxidation; reduction (Wolff Kishner and Clemmensen);
  • The acidity of hydrogen, aldol condensation, Cannizzaro reaction, Haloform reaction.
  • Chemical Tests to distinguish between aldehydes and ketones.
  • Carboxylic Acid – Acidic strength and factors affecting it.
24. Organic Compounds Containing Nitrogen
  • General methods of preparation, properties, reactions and uses
  • Amines – Nomenclature, classification, structure, basic character and identification of primary, secondary and tertiary amines and their basic character.
  • Diazonium Salts – Importance in synthetic organic chemistry.
25. Polymers
  • General Introduction and classification of polymers,
  • General methods of polymerization, addition and condensation, co-polymerization
  • Natural and synthetic rubber and vulcanization
  • Some important polymers with emphasis on monomers and uses
  • Polyethene, nylon, polyester, and bakelite.
26. Biomolecules
  • General Introduction and importance of biomolecules
  • Carbohydrates – Classification: aldoses and ketoses;
  • Monosaccharides (glucose and fructose), constituent monosaccharides or oligosaccharides (sucrose, lactose, maltose) and polysaccharides (starch, cellulose, glycogen).
  • Proteins – Elementary Idea of amino acids, peptide bond, polypeptides;
  • Proteins: primary, secondary, tertiary and quaternary structure (qualitative idea only), denaturation of proteins, enzymes.
  • Vitamins – Classification and Functions
  • B Chemical Constitution of DNA and RNA, Biological Functions of Nuclei Acids
27. Chemistry in Everyday life
  • Chemicals in medicines: Analgesics, tranquillizers, antiseptics, disinfectants, antimicrobials,
  • Antifertility drugs, antibiotics, antacids, antihistamines, their meaning and common examples.
  • Chemicals in food: Preservatives, artificial sweetening agents common examples.
  • Cleansing Agents – Soaps and detergents, cleansing action
28. Principles related to Practical Chemistry
  • Detection of extra elements (N, S, halogens) in organic compounds.
  • Detection of the following functional groups: hydroxyl (alcoholic and phenolic), carbonyl (aldehyde and ketone), carboxyl and amino groups in organic compounds.
  • The chemistry involved in the preparation of the following:
  • Inorganic compounds
  • Mohr’s salt, potash alum, and Organic compounds
  • Acetanilide, p-nitro acetanilide, aniline yellow, iodoform.
  • The chemistry involved in the titrimetric exercises: Acids bases and the use of indicators,
  • Oxalic-acid vs KMnO4,
  • Mohr’s salt vs KMnO4.
  • Chemical principles involved in the qualitative salt analysis:
  • Cations: Pb2+, Cu2+, AI3+, Fe3+, Zn2+, Ni2+, Ca2+, Ba2+, Mg2+, NH4+, and
  • Anions: CO32-, S2-, SO42-, NO2-, NO3-, CI-, Br, I. (Insoluble salts excluded).
  • Chemical principles involved in the following experiments: Enthalpy of solution of CuSO4, Enthalpy of neutralization of strong acid and strong base,
  • Preparation of lyophilic and lyophobic sols, and Kinetic study of the reaction of iodide ion with hydrogen peroxide at room temperature.

Weightage of JEE Main Chemistry Syllabus

An analysis of the Chemistry paper of JEE Main examination 2021 have been given below:

Chemistry Important Topics Weightage (%)
Inorganic Chemistry 29
Organic Chemistry 36
Physical Chemistry 35

Chemistry Syllabus WeightageChemistry Syllabus Weightage

Read JEE Main Preparation Tips for Chemistry

JEE Main 2021 Physics Syllabus

The JEE Main Physics Syllabus is divided into two major sections — Section A and Section B. Section A comprises 80% of the question paper and mainly has theoretical questions. Section B comprises 20% of the question paper and has practical-based questions.

Following section caters to the detailed NTA JEE Main syllabus 2021 of Physics

Unit Topic Details
1 Physics and Measurement
  • Physics, Technology and society, S.I. units,
  • Fundamental and derived units.
  • Least count, accuracy and precision of measuring instruments, Errors in measurement,
  • Dimensions of Physical quantities, dimensional analysis and its applications
2 Kinematics
  • Frame of reference.
  • Motion in a straight line: Position-time graph, speed and velocity.
  • Uniform and non-uniform motion, average speed and instantaneous velocity
  • Uniformly accelerated motion, velocity-time, position-time graphs, relations for uniformly accelerated motion.
  • Scalars and Vectors, Vector addition and Subtraction,
  • Zero Vector, Scalar and Vector products, Unit Vector, Resolution of a Vector
  • Relative Velocity, Motion in a plane.
  • Projectile Motion, Uniform Circular Motion
3 Laws of Motion
  • Force and Inertia,
  • Newton’s First Law of motion;
  • Momentum, Newton’s Second Law of motion; Impulse;
  • Newton’s Third Law of motion.
  • Law of conservation of linear momentum and its applications, Equilibrium of concurrent forces.
  • Static and Kinetic friction, Laws of friction, Rolling friction.
  • Dynamics of uniform circular motion: Centripetal force and its applications,
4 Work, Energy and Power
  • Work done by a constant force and a variable force; Kinetic and potential energies, Work-Energy theorem
  • Power
  • Potential energy of a spring, Conservation of mechanical energy, Conservative and nonconservative forces;
  • Elastic and inelastic collisions in one and two dimensions.
5 Rotational Motion
  • Centre of mass of a two-particle system, Centre of mass of a rigid body
  • Basic concepts of rotational motion;
  • Moment of a force, torque, angular momentum, conservation of angular momentum and its applications
  • Moment of inertia, Radius of gyration
  • Values of moments of inertia for simple geometrical objects, parallel and perpendicular axes theorems and their applications.
  • Rigid body rotation, Equations of rotational motion
6 Gravitation
  • The Universal law of gravitation
  • Acceleration due to gravity and its variation with altitude and depth
  • Kepler’s laws of planetary motion
  • Gravitational potential energy; gravitational potential.
  • Escape velocity.
  • Orbital velocity of a satellite. Geostationary satellites.
7 Properties of Solids and Liquids
  • Elastic behaviour, Stress-strain relationship,
  • Hooke’s Law, Young’s modulus, bulk modulus, modulus of rigidity.
  • Pressure due to a fluid column
  • Pascal’s law and its applications
  • Viscosity, Stokes’ law, terminal velocity, streamline and turbulent flow,
  • Reynolds number
  • Bernoulli’s principle and its applications
  • Surface energy and surface tension, angle of contact, application of surface tension – drops, bubbles and capillary rise
  • Heat, temperature, thermal expansion;
  • Specific heat capacity, calorimetry
  • Change of state, latent heat
  • Heat transfer-conduction, convection and radiation, Newton’s law of cooling
8 Thermodynamics
  • Thermal equilibrium, zeroth law of thermodynamics, concept of temperature
  • Heat, work and internal energy
  • First law of thermodynamics
  • The second law of thermodynamics: reversible and irreversible processes
  • Carnot engine and its efficiency
9 Kinetic Theory of Gases
  • Equation of state of a perfect gas, work done on compressing a gas.
  • Kinetic theory of gases -assumptions, concept of pressure. Kinetic energy and temperature: rms speed of gas molecules
  • Degrees of freedom, Law of equipartition of energy
  • Applications to specific heat capacities of gases Mean free path
  • Avogadro’s number
10 Oscillations and Waves
  • Periodic motion – period, frequency, displacement as a function of time.
  • Periodic functions
  • Simple harmonic motion (S.H.M.) and its equation; phase; oscillations of a spring -restoring force and force constant;
  • Energy in S.H.M. – kinetic and potential energies; Simple pendulum – derivation of expression for its time period
  • Free, forced and damped oscillations,
  • Resonance
  • Wave motion
  • Longitudinal and transverse waves, speed of a wave
  • Displacement relation for a progressive wave
  • Principle of superposition of waves, reflection of waves, Standing waves in strings and organ pipes
  • Fundamental mode and harmonics, Beats, Doppler effect in sound
11 Electrostatics
  • Electric charges: Conservation of charge, Coulomb’s law-forces between two point charges, forces between multiple charges
  • Superposition principle and continuous charge distribution
  • Electric field: Electric field due to a point charge, Electric field lines, Electric dipole, Electric field due to a dipole, Torque on a dipole in a uniform electric field
  • Electric flux, Gauss’s law and its applications to find field due to infinitely long uniformly charged straight wire,
  • Uniformly charged infinite plane sheet and uniformly charged thin spherical shell
  • Electric potential and its calculation for a point charge, electric dipole and system of charges.
  • Equipotential surfaces, Electrical potential energy of a system of two point charges in an electrostatic field.
  • Conductors and insulators, Dielectrics and electric polarization, capacitor, combination of capacitors in series and in parallel,
  • Capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor with and without dielectric medium between the plates, Energy stored in a capacitor.
12 Current Electricity
  • Electric current, Drift velocity, Ohm’s law, Electrical resistance,
  • Resistances of different materials, V-I characteristics of Ohmic and non-ohmic conductors
  • Electrical energy and power, Electrical resistivity, Colour code for resistors
  • Series and parallel combinations of resistors; Temperature dependence of resistance.
  • Electric Cell and its Internal resistance,
  • Potential difference and emf of a cell, combination of cells in series and in parallel
  • Kirchhoff’s laws and their applications
  • Wheatstone bridge, Metre bridge
  • Potentiometer – principle and its applications.
13 Magnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism
  • Biot – Savart law and its application to current carrying circular loop.
  • Ampere’s law and its applications to infinitely long current carrying straight wire and solenoid.
  • Force on a moving charge in uniform magnetic and electric fields.
  • Cyclotron
  • Force on a current-carrying conductor in a uniform magnetic field.
  • Force between two parallel current-carrying conductors-definition of ampere,
  • Torque experienced by a current loop in uniform magnetic field
  • Moving coil galvanometer, its current sensitivity and conversion to ammeter and voltmeter.
  • Current loop as a magnetic dipole and its magnetic dipole moment.
  • Bar magnet as an equivalent solenoid, magnetic field lines;
  • Earth’s magnetic field and magnetic elements.
  • Para-, dia-, and ferro- magnetic substances.
  • Magnetic susceptibility and permeability, Hysteresis, Electromagnets and permanent magnets.
14 Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents
  • Electromagnetic induction
  • Faraday’s law, induced emf and current
  • Lenz’s Law, Eddy currents
  • Self and mutual inductance
  • Alternating currents, peak and rms value of alternating current/voltage
  • Reactance and Impedance; LCR series circuit, Resonance
  • Quality factor, power in AC circuits, wattless current.
  • AC Generator and Transformer.
15 Electromagnetic Waves
  • Electromagnetic waves and their characteristics.
  • Transverse nature of electromagnetic waves.
  • Electromagnetic spectrum(radio waves, microwaves, infrared, visible, ultraviolet, X rays, gamma rays).
  • Applications of e.m. waves.
16 Optics
  • Reflection and refraction of light at plane and spherical surfaces, mirror formula,
  • Total internal reflection and its applications,
  • Deviation and Dispersion of light by a prism, Lens Formula, Magnification, Power of a Lens,
  • Combination of thin lenses in contact, Microscope and Astronomical Telescope (reflecting and refracting) and their magnifying powers.
  • Wave optics: wavefront and Huygens’ principle,
  • Laws of reflection and refraction using Huygens principle.
  • Interference, Young’s double slit experiment and expression for fringe width, coherent sources and sustained interference of light.
  • Diffraction due to a single slit, width of central maximum.
  • Resolving power of microscopes and astronomical telescopes,
  • Polarisation, plane polarized light
  • Brewster’s law, uses of plane polarized light and Polaroids.
17 Dual Nature of Matter and Radiation
  • Dual nature of radiation
  • Photoelectric effect,
  • Hertz and Lenard’s observations
  • Einstein’s photoelectric equation
  • Particle nature of light
  • Matter waves-wave nature of the particle, de Broglie relation.
  • Davis son-Germer experiment.
18 Atoms and Nuclei
  • Alpha-particle scattering experiment
  • Rutherford’s model of the atom
  • Bohr model, energy levels, hydrogen spectrum
  • Composition and size of the nucleus, atomic masses, isotopes, isobars, and isotones
  • Radioactivity-alpha, beta and gamma particles/rays and their properties
  • Radioactive decay law
  • Mass-energy relation, mass defect
  • Binding energy per nucleon and its variation with mass number, nuclear fission and fusion.
19 Electronic Devices
  • Semiconductors
  • Semiconductor diode: I-V characteristics in forward and reverse bias
  • Diode as a rectifier
  • 1-V characteristics of LED, photodiode, solar cell and Zener diode; Zener diode as a voltage regulator
  • Junction transistor, transistor action, characteristics of a transistor
  • Transistor as an amplifier(common emitter configuration) and oscillator
  • Logic gates (OR, AND, NOT, NAND and NOR), Transistor as a switch
20 Communication Systems
  • Propagation of electromagnetic waves in the atmosphere
  • Sky and space wave propagation, Need for modulation,
  • Amplitude and Frequency Modulation, Bandwidth of signals,
  • Bandwidth of Transmission medium,
  • Basic Elements of a Communication System (Block Diagram only).

Weightage of JEE Main Physics Syllabus

Here we have been an in-depth analysis of the JEE Main Physics Paper 2021-

Physics Important Topics Weightage (%)
Electrodynamics 23
Heat & Thermodynamics 13
Mechanics 25
Modern Physics 19
Optics 14
SHM & Waves 6

Physics Syllabus WeightagePhysics Syllabus Weightage

Read JEE Main Preparation Tips for Physics

JEE Main 2021 Mathematics Syllabus

The mathematics section is included in all the three papers of JEE Main 2021. The main topics of Mathematics that are included in the JEE Main Syllabus 2021 are Trigonometry, Algebra, Calculus and Coordinate Geometry.

Check detailed JEE Main Mathematics Syllabus

The following section caters to the detailed JEE Main syllabus for Mathematics.

Unit Topic Details
1. Sets, Relations and Functions
  • Sets and their representation
  • Union, intersection and complement of sets and their algebraic properties
  • Power set
  • Relation, Types of relations, equivalence relations, functions
  • One-one, into and onto functions, composition of functions
2. Complex Number and Quadratic Equations
  • Complex numbers as ordered pairs of reals
  • Representation of complex numbers in the form (a+ib) and their representation in a plane, Argand diagram.
  • Algebra of complex numbers, modulus and argument (or amplitude) of a complex number, square root of a complex number.
  • Triangle inequality.
  • Quadratic equations in real and complex number systems and their solutions.
  • The relation between roots and coefficients, nature of roots, the formation of quadratic equations with given roots.
3. Matrices and Determinants
  • Algebra of matrices, types of matrices, and matrices of order two and three.
  • Properties of determinants, evaluation of determinants, the area of triangles using determinants.
  • Adjoint and evaluation of inverse of a square matrix using determinants and elementary transformations.
  • Test of consistency and solution of simultaneous linear equations in two or three variables using determinants and matrices
4. Permutations and Combinations
  • The fundamental principle of counting.
  • Permutation as an arrangement and combination as a selection.
  • The meaning of P (n,r) and C (n,r). Simple applications.
5. Mathematical Induction
  • The principle of Mathematical Induction and its simple applications.
6. Binomial Theorem
  • Binomial theorem for a positive integral index.
  • General term and middle term.
  • Properties of Binomial coefficients and simple applications.
7. Sequences and Series
  • Arithmetic and Geometric progressions, insertion of arithmetic.
  • Geometric means between two given numbers.
  • The relation between A.M. and G.M.
  • Sum up to n terms of special series: Sn, Sn2, Sn3
  • Arithmetic – Geometric progression.
8. Limit, Continuity and Differentiability
  • Real-valued functions, algebra of functions, polynomials, rational, trigonometric, logarithmic and exponential functions, inverse functions.
  • Graphs of simple functions.
  • Limits, continuity, and differentiability.
  • Differentiation of the sum, difference, product, and quotient of two functions.
  • Differentiation of trigonometric, inverse trigonometric, logarithmic, exponential, composite and implicit functions; derivatives of order up to two.
  • Rolle’s and Lagrange’s Mean Value Theorems.
  • Rate of change of quantities, monotonic – increasing and decreasing functions, Maxima, and minima of functions of one variable, tangents, and normals
9. Integral Calculus
  • Integral as an antiderivative.
  • Fundamental integrals involving algebraic, trigonometric, exponential and logarithmic functions.
  • Integration by substitution, by parts, and by partial fractions.
  • Integration using trigonometric identities.
  • Integral as limit of a sum.
  • Simple Integrals, Fundamental Theorem of Calculus.
  • Properties of definite integrals, evaluation of definite integrals,
  • Determining areas of the regions bounded by simple curves in standard form
10. Differential Equations
  • Ordinary differential equations, their order, and degree.
  • Formation of differential equations.
  • The solution of differential equations by the method of separation of variables.
  • The solution of homogeneous and linear differential equations of the type.
11. Coordinate Geometry
  • Cartesian system of rectangular coordinates in a plane, distance formula, section formula,
  • Locus and its equation, translation of axes, the slope of a line,
  • Parallel and perpendicular lines, intercepts of a line on the coordinate axes.
  • Straight lines
  • The distance of a point from a line, equations of internal and external bisectors of angles between two lines,
  • Coordinates of the centroid, orthocentre, and circumcentre of a triangle,
  • Equation of the family of lines passing through the point of intersection of two lines.
  • Circles, conic sections: Standard form of equation of a circle, a general form of the equation of a circle, its radius and centre,
  • Equation of a circle when the endpoints of a diameter are given, points of intersection of a line and
  • Circle with the centre at the origin and condition for a line to be tangent to a circle, equation of the tangent.
  • Sections of cones, equations of conic sections (parabola, ellipse, and hyperbola) in standard forms,
  • Condition for y = mx + c to be a tangent and point (s) of tangency.
12. Three Dimensional Geometry
  • Coordinates of a point in space, the distance between two points.
  • Section formula, direction ratios and direction cosines, the angle between two intersecting lines.
  • Skew lines, the shortest distance between them and its equation.
  • Equations of a line and a plane in different forms, the intersection of a line and a plane, coplanar lines.
13. Vector Algebra
  • Vectors and scalar
  • Components of a vector in two dimensions and three-dimensional space.
  • Scalar and vector products
14. Statistics and Probability
  • Measures of Dispersion
  • Calculation of mean, median, mode of grouped and ungrouped data.
  • Calculation of standard deviation, variance and mean deviation for grouped and ungrouped data.
  • Probability
  • Probability of an event, addition and multiplication theorems of probability,
  • Bayes theorem, probability distribution of a random variate,
  • Bernoulli trials and Binomial distribution.
15. Trigonometry
  • Trigonometric identities and equations.
  • Trigonometric functions.
  • Inverse trigonometric functions and their properties.
  • Heights and Distances
16. Mathematical Reasoning
  • Statements, logical operations and, or, implies, implied by, if and only if.
  • Understanding of tautology, contradiction, converse, and contrapositive

Weightage of JEE Main Mathematics Syllabus

An analysis of the Mathematics paper of JEE Main examination 2021 have been given below-

Maths Important Topics Weightage (%)
Complex Numbers 6
Coordinate Geometry 16
Differential & Integral Calculus 34
Fundamentals of Mathematics 4
Probability 8
Matrices 13
Trigonometry 9
Vector & 3D 10

Mathematics Syllabus WeightageMathematics Syllabus Weightage

Read JEE Main Preparation Tips for Mathematics

JEE Main 2021 Drawing Test Syllabus

Drawing is included in Paper 2 of JEE Main examination. Few topics which are important for JEE Main Drawing Test are:

  • Drawing abstract shapes and geometric patterns in pen and paper.
  • Transformation of figures from 2D to 3D or vice-versa
  • Elevation of object rotation
  • Designing memory of urban scenes
  • Generation of plan
  • 3D view of an object, rotation

JEE Main 2021 Aptitude Test Syllabus

Aptitude section is included in both Paper 2 and Paper 3 of the JEE Main. The Aptitude section is divided into two parts according to the JEE Main Syllabus. The important topics from each of these parts which have been mentioned in the official JEE Main Syllabus have been given below:

Aptitude Important Topics Weightage
  • Awareness of Places, Persons, Building and Materials Texture and Objects related to Architecture
  • 3D- Perception and Appreciation of scale and proportion of Objects
  • Visualizing 3D Objects from 2D drawings
  • Visualizing different sides of 3D objects
  • Mental Ability
  • Analytical reasoning and Colour texture

Aptitude Syllabus WeightageAptitude Syllabus Weightage

JEE Main 2021 Planning-based Test Syllabus

Questions based on Planning will be a part of Paper 3 i.e. B.Planning only in JEE Main 2021. This section was introduced for students along with a completely new paper in 2020. As per the sample questions provided on the official website of JEE Main 2020, it is implied that questions from Planning section will be from the following topics-

  • General Awareness – Government programs/schemes, development issues, current affairs related to rural and urban development programs etc.
  • Critical thinking, Analytical skills, Map reading skills, Graphs, Charts, Basic Statistics etc.
  • Social Sciences – Geography, History, Political Science, Economics

The official JEE Main 2021 syllabus will be available for download as soon as it is released by NTA.

Best Books for JEE Main Syllabus 2021 

Reference books and mock tests are really helpful in JEE Main Preparation. Reference books help in understanding the JEE Main Syllabus and JEE Main Exam Pattern. Following books are suggested in order to prepare for JEE Main as per the previous year syllabus for JEE Main-


Name of the Book Author
Organic Chemistry O.P. Tandon
Physical Chemistry O.P. Tandon
Numerical Chemistry P. Bahadur


Name of the Book Author
IIT JEE Physics D.C. Pandey
Concepts of Physics H.C. Verma
Fundamentals of Physics Resnick, Halliday and Walker


Name of the book Author
Mathematics XI and XII R.D. Sharma
Higher Algebra Hall & Knight
Problems of Calculus in one Variable I.A. Maron

Read More Books for JEE Main Preparation


Important Books Author
B.Arch/ B. Planning Aptitude Test for J.E.E. (Main) S C Garg
A Complete Self-guide for B.Arch Entrance Examination P K Mishra


Important Book Name of the Author
Verbal and Non-Verbal Reasoning R.S. Aggarwal
Quantitative Aptitude R.S. Aggarwal

Check Best Books for B. Arch Preparation


Books Author
Contemporary India Part – 2 Textbook in Geography for Class – 10 NCERT
Democratic Politics – II Textbook in Social Science for Class 10 NCERT
India and the Contemporary World – 2 Textbook in History for Class – 10 NCERT
Understanding Economic Development – Textbook in Social Science for Class – 10 NCERT
Current Affair Yearly (2020) Arihant

JEE Main Syllabus is based on class XI and XII syllabus. Preparation of one will automatically help you get ready for the other. The students are advised to focus more on  JEE Main important topics and chapters for efficient learning and preparation.

JEE Main Exam Pattern for Paper 1 (B.E/B.Tech)

If you take a look at JEE Main Paper Analysis, you will understand that previously, there were a total of 90 questions in Paper 1 with 30 questions from each section. Now, the total number of questions have been reduced to 75 with each section having 25 questions.

  • This new JEE Main Exam pattern of examination has been implemented since the January 2020 examination.
  • Out of these 25 questions, 20 will be of MCQ type and the rest 5 questions will be numerical value-based questions.
  • Numerical value-based questions will not have negative marking.
  • All the three sections will be given equal weightage. The total marks of Paper 1 are 300.
  • However, there are chances that the exam pattern will be further changed in 2021.
  • The new exam pattern will be updated as soon as it is released by NTA.
Section Number of Questions Type of Questions
Physics Total: 25 MCQ Type: 20 Numerical Value Type: 5
Chemistry Total: 25 MCQ Type: 20 Numerical Value Type: 5
Mathematics Total: 25 MCQ Type: 20 Numerical Value Type: 5

JEE Main Exam Pattern for Paper 2 (B.Arch)

Paper 2 will have a total of 77 questions divided into three sections – Aptitude, Mathematics and Drawing. The Mathematics section will be the same as Paper 1. The Drawing section previously had 3 questions but from 2020 onwards, it will have 2 questions of 50 marks each. Only this section will be conducted in an offline mode (Pen and Paper-based). The total marks of Paper 2 will constitute a total of 400 marks.

Section Number of Questions Type of Questions
Aptitude Total: 50 MCQ Type: 50
Drawing Total: 2 Drawing Type: 2
Mathematics Total: 25 MCQ Type: 20 Numerical Value Type: 5

Read JEE Main Exam Pattern for B. Arch in Detail

JEE Main Exam Pattern for Paper 3 (B.Planning)

This is a new paper introduced in 2020 for B.Planning courses in colleges. JEE Main syllabus for paper 3 will have a total of 100 questions which will be divided into three sections – Aptitude, Mathematics and Planning. Here too, the Mathematics section will be the same as Paper 1. Paper 3 will constitute a total of 400 marks.

Section Number of Questions Type of Questions
Aptitude Total: 50 MCQ Type: 50
Planning-based questions Total: 25 MCQ Type: 25
Mathematics Total: 25 MCQ Type: 20 Numerical Value Type: 5

Read JEE Main Exam Pattern for B. Plan in Detail


Ques. Can a student appear for both B.Arch and B.Planning examination?

Last updated on March 6th, 2020 at 04:42 pm

Ans. Yes, a student can sit for both B.Arch and B.Planning examination. In that case, the duration of the examination will be 3 hours and 30 minutes.

Ques. Does the JEE Main Syllabus include topics from both Class XI and XII?

Last updated on March 6th, 2020 at 04:43 pm

Ans. Yes, the JEE Main Syllabus covers all the important topics from both class XI and XII.

Ques. What are the important topics for Mathematics according to the JEE Main Syllabus?

Last updated on March 6th, 2020 at 04:43 pm

Ans. Two of the most important topics for Mathematics from which the majority of questions are asked are Trigonometry and Calculus.

Ques. Is the JEE Main Syllabus and JEE Advanced Syllabus different?

Last updated on March 6th, 2020 at 04:44 pm

Ans. No, the JEE Main Syllabus and the JEE Advanced Syllabus is mostly the same but the question pattern is different.

Ques. Does the JEE Main Syllabus change every year?

Last updated on December 15th, 2020 at 04:46 pm

Ans. The JEE Main Syllabus remains mostly the same every year. One or two topics may be included or excluded from the syllabus. However, there are chances of reduction in the syllabus for 2021 exam due to the pandemic.

Ques. Is the JEE Main Syllabus for Mathematics same for all the three papers?

Last updated on March 6th, 2020 at 04:44 pm

Ans. Yes, the JEE Main Syllabus for Mathematics is the same for Paper 1, Paper 2 and Paper 3.

Ques. Will the syllabus remain the same for JEE Main 2021 paper 1 and paper 2?

Last updated on December 15th, 2020 at 04:48 pm

Ans. No, The JEE Main 2021 syllabus for paper 1 and paper 2 will be completely different. Paper 1 comprises three major subjects – Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics whereas paper 2 comprises of Aptitude, Drawing, and Mathematics

Ques. What is the weightage of Kinematics Questions in JEE Main 2021?

Last updated on December 15th, 2020 at 04:50 pm

Ans. From JEE Main 2020 point of view Kinematics is a very important chapter because of mainly two reasons:

  1. Its weightage is high
  2.  Kinematics is the most basic chapter of mechanics and can be applied in almost any topic of physics.

Candidates must have conceptual clarity when it comes to topics like Kinematics.

Ques. What are the important topics in JEE Main 2021 Paper 1?

Last updated on December 15th, 2020 at 04:52 pm

Ans. The topics vital for Paper 1 in JEE Main 2021 are tabulated below:

Subject Topic
Physics Current Electricity & Heat Transfer, Dimensional Analysis, Waves & Sounds, Thermodynamics, Kinetic Theory of Gases and Rotational Dynamics and Electromagnetic Induction, Gravitation & Electro-statistics, Geometrical Optics.
Chemistry Mole concept & the concept of equivalents, Redox reactions, Electrochemistry, Coordination chemistry, Chemical bonding, and Qualitative analysis, Thermodynamics, Chemical Equilibrium, Carbonyl Compounds & their derivatives.
Mathematics Inverse Trigonometric Functions, Circles, and Family of Circles, Sequence, and Series, Probability, Hyperbola in coordinate geometry, Parabola; Functions, Continuity & Differentiability, Limits, Application of derivatives, Definite integral in calculus, Vectors, Quadratic equations and expressions, Complex numbers, Matrices.


Ques. What are the vital topics for JEE Main 2021 Paper 2?

Last updated on December 15th, 2020 at 04:59 pm

Ans. The important topics for JEE Main 2021 Paper 2 are listed below:

  • Harmony, Contrast, and Colour texture.
  • 3D– perception, appreciation of scale and proportion of building forms, objects, and elements
  • Design and drawing of abstract or geometrical shapes and patterns in pencil
  • Transformation of forms both 2D and 3D union, Rotation, Elevations, Generation of Plan, 3D views of objects, Subtraction, Development of surfaces, and volumes.
  • Sketching
  •  2D and 3D compositions using given forms and shapes
Ques Will the JEE Main syllabus have questions from Class XI also?

Last updated on August 24th, 2020 at 05:29 pm

Ans. JEE Main syllabus covers topics from Class XI and XII both. Therefore, a lot of chapters from Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics become equally vital both for Boards and the JEE Main Exam from both the classes.

Ques. Does JEE Main Syllabus changes every year?

Last updated on August 24th, 2020 at 05:30 pm

Ans. No, the JEE Main syllabus has been the same from last 10 year. JEE Main Syllabus based on the class 11th and 12th syllabus.