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Aeronautical Engineering – Course Overview

Last updated on August 17th, 2021

Aeronautical engineering is a branch of science which deals with the aspects of airplane production. Similar to that of mechanical or chemical engineering, aeronautical engineering has a wide scope for career for the students pursuing the same. Not only the better career opportunities offered by the same but also it is a field of great interest and creative ideas. The Indian Defense Services and the Indian Aviation Industry are the two main sectors that call for the appointment and employment opportunities of the Aeronautical engineers in India. Follow the article for more details on aeronautical engineering.

The branch of engineering, named aeronautical engineering, itself derives its name from the mechanism it has been involved in. This field consists of the designing, working and production of the flight-capable device. The work related to the same varies from managing propulsion systems to fixing the load and the velocity. Aeronautical engineering aims at preparing and developing the students for working in the aviation industries, maybe also in foreign countries.

Aeronautical Engineering Course Highlights 

Course type Undergraduate | Postgraduate
Duration 4 years | 2 years
Examination Type Semester wise
Eligibility Passed 10+2 in Science stream with a minimum of 60% in aggregate from a recognized Board Or3 years of AICTE approved engineering diploma (B.Tech)GATE/Entrance Exam score+B.Tech/BE result (M.Tech)
Admission process Entrance exam or Merit based selection
Course Fees INR 5 lakhs to 14 lakhs approx. (B.Tech)INR 1 lakh to 6 lakhs approx. (M.Tech)
Average Salary (per month) INR 5 lakhs to 7 lakhs
Top Recruiters Civil Aviation Department, Indian Airforce, Helicopter Corporation of India, Private Airlines, aircraft manufacturers, etc.
Job Position Assistant Aircraft Engineers, Aeronautical Mechanical Engineers, Avionics Engineers, Aeronautical Electronic Engineers, Flight Engineers, etc.

How to commence with a career in Aeronautical Engineering?

  • The very first criteria for beginning a career in aeronautical engineering is developing an interest in the same. Without interest, moving on with the career might seem a bit difficult.
  • Another important step involves pursuing Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics at the secondary and the senior secondary levels in school.
  • Qualifiable marks in Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics at the school level are necessary to go on with the undergraduate degree in aeronautical engineering.
  • This branch of engineering provides postgraduate and doctorate level of education as well. This shall make the career opportunities in the same at ease.
  • At the higher levels, one must focus on developing the skills and the aptitude that is required for pursuing a career in the same.

Eligibility Criteria for Aeronautical Engineering

Aeronautical engineering is a course at the undergraduate level that requires a certain set of qualifications. Students are required to perfectly qualify the mentioned eligibility criteria for being enrolled as a student of aeronautical engineering. Some of these criteria are mentioned below for the students.

  • The primary and the basic eligibility criteria for taking admission in colleges for pursuing aeronautical engineering is by obtaining a minimum of 60% to 70% of aggregate marks in Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics at senior secondary levels in the school or any equivalent degree from a recognized board.
  • The final admission is based on the qualification of the student according to the cut–offs in the JEE Main and JEE Advanced examinations.
  • Some colleges and universities also conduct their own entrance exams to provide admission to students in aeronautical engineering course.
  • The candidates in India who have already gained a diploma in the maintenance of the aircraft (engineering) are eligible for accessing their degrees after qualifying for the examination that is conducted by the Aeronautical Society of India.
  • Candidates who have completed their undergraduate degree in aeronautical engineering with at least 50% of aggregate marks are eligible for pursuing the same in their postgraduate and doctorate levels followed by some entrance examinations.

Eligibility Criteria for IIT / IISc

  • The Indian Institute of Technology and the Indian Institute of Science and other research institutes grant admission to the students in the field of aeronautical engineering based on the minimum qualifying marks in the GATE examination.

Eligible Skills for the Aeronautical Engineering

There is always a set of skills required in the field of engineering being a technical sector. Therefore, aeronautical engineering also demands a certain set of skills from its candidates to do justice to the study and its mechanisms. Let us look at some of these required skills.

Normal eye vision Leadership qualities
No other vision deficiency disease including that of color blindness Sense of responsibility
High presence of mind with analytical capability Alert and active attitude
Strong sense in realizing the speed and accuracy of the devices Complete interest in aeronautics
Good body physique including body weight and height Technical and mechanical aptitude and competence

These above–mentioned skills must be possessed by the candidates to pursue a good and efficient career in aeronautical engineering.

Colleges Aeronautical Engineering in India 

India has almost 905 government colleges and 105 private colleges which offer courses in aeronautical engineering. There are more than 200 colleges that aim at attracting students for pursuing their career in this creative and demanding branch of engineering. Let us have a look at some of these along with their fee structure.

Name of the College Fees Structure Admission Methodology
Hindustan Institute of Technology, Chennai Rs. 14. 39 lakhs HITSEEE
Indian Institute of Technology, Madras Rs. 8.08 lakhs JEE MAIN and JEE ADVANCE
Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur Rs. 8. 38 lakhs JEE MAIN and JEE ADVANCED
Manipal Institute of Technology, Manipal Rs. 14. 51 lakhs MET
IIST, Thiruvananthapuram Rs. 5. 53 lakhs JEE MAIN and JEE ADVANCED
Amity University, Mumbai Rs. 13. 43 lakhs JEE Main and AMCAT
Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore Rs. 43. 4 thousand JEE Main, JEE Advanced and NEET
Indian Institute of Space Technology Rs. 5. 53 lakhs JEE Advanced

The average fees for pursuing aeronautical engineering at the undergraduate level vary from Rs. 8 lakhs – 8. 5 lakhs. Students are free to go on with the course from any of the above–mentioned colleges by successfully passing the eligibility criteria followed by the payment of the fees.

Aeronautical Engineering Syllabus 

One of the major characteristics of aeronautical engineering as a branch of science is that it has quite a complex syllabus. The course includes multiple topics and sub–topics at various levels. Students need to get familiar with all of these topics to avoid any kind of discrepancies in pursuing aeronautical engineering as a career option. The table contains some of the topics and sub–topics that are included in the syllabus of aeronautical engineering.

Environmental Science and Engineering Vibrations and Elements of Aeroelasticity Mathematics
Aero Engineering Thermodynamics Composite Materials and Structures Aircraft Structures Laboratory
Engineering Practices Laboratory Aircraft Design Project Total Quality Management
Computer Practices Laboratory Finite Element Methods Fluid Mechanics and Machinery Laboratory
Flight Dynamics Engineering Chemistry Strength of Materials Laboratory
Elements of Aeronautics Flight Integration Systems and Control Laboratory Aircraft Systems and Instruments
Experimental Stress Analysis CAD and Aircraft Component Drawing Physics and Chemistry Laboratory
Computational Fluid Dynamics Aircraft Systems and Instruments Aero Engine and Airframe
Numerical Methods Wind Tunnel Techniques Solid Mechanics

Aeronautical Engineering Jobs

Aeronautical engineering deals with the construction of aircraft of various types for various purposes. Thus, candidates after pursuing a course in aeronautical engineering become eligible for employment opportunities in multiple arenas and at multiple levels. Let us look at some of the top job profiles offered within the domain of aeronautical engineering.

  • Aeronautical Engineers – They have their main task as designing the aircraft and managing the aircraft propulsion systems. Going through the principles of aerodynamics is also one of their tasks.
  • Aeronautical Electronic Engineers – The use of radars, radio communication, etc. are very common in aircrafts. Therefore, electronic engineers look after the maintenance and development of such equipment.
  • Aeronautical Mechanical Engineers – The construction and maintenance of the aircraft engines is dealt with by the mechanical engineers belonging to the aeronautical branch of science.
  • Flight Engineers – Flight engineers are involved in looking after the proper and smooth flight of the aircraft. Their job begins from the pre–flight actions to fueling up of the flights after completion of the rounds of its take–off.

Average Salary in the career of Aeronautical Engineering

Aeronautical engineering is one of the most prominent branches of science that has a wide scope of career opportunities for candidates pursuing the same. Multiple national and international companies hire aeronautical engineers for various job profiles as mentioned above. Let us now look at the handsome salary package that is offered to the candidates.

Levels of Job Salary of the Aeronautical Engineers
Entry Level Rs. 30,000 – Rs. 35, 000
After some years of experience, that is, the mid–level Rs. 60, 000 – Rs. 70, 000
At higher posts (later level) Rs. 2 lakhs – Rs. 3 lakhs

The average salary of an aeronautical engineer varies between Rs. 6 lakhs per annum to that of Rs. 7 lakhs per annum. These engineers also have the scope to work with the government of India at various levels and therefore, the salary and the packages are defined as per the postings. Aeronautical engineers also have a wide range of scope to work internationally with the average package ranging between $70, 000 to that of $1, 00, 000.

Top Recruiters

Aeronautical engineers have a wide range of scope in terms of employment opportunities both nationally and internationally. Candidates are appointed in the aviation industry and various airlines or also in the government services for the defense department. Some of the top recruiters of aeronautical engineers are as follows.

Defence Research and Development Laboratories Civil Aviation Department
Hindustan Aeronautical Ltd (HAL) Aeronautical Development Establishment
National Aeronautical Lab (NAL) Air India
Pawan Hans Indian Air Force

Aeronautical engineering develops a career of the candidate in the aviation sector which has multiple promotional growths and better future prospects. The government and the private services in this field are recognizable and one of the most significant jobs across the world.

Aeronautical Engineering FAQs

Ques. What is aeronautical engineering as a degree?

Last updated on August 13th, 2021

Ans. Aeronautical engineering is a branch of engineering which gives training to students in areas like designing, developing and manufacturing aircrafts, spaceships and missiles and all the work related to it. A student can pursue B.Tech in Aeronautical engineering for Bachelors as well as M.Tech or Doctorate degrees in the same field for higher education. 

Ques. Is it possible to get admission in M.Tech without GATE?

Last updated on August 13th, 2021

Ans. Yes, some colleges conduct their personal entrance exam through which students can get admission in various renowned colleges such as NITs and IITs for pursuing M.Tech in Aeronautical engineering.

Ques. Can an aeronautical engineer become a pilot?

Last updated on August 13th, 2021

Ans. Yes, a person having a degree in aeronautical engineering can become a pilot. They would have to successfully complete the pilot training and acquire the flying license. They will also have to undergo and pass Class 1 Medical done by Aero Medics.

Ques. What are the various sectors I can apply for jobs as an Aeronautical engineer?

Last updated on August 13th, 2021

Ans. Aeronautical engineering degree gives the student an opportunity to work in a wide range of sectors. From designing and developing various new technologies for the aviation and defense sector, to testing, manufacturing, maintenance of aircrafts, satellites, etc.

Ques. What are the basic requirements for being an aeronautical engineer?

Last updated on August 13th, 2021

Ans. The few basic requirements are:

  • The student needs to have PCM as compulsory subjects in class 12. 
  • He/She should pass class 12 with at least 60% from a recognized board or have a 3 years engineering diploma from an AICTE approved college.
  • The candidate must possess good analytical skills, a sense of responsibility as well as can take quick and effective actions.
  • Last but not least the student must have a keen interest in aeronautical engineering.
Ques. Which is a better career option: Aeronautical engineering or Aerospace engineering?

Last updated on August 13th, 2021

Ans. Aeronautical engineering and Aerospace engineering are the two branches of engineering with a wide range of opportunities. However if a person just wants to work with aircrafts, then Aeronautical engineering is the right choice and if a student wants to work for both aircrafts as well as the space industry then aerospace is the right choice.

Ques. How many colleges for Aeronautical engineering are there in India?

Last updated on August 13th, 2021

Ans. There are a total of 200 colleges among which 67% of the colleges are private, 8% are Government colleges and the remaining are the public-private colleges.