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JEE Main Mathematics Syllabus: Topic-wise weightage, Best books

Latest Update: As announced by the HRD Minister Mr Ramesh Pokhriyal on 5th May, 2020, the JEE Main examination will be conducted from 18th – 23rd July, 2020.


JEE Main Mathematics Syllabus is prepared by the examination conducting body. NTA will release the syllabus along with the information brochure on JEE Main 2020. As per the analysis of previous years’ JEE Main papers, it is expected that there will be no change in the syllabus. However, there may be a change in the JEE Main Exam Pattern.

JEE Main Mathematics syllabus is based on the syllabus of class 11 and 12 of CBSE board. By knowing the JEE Main Mathematics Syllabus students will have clear idea about what type of questions asked in the paper, and difficulty level of the papers. Read the following article to no more about JEE Main syllabus for Mathematics section, weightage of chapters and number of questions from each unit.

JEE Main Mathematics Syllabus

Following is the detailed analysis of unit wise and topic wise Mathematics syllabus:

Unit 1: Sets, Relations and Functions

  • Sets and their representation
  • Union, intersection and complement of sets and their algebraic properties
  • Power set
  • Relation, Types of relations, equivalence relations, functions
  • One-one, into and onto functions, composition of functions

Unit 2: Complex Number and Quadratic Equations

  • Complex numbers as ordered pairs of reals
  • Representation of complex numbers in the form (a+ib) and their representation in a plane, Argand diagram.
  • Algebra of complex numbers, modulus and argument (or amplitude) of a complex number, square root of a complex number.
  • Triangle inequality.
  • Quadratic equations in real and complex number system and their solutions.
  • The relation between roots and coefficients, nature of roots, the formation of quadratic equations with given roots.

Unit 3: Matrices and Determinants

  • Matrices: Algebra of matrices, types of matrices, and matrices of order two and three.
  • Determinants: Properties of determinants, evaluation of determinants, the area of triangles using determinants.
  • Adjoint and evaluation of inverse of a square matrix using determinants and elementary transformations.
  • Test of consistency and solution of simultaneous linear equations in two or three variables using determinants and matrices

Unit 4: Permutations and Combinations

  • The fundamental principle of counting.
  • Permutation as an arrangement and combination as selection.
  • The meaning of P (n,r) and C (n,r). Simple applications.

Unit 5: Mathematical Induction

  • The principle of Mathematical Induction and its simple applications.

JEE Main Mathematics Syllabus

Unit 6: Binomial Theorem

  • Binomial theorem for a positive integral index.
  • General term and middle term.
  • Properties of Binomial coefficients and simple applications.

Unit 7: Sequences and Series

  • Arithmetic and Geometric progressions, insertion of arithmetic.
  • Geometric means between two given numbers.
  • The relation between A.M. and G.M.
  • Sum up to n terms of special series: Sn, Sn2, Sn3
  • Arithmetic – Geometric progression.

Unit 8: Limit, Continuity and Differentiability

  • Real-valued functions, algebra of functions, polynomials, rational, trigonometric, logarithmic and exponential functions, inverse functions.
  • Graphs of simple functions.
  • Limits, continuity, and differentiability.
  • Differentiation of the sum, difference, product, and quotient of two functions.
  • Differentiation of trigonometric, inverse trigonometric, logarithmic, exponential, composite and implicit functions; derivatives of order up to two.
  • Rolle’s and Lagrange’s Mean Value Theorems.
  • Applications of derivatives: Rate of change of quantities, monotonic – increasing and decreasing functions, Maxima, and minima of functions of one variable, tangents, and normals

Unit 9: Integral Calculus

  • Integral as an antiderivative.
  • Fundamental integrals involving algebraic, trigonometric, exponential and logarithmic functions.
  • Integration by substitution, by parts, and by partial fractions.
  • Integration using trigonometric identities.
  • Integral as limit of a sum.

Evaluation of simple integrals:

  • Fundamental Theorem of Calculus.
  • Properties of definite integrals, evaluation of definite integrals, determining areas of the regions bounded by simple curves in standard form

Unit 10: Differential Equations

  • Ordinary differential equations, their order, and degree.
  • Formation of differential equations.
  • The solution of differential equations by the method of separation of variables.
  • The solution of homogeneous and linear differential equations of the type:

Unit 11: Co-ordinate Geometry

  • Cartesian system of rectangular coordinates in a plane, distance formula, section formula, locus and its equation, translation of axes, the slope of a line, parallel and perpendicular lines, intercepts of a line on the coordinate axes.
  • Straight lines: Various forms of equations of a line, intersection of lines, angles between two lines, conditions for concurrence of three lines.
  • The distance of a point from a line, equations of internal and external bisectors of angles between two lines, coordinates of centroid, orthocentre, and circumcentre of a triangle, equation of the family of lines passing through the point of intersection of two lines.
  • Circles, conic sections: Standard form of equation of a circle, general form of the equation of a circle, its radius and centre, equation of a circle when the endpoints of a diameter are given, points of intersection of a line and a circle with the centre at the origin and condition for a line to be tangent to a circle, equation of the tangent.
  • Sections of cones, equations of conic sections (parabola, ellipse, and hyperbola) in standard forms, condition for y = mx + c to be a tangent and point (s) of tangency.

Unit 12: Three Dimensional Geometry

  • Coordinates of a point in space, the distance between two points.
  • Section formula, direction ratios and direction cosines, the angle between two intersecting lines.
  • Skew lines, the shortest distance between them and its equation.
  • Equations of a line and a plane in different forms, the intersection of a line and a plane, coplanar lines.

Unit 13: Vector Algebra

  • Vectors and scalars, the addition of vectors.
  • Components of a vector in two dimensions and three-dimensional space.
  • Scalar and vector products, scalar and vector triple product.

Unit 14: Statistics and Probability

  • Measures of Dispersion: Calculation of mean, median, mode of grouped and ungrouped data. Calculation of standard deviation, variance and mean deviation for grouped and ungrouped data.
  • Probability: Probability of an event, addition and multiplication theorems of probability, Baye’s theorem, probability distribution of a random variate, Bernoulli trials and Binomial distribution.

Unit 15: Trigonometry

  • Trigonometric identities and equations.
  • Trigonometric functions.
  • Inverse trigonometric functions and their properties.
  • Heights and Distances

Unit 16: Mathematical Reasoning

  • Statements, logical operations and, or, implies, implied by, if and only if.
  • Understanding of tautology, contradiction, converse, and Contrapositive

JEE Main Mathematics Syllabus: Chapter-Wise Weightage

Some chapters from the JEE Main Mathematics syllabus carry more weightage than the others. The table provided below contains the most important topics from JEE Main syllabus with weightage:

Important Topics Expected weightage
Coordinate Geometry 12%
Integral Calculus 12%
Trigonometry 7%
Sequence and Series 7%
Matrices and Determinants 7%
Differential Equations 7%

There are a total of 16 units in JEE Main Syllabus for Mathematics with the following weightage:

Topic Number of questions
Sets, Relations and Functions 1
Complex Numbers and Quadratic Equations 3
Matrices and Determinants 2
Permutations and Combinations 1
Mathematical Induction 1
Binomial Theorem and its simple applications 1
Sequences and Series 2
Limit, Continuity and Differentiability 1
Integral Calculus 3
Differential Equations 1
Co-Ordinate Geometry 5
Three Dimensional Geometry 3
Vector Algebra 1
Statistics and Probability 2
Trigonometry 2
Mathematical Reasoning 1

Recommended Books for Preparing JEE Main Mathematics

Mathematics section requires a comprehensive preparation. The following table represents some of the best books for JEE Main along with their author’s name that students can prefer for their Mathematical exam preparation:

Books Name Authors Name
IIT Mathematics M.L. Khanna
Differential Calculus Das Gupta
Class XI and XII Mathematics R.D. Sharma
Trigonometry, Geometry Books S.L. Loney
Integral Calculus for IIT-JEE Amit Agarwal
Calculus and Analytic Geometry Thomas and Finney
Problems in Calculus of One Variable I. A. Maron
Higher Algebra Hall and Knight

Some Numerical Value Based Question in Mathematics

Q1. Let α and β be two roots of the equation x2+2x+2=0, then α 15+β15 is equal to_____________.

Ans. -256

Q2. Consider a group of 5 females and 7 males. The number of different teams consisting of 2 females and 3 males, that can be formed from this group, if there are two specific males A and B, who refuse to be the member of the same team, is ________________.

Ans. 300

Q3. If y = y (x) is the solution of the differential equation x +2y = x2 satisfying y (1) = 1, then 16 y (1/2) is equal to _______.

Ans. 49

Also Read | JEE Main Syllabus for Chemistry

JEE Main Syllabus for Physics: Important topics, Weightage Analysis

Latest Update: As announced by the HRD Minister Mr Ramesh Pokhriyal on 5th May, 2020, the JEE Main examination will be conducted from 18th – 23rd July, 2020.


JEE Main Syllabus for Physics is provided by the exam conducting authority. This year NTA has made some change in the pattern of the examination. Physics section will hold 25 objective type questions.

JEE Main Syllabus for Physics contains two sections – A and B. Section A pertains to the Theory Part which holds 80% of the total weightage and Section B contains Practical Part (Experimental Skills) having 20% weightage. Read the following article to know more about Physics syllabus for JEE Main 2020.

Also Check | JEE Main Exam Pattern

The following table depicts the JEE Main Syllabus for Physics (Theory Part):

S.No. Unit Topics
1 Physics and Measurement Physics, Technology and society, S.I. units,
Fundamental and derived units.
Least count, accuracy and precision of measuring instruments, Errors in measurement,
Dimensions of Physical quantities, dimensional analysis and its applications
2 Kinematics Frame of reference.
Motion in a straight line: Position-time graph, speed and velocity.
Uniform and non-uniform motion, average speed and instantaneous velocity Uniformly accelerated motion, velocity-time, position-time graphs, relations for uniformly accelerated motion.
Scalars and Vectors, Vector Addition and Subtraction, Zero Vector, Scalar and Vector products, Unit Vector, Resolution of a Vector
Relative Velocity, Motion in a plane.
Projectile Motion, Uniform Circular Motion
3 Laws of Motion Force and Inertia,
Newton’s First Law of motion; Momentum, Newton’s Second Law of motion; Impulse; Newton’s Third Law of motion.
Law of conservation of linear momentum and its applications, Equilibrium of concurrent forces.
Static and Kinetic friction, Laws of friction, Rolling friction.
Dynamics of uniform circular motion: Centripetal force and its applications,
4 Work, Energy and Power Work done by a constant force and a variable force; Kinetic and potential energies, Work-Energy theorem
Power
Potential energy of a spring, Conservation of mechanical energy, Conservative and nonconservative forces;
Elastic and inelastic collisions in one and two dimensions.
5 Rotational Motion Centre of mass of a two-particle system, Centre of mass of a rigid body
Basic concepts of rotational motion; moment of a force, torque, angular momentum, conservation of angular momentum and its applications
Moment of inertia, Radius of gyration
Values of moments of inertia for simple geometrical objects, parallel and perpendicular axes theorems and their applications.
Rigid body rotation, Equations of rotational motion
6 Gravitation The Universal law of gravitation
Acceleration due to gravity and its variation with altitude and depth, Kepler’s laws of planetary motion
Gravitational potential energy; gravitational potential.
Escape velocity.
Orbital velocity of a satellite. Geostationary satellites.
7 Properties of Solids and Liquids Elastic behaviour, Stress-strain relationship, Hooke’s Law, Young’s modulus, bulk modulus, modulus of rigidity. Pressure due to a fluid column
Pascal’s law and its applications
Viscosity, Stokes’ law, terminal velocity, streamline and turbulent flow, Reynolds number
Bernoulli’s principle and its applications
Surface energy and surface tension, angle of contact, application of surface tension – drops, bubbles and capillary rise
Heat, temperature, thermal expansion;
Specific heat capacity, calorimetry
Change of state, latent heat
Heat transfer-conduction, convection and radiation, Newton’s law of cooling
8 Thermodynamics Thermal equilibrium, zeroth law of thermodynamics, concept of temperature
Heat, work and internal energy
First law of thermodynamics
The second law of thermodynamics: reversible and irreversible processes
Carnot engine and its efficiency
9 Kinetic Theory of Gases Equation of state of a perfect gas, work done on compressing a gas.
Kinetic theory of gases -assumptions, concept of pressure. Kinetic energy and temperature: rms speed of gas molecules
Degrees of freedom, Law of equipartition of energy
Applications to specific heat capacities of gases Mean free path
Avogadro’s number
10 Oscillations and Waves Periodic motion – period, frequency, displacement as a function of time.
Periodic functions
Simple harmonic motion (S.H.M.) and its equation; phase; oscillations of a spring -restoring force and force constant;
Energy in S.H.M. – kinetic and potential energies; Simple pendulum – derivation of expression for its time period
Free, forced and damped oscillations,
Resonance
Wave motion
Longitudinal and transverse waves, speed of a wave
Displacement relation for a progressive wave
Principle of superposition of waves, reflection of waves, Standing waves in strings and organ pipes, fundamental mode and harmonics, Beats, Doppler effect in sound
11 Electrostatics Electric charges: Conservation of charge, Coulomb’s law-forces between two point charges, forces between multiple charges
Superposition principle and continuous charge distribution
Electric field: Electric field due to a point charge, Electric field lines, Electric dipole, Electric field due to a dipole, Torque on a dipole in a uniform electric field
Electric flux, Gauss’s law and its applications to find field due to infinitely long uniformly charged straight wire, uniformly charged infinite plane sheet and uniformly charged thin spherical shell
Electric potential and its calculation for a point charge, electric dipole and system of charges.
Equipotential surfaces, Electrical potential energy of a system of two point charges in an electrostatic field.
Conductors and insulators, Dielectrics and electric polarization, capacitor, combination of capacitors in series and in parallel, capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor with and without dielectric medium between the plates, Energy stored in a capacitor.
12 Current Electricity Electric current, Drift velocity, Ohm’s law, Electrical resistance, Resistances of different materials, V-I characteristics of Ohmic and non-ohmic conductors
Electrical energy and power, Electrical resistivity, Colour code for resistors
Series and parallel combinations of resistors; Temperature dependence of resistance.
Electric Cell and its Internal resistance, Potential difference and emf of a cell, combination of cells in series and in parallel
Kirchhoff’s laws and their applications
Wheatstone bridge, Metre bridge
Potentiometer – principle and its applications.
13 Magnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism Biot – Savart law and its application to current carrying circular loop.
Ampere’s law and its applications to infinitely long current carrying straight wire and solenoid.
Force on a moving charge in uniform magnetic and electric fields.
Cyclotron
Force on a current-carrying conductor in a uniform magnetic field. Force between two parallel current-carrying conductors-definition of ampere, Torque experienced by a current loop in uniform magnetic field
Moving coil galvanometer, its current sensitivity and conversion to ammeter and voltmeter.
Current loop as a magnetic dipole and its magnetic dipole moment. Bar magnet as an equivalent solenoid, magnetic field lines; Earth’s magnetic field and magnetic elements.
Para-, dia-, and ferro- magnetic substances.
Magnetic susceptibility and permeability, Hysteresis, Electromagnets and permanent magnets.
14 Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents Electromagnetic induction
Faraday’s law, induced emf and current
Lenz’s Law, Eddy currents
Self and mutual inductance
Alternating currents, peak and rms value of alternating current/voltage
Reactance and Impedance; LCR series circuit, Resonance
Quality factor, power in AC circuits, wattless current.
AC Generator and Transformer.
15 Electromagnetic Waves Electromagnetic waves and their characteristics.
Transverse nature of electromagnetic waves.
Electromagnetic spectrum(radio waves, microwaves, infrared, visible, ultraviolet, X rays, gamma rays).
Applications of e.m. waves.
16 Optics Reflection and refraction of light at plane and spherical surfaces, mirror formula, Total internal reflection and its applications,
Deviation and Dispersion of light by a prism, Lens Formula, Magnification, Power of a Lens, Combination of thin lenses in contact, Microscope and Astronomical Telescope (reflecting and refracting) and their magnifying powers.
Wave optics: wavefront and Huygens’ principle, Laws of reflection and refraction using Huygen’s principle.
Interference, Young’s double slit experiment and expression for fringe width, coherent sources and sustained interference of light.
Diffraction due to a single slit, width of central maximum. Resolving power of microscopes and astronomical telescopes, Polarisation, plane polarized light
Brewster’s law, uses of plane polarized light and Polaroids.
17 Dual Nature of Matter and Radiation Dual nature of radiation
Photoelectric effect, Hertz and Lenard’s observations
Einstein’s photoelectric equation
Particle nature of light
Matter waves-wave nature of the particle, de Broglie relation.
Davis son-Germer experiment.
18 Atoms and Nuclei Alpha-particle scattering experiment
Rutherford’s model of the atom
Bohr model, energy levels, hydrogen spectrum
Composition and size of the nucleus, atomic masses, isotopes, isobars, and isotones
Radioactivity-alpha, beta and gamma particles/rays and their properties
Radioactive decay law
Mass-energy relation, mass defect
Binding energy per nucleon and its variation with mass number, nuclear fission and fusion.
19 Electronic Devices Semiconductors
Semiconductor diode: I-V characteristics in forward and reverse bias
Diode as a rectifier
1-V characteristics of LED, photodiode, solar cell and Zener diode; Zener diode as a voltage regulator
Junction transistor, transistor action, characteristics of a transistor
Transistor as an amplifier(common emitter configuration) and oscillator
Logic gates (OR, AND, NOT, NAND and NOR), Transistor as a switch
20 Communication Systems Propagation of electromagnetic waves in the atmosphere
Sky and space wave propagation, Need for modulation, Amplitude and Frequency Modulation, Bandwidth of signals, Bandwidth of Transmission medium,
Basic Elements of a Communication System (Block Diagram only).

Check JEE Main 2020 Syllabus

JEE Main Physics Syllabus

Section B

The following table depicts the JEE Main Syllabus for Physics (Practical Part):

S.No. Experiments
1 Vernier callipers-its use to measure internal and external diameter and depth of a vessel.
2 Screw gauge-its use to determine thickness/ diameter of thin sheet/wire.
3 Simple Pendulum-dissipation of energy by plotting a graph between square of amplitude and time.
4 Metre Scale – mass of a given object by principle of moments.
5 Young’s modulus of elasticity of the material of a metallic wire.
6 Surface tension of water by capillary rise and effect of detergents.
7 Co-efficient of Viscosity of a given viscous liquid by measuring terminal velocity of a given spherical body.
8 Plotting a cooling curve for the relationship between the temperature of a hot body and time.
9 Speed of sound in air at room temperature using a resonance tube.
10 Specific heat capacity of a given (i) solid and (ii) liquid by method of mixtures.
11 Resistivity of the material of a given wire using metre bridge.
12 Resistance of a given wire using Ohm’s law.
13 Potentiometer

-Comparison of emf of two primary cells.

-Determination of internal resistance of a cell.

14 Resistance and figure of merit of a galvanometer by half deflection method
15 Focal length of

-Convex mirror

-Concave mirror, and

-Convex lens

using parallax method

16 Plot of angle of deviation vs angle of incidence for a triangular prism.
17 Refractive index of a glass slab using a traveling microscope.
18 Characteristic curves of a p-n junction diode in forward and reverse bias.
19 Characteristic curves of a Zener diode and finding reverse break down voltage.
20 Characteristic curves of a transistor and finding current gain and voltage gain.
21 Identification of Diode, LED, Transistor, IC, Resistor, Capacitor from mixed collection of such items.
22 Using multimeter to

-Identify base of a transistor

-Distinguish between npn and pnp type transistor

-See the unidirectional flow of current in case of a diode and an LED.

-Check the correctness or otherwise of a given electronic component (diode, transistor or IC).

Also Check | Important Topics for JEE Main

Books for preparing JEE Main Physics Syllabus

Books Author
Concepts of Physics Volume 1 and Volume 2 H.C. Verma
Feynman Lectures on Physics
Feynman, Leighton and Sands
Problems in General Physics IE Irodov
Objective Questions on Physics- Chapterwise Solved Papers D.C. Pandey
Fundamentals of Physics
Halliday, Resnick and Walker
Problems in Physics AA Pinsky
Advance Physics Nelkon and Parker

Some Numerical Value Type Questions in Physics

Q1. A particle moves in the x-y plane under the influence of a force such that the linear momentum is P(t) = A [ î cos kt – ĵ sin kt ] Where A and k are constants. The angle in degrees between force and momentum is_________.

Ans. 90

Q2. A power line lies along the east – west direction and carries a current of 10 A. The force per meter due to earth’s magnetic field of 10-4 T is 10-X N/m. The value of x is_____________.

Ans. 3

Q3. Light of wavelength 0.6 mm from a sodium lamp falls on a photo cell and causes the emission of photoelectrons for which the stopping potential is 0.5 V. With light of wavelength 0.4 mm from a mercury lamp the stopping potential is 1.5 V. Then, the work function in eV of the photocell surface is____________.

Ans. 1.5

JEE Main 2020 Exam Pattern (Revised): Check Pattern and Marking Scheme for B.E/B.Tech, B.Arch & B.Planning

The National Testing Agency (NTA) has released the updated JEE Main Exam Pattern for 2020. The exam will be held in Online Mode only and will be conducted twice a year in the month of January and April.

Latest Update: As announced by the HRD Minister Mr Ramesh Pokhriyal on 5th May, 2020, the JEE Main examination will be conducted from 18th – 23rd July, 2020.

Registration process for JEE Main 2020 April session started from February 07, 2020. Candidates were able to apply for JEE Main 2020 by visiting the official website jeemain.nic.in. Last date to register for JEE Main 2020 April Session was March 12, 2020.

Some important changes have been introduced in the JEE Main Exam pattern by the NTA from 2020. As of now, information related to changes in the JEE Main Syllabus has been notified by the coordinating body. NTA conducted the first phase of JEE Main 2020 in January, candidates should go through JEE Main 2020 January Paper Analysis to get an idea about the type of questions and paper structure.

Major Changes in JEE Main Exam Pattern

  • From 2020, a separate paper will be conducted for the B.Planning course (Paper 3) unlike previous years.
  • Number of questions has changed for all papers. It was 90 and 82 for B.Tech and B.Arch/B.Plan respectively. From 2020 it has changed to 75 questions for B.Tech, 77 for B.Arch and 100 for B.Planning.
  • Previously, there were no numerical based questions asked in JEE Main. From 2020, Numerical value questions will be asked along with MCQs.
  • There will be NO negative marking for numerical value based questions.
  • Previously, B.E./ B.Tech Paper comprised a total of 360 marks and B.Arch/B.Plan comprised a total of 390 marks. From 2020, B.E/ B.Tech Paper will comprise a total of 300 marks, B.Arch 400 marks and B.Plan 400 marks.

Read on to know more about the JEE Main exam pattern, marking scheme, section-wise distribution of questions etc.

Updated JEE Main Exam Pattern: Highlights

JEE Main 2020 is conducted in three papers from 2020– Paper 1 (Engineering), Paper 2 (Architecture) and Paper 3 (Planning). A table for quick understanding is given below:

JEE MAIN PAPER PAPER 1 PAPER 2 PAPER 3
Programs Offered B.E./ B.Tech. B.Arch B.Planning
Sections/ Subjects Physics, Chemistry & Mathematics Aptitude Test, Mathematics & Drawing Mathematics, Aptitude Test, Planning based questions
Type of Questions MCQs + Numerical Value MCQs + Numerical Value + Drawing MCQs + Numerical Value + Planning
Medium of Exam English/ Hindi/ Other regional language English/ Hindi/ Other regional language English/ Hindi/ Other regional language
Duration of Exam 3 hours 3 hours 3 hours
Total Questions 75 77 100
Total Marks 300 400 400
Marking Scheme for MCQs +4 for correct answer

-1 for wrong answer

+4 for correct answer

-1 for wrong answer

+4 for correct answer

-1 for wrong answer

Marking Scheme for numerical value +4 for correct answerno negative marking for wrong answer +4 for correct answerno negative marking for wrong answer +4 for correct answerno negative marking for wrong answer

NTA has been constituted as a self-sustained, premier testing organization to hold exams that were conducted by the CBSE. Initially, the agency will conduct JEE and NEET and then move on to other exams. MHRD has directed that NTA will not declare JEE rankings. It will only announce the percentile scores on the basis of which the test takers will be able to take admissions in various colleges across India.

JEE Main Old vs New Exam Pattern

JEE Main Exam Pattern Comparison

Mode of Examination 

JEE Main 2020 Examination will be conducted in the following mode:

Paper  Mode
Paper 1 – B.E/ B.Tech Computer-Based Test (CBT)
Paper 2 – B.Arch Mathematics – Computer-based Test
Aptitude – Computer-based Test
Drawing Test – Pen and Paper Based test
Paper 3 – B. Planning Computer-Based Test (CBT)

JEE Main 2020 – Choice of Medium of Question Paper

In JEE Main 2020, the papers will be conducted in three languages – Hindi, English and Gujarati. Candidates are required to choose the medium at time of filling the application form.

Note: For the correctness of the question in the papers, the English version will be taken as final.

JEE Main Exam Pattern: Paper 1 (B.Tech/B.E.)

  • Paper-1 of JEE Main 2020 will be conducted for admission to undergraduate engineering courses.
  • As per the updates, the examination will be a Computer Based Test and conducted in Online Mode.
  • Paper 1 will have questions from Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics subjects.
  • There will be a total of 75 Multiple choice and numerical value questions, 25 from each subject.
  • The duration of the examination will be 180 minutes.
  • The medium of the paper will be English and Hindi. However, students filling the exam centres in Gujarat, Daman & Diu and Dadra and Nagar Haveli cities will have the option to opt for English, Hindi or Gujarati medium.

Subject-wise distribution of questions with marks for JEE Main Paper 1 is tabulated below:

SUBJECTS MAXIMUM QUESTIONS MAXIMUM MARKS
Physics 25 100
Chemistry 25 100
Mathematics 25 100
Total 75 questions 300 marks

Physics Section-Wise Exam Pattern

  • 25 questions of objective type are asked from Physics in Paper 1.
  • Each correct marked answer is of 4 marks.
  • 1 mark is deducted from candidates’ score for every incorrect answer.

Chemistry Section-Wise Exam Pattern

  • The Chemistry section will have questions from – Physical, Inorganic, and Organic Chemistry. Questions will be mixed up in this section from these three topics.
  • There will be a total of 25 Multiple Choice Questions and numerical value based questions.
  • Each correct marked answer is of 4 marks.
  • 1 mark is deducted from candidates’ score for every incorrect answer.

Mathematics Section-Wise Exam Pattern

  • 25 questions of objective type are asked from Mathematics in Paper 1.
  • Each correct marked answer is of 4 marks.
  • 1 mark is deducted from candidates’ score for every incorrect answer.

JEE Main Exam Pattern: Paper 2 (B.Arch)

  • Paper-2 of JEE Main 2020 will be conducted for admission to undergraduate architecture courses.
  • It will be a Computer Based Test, testing a candidate’s aptitude in the field of Mathematics and Drawing Ability.
  • Drawing section will be conducted offline in pen and paper mode.
  • Candidates are required to take essential equipment for the Drawing section as they will not be provided by exam authorities.
  • The paper will consist of a total of 77 questions, 50 questions for aptitude test, 2 questions for drawing test and 25 questions from mathematics.
  • The duration of the examination will be 180 minutes.
  • The medium of the paper will be English and Hindi. However, students filling the exam centres in Gujarat, Daman & Diu and Dadra and Nagar Havel cities will have the option to opt for English, Hindi or Gujarati medium.
  • Each correct question will carry 4 marks and two drawing questions will be of 50 marks each.
  • One mark will be deducted from candidates’ total score for each incorrect response.

Subject-wise distribution of questions with marks in JEE Main Paper 2 is given below:

  • Part I – Mathematics – Objective type questions and numerical value
  • Part II – Aptitude Test – Objective type questions
  • Part III – Drawing Test – Questions based on drawing
SUBJECTS MAXIMUM QUESTIONS MAXIMUM MARKS
Mathematics 25 100
Aptitude Test 50 200
Drawing 02 100
Total 77 questions 400 marks

JEE Main Exam Pattern: Paper 3 (B.Planning)

  • Paper-3 of JEE Main 2020 will be conducted for admission to undergraduate planning courses.
  • It will be a Computer Based Test, testing a candidate’s aptitude in the field of Mathematics and planning ability.
  • The paper will consist of a total of 100 questions, 50 questions for aptitude test, 25 questions for planning test and 25 questions from mathematics.
  • The duration of the examination will be 180 minutes.
  • The medium of the paper will be English and Hindi. However, students filling the exam centres in Gujarat, Daman & Diu and Dadra and Nagar Havel cities will have the option to opt for English, Hindi or Gujarati medium.
  • Each correct question will carry 4 marks.
  • One mark will be deducted from candidates’ total score for each incorrect response.

Subject-wise distribution of questions with marks in JEE Main 2020 Paper 3 is given below:

SUBJECTS MAXIMUM QUESTIONS MAXIMUM MARKS
Mathematics 25 100
Aptitude Test 50 200
Planning Based 25 100
Total 100 questions 400 marks

What if a candidate wants to attempt both Paper 2 and Paper 3?

In case a candidate wants to attempt both Paper 2 and 3, the total time provided for the examination will be 3 hours 30 minutes. 210 minutes can be utilised according to the 4 sections namely – Mathematics, Aptitude, Planning and Drawing.

JEE Main Exam Pattern for Aptitude and Drawing

Aptitude

  • Aptitude test will contain 50 objective type questions.
  • 4 marks will be awarded for every correct answer.
  • 1 mark is deducted from candidates’ score for every incorrect answer.

Drawing

  • The Drawing Test will consist of 2 questions.
  • Candidates will have to attempt these questions on a separate drawing sheet.
  • Each question is of maximum 50 marks.
  • Candidates will be awarded marks as per their work on the drawing sheet.

JEE Main Exam Pattern: Marking Scheme

  • JEE Main 2020 Paper 1 will consist of 300 marks while Paper 2 and Paper 3 will be of 400 marks.
  • Four marks will be awarded for each right answer while one mark will be deducted for the wrong answer except for the Drawing Test.
  • Drawing Test will have 2 questions of 50 marks each.
  • Filling up more than one choice will be termed incorrect and marks will be deducted for the same.
  • For Numerical Value Based Questions, there will be no negative marking for wrong answers.

Paper 1

SUBJECTS QUESTIONS MARKS PER QUESTION MARKS
Chemistry 25 4 100
Physics 25 4 100
Mathematics 25 4 100
Total 75 300

Paper 2

SUBJECTS QUESTIONS MARKS PER QUESTION MARKS
Aptitude test 50 4 200
Mathematics 25 4 100
Drawing 2 50 100
Total 77 400

Paper 3

SUBJECTS QUESTIONS MARKS PER QUESTION MARKS
Aptitude test 25 4 100
Mathematics 50 4 200
Planning Based 25 4 100
Total 100 400

How to best prepare for the JEE Main Exam?

The best way to understand the exam pattern for JEE Main is probably by solving maximum question papers and maximum questions of each topic. Aspirants can do this by solving mock tests and sample papers or get the best books in the market for solving questions using the right approach.

Read JEE Main Preparation Tips

Sample Questions for New Changes

Here are the download links for a sample of questions for the new changes introduced in JEE Main Exam Pattern 2020. More types of these questions can be found in mock tests available online.

  • Sample Numerical Value Questions for Physics – Click here
  • Sample Numerical Value Questions for Chemistry – Click here
  • Sample Numerical Value Questions for Mathematics – Click here
  • Sample Questions for Planning – Click here

JEE Main Exam Pattern: Official Mock Test

Candidates can head over to the official website for NTA and register for the official online mock of JEE Main 2020. Moreover, candidates can also attempt mock tests while staying at home using the same portal without any hassles of registration. NTA has provided mocks from a large archive of January 2020 sessions and old question papers as well.

JEE Main Exam Pattern: Books for Preparation

Chemistry Mathematics Physics
Organic Chemistry by Morrison and Boyd Differential Calculus for IIT-JEE by Amit Agarwal Mechanics Part-1 & 2 by DC Pandey
Concise Inorganic Chemistry by J. D. Lee Integral Calculus for IIT-JEE by Amit Agarwal Understanding Physics for JEE Main & Advanced Waves & Thermodynamics by DC Pandey
Numerical Chemistry by P Bahadur Calculus and Analytic Geometry by Thomas and Finney Concepts of Physics by H.C. Verma – Volume 1 and Volume 2
Textbook of Inorganic Chemistry for Competitions (JEE Main & Advanced) by OP Tandon Algebra for JEE Main & Advanced by Arihant Publication Fundamentals of Physics by Resnick and Halliday
Modern Approach to Chemical Calculations by RC Mukherjee Higher Algebra by Hall & Knight Problems in Physics by S.S. Krotov

Read JEE Main Best Books

Guidelines for Computer-Based test Mode

Candidates should bring the following documents on the day of the examination. Failure of presentation of the following documents will prohibit the candidate to sit for the examination.

  • Printed copy of the admit card downloaded from the NTA’s official website.
  • A passport-sized photograph (same as uploaded on the Online Application Form). This will be required for pasting on the specified space in the attendance sheet at the examination center during the examination.
  • Any one of the authorized photo IDs (must be original, valid and non-expired). The id presented should be – PAN card/ Driving License/ Voter ID/ Passport/ Aadhaar Card (With photograph)/E-Aadhaar with photograph/ Ration Card with photograph/ 12th Class Board Admit Card with photograph/ Bank Passbook with Photograph.
  • PwD certificate issued by the authorized medical officer, if claiming the relaxation under PwD category or
  • PwD Certificate regarding physical limitation in an examination to write
  •  if claiming the relaxation under PwD category. or Letter of Undertaking for using Own Scribe, if claiming the relaxation under PwD category.

JEE Main Syllabus

Syllabus forms the integral part of each and every examination. Once you know the tough and easy topics of the JEE Main 2020 Syllabus and the topics which have higher weightage, you increase your chances of a higher score. You can check the subject-wise syllabus down below.

Physics

The syllabus for Physics is tabulated below:

Kinematics Properties of Solids & Liquids Magnetic Effects of Current
Physics & Measurement Kinetic Theory of Gases Thermodynamics
Gravitation Electromagnetic Waves Oscillations & Waves
Laws of motion Rotational Motion Electrostatics
Work, Energy & Power Current Electricity Optics

Detailed Syllabus for Physics

The JEE Main syllabus for Physics is as follows. The following section shows the detailed wise syllabus for a few important units.

Physics and Measurement

Physics Fundamental and Derived units Errors in Measurement
Technology and Society Least Count Dimension of Physical Quantities
S.I. Units Accuracy and Precision of measuring instruments Dimensional Analysis and Application

Kinematics

Frame of reference. Scalars and Vectors, Vector Addition and Subtraction, Zero Vector, Scalar and Vector products, Unit Vector, Resolution of a Vector
Motion in a straight line: Position-time graph, speed and velocity. Relative Velocity, Motion in a plane.
Uniform and non-uniform motion, average speed and instantaneous velocity Uniformly accelerated motion, velocity-time, position-time graphs, relations for uniformly accelerated motion. Projectile Motion, Uniform Circular Motion

Laws of Motion

Force and Inertia, Static and Kinetic friction, Laws of friction, Rolling friction.
Newton’s First Law of motion; Momentum, Newton’s Second Law of motion; Impulse; Newton’s Third Law of motion. Dynamics of uniform circular motion: Centripetal force and its application
Law of conservation of linear momentum and its applications, Equilibrium of concurrent forces.

Work, Energy and Power

Work done by a constant force and a variable force; Kinetic and potential energies, Work-Energy theorem Potential energy of a spring, Conservation of mechanical energy, Conservative and nonconservative forces;
Power Elastic and inelastic collisions in one and two dimensions.

Rotational Motion

Moment of inertia, Radius of gyration Centre of mass of a two-particle system, Centre of mass of a rigid body
Values of moments of inertia for simple geometrical objects, parallel and perpendicular axes theorems and their applications. Basic concepts of rotational motion; moment of a force, torque, angular momentum, conservation of angular momentum and its applications
Rigid body rotation, Equations of rotational motion

Oscillation and Waves

Free, forced and damped oscillations, Periodic motion – period, frequency, displacement as a function of time.
Resonance Periodic functions
Wave motion Simple harmonic motion (S.H.M.) and its equation; phase; oscillations of a spring -restoring force and force constant;
Longitudinal and transverse waves, speed of a wave Energy in S.H.M. – kinetic and potential energies; Simple pendulum – derivation of expression for its time period
Principle of superposition of waves, reflection of waves, Standing waves in strings and organ pipes, fundamental mode and harmonics, Beats, Doppler effect in sound Displacement relation for a progressive wave

Preparation Tips for Physics

  • Understanding the concepts to the core.
  • Practice the questions as much as you can.
  • Bring clarity in the basics instead of trying to learn all the formulas.
  • Focus on both numerical and conceptual questions.

Read JEE Main Preparation Tips for Physics

Books for JEE Main Preparation for Physics

Sl. No. Book Author
1. NCERT Books
2. Physics H.C Verma
3. Concepts of Physics – Vol I and Vol II H.C. Verma
4. Understanding of Physics for the students of JEE Main & Advanced Optics & Modern Physics D C Pandey
5. Fundamentals of Physics Halliday and Walker

Chemistry

The syllabus for chemistry is tabulated below:

States of Matter Surface Chemistry Chemical Bonding
D and F Block Elements Equilibrium Solutions
Basic concepts of chemistry Molecular Structure Redox reactions
Nitrogen Hydrogen Chemical Kinetics
Block Elements Chemical Thermodynamics Atomic Structure
Chemical Kinetics Components with Halogens Environmental Chemistry

Detailed Syllabus

The JEE Main Syllabus for Chemistry is as follows. The following section provides a detailed syllabus of a few of the important topics for the subject.

Some Basic Concepts of Chemistry

Matter and its Theory Physical Quantities and their measurements in Chemistry, Precision and Accuracy, Significant Figures, S.I. Units, Dimensional Analysis
Dalton’s Atomic Theory Laws of Chemical Combination
Concept of Atom, Molecule, Element and Compound Atomic and Molecular Masses, Mole Concept, Molar Mass, Percentage Composition, Empirical and Molecular Formulae
Chemical Equations and Stoichiometry

States of Matter

Gaseous State Liquid State Solid State
Measurable Properties of Gases Properties of Liquids – Vapour Pressure, Viscosity and Surface Tension and effect of Temperature on them. (Qualitative Treatment only) Classification of Solids
Gas Laws – Boyle’s Law, Charle’s Law, Graham’s Law of Diffusion, Avogadro’s Law, Dalton’s Law of Partial Pressure Molecular, ionic, covalent and metallic solids, amorphous and crystalline solids (Elementary Idea)
Absolute Scale of Temperature Bragg’s law and its Applications
Ideal Gas Equation Unit Cell and Lattices, Packing in Solids (Fee, Bee and Hep Lattices), Voids, Calculations involving Unit Cell Parameters, Imperfection in Solids
Kinetic Theory of Gases (Only Postulates) Electrical and Magnetic Properties
Concept of Average, Root Mean square and Most Probable Velocities
Real gases, Deviation from Ideal Behavior, Compressibility Factor and Van Der Waals Equation

Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure

Topic Details
Kossel-Lewis approach Chemical bond formation, concept of ionic and covalent bonds
Ionic Bonding Formation of ionic bonds, factors affecting the formation of ionic bonds, calculation of lattice enthalpy
Covalent Bonding Concept of electronegativity, Fajan’s Rule, dipole moment Valence Shell Electron Pair Repulsion (VSEPR) theory and shapes of simple molecules
Quantum Mechanical Approach to covalent bonding Its important features, hybridization involving s, p and d orbitals resonance.
Molecular Orbital Theory Its important features, LCAOs, types of molecular orbitals (bonding, antibonding), sigma and pi-bonds, molecular orbital electronic configuration of homonuclear diatomic molecules, concept of bond order, bond length and bond energy.
Electronic idea of metallic bonding, Hydrogen bonding and its Applications.

Chemical Thermodynamics

Fundamentals of Thermodynamics System and surroundings, extensive and intensive properties, state function and types of processes
First law of Thermodynamics Concept of work, heat internal energy and enthalpy, heat capacity, molecular heat capacity
Hess’s Law of constant heat summation
Enthalpies of bond dissociation, combustion, formation, atomization, sublimation, phase transition, hydration, ionization and solution.
Second Law of Thermodynamics Spontaneity of Processes
∆S of the universe and ∆G of the system as criteria for spontaneity, ∆G° (Standard Gibbs Energy Change) and Equilibrium Constant

 Equilibrium

Meaning of Equilibrium, Concept of dynamic equilibrium Equilibria involving Physical Processes – solid-liquid, liquid-gas and solid-gas equilibria, Henry’s Law, General characteristics of equilibrium involving physical processes.
Equilibria involving Physical Processes – Law of Chemical Equilibrium, equilibrium constants (Kp and Kc) and their significance, significance of ∆G and ∆G° in chemical equilibria, factors affecting equilibrium concentrations, pressure, temperature effect of catalyst; Le Chatelier’s principle. Ionic Equilibrium – Weak and strong electrolytes, ionization of electrolytes, various concepts of acids and bases (Arrhenius Bronsted – Lowry and Lewis) and their ionization, acid-base equilibria (including multi stage ionization) and ionization constants, ionization of water, pH scale, common ion effect, hydrolysis of salts and pH of their solutions, solubility of sparingly soluble salts and solubility products and buffer solutions.

P-block Elements

Electronic Configuration and general trends in physical and chemical properties of elements across the periods and down the groups; unique behaviour of the first element in each group.

Group 13 Preparations and properties of Boron and aluminium; Structure, properties and uses of borax, boric acid, diborane,boron trifluoride, aluminum chloride,alums.
Group 14 Tendency for Catenation; structure, properties and uses of Allotropes and oxides of carbon, silicon tetrachloride, silicates, zeolites and silicones
Group 15 Properties and uses of nitrogen and phosphorus; Allotropic forms of Phosphorus; Preparation, properties, structure and uses of ammonia, nitric acid, phosphine halides, (PCLჳ, PCLཏ); Structures of oxides and oxoacids of nitrogen and phosphorus
Group 16 Preparation, properties, structures and uses of ozone; Allotropic forms of sulphur; Preparation, properties, structure and uses of sulphuric acid (including its industrial preparation); Structures of oxoacids of sulphur
Group 17 Preparation, properties and uses of hydrochloric acid; Trends in the acidic nature of hydrogen halides; Structure of interhalogen compounds and oxides and oxoacids of halogens
Group 18 Occurrence and uses of noble gases; Structures of Fluorides and oxides of xenon

Preparation Tips for Chemistry

  • Solve the entire NCERT book. That will help you cover your Inorganic part of the chemistry syllabus
  • Make appropriate notes for every chapter.
  • Study all reaction mechanisms and remember all named reactions.
  • Keep revising all the formulas and reactions from time to time.
  • After finishing a chapter, jot down all the equations and formulas in a separate notebook and use it while solving problems.

Read JEE Main Preparation Tips for Chemistry

Books for JEE Main Preparation for Chemistry

Sl. No. Books Author
1. NCERT Chemistry
2. Organic Chemistry Morris and Boyd
3. Numerical Chemistry P Bahadur
4. Modern Approach to Chemical Calculations R C Mukherjee
5. Practice Book Chemistry for JEE Main and JEE Advanced Arihant

Mathematics

The syllabus for mathematics is tabulated below:

Sets, Relations & Functions Permutation & Combination Binomial Theorem
Trigonometry Quadratic Equations Vector Algebra
3D Geometry Coordinate Geometry Integral Calculus
Differential Equations Sequences & Series Limits & Continuity
Matrices & Determinants Statistics & Probability Complex Numbers

Detailed Syllabus for Physics

The JEE Main syllabus for Mathematics is as follows. The following section provides a detailed syllabus of a few of the important topics for the subject.

Sets, Relations and Functions

Sets and their representation Union, intersection and complement of sets and their algebraic properties
Power set Relation, Types of relations, equivalence relations, functions
One-one, into and onto functions, composition of functions

Complex Number and Quadratic Equations

Complex numbers as ordered pairs of reals Representation of complex numbers in the form (a+ib) and their representation in a plane, Argand diagram.
Algebra of complex numbers, modulus and argument (or amplitude) of a complex number, square root of a complex number. Triangle inequality.
Quadratic equations in real and complex number systems and their solutions. The relation between roots and coefficients, nature of roots, the formation of quadratic equations with given roots.

Matrices and Determinants

Matrices: Algebra of matrices, types of matrices, and matrices of order two and three. Determinants: Properties of determinants, evaluation of determinants, the area of triangles using determinants.
Adjoint and evaluation of inverse of a square matrix using determinants and elementary transformations. Test of consistency and solution of simultaneous linear equations in two or three variables using determinants and matrices

Permutations and Combinations

The fundamental principle of counting. Permutation as an arrangement and combination as selection.
The meaning of P (n,r) and C (n,r). Simple applications.

Integral Calculus

Integral as an antiderivative. Integration by substitution, by parts, and by partial fractions.
Fundamental integrals involving algebraic, trigonometric, exponential and logarithmic functions. Integration using trigonometric identities.
Integral as limit of a sum.

Evaluation of simple integrals

Fundamental Theorem of Calculus. Properties of definite integrals, evaluation of definite integrals, determining areas of the regions bounded by simple curves in standard form

Differential Equations

Ordinary differential equations, their order, and degree The solution of differential equations by the method of separation of variables.
Formation of differential equations. The solution of homogeneous and linear differential equations of the type.

Preparation Tip for Mathematics

Here are a few tips to ace the Mathematics section of the examination

  • Immense practice of sums from all the chapters, especially the important ones.
  • There should be clarity in concepts.
  • The formulae should be learnt by heart.
  • Discover every possible shortcut and tricks to avoid wastage of time.
  • Develop your visualization skills.

Read JEE Main Preparation Tips for Mathematics

Books for JEE Main Preparation for Mathematics

Sl. No.  Books  Author
1. NCERT Books
2. Higher Algebra Hall and Knight
3. Coordinate Geometry for IIT JEE SK Goyal
4. Integral Calculus IIT-JEE Amit Agarwal
5. Trigonometry and Coordinate Geometry S.L. Loney

Aptitude Syllabus (Part 1)

  • Surfaces and objects associated with Architecture and as building elements.
  • Familiarization with places, relevant people, structures/buildings and materials/objects.
  • Capability of visualizing various sides of 3D items.
  • Transformation capabilities of 3D objects from 2D drawings.
  • Mental Capability of Analytical & Reasoning concepts.

Aptitude Syllabus (Part 2)

  • Structure and drawing of geometrical or dynamic shapes & examples in pencil.
  • 3D perception: Analyzing and developing concepts about scale and object proportions, building structures & components, shading surface, agreement, and complexity.
  • Change of structures between both 2D and 3D figures and their inter-relations, subtraction, surface & volume development, plan generation, heights.

Drawing Syllabus 

  • Drawing and Designing of geometrical or abstract shapes & patterns in pencil
  • Transformation of forms both 2D and 3D union
  • Elevation and 3D views of objects rotation
  • Development of Surfaces and Volumes
  • Generation of Plan
  • Creating 2D & 3D compositions using given shapes and forms
  • Sketching of activities from memory of urban scenes

Planning Syllabus 

  • General Awareness with regard to government programs/schemes, development issues etc.
  • Critical thinking, Comprehension, Analytical skills, Map reading skills, Graphs, Charts, Simple statistics etc.
  • Social Sciences.

Preparation Tips for JEE Main 2020 Preparations

  • Compiling of notes: Try jotting down important points and formulas after finishing every chapter. This will help you revise everything before the examination easily. This will also help you during solving problems and reference.
  • Avoid procrastination: The clock is ticking. Each day is important and delaying by all means should be avoided.
  • Confidence: Don’t get intimidated by difficult and complex topics. Focus on clearing and understanding the concepts, rather than worrying about not performing well.
  • Time Management: Time management is one of the important aspects in JEE Main 2020 Preparations. It is very important to balance your time between JEE Main Preparations and Class XII Examinations as both of them hold a very high importance.
  • Mock Tests and Sample Papers: Practising mock tests and sample papers is one of the best ways to prepare for any entrance examination. Mock tests will help you understand the JEE Main 2020 Exam Pattern. You should solve the tests in the same manner as you solve in the examination. This will give you confidence and an idea about time management during the examination.
  • Smart Preparation Plan: Prepare cheat sheets and flashcards to revise formulae. Learn shortcuts for lengthy equations. Try to maintain the consistency by keeping your preparation interesting.
  • Make use of Android apps: Living in the epitome of the technological era has its own perks. There are a lot of apps developed for JEE Main 2020 Preparations. These apps include – Topper, JEE Main Prep, Unacademy Learning App, etc. Candidates are advised to not make these apps their core preparation source but use them as additional tools to enhance their preparation level. Such a preparation source comes with advantages like cost-effectiveness, handiness and reduced time consumption.

Download JEE Main Previous Year Question Paper

Exam Day Instructions for JEE Main 2020

Candidates should keep these instructions in mind while appearing for JEE Main 2020.

  • The candidates shall report at the Examination Centre two hours before the commencement of the examination so as to complete the frisking and registration formalities well before the time.
  • The Examination Hall/RooRegistration desk will be closed 30 minutes prior to the examination.
  • Candidates shall not be permitted to enter after 9:00 a.m in the first shift and after 2:00 p.m. in the second shift.
  • A seat indicating roll number will be allocated to each candidate.
  • Candidates should find and sit on their allocated seat only. Any candidate found to have changed room/hall or the seat on his/her own other than allotted, his/her candidature shall be cancelled and no plea would be accepted for it.
  • No candidate, without the special permission of the Centre Superintendent or the Invigilator concerned, will leave his/her seat or Examination Room/Hall until the full duration of the paper is over.
  • Candidates must follow the instructions strictly as instructed by the Centre Superintendent/Invigilators.
  • Candidates should not leave the room/hall without handing over their rough sheets to the invigilator on duty in the Room/Hall.
  •  For those who are unable to appear on the scheduled date of tests for any reason, the NTA shall not be responsible for conduct of re-test, under any circumstances.
  • The information related to the test center will be mentioned in JEE Main Admit Card.
  • Any kind of electronic device and study material is prohibited inside the examination hall.
  • Candidates must bring their own pencils, geometry box, erasers colours for the aptitude test.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Ques. Is there any negative marking in the JEE Main 2020 exam?

Ans. There is a 1 mark deduction for MCQ type questions. There is no negative marking for Numerical type questions.

Ques. How many non – MCQs are included in the B.E/ B.Tech paper in JEE Main 2020?

Ans. 15 numerical value questions have been included in B.E/ B. Tech paper of JEE Main 2020. All the 3 subjects i.e. Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics will have 25 questions each. Out of which there will be 20 MCQs and 5 Numeric Value based questions. There will be no negative marking in the case of Numeric value answer based questions, for incorrect responses or unattempted questions.

Ques. How many marks does each question carry in JEE Main 2020 Paper 1?

Ans. Each question carries 4 marks in JEE Main 2020 Paper 1.

Ques. What type of questions are asked in JEE Main 2020?

Ans. JEE Main comprises Numerical value based and MCQ (Multiple Choice Questions) type questions.

Ques. What is the sectional distribution of B.E/ B.Tech paper?

Ans. Paper-1 of JEE Main 2020 will be conducted for admission to undergraduate engineering courses. As per the updates, the examination will be a Computer Based Test and conducted in Online Mode. Paper 1 will have questions from Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics subjects. There will be a total of 75 Multiple choice and numerical value questions, 25 from each subject. The duration of the examination will be 180 minutes. The medium of the paper will be English and Hindi. However, students filling the exam centres in Gujarat, Daman & Diu and Dadra and Nagar Haveli cities will have the option to opt for English, Hindi or Gujarati medium.

JEE Main Important Topics & Chapters: Weightage-wise breakdown and Trend Analysis

JEE Main Important Topics 2020: JEE Main is one of the toughest competitive exams for engineering aspirants. Learning the formulae, chemical equations, steps for some questions and other rotting sections can never guarantee a great score in JEE Main. That is why students must go the smarter way which might be easy but requires strong commitment. Every chapter in the JEE Main Syllabus is assigned a weightage of marks. This weightage is not fixed according to any official guidebook by JEE Main conducting authority, but it is visible according to the question pattern followed in previous year JEE Main exams.

Now you have to break down all these chapters in 3-4 categories, such as most JEE Main important topics that carry high weightage of marks, JEE Main important topics that carry average weightage of marks and then JEE Main important topics that hold the minimum weightage of marks. Doing this will bring your attention to those topics which are crucial for the examination. You can also segregate the JEE Main Important Topics of various sections in accordance with difficulty level.

In this article, we are going to discuss important topics for JEE Main Paper 1. All the sections of Paper 1 will have 25 questions each and will be of 100 marks each. Out of the 25 questions, 5 will be Numerical Value Based Questions, which will have no negative marking. Let us divide the JEE Main Important topics into the same three sections i.e. Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics.

JEE Main Important Topics for Physics

The Physics section contains around 21 chapters and some of the JEE Main important topics are given below-

  • Mechanics
  • Oscillations And Waves
  • Rotational Motion
  • Electrostatics
  • Atoms And Nuclei
  • Current Electricity
  • Magnetic effect of Current and Magnetism

The Oscillations and Waves chapter covers the maximum percentage of questions in the exam, which is around 10%. Other than these topics, we have seen questions from the topics like Electrodynamics, Modern Physics, Optics, etc. in the previous exams. So a student should first start with these topics as these topics have been frequently asked in the previous year papers. After completing these topics, you can pick the easiest topics like Unit and Dimensions, Measurement of errors and vectors. All you have to do is to understand the concepts of each topic.

Also Read | Important Topics of Physics in Detail

JEE Main Important Topics for Chemistry

The Chemistry section contains around 30 chapters. These are further divided into three – Organic, Inorganic and Physical Chemistry. As the numbers of chapters in Chemistry are very high, you should intelligently divide your chapters, to achieve the best possible break-even point. The most important chapters are-

  • Organic Compounds Containing Oxygen
  • Equilibrium
  • Chemical Kinetics
  • Transition Elements (d and f block)
  • s-block Elements
  • Chemical Bonding And Molecular Structure
  • Some Basic Principles Of Organic Chemistry
  • p-block Elements
  • Coordination Compounds
  • Chemical Thermodynamics

The Organic Compounds Containing Oxygen chapter covers the maximum percentage of questions in the JEE Main exam. All the above-mentioned topics are the most important topics, which will be definitely asked in the examination. After completing these chapters, you should move towards some important chapters – Organic Compounds Containing Nitrogen, Redox Reactions, Biomolecules, Electrochemistry, Atomic Structure, Polymers, Solid State, Some Basic Concepts in Chemistry and Classification of Elements and Periodicity in Properties. After completing these chapters, you can head towards the simpler chapters like Hydrogen, States of Matter, Hydrocarbons, Surface Chemistry, etc.

Also Read | Important Topics of Chemistry in Detail

JEE Main Important Topics

JEE Main Important Topics for Mathematics

The Mathematics section contains around 25 chapters. This can be the most scoring section but it requires more and more practice. The most important chapters are-

  • Integration
  • Differentiation
  • Probability
  • Three Dimensional Geometry
  • Trigonometry
  • Vector Algebra
  • Conic Sections
  • Straight Lines
  • Sets, Relations and Functions
  • Matrices And Determinants

After completing these most important chapters, you should move towards the important chapters- Limits and Continuity, Quadratic Equations, Permutation and Combination, Complex Numbers, Circles, Binomial Theorem, Sequences and Series and Differential Equations.

After completing the above-mentioned topics, you can give your time to the simpler and less important chapters like Inverse Trigonometry, Heights and Distances, Application of Derivatives and Statistics.

These were the JEE Main important topics for the 2020 session; all the students should make a proper subject wise plan to crack the JEE Main exam. Follow the sequence provided here and do a lot of practice, you will definitely succeed in your exam.

Also Read | Important Topics of Mathematics in Detail


Subject-wise Important Topics with Higher Difficulty Level

Here we are describing topics with their difficulty level for each subject. This might not be the situation for each and every student but a large number of students face problems in these topics. The division is according to basic and fundamental concepts, along with easy and highly important topics for the exams which have heavy weightage in JEE Main and have constantly appeared in the past few years.

Physics

Basic concepts that contain 1 mark each

  • Units and Dimensions
  • Measurement of Errors
  • Vectors

Fundamental concepts that contain 2 marks each

  • Kinematics
  • Newton’s Laws of Motion
  • Friction

Easy topics which can help you to score good marks in JEE Main 2020

  • Work, Energy and Power
  • Electrostatics
  • Current Electricity
  • Wave Optics
  • Ray Optics

Absolutely important topics which contain 2-3 marks each

  • Centre of Mass, Momentum and Collision
  • Rotational Dynamics
  • Simple Harmonic Motion
  • Fluid Mechanics
  • Wave Motion and String Waves
  • Magnetism
  • Heat & Thermodynamics
  • Nuclear Physics
  • Modern Physics

Topic-wise Weightage in Physics

Topics No of Questions Weightage of Marks
Electromagnetics Induction; AC 1 4
Solids and Fluids 1 4
Waves 1 4
Work, Power and Energy 1 4
Gravitation 1 4
Simple Harmonic Motion 1 4
Unit, Dimension and Vector 1 4
Kinematics 1 4
Laws of motion 1 4
Centre Of Mass, Impulse and Momentum 1 4
Rotation 1 4
Magnetics 2 8
Heat and Thermodynamics 3 12
Current Electricity 3 12
Electrostatics 3 12
Optics 3 12
Modern Physics 5 20

Chemistry

Topics that contain 1-2 marks (Fundamental section)

  • IUPAC Nomenclature
  • Periodic Table
  • Chemical Bonding

Topics that contain easy & important questions (Scoring Section)

  • Mole Concept
  • Coordination Chemistry
  • Alcohol, Phenols and Ethers
  • p-Block element

Topics that contain 2-3 questions & important

  • Atomic Structure
  • Gaseous State
  • Hydrocarbons
  • Aldehydes and Ketones
  • d & f Block Elements
  • General Organic Chemistry

Topics you need to go through once

  • Chemical Equilibrium
  • Ionic Equilibrium
  • Thermodynamics
  • Hydrogen and its Compounds
  • s-Block Elements
  • Isomerism of Organic Compounds
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Solid State
  • Chemical Kinetics
  • Electrochemistry
  • Solutions
  • Qualitative Salt Analysis
  • Alkyl Halides and Aryl Halides
  • Carboxylic Acids and their derivatives
  • Amines
  • Biomolecules
  • Polymers
  • Metallurgy
  • Surface Chemistry
  • Chemistry in Everyday Life

Topics previously asked in JEE Main/Advanced

  • Transition Element and Coordination Chemistry
  • Periodic Table and Representative Elements
  • Gaseous State
  • Atomic structure
  • Amines
  • Solution and Colligative Properties
  • General Organic Chemistry
  • Carboxylic Acids and Derivatives
  • Hydrocarbons
  • Carbohydrate, Amino Acids and Polymer

Topic-wise Weightage in Chemistry

Topics No of Questions Weightage of Marks
Electrochemistry 1 4
General Organic Chemistry 1 4
Stereochemistry 1 4
Carbohydrates, amino acid and Polymers 1 4
Alkyl Halides 1 4
Carboxylic Acid and their Derivatives 1 4
Aromatic Compounds 1 4
Redox Reaction 1 4
Mole Concept 1 4
Solution and Colligative Properties 1 4
Hydrocarbon 1 4
Chemical Kinetics 1 4
Solid-State And Surface Chemistry 2 8
Thermodynamics And Gaseous State 2 8
Chemical Bonding 2 8
Chemical And Ionic Equilibrium 2 8
Atomic Structure 2 8
Nuclear Chemistry And Environment 2 8
The periodic table and Representative Elements 3 12
Transition Elements and Coordination Chemistry 3 12

Mathematics

Topics that contain 1-2 marks (Fundamental section)

  • Inverse Trigonometric Functions
  • Circles and Family of Circles
  • Sequence and Series

Topics that contain 1-2 marks (Easy and important)

  • Applications of Derivative
  • Limit and Continuity
  • Matrices and Determinants
  • Straight Lines and Pair of Straight Lines

If you are in practice and attempt 4 to 6 questions from each section every day, you will increase the chances of scoring higher in Mathematics.

Topics that contain 2-3 questions (Very important)

  • 3-D Geometry
  • Probability and Statistics
  • Vector Algebra
  • Integration
  • Differentiation
  • Complex Numbers
  • Parabola
  • Trigonometric Ratios

Topics you need to go through once

  • Logarithms
  • Quadratic Equations
  • Theory of Equations
  • Sets, Relations and Functions
  • Permutation and Combination
  • Binomial Theorem
  • Locus
  • Hyperbola
  • Ellipse
  • Fundamentals of Mathematics
  • Solution of Triangle

Topics previously asked in JEE Main/Advanced

  • Coordinate Geometry
  • Continuity/ Differentiability, Limits
  • Complex Numbers
  • Quadratic Equations
  • Integral Calculus
  • Sequences and Series
  • Trigonometry

Topic-wise Weightage in Mathematics

Topics No of Questions Weightage of Marks
Sets, Relation and Function 1 4
Sequences and Series 1 4
Binomial Theorem and Its Application 1 4
Differential Equation 1 4
Differential Calculus 1 4
Permutations and Combinations 1 4
Trigonometry 1 4
Mathematical Reasoning 1 4
Statics and Dynamics 1 4
Statistics and Probability 2 8
Matrices and Determinants 2 8
Vector Algebra 2 8
Three Dimensional Geometry 2 8
Complex numbers and Quadratic Equation 2 8
Limits, Continuity and Differentiability 3 12
Integral Calculus 3 12
Coordinate Geometry 5 20

JEE Main Important Topics: Past Papers’ Analysis

Given below is an analysis of chapter-wise/topic-wise number of questions that appeared in JEE Main Papers of the last three years. This is not specific to any particular shift, but is taken on an average basis of all shifts for that particular year. Go through this once to understand the relevance of various topics.

Topic-wise Analysis for Physics

Topics Number of Questions
JEE Main 2017 JEE Main 2018 JEE Main 2019
Units, Dimensions, Errors, Experiments 1 2 1
Kinematics 1 0 1
Newton’s Laws and Friction 1 0 2
Work, Power & Energy 0 2 1
System of Particles 2 1 1
Gravitation, Rotational Mechanics 2 2 3
Properties of Matter 1 0 1
SHM, Oscillations 1 1 1
Mechanical Waves and Sound 1 2 2
Ray Optics, Wave Optics 3 3 3
Heat and Thermodynamics 3 3 3
Electrostatics 3 2 2
Current Electricity 2 2 3
Magnetism, Magnetic effects of current 3 2 2
EMI, AC and EM waves and Communication 4 3 1
Modern Physics 2 5 3
Total 30 30 30

Topic-wise Analysis for Chemistry

Topics Number of Questions
JEE Main 2017 JEE Main 2018 JEE Main 2019
Atomic Structure and Classification 2 1 2
Chemical Bonding 1 1 3
Stoichiometry 1 1 2
States of Matter 1 1 1
Chemical & Ionic Equilibrium 1 1 1
Chemical Kinetics & Nuclear Chemistry 1 1 1
Chemical Thermodynamics 1 1 2
Solutions 1 1 1
Electrochemistry 1 1 1
General Organic Chemistry + Functional Group-I 3 6 3
Organic Chemistry + Functional Group-II 2 0 3
Organic Chemistry + Functional Group-III 1 1 2
Chemistry of Representative Elements 7 6 3
Transition Elements 3 2 1
Coordination Compounds & Organometallics 1 2 1
Surface Chemistry 0 1 1
Biomolecules 3 3 2
Total 30 30 30

Topic-wise Analysis for Mathematics

Topic Number of Questions
JEE Main 2017 JEE Main 2018 JEE Main 2019
Sets, Relations and Functions 1 1 1
Limits, Continuity & Differentiability 3 2 3
Application of Derivatives 1 2 2
Indefinite and Definite Integrals & Area under the Curve 3 3 3
Cartesian coordinates & Straight Line 2 1 1
Circles 1 2 2
Conics 2 2 1
Quadratic Equations, Inequalities, Progressions 3 3 1
Complex Numbers 1 1 1
Binomial Theorem, Exponential & Logarithmic Series 1 1 2
Permutation & Combination 1 1 1
Probability 1 1 2
Vectors 1 1 1
3-D Coordinate Geometry 2 2 2
Differential Equations & Properties of Triangles 1 1 1
Trigonometry 2 2 2
Matrices & Determinants 2 2 2
Mathematical Logic 1 1 1
Statistics 1 1 1
Total 30 30 30

These were the major topics of Paper 1 of JEE Main 2020. JEE Main Paper 2 (B.Arch) and Paper 3 (B.Planning) have recently been updated in two different papers and the weightage as well as trend analysis for these Papers will be available for aspirants very soon. Do note that the important topics of Mathematics for both Paper 2 and 3 will be the same as Paper 1.

JEE Main 2020 Exam Pattern

Students are advised to understand the exam pattern for JEE Main 2020 as this will help them in planning a strategy according to the requirements of the examination. The exam will be conducted in online computer-based mode only. JEE Main Paper 1 will have 75 questions of 300 marks spread over three sections – Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics.

Paper Number Paper 1 Paper 2 Paper 3
Course Specification B.E/B.Tech B.Arch B.Planning
Subjects Physics, Chemistry, Maths Aptitude, Maths, Drawing Aptitude, Maths, Planning
Total Marks 300 400 400
Total Duration 3 hours 3 hours 3 hours
Total Questions 75 77 100
Marking Scheme 4 marks for every right answer
Negative Marking -1 for wrong answer, no negative marking for Numerical Value Based Questions

Basic Tips for JEE Main Important Topics

  • Maintain Speed – With better practice, students will build speed in core topics. This speed must be maintained during the examination as well. Since there is no sectional timing, ensure that you solve enough questions from each section within 1 and a half hour (90 minutes) such that the score reaches the expected cutoff.
  • Topic-wise Mock Tests – Solving mock tests and practice papers can actually tell what level of preparation is needed. Solving the question papers enables the candidates to know the level of exam and their own preparation against it so they can work on their weak topics. Nowadays a deep analysis of mocks is easily available online, to understand accuracy, strong topics, time consuming topics and weak topics.
  • Accurate Answers  – If you follow the speed rule in the first 90 minutes, follow the accuracy rule in next 90 minutes. Instead of solving maximum questions, try solving what you can, but with accurate answers. This will help build your score and probably help in overall rank considered for IITs.
  • Revise every week – Organise your study time and revision time. Revision ensures you are on track with the topics that are not under purview but must be worked on. Take regular breaks and practice previous years’ JEE Main question papers. Revise the topics every alternate day or at least twice a week.

Various Android Apps to learn JEE Main Important Topics

Unacademy Learning App

Unacademy is the largest learning platform in India with a continuously growing user base. Students can watch completely free lectures on various subjects and topics directly streamed by the toppers of various examinations. Students can also interact with the educators or teachers through the comment section given below the video.

Size: Approximately 25 MB

Developer: Unacademy

Khan Academy

Khan Academy now provides video lectures according to the curriculum of CBSE and for IIT JEE too. Video lectures of Khan Academy are very well explained to understand the topics thoroughly. With each video lecture, students are also asked questions on the topic for which they earn points and badges as rewards.

Size: 32 MB

Developer: Khan Academy

Toppr

Toppr is also considered one of the biggest learning platforms for aspirants of JEE Main and NEET. The USP of this application is the interactive design and properly organised resources. Moreover, many users have reported positive about the response time over doubts asked for any kind of topic.

Size: 39 MB

Developer: Toppr

EduRev

EduRev is a learning application which provides subject wise notes and video lectures. It also houses a large number of Mock Tests and topic-wise tests for students to work on their weak topics. Students will also find a large database of questions from previous years provided within the application.

Size: 15 MB

Developer: EduRev

Vedantu

This application houses all the major resources required for a student. From Solutions of questions from books of major writers to All India Mock Tests and live video lectures, students will find all the necessary resources, completely free! The speciality of this application is their in-house WAVE technology which lets students (or users) interact with a question put-up on the screen by the educator.

Size: 16 MB

Developer: Vedantu

Meritnation

Meritnation is one of the few portals providing video lectures with more than 14,000 videos based on content from NCERT books. It also provides free answers to unsolved questions from more than 50 popular reference books from various writers such as RD Sharma, HC Verma and TS Grewal.

Size: 16 MB

Developer: Meritnation

JEEReady

JEEReady is an application launched in 2019 by Amazon. The application offers All India Mock Tests to check your position on a large scale. Interactive personalised reports on strong and weak sections are also available based on the tests attempted by the students. It has a large number of quality questions and mock tests from various chapters from the syllabus of JEE Main.

Size: 17 MB

Developer: Amazon Mobile LLC

JEE Main 2020 Syllabus: Subject-wise Syllabus for B.Tech, B.Arch and B.Plan Papers

Latest Update: HRD Minister Mr Ramesh Pokhriyal has announced the JEE Main 2020 new examination dates. The exam will be conducted from 18th – 23rd July 2020. Admit Cards will be issued 15 days before the exam. There has been no change in JEE Main Syllabus for 2020.


NTA has released the official JEE Main Syllabus for the year 2020. The JEE Main 2020 Syllabus varies depending upon the sections or subjects – Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics, Aptitude, Drawing and Planning. Candidates can get an insight of the JEE Main Syllabus from this article and devise a plan of action. All the students need to understand the JEE Main syllabus to prepare for the examination in the best possible manner.

The JEE Main examination is now conducted twice every year, in January and April. JEE Main April session will now be held in July 2020 due to the COVID-19 pandemic. The examination is conducted for 3 separate papers B.E/B.Tech, B.Arch and B.Planning.

Paper 1 is for B.E/B.Tech, Paper 2 is for B.Arch and Paper 3 is for B.Planning. Candidates seeking admissions to B.E./B.Tech and B.Arch courses to IITs, NITs, IIITs and CFTIs can apply for JEE Main 2020 when the registration window opens.

Overview of the JEE Main 2020 Syllabus

  • The syllabus for Paper 1 comprises three major subjects – Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics. This paper is specific for admissions to B.Tech/B.E courses.
  • Paper 2 syllabus comprises three major subjects which are Aptitude, Drawing and Mathematics. This paper is conducted for admissions to B.Arch Courses.
  • Finally, Paper 3 syllabus comprises three subjects which are Aptitude, Planning-based questions and Mathematics. This paper is conducted for admissions to the B. Planning course of IITs.

JEE Main Syllabus 2020: Subject-wise Syllabus

The JEE Main Syllabus is similar to that of the JEE Advanced examination. However, the difficulty level is different as the students may face more difficult questions in the JEE Advanced examination, which might have more than one answer. In order to acquire a good rank, the students need to know the syllabus and exam pattern and also keep their practice thorough.

JEE Main 2020 Chemistry Syllabus

The JEE Main Chemistry Syllabus is divided into three sections which are Physical Chemistry, Organic Chemistry and Inorganic Chemistry. The students must go through each of these sub-sections in order to score well.

Section A – Physical Chemistry

Following section caters to the entire Chemistry Syllabus for JEE Main 2020-

Unit Topic Details
1. Some Basic Concepts of Chemistry
  • Matter and its nature
  • Dalton’s Atomic Theory
  • Concept of atom, molecule, element and compound
  • Physical Quantities, SI Units, Atomic and molecular mass
  • Laws of Chemical Combination, Chemical Equation and Stoichiometry
2. States of Matter
  • Gaseous State – Measurable properties, Gas Laws, Kinetic theory of gases, Ideal Gas Equation, Van der Waals Equation and more
  • Liquid State – Properties of liquids Vapor pressure, viscosity and surface tension and effect of temperature on them (qualitative treatment only)
  • Solid State – Classification; Bragg’s Law; Unit cell and lattices; Electrical and Magnetic Properties
3. Atomic Structure
  • Thomson and Rutherford Atomic Models
  • Bohr Model of Hydrogen atom
  • Dual Nature of Matter, De-Broglie Relationship, Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle
  • Pauli’s Exclusion Principle and Hund’s Rule
  • Shapes of s, p and d orbitals
4. Chemical Bonding and molecular structure
  • Kossel – Lewis Approach to Chemical Bond Formation
  • Ionic Bonding
  • Covalent Bonding
  • Quantum Mechanical Approach to Covalent Bonding
  • Molecular Orbital Theory
5. Chemical Thermodynamics
  • Fundamentals of thermodynamics, System and surroundings, Extensive and Intensive Properties State Functions, Types of Processes
  • First Law of Thermodynamics – Concept of work, heat, internal energy and enthalpy, heat capacity, molar heat capacity.
  • Hess’s Law of constant heat Summation, Enthalpies of bond dissociation, combustion, formation, atomization, sublimation, etc.
  • Second Law of Thermodynamics – Spontaneity of Processes;
  • ∆S of the universe and ∆G as the criteria for spontaneity
6. Solutions
  • Different methods for expressing concentration of solution – molality, molarity, mole fraction,
  • Percentage by volume and mass both, vapour pressure of solutions and
  • Raoult’s Law – ideal and no ideal solutions, vapor pressure
  • Colligative properties of dilute solutions,
  • Relative lowering of vapor pressure, depression of freezing point,
  • Elevation of boiling of boiling point and osmotic pressure
  • Determination of molecular mass using colligative properties,
  • Abnormal value of molar mass,
  • Van Hoff Factor and its significance
7. Equilibrium
  • Meaning of Equilibrium, Concept of dynamic equilibrium
  • Equilibria involving Physical Processes – Law of Chemical Equilibrium,
  • Equilibrium constants (Kp and Kc) and their significance,
  • Significance of ∆G and ∆G° in chemical equilibria,
  • Factors affecting equilibrium concentrations, pressure, temperature effect of catalyst;
  • Le Chatelier’s principle.
  • Equilibria involving Physical Processes – solid-liquid, liquid-gas and solid-gas equilibria,
  • Henry’s Law, General characteristics of equilibrium involving physical processes.
  • Ionic Equilibrium – Weak and strong electrolytes, ionization of electrolytes,
  • Various concepts of acids and bases (Arrhenius Bronsted – Lowry and Lewis) and their ionization,
  • Acid-base equilibria (including multi stage ionization) and ionization constants,
  • Ionization of water, pH scale, common ion effect,
  • Hydrolysis of salts and pH of their solutions, solubility of sparingly soluble salts and solubility products and buffer solutions.
8. Redox Reactions and Electrochemistry
  • Electrical concepts of oxidation and reductions, redox reactions,
  • Oxidation number, rules for assigning oxidation number, balancing of redox reactions
  • Electrolytic and metallic conduction, conductance in electrolytic solutions,
  • Molar conductivities and their variation with concentration,
  • Koulrausch’s Law and its applications
  • Electrochemical Cells – Electrolytic and Galvanic Cells, different types of electrodes, electrode potentials,
  • Half-cell and cell reactions, emf of a galvanic cell and its measurement
  • Nernst equation and its applications
9. Chemical Kinetics
  • Rate of a chemical reaction, factors affecting the rate of reactions
  • Elementary and complex reactions, order and molecularity of reactions, rate law, rate constant and its units,
  • Differential and integral forms of zero and first order reactions, their characteristics and half-lives,
  • The effect of temperature on the rate of reactions.
  • Arrhenius theory, activation energy and its calculation,
  • Collision theory of bimolecular gaseous reactions (no derivation).
10. Surface Chemistry
  • Adsorption: Physisorption and chemisorption and their characteristics,
  • Factors affecting the adsorption of gases on solids
  • Freundlich and Langmuir adsorption isotherms, adsorption from solutions.
  • Catalysis: Homogeneous and heterogeneous, activity and selectivity of solid catalysts,
  • Enzyme catalysis, and its mechanism.
  • Colloidal state: Distinction among true solutions, colloids, and suspensions,
  • Classification of colloids: lyophilic, lyophobic.
  • Multimolecular, macromolecular and associated colloids (micelles), preparation and properties of colloids
  • Tyndall effect, Brownian movement, electrophoresis, dialysis, coagulation, and flocculation.
  • Emulsions and their characteristics.

Section B – Inorganic Chemistry

Given below are chapters and topics from Inorganic Chemistry for JEE Main 2020. Major focus is on Periodic table and its elements.

Unit Topic Details
11. Classification of elements and periodicity in properties
  • Modern periodic law and present form of the periodic table.
  • s, p, d and f block elements.
  • Periodic trends in properties of elements atomic and ionic radii, ionization enthalpy.
  • Electrons gain enthalpy, valence, oxidation states and chemical reactivity.
12. General Principles and processes of isolation of metals
  • Steps involved in the extraction of metals
  • Concentration, reduction (chemical and electrolytic methods) and refining
  • Special reference to the extraction of Al, Cu, Zn, and Fe.
  • Modes of occurrence of elements in nature, minerals, ores.
  • Thermodynamic and electrochemical principles involved in the extraction of metals.
13. Hydrogen
  • The position of hydrogen in periodic table, isotopes, preparation, properties, and uses of hydrogen.
  • Structure, preparation, reactions, and uses of hydrogen peroxide.
  • Physical and chemical properties of water and heavy water.
  • Hydrogen as a fuel
  • Classification of hydrides: ionic, covalent and interstitial.
14. S-Block Elements (Alkali and Alkali Earth Metals)
  • Group 1 and Group 2 Elements: General introduction,
  • Electronic configuration and general trends in physical and chemical properties of elements,
  • Anomalous properties of the first element of each group, diagonal relationships.
  • Preparation and properties of some important compounds
  • Sodium carbonate, sodium chloride, sodium hydroxide and sodium hydrogen carbonate.
  • Industrial uses of lime, limestone, Plaster of Paris and cement.
  • The biological significance of Na, K, Mg and Ca.
15. P-Block Elements
  • Group 13
  • Preparations and properties of Boron and aluminium;
  • Structure, properties and uses of borax, boric acid, diborane, boron trifluoride, aluminium chloride, alums.
  • Group 14
  • Tendency for Catenation;
  • Structure, properties and uses of Allotropes and oxides of carbon,
  • Silicon tetrachloride, silicates, zeolites and silicones
  • Group 15
  • Properties and uses of nitrogen and phosphorus;
  • Allotropic forms of Phosphorus;
  • Preparation, properties, structure and uses of ammonia, nitric acid, phosphine halides, (PCLჳ, PCLཏ);
  • Structures of oxides and oxoacids of nitrogen and phosphorus
  • Group 16
  • Preparation, properties, structures and uses of ozone;
  • Allotropic forms of sulphur;
  • Preparation, properties, structure and uses of sulphuric acid (including its industrial preparation);
  • Structures of oxoacids of sulphur
  • Group 17
  • Preparation, properties and uses of hydrochloric acid;
  • Trends in the acidic nature of hydrogen halides;
  • Structure of interhalogen compounds and oxides and oxoacids of halogens
  • Group 18
  • Occurrence and uses of noble gases;
  • Structures of Fluorides and oxides of xenon
16. D and f- Block Elements
  • Transition Elements
  • General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence and characteristics,
  • General trends in properties of the first-row transition elements
  • Physical properties, ionization enthalpy, oxidation states, atomic radii, colour, catalytic behaviour, magnetic properties,
  • Complex formation, interstitial compounds, alloy formation.
  • Preparation, properties, and uses of K2Cr2O7 and KMnO4.
  • Inner Transition Elements: Lanthanides, Electronic configuration, oxidation states, chemical reactivity and lanthanide contraction, and
  • Actinoids: Electronic configuration and oxidation states.
17. Coordination Compounds
  • Introduction to coordination compounds,
  • Werner’s theory.
  • ligands, coordination number, denticity, chelation.
  • IUPAC nomenclature of mononuclear coordination compounds, isomerism.
  • Bonding-Valence bond approach
  • Basic ideas of Crystal field theory, colour and magnetic properties.
  • Importance of coordination compounds (in qualitative analysis, extraction of metals and in biological systems).
18. Environmental Chemistry
  • Environmental pollution: Atmospheric, water, and soil.
  • Atmospheric pollution: Tropospheric and stratospheric.
  • Gaseous pollutants: Oxides of carbon, nitrogen, and sulfur, hydrocarbons;
  • Their sources, harmful effects, and prevention.
  • Greenhouse effect and Global warming, acid rain.
  • Particulate pollutants: Smoke, dust, smog, fumes, mist;
  • Their sources, harmful effects, and prevention.
  • Stratospheric pollution: Formation and breakdown of ozone, depletion of ozone layer, its mechanism and effects.
  • Water Pollution: Major pollutants such as pathogens, organic wastes, and chemical pollutants;
  • Their harmful effects and prevention.
  • Soil pollution: Major pollutants such as Pesticides (insecticides, herbicides and fungicides)
  • Their harmful effects and prevention.
  • Strategies to control environmental pollution.

Section C – Organic Chemistry

Organic Chemistry Syllabus for JEE Main 2020 is given below. All chapters is Organic Chemistry are important. Hydrocarbons and Organic compounds  usually carry a very high weightage in Organic Chemistry.

Unit Topic Details
19. Purification and Characterization of Organic Compounds
  • Purification – Crystallization, sublimation, distillation, differential extraction, and
  • Chromatography principles and their applications.
  • Qualitative Analysis – Detection of nitrogen, sulfur, phosphorus, and halogens.
  • Quantitative Analysis (basic principles only) –
  • Estimation of carbon, hydrogen, nitrogens, halogens, sulphur and phosphorus
  • Calculations of Empirical and Molecular Formulae;
  • Numerical Problems in organic quantitative analysis
20. Some basic principles of organic chemistry
  • Tetravalency of Carbon, Shapes of simple molecules – hybridization (s and p)
  • Classification of organic compounds based on functional groups: -C = C- and those containing halogens, oxygen, nitrogen, and sulfur;
  • Homologous series.
  • Isomerism – structural and stereoisomerism
  • Nomenclature – Covalent bond fission
  • Homolytic and heterolytic: free radicals, carbocations, and carbanions;
  • Stability of carbocations and free radicals, electrophiles and nucleophiles.
  • Electronic displacement in a covalent bond
  • Inductive effect, electromeric effect, resonance, and hyperconjugation.
  • Common types of organic directions: Substitution, addition, elimination and rearrangement.
21. Hydrocarbons
  • Classification, isomerism, IUPAC nomenclature,
  • General methods of preparation, properties and reactions.
  • Alkanes – Conformations;
  • Sawhorse and Newman projections (of ethane);
  • Mechanism of halogenation of alkanes.
  • Alkenes – Geometrical Isomerism
  • Mechanism of electrophilic addition: addition of hydrogen, halogens, water, hydrogen halides (Markownikoff’s and peroxide effect);
  • Ozonolysis, oxidation, and polymerization.
  • Alkynes – Acidic character;
  • Addition of hydrogen, halogens, water and hydrogen halides;
  • Polymerization.
  • Aromatic Hydrocarbons – Nomenclature, Benzene Structure and Atomicity
  • Mechanism of electrophilic substitution – halogenation, nitration,
  • Friedel Crafts alkylation and acylation,
  • Directive influence of the functional group in monosubstituted benzene.
22. Organic Compounds Containing Halogens
  • General Methods of preparation, properties and reactions
  • Nature of C-X Bond
  • Mechanisms of substitution reactions
  • Uses, Environmental effects of chloroform, iodoform, freons and DDT
23. Organic Compounds containing Oxygen
  • General methods of preparation, properties, reactions and uses
  • Alcohol – Identification of primary, secondary and tertiary alcohols;
  • Mechanism of dehydration.
  • Phenols – Acidic nature, electrophilic substitution reactions
  • Halogenation, nitration, and sulphonation,
  • Reimer Tiemann reaction.
  • Ethers – Structures
  • Aldehyde and Ketones – Nature of carbonyl group;
  • Nucleophilic addition to >C=O group
  • Relative reactivities of aldehydes and ketones
  • Important reactions such as Nucleophilic addition reactions (addition of HCN, NH3 and its derivatives), Grignard reagent;
  • Oxidation; reduction (Wolff Kishner and Clemmensen);
  • The acidity of hydrogen, aldol condensation, Cannizzaro reaction, Haloform reaction.
  • Chemical Tests to distinguish between aldehydes and ketones.
  • Carboxylic Acid – Acidic strength and factors affecting it.
24. Organic Compounds Containing Nitrogen
  • General methods of preparation, properties, reactions and uses
  • Amines – Nomenclature, classification, structure, basic character and identification of primary, secondary and tertiary amines and their basic character.
  • Diazonium Salts – Importance in synthetic organic chemistry.
25. Polymers
  • General Introduction and classification of polymers,
  • General methods of polymerization, addition and condensation, co-polymerization
  • Natural and synthetic rubber and vulcanization
  • Some important polymers with emphasis on monomers and uses
  • Polyethene, nylon, polyester, and bakelite.
26. Biomolecules
  • General Introduction and importance of biomolecules
  • Carbohydrates – Classification: aldoses and ketoses;
  • Monosaccharides (glucose and fructose), constituent monosaccharides or oligosaccharides (sucrose, lactose, maltose) and polysaccharides (starch, cellulose, glycogen).
  • Proteins – Elementary Idea of amino acids, peptide bond, polypeptides;
  • Proteins: primary, secondary, tertiary and quaternary structure (qualitative idea only), denaturation of proteins, enzymes.
  • Vitamins – Classification and Functions
  • B Chemical Constitution of DNA and RNA, Biological Functions of Nuclei Acids
27. Chemistry in Everyday life
  • Chemicals in medicines: Analgesics, tranquillizers, antiseptics, disinfectants, antimicrobials,
  • Antifertility drugs, antibiotics, antacids, antihistamines, their meaning and common examples.
  • Chemicals in food: Preservatives, artificial sweetening agents common examples.
  • Cleansing Agents – Soaps and detergents, cleansing action
28. Principles related to Practical Chemistry
  • Detection of extra elements (N, S, halogens) in organic compounds.
  • Detection of the following functional groups: hydroxyl (alcoholic and phenolic), carbonyl (aldehyde and ketone), carboxyl and amino groups in organic compounds.
  • The chemistry involved in the preparation of the following:
  • Inorganic compounds
  • Mohr’s salt, potash alum, and Organic compounds
  • Acetanilide, p-nitro acetanilide, aniline yellow, iodoform.
  • The chemistry involved in the titrimetric exercises: Acids bases and the use of indicators,
  • Oxalic-acid vs KMnO4,
  • Mohr’s salt vs KMnO4.
  • Chemical principles involved in the qualitative salt analysis:
  • Cations: Pb2+, Cu2+, AI3+, Fe3+, Zn2+, Ni2+, Ca2+, Ba2+, Mg2+, NH4+, and
  • Anions: CO32-, S2-, SO42-, NO2-, NO3-, CI-, Br, I. (Insoluble salts excluded).
  • Chemical principles involved in the following experiments: Enthalpy of solution of CuSO4, Enthalpy of neutralization of strong acid and strong base,
  • Preparation of lyophilic and lyophobic sols, and Kinetic study of the reaction of iodide ion with hydrogen peroxide at room temperature.

Weightage of JEE Main Chemistry Syllabus

An analysis of the Chemistry paper of JEE Main examination 2020 have been given below:

Chemistry Important Topics Weightage (%)
Inorganic Chemistry 29
Organic Chemistry 36
Physical Chemistry 35

Chemistry Syllabus Weightage

Read JEE Main Preparation Tips for Chemistry

JEE Main 2020 Physics Syllabus

The JEE Main Physics Syllabus is divided into two major section — Section A and Section B. Section A comprises 80% of the question paper and mainly has theoretical questions. Section B comprises 20% of the question paper and has practical-based questions.

Following section caters to the detailed syllabus of Physics for JEE Main 2020

Unit Topic Details
1 Physics and Measurement
  • Physics, Technology and society, S.I. units,
  • Fundamental and derived units.
  • Least count, accuracy and precision of measuring instruments, Errors in measurement,
  • Dimensions of Physical quantities, dimensional analysis and its applications
2 Kinematics
  • Frame of reference.
  • Motion in a straight line: Position-time graph, speed and velocity.
  • Uniform and non-uniform motion, average speed and instantaneous velocity
  • Uniformly accelerated motion, velocity-time, position-time graphs, relations for uniformly accelerated motion.
  • Scalars and Vectors, Vector addition and Subtraction,
  • Zero Vector, Scalar and Vector products, Unit Vector, Resolution of a Vector
  • Relative Velocity, Motion in a plane.
  • Projectile Motion, Uniform Circular Motion
3 Laws of Motion
  • Force and Inertia,
  • Newton’s First Law of motion;
  • Momentum, Newton’s Second Law of motion; Impulse;
  • Newton’s Third Law of motion.
  • Law of conservation of linear momentum and its applications, Equilibrium of concurrent forces.
  • Static and Kinetic friction, Laws of friction, Rolling friction.
  • Dynamics of uniform circular motion: Centripetal force and its applications,
4 Work, Energy and Power
  • Work done by a constant force and a variable force; Kinetic and potential energies, Work-Energy theorem
  • Power
  • Potential energy of a spring, Conservation of mechanical energy, Conservative and nonconservative forces;
  • Elastic and inelastic collisions in one and two dimensions.
5 Rotational Motion
  • Centre of mass of a two-particle system, Centre of mass of a rigid body
  • Basic concepts of rotational motion;
  • Moment of a force, torque, angular momentum, conservation of angular momentum and its applications
  • Moment of inertia, Radius of gyration
  • Values of moments of inertia for simple geometrical objects, parallel and perpendicular axes theorems and their applications.
  • Rigid body rotation, Equations of rotational motion
6 Gravitation
  • The Universal law of gravitation
  • Acceleration due to gravity and its variation with altitude and depth
  • Kepler’s laws of planetary motion
  • Gravitational potential energy; gravitational potential.
  • Escape velocity.
  • Orbital velocity of a satellite. Geostationary satellites.
7 Properties of Solids and Liquids
  • Elastic behaviour, Stress-strain relationship,
  • Hooke’s Law, Young’s modulus, bulk modulus, modulus of rigidity.
  • Pressure due to a fluid column
  • Pascal’s law and its applications
  • Viscosity, Stokes’ law, terminal velocity, streamline and turbulent flow,
  • Reynolds number
  • Bernoulli’s principle and its applications
  • Surface energy and surface tension, angle of contact, application of surface tension – drops, bubbles and capillary rise
  • Heat, temperature, thermal expansion;
  • Specific heat capacity, calorimetry
  • Change of state, latent heat
  • Heat transfer-conduction, convection and radiation, Newton’s law of cooling
8 Thermodynamics
  • Thermal equilibrium, zeroth law of thermodynamics, concept of temperature
  • Heat, work and internal energy
  • First law of thermodynamics
  • The second law of thermodynamics: reversible and irreversible processes
  • Carnot engine and its efficiency
9 Kinetic Theory of Gases
  • Equation of state of a perfect gas, work done on compressing a gas.
  • Kinetic theory of gases -assumptions, concept of pressure. Kinetic energy and temperature: rms speed of gas molecules
  • Degrees of freedom, Law of equipartition of energy
  • Applications to specific heat capacities of gases Mean free path
  • Avogadro’s number
10 Oscillations and Waves
  • Periodic motion – period, frequency, displacement as a function of time.
  • Periodic functions
  • Simple harmonic motion (S.H.M.) and its equation; phase; oscillations of a spring -restoring force and force constant;
  • Energy in S.H.M. – kinetic and potential energies; Simple pendulum – derivation of expression for its time period
  • Free, forced and damped oscillations,
  • Resonance
  • Wave motion
  • Longitudinal and transverse waves, speed of a wave
  • Displacement relation for a progressive wave
  • Principle of superposition of waves, reflection of waves, Standing waves in strings and organ pipes
  • Fundamental mode and harmonics, Beats, Doppler effect in sound
11 Electrostatics
  • Electric charges: Conservation of charge, Coulomb’s law-forces between two point charges, forces between multiple charges
  • Superposition principle and continuous charge distribution
  • Electric field: Electric field due to a point charge, Electric field lines, Electric dipole, Electric field due to a dipole, Torque on a dipole in a uniform electric field
  • Electic flux, Gauss’s law and its applications to find field due to infinitely long uniformly charged straight wire,
  • Uniformly charged infinite plane sheet and uniformly charged thin spherical shell
  • Electric potential and its calculation for a point charge, electric dipole and system of charges.
  • Equipotential surfaces, Electrical potential energy of a system of two point charges in an electrostatic field.
  • Conductors and insulators, Dielectrics and electric polarization, capacitor, combination of capacitors in series and in parallel,
  • Capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor with and without dielectric medium between the plates, Energy stored in a capacitor.
12 Current Electricity
  • Electric current, Drift velocity, Ohm’s law, Electrical resistance,
  • Resistances of different materials, V-I characteristics of Ohmic and non-ohmic conductors
  • Electrical energy and power, Electrical resistivity, Colour code for resistors
  • Series and parallel combinations of resistors; Temperature dependence of resistance.
  • Electric Cell and its Internal resistance,
  • Potential difference and emf of a cell, combination of cells in series and in parallel
  • Kirchhoff’s laws and their applications
  • Wheatstone bridge, Metre bridge
  • Potentiometer – principle and its applications.
13 Magnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism
  • Biot – Savart law and its application to current carrying circular loop.
  • Ampere’s law and its applications to infinitely long current carrying straight wire and solenoid.
  • Force on a moving charge in uniform magnetic and electric fields.
  • Cyclotron
  • Force on a current-carrying conductor in a uniform magnetic field.
  • Force between two parallel current-carrying conductors-definition of ampere,
  • Torque experienced by a current loop in uniform magnetic field
  • Moving coil galvanometer, its current sensitivity and conversion to ammeter and voltmeter.
  • Current loop as a magnetic dipole and its magnetic dipole moment.
  • Bar magnet as an equivalent solenoid, magnetic field lines;
  • Earth’s magnetic field and magnetic elements.
  • Para-, dia-, and ferro- magnetic substances.
  • Magnetic susceptibility and permeability, Hysteresis, Electromagnets and permanent magnets.
14 Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents
  • Electromagnetic induction
  • Faraday’s law, induced emf and current
  • Lenz’s Law, Eddy currents
  • Self and mutual inductance
  • Alternating currents, peak and rms value of alternating current/voltage
  • Reactance and Impedance; LCR series circuit, Resonance
  • Quality factor, power in AC circuits, wattless current.
  • AC Generator and Transformer.
15 Electromagnetic Waves
  • Electromagnetic waves and their characteristics.
  • Transverse nature of electromagnetic waves.
  • Electromagnetic spectrum(radio waves, microwaves, infrared, visible, ultraviolet, X rays, gamma rays).
  • Applications of e.m. waves.
16 Optics
  • Reflection and refraction of light at plane and spherical surfaces, mirror formula,
  • Total internal reflection and its applications,
  • Deviation and Dispersion of light by a prism, Lens Formula, Magnification, Power of a Lens,
  • Combination of thin lenses in contact, Microscope and Astronomical Telescope (reflecting and refracting) and their magnifying powers.
  • Wave optics: wavefront and Huygens’ principle,
  • Laws of reflection and refraction using Huygens principle.
  • Interference, Young’s double slit experiment and expression for fringe width, coherent sources and sustained interference of light.
  • Diffraction due to a single slit, width of central maximum.
  • Resolving power of microscopes and astronomical telescopes,
  • Polarisation, plane polarized light
  • Brewster’s law, uses of plane polarized light and Polaroids.
17 Dual Nature of Matter and Radiation
  • Dual nature of radiation
  • Photoelectric effect,
  • Hertz and Lenard’s observations
  • Einstein’s photoelectric equation
  • Particle nature of light
  • Matter waves-wave nature of the particle, de Broglie relation.
  • Davis son-Germer experiment.
18 Atoms and Nuclei
  • Alpha-particle scattering experiment
  • Rutherford’s model of the atom
  • Bohr model, energy levels, hydrogen spectrum
  • Composition and size of the nucleus, atomic masses, isotopes, isobars, and isotones
  • Radioactivity-alpha, beta and gamma particles/rays and their properties
  • Radioactive decay law
  • Mass-energy relation, mass defect
  • Binding energy per nucleon and its variation with mass number, nuclear fission and fusion.
19 Electronic Devices
  • Semiconductors
  • Semiconductor diode: I-V characteristics in forward and reverse bias
  • Diode as a rectifier
  • 1-V characteristics of LED, photodiode, solar cell and Zener diode; Zener diode as a voltage regulator
  • Junction transistor, transistor action, characteristics of a transistor
  • Transistor as an amplifier(common emitter configuration) and oscillator
  • Logic gates (OR, AND, NOT, NAND and NOR), Transistor as a switch
20 Communication Systems
  • Propagation of electromagnetic waves in the atmosphere
  • Sky and space wave propagation, Need for modulation,
  • Amplitude and Frequency Modulation, Bandwidth of signals,
  • Bandwidth of Transmission medium,
  • Basic Elements of a Communication System (Block Diagram only).

Weightage of JEE Main Physics Syllabus

Here we have been an in-depth analysis of the JEE Main Physics Paper 2020-

Physics Important Topics Weightage (%)
Electrodynamics 23
Heat & Thermodynamics 13
Mechanics 25
Modern Physics 19
Optics 14
SHM & Waves 6

Physics Syllabus Weightage

Read JEE Main Preparation Tips for Physics

JEE Main 2020 Mathematics Syllabus

Mathematics section is included in all the three papers of JEE Main 2020. The main topics of Mathematics that are included in the syllabus of JEE Main 2020 are Trigonometry, Algebra, Calculus and Coordinate Geometry.

Check detailed JEE Main Mathematics Syllabus

The following section caters to the detailed syllabus for Mathematics.

Unit Topic Details
1. Sets, Relations and Functions
  • Sets and their representation
  • Union, intersection and complement of sets and their algebraic properties
  • Power set
  • Relation, Types of relations, equivalence relations, functions
  • One-one, into and onto functions, composition of functions
2. Complex Number and Quadratic Equations
  • Complex numbers as ordered pairs of reals
  • Representation of complex numbers in the form (a+ib) and their representation in a plane, Argand diagram.
  • Algebra of complex numbers, modulus and argument (or amplitude) of a complex number, square root of a complex number.
  • Triangle inequality.
  • Quadratic equations in real and complex number systems and their solutions.
  • The relation between roots and coefficients, nature of roots, the formation of quadratic equations with given roots.
3. Matrices and Determinants
  • Algebra of matrices, types of matrices, and matrices of order two and three.
  • Properties of determinants, evaluation of determinants, the area of triangles using determinants.
  • Adjoint and evaluation of inverse of a square matrix using determinants and elementary transformations.
  • Test of consistency and solution of simultaneous linear equations in two or three variables using determinants and matrices
4. Permutations and Combinations
  • The fundamental principle of counting.
  • Permutation as an arrangement and combination as a selection.
  • The meaning of P (n,r) and C (n,r). Simple applications.
5. Mathematical Induction
  • The principle of Mathematical Induction and its simple applications.
6. Binomial Theorem
  • Binomial theorem for a positive integral index.
  • General term and middle term.
  • Properties of Binomial coefficients and simple applications.
7. Sequences and Series
  • Arithmetic and Geometric progressions, insertion of arithmetic.
  • Geometric means between two given numbers.
  • The relation between A.M. and G.M.
  • Sum up to n terms of special series: Sn, Sn2, Sn3
  • Arithmetic – Geometric progression.
8. Limit, Continuity and Differentiability
  • Real-valued functions, algebra of functions, polynomials, rational, trigonometric, logarithmic and exponential functions, inverse functions.
  • Graphs of simple functions.
  • Limits, continuity, and differentiability.
  • Differentiation of the sum, difference, product, and quotient of two functions.
  • Differentiation of trigonometric, inverse trigonometric, logarithmic, exponential, composite and implicit functions; derivatives of order up to two.
  • Rolle’s and Lagrange’s Mean Value Theorems.
  • Rate of change of quantities, monotonic – increasing and decreasing functions, Maxima, and minima of functions of one variable, tangents, and normals
9. Integral Calculus
  • Integral as an antiderivative.
  • Fundamental integrals involving algebraic, trigonometric, exponential and logarithmic functions.
  • Integration by substitution, by parts, and by partial fractions.
  • Integration using trigonometric identities.
  • Integral as limit of a sum.
  • Simple Integrals, Fundamental Theorem of Calculus.
  • Properties of definite integrals, evaluation of definite integrals,
  • Determining areas of the regions bounded by simple curves in standard form
10. Differential Equations
  • Ordinary differential equations, their order, and degree.
  • Formation of differential equations.
  • The solution of differential equations by the method of separation of variables.
  • The solution of homogeneous and linear differential equations of the type.
11. Coordinate Geometry
  • Cartesian system of rectangular coordinates in a plane, distance formula, section formula,
  • Locus and its equation, translation of axes, the slope of a line,
  • Parallel and perpendicular lines, intercepts of a line on the coordinate axes.
  • Straight lines
  • The distance of a point from a line, equations of internal and external bisectors of angles between two lines,
  • Coordinates of the centroid, orthocentre, and circumcentre of a triangle,
  • Equation of the family of lines passing through the point of intersection of two lines.
  • Circles, conic sections: Standard form of equation of a circle, a general form of the equation of a circle, its radius and centre,
  • Equation of a circle when the endpoints of a diameter are given, points of intersection of a line and
  • Circle with the centre at the origin and condition for a line to be tangent to a circle, equation of the tangent.
  • Sections of cones, equations of conic sections (parabola, ellipse, and hyperbola) in standard forms,
  • Condition for y = mx + c to be a tangent and point (s) of tangency.
12. Three Dimensional Geometry
  • Coordinates of a point in space, the distance between two points.
  • Section formula, direction ratios and direction cosines, the angle between two intersecting lines.
  • Skew lines, the shortest distance between them and its equation.
  • Equations of a line and a plane in different forms, the intersection of a line and a plane, coplanar lines.
13. Vector Algebra
  • Vectors and scalar
  • Components of a vector in two dimensions and three-dimensional space.
  • Scalar and vector products
14. Statistics and Probability
  • Measures of Dispersion
  • Calculation of mean, median, mode of grouped and ungrouped data.
  • Calculation of standard deviation, variance and mean deviation for grouped and ungrouped data.
  • Probability
  • Probability of an event, addition and multiplication theorems of probability,
  • Bayes theorem, probability distribution of a random variate,
  • Bernoulli trials and Binomial distribution.
15. Trigonometry
  • Trigonometric identities and equations.
  • Trigonometric functions.
  • Inverse trigonometric functions and their properties.
  • Heights and Distances
16. Mathematical Reasoning
  • Statements, logical operations and, or, implies, implied by, if and only if.
  • Understanding of tautology, contradiction, converse, and contrapositive

Weightage of JEE Main Mathematics Syllabus

An analysis of the Mathematics paper of JEE Main examination 2020 have been given below-

Maths Important Topics Weightage (%)
Complex Numbers 6
Coordinate Geometry 16
Differential & Integral Calculus 34
Fundamentals of Mathematics 4
Probability 8
Matrices 13
Trigonometry 9
Vector & 3D 10

Maths Syllabus Weightage

Read JEE Main Preparation Tips for Mathematics

JEE Main 2020 Drawing Test Syllabus

Drawing is included in Paper 2 of JEE Main examination. Few topics which are important for JEE Main Drawing Test are:

  • Drawing abstract shapes and geometric patterns in pen and paper.
  • Transformation of figures from 2D to 3D or vice-versa
  • Elevation of object rotation
  • Designing memory of urban scenes
  • Generation of plan
  • 3D view of an object, rotation

JEE Main 2020 Aptitude Test Syllabus

Aptitude section is included in both Paper 2 and Paper 3 of the JEE Main. The Aptitude section is divided into two parts according to the JEE Main Syllabus. The important topics from each of these parts which have been mentioned in the official JEE Main Syllabus have been given below:

Aptitude Important Topics Weightage
  • Awareness of Places, Persons, Building and Materials Texture and Objects related to Architecture
  • 3D- Perception and Appreciation of scale and proportion of Objects
3%
  • Visualizing 3D Objects from 2D drawings
4%
  • Visualizing different sides of 3D objects
3%
  • Mental Ability
2%
  • Analytical reasoning and Colour texture
1%

Aptitude Syllabus Weightage

JEE Main 2020 Planning-based Test Syllabus

Questions based on Planning will be a part of Paper 3 i.e. B.Planning only in JEE Main 2020. This is a new section introduced for students along with a completely new paper. There has been no clear data for Planning-based questions and students are still clueless about it. As per the sample questions provided on the official website of JEE Main 2020, it is implied that questions from Planning section will be from the follwoing topics-

  • General Awareness – Government programs/schemes, development issues, current affairs related to rural and urban development programs etc.
  • Critical thinking, Analytical skills, Map reading skills, Graphs, Charts, Basic Statistics etc.
  • Social Sciences – Geography, History, Political Science, Economics

To download the complete JEE Main 2020 syllabus as PDF, press Ctrl + P on this page and save this page as PDF. Or download the official PDF of JEE Main Syllabus released by NTA here.

Best Books for JEE Main Syllabus 2020 

Reference books are really helpful as they help in understanding the JEE Main Syllabus and JEE Main Exam Pattern. Following books are suggested in order to prepare for JEE Main as per the latest JEE Main Syllabus 2020-

Chemistry

Name of the Book Author
Organic Chemistry O.P. Tandon
Physical Chemistry O.P. Tandon
Numerical Chemistry P. Bahadur

Physics

Name of the Book Author
IIT JEE Physics D.C. Pandey
Concepts of Physics H.C. Verma
Fundamentals of Physics Resnick, Halliday and Walker

Mathematics

Name of the book Author
Mathematics XI and XII R.D. Sharma
Higher Algebra Hall & Knight
Problems of Calculus in one Variable I.A. Maron

Read More Books for JEE Main Preparation

Drawing

Important Books Author
B.Arch/ B. Planning Aptitude Test for J.E.E. (Main) S C Garg
A Complete Self-guide for B.Arch Entrance Examination P K Mishra

Aptitude

Important Book Name of the Author
Verbal and Non-Verbal Reasoning R.S. Aggarwal
Quantitative Aptitude R.S. Aggarwal

Check Best Books for B. Arch Preparation

Planning

Books Author
Contemporary India Part – 2 Textbook in Geography for Class – 10 NCERT
Democratic Politics – II Textbook in Social Science for Class 10 NCERT
India and the Contemporary World – 2 Textbook in History for Class – 10 NCERT
Understanding Economic Development – Textbook in Social Science for Class – 10 NCERT
Current Affair Yearly (2020) Arihant

JEE Main Syllabus is based on class XI and XII syllabus. Preparation of one will automatically help you get ready for the other. The students are advised to focus more on  JEE Main important topics and chapters for efficient learning and preparation.

JEE Main Exam Pattern for Paper 1 (B.E/B.Tech)

Previously, there were a total of 90 questions in Paper 1 with 30 questions from each section. Now, the total number of questions have been reduced to 75 with each section having 25 questions. This new pattern of examination has been implemented since the January 2020 examination. Out of these 25 questions, 20 will be of MCQ type and the rest 5 questions will be numerical value-based questions. Numerical value-based questions will not have negative marking. All the three sections will be given equal weightage. The total marks of Paper 1 are 300.

Section Number of Questions Type of Questions
Physics Total: 25 MCQ Type: 20
Numerical Value Type: 5
Chemistry Total: 25 MCQ Type: 20
Numerical Value Type: 5
Mathematics Total: 25 MCQ Type: 20
Numerical Value Type: 5

JEE Main Exam Pattern for Paper 2 (B.Arch)

Paper 2 will have a total of 77 questions divided in three sections – Aptitude, Mathematics and Drawing. The Mathematics section will be the same as Paper 1. The Drawing section previously had 3 questions but from 2020 onwards, it will have 2 questions of 50 marks each. Only this section will be conducted in an offline mode (Pen and Paper-based). The total marks of Paper 2 will constitute a total of 400 marks

Section Number of Questions Type of Questions
Aptitude Total: 50 MCQ Type: 50
Drawing Total: 2 Drawing Type: 2
Mathematics Total: 25 MCQ Type: 20
Numerical Value Type: 5

JEE Main Exam Pattern for Paper 3 (B.Planning)

This is a newly introduced paper for B.Planning courses in colleges. Paper 3 will have a total of 100 questions which will be divided into three sections – Aptitude, Mathematics and Planning. Here too, the Mathematics section will be the same as Paper 1. Paper 3 will constitute a total of 400 marks.

Section Number of Questions Type of Questions
Aptitude Total: 50 MCQ Type: 50
Planning-based questions Total: 25 MCQ Type: 25
Mathematics Total: 25 MCQ Type: 20
Numerical Value Type: 5

Check JEE Main Exam Pattern

FAQs

Ques. Can a student appear for both B.Arch and B.Planning examination?

Ans. Yes, a student can sit for both B.Arch and B.Planning examination. In that case, the duration of the examination will be 3 hours and 30 minutes.

Ques. Does the JEE Main Syllabus include topics from both Class XI and XII?

Ans. Yes, the JEE Main Syllabus covers all the important topics from both class XI and XII.

Ques. What are the important topics for Mathematics according to the JEE Main Syllabus?

Ans. Two of the most important topics for Mathematics from which the majority of questions are asked are Trigonometry and Calculus.

Ques. Is the JEE Main Syllabus and JEE Advanced Syllabus different?

Ans. No, the JEE Main Syllabus and the JEE Advanced Syllabus is mostly the same but the question pattern is different.

Ques. Does the JEE Main Syllabus change every year?

Ans. The JEE Main Syllabus remains mostly the same every year. One or two topics may be included or excluded from the syllabus.

Ques. Is the JEE Main Syllabus for Mathematics same for all the three papers?

Ans. Yes, the JEE Main Syllabus for Mathematics is the same for Paper 1, Paper 2 and Paper 3.

JEE Main Paper Analysis 2020 – Read Students’ Reactions

NTA has successfully conducted the JEE Main for the January session for 2020. About 9 lakh examinees appeared for the examination. Here is a detailed analysis of the JEE Main paper. It is said that JEE Main Phase 2 papers are less complex than papers of phase 1. As per the analysis, experts believe that this year’s cut off will see substantial increment than last year’s JEE Main Cut Off.

Latest Update: As announced by the HRD Minister Mr Ramesh Pokhriyal on 5th May, 2020, the JEE Main examination will be conducted from 18th – 23rd July, 2020.

  • For JEE Main 2020, 9,34,619 students had applied for both papers. However, 85% who registered, appeared for the exam.
  • All sections are conducted in online mode.
  • There have been no technical glitches found at any JEE Main Exam Center.

Here we have presented an analysis of the JEE Main Paper 1, Paper 2 and Paper 3 for all shifts. The analysis will involve the question patterns, difficulty levels and good attempts to help the aspirants evaluate their performance. Moreover, the analysis can also help future aspirants get an idea of the test they are yet to face.

Recent Changes in JEE Main Exam

There are a few changes made in JEE Main Examination. They are:

  • The exam will be conducted in two sessions. The exam will be held twice a year, in the month of January and April.
  •  Candidates can sit for both the sessions. Only the best score will be taken into consideration.
  • The conducting body for JEE Main Exam will be conducted by NTA instead of CBSE.
  • The number of questions asked has been reduced from 30 to 25. These 25 questions will comprise 20 MCQs and 5 numerical questions.
  • All the three subjects, i.e, Mathematics, Physics and Chemistry will be given equal weightage. Each question of each section will carry 4 marks. For every MCQ answered incorrectly, one mark will be deducted. On the other hand, there is no negative marking for numerical-based questions.
  • Maths and Aptitude Tests will be common for both B.Arch and B.Plan Papers. Candidates taking the B.Planning exam will have to solve a paper of 25 multiple choice questions on planning. On the other hand, B.Arch aspirants will have to sit for a Drawing test.
  • The drawing test will be of 100 marks and will consist of only 2 questions instead of 3. The B.Arch Paper will consist of 77 questions instead of 81.
  • B. Planning paper will carry 100 questions of 4 marks each.
  • The B.Planning exam will be held separately. According to its exam pattern, it will have three sections⁠—I, II, III⁠—that will be Mathematics and the Aptitude test (similar to B.Arch), and Planning (multiple-choice questions).
  • As the number of negative responses in the exam will be slightly lower, students will have a better chance of securing a rank.
  • The intention of holding the exam twice a year is to encourage more and more students to take the exam. It will also enable the students to understand the exam pattern in the first session and score better in the next one.

Check JEE Main Exam Pattern

JEE Main Paper 1 Analysis

Overall, the difficulty level of the JEE Main Paper 1 was similar for all shifts.

  • The Physics section was the toughest according to most candidates.
  • Chemistry was the easiest section for many candidates.
  • NCERT exercises dominated the Chemistry section, which proved to be beneficial for most aspirants.
  • Although many found the Mathematics section easier, some questions were time-consuming.
  • Many candidates found it tough to attempt all the questions from the Mathematics section within the given time of 3 hours.
  • At least 90 minutes was needed to be able to solve all the questions in Maths section only.

JEE Main 2020 Paper 1 Details

Subject-wise distribution of Questions, Total number of questions and marks:-

Subject Number of Questions Marks
Mathematics 20 MCQ + 5 numerical value 100
Physics 20 MCQ + 5 numerical value 100
Chemistry 20 MCQ + 5 numerical value 100
Total 75 300

JEE Main Paper 1 Analysis – January 9, 2020 (Morning Shift)

  • Physics section was the toughest for most of the candidates. There were many calculative problems and formula-based questions.
  • In the Physics section, the most dominating topics were – thermodynamics, resistance and fluids, etc. Few questions were from optics.
  • Mathematics was easier to solve. However many candidates found the questions to be lengthy. Therefore, it was a little difficult to solve them within the given time.
  • In the Mathematics section, about 5 questions were on Calculus. Few questions were asked on Trigonometry, Algebra, Continuity and Differentiability too.
  • NCERT syllabus dominated the Chemistry section. However, few questions were tricky and students found it difficult to answer.
  • The Chemistry section covered topics like coordination compounds.
  • The overall difficulty level of the paper was moderate. Students found that almost equal weightage was given on the syllabus of standard XI and XII.

Paper Analysis as per division of questions from Class 11th and 12th

Subject Class 11 Class 12 Total Percentage
Number of Questions Total Marks Number of Questions Total Marks Class 11 Class 12
Chemistry 10 40 15 60 40% 60%
Maths 12 48 13 52 48% 52%
Physics 14 56 11 44 56% 44%
Grand Total 36 144 39 156 48.00% 52.00%

Paper Analysis as per difficulty level of questions

Subject Easy Medium Difficult
Number of Questions Total Marks Number of Questions Total Marks Number of Questions Total Marks
Chemistry 6 24 12 48 7 28
Maths 7 28 13 52 5 20
Physics 11 44 10 40 4 16
Grand Total 24 96 35 140 16 64

January 9 Morning

Check JEE Main Mathematics Syllabus

JEE Main Paper 1 Analysis – January 9, 2020 (Afternoon Shift)

  • Chemistry in this shift was the easiest section. Many questions on organic chemistry were directly from NCERT exercises.
  • The Chemistry section covered topics like Markovnikov reaction, Anti-Markovnikov reaction, Ideal gas equations, Thermal Expansion, etc. There were more questions from inorganic chemistry than organic chemistry.
  • The difficulty level of the Mathematics section was moderate to easy. Higher weightage was given to the syllabus of Standard XII in this section.
  • Topics like vector and 3D, Probability and AP dominated the Mathematics section.
  • The Numerical value questions were easier. Students with clear conceptual knowledge could solve them easily.
  • Physics section covered questions from topics like Centre of Mass and Inertia.
  • Physics was the toughest section and more weightage was given on the syllabus of Standard XI.

Paper Analysis as per division of questions from Class 11th and 12th

Subject Class 11 Class 12 Total Percentage
Number of Questions Total Marks Number of Questions Total Marks Class 11 Class 12
Chemistry 11 44 14 56 44% 56%
Maths 13 52 12 48 52% 48%
Physics 13 52 12 48 52% 48%
Grand Total 37 148 38 152 49.33% 50.67%

Paper Analysis as per difficulty level of questions

Subject Easy Medium Difficult
Number of Questions Total Marks Number of Questions Total Marks Number of Questions Total Marks
Chemistry 6 24 12 48 7 28
Maths 7 28 13 52 5 20
Physics 11 44 10 40 4 16
Grand Total 24 96 35 140 16 64

January 9 Afternoon

JEE Main Paper 1 Analysis – January 8, 2020 (Morning Shift)

  • The paper was of moderate to difficult level. Physics and Chemistry were tougher than the Mathematics section.
  • Mathematics section was more time-consuming than the other two sections. However, numerical value questions were easy to solve.
  • Although the questions covered the syllabus of both Standard XI and XII, few students found more questions from Standard XII, especially in the Physics section.
  • Chemistry section was quite difficult, which came as a surprise to many candidates. Many questions were from Inorganic Chemistry, a pattern that was unexpected for many candidates.
  • Some important topics covered in the Chemistry section are – environmental chemistry (greenhouse gases), ionization enthalpy, etc.
  • Physics section covered questions on ray optics and waves.
  • Mathematics section covered questions from AP, matrix and determinants, parabola, calculus, vectors and 3D etc.

Paper Analysis as per division of questions from Class 11th and 12th

Subject Class 11 Class 12 Total Percentage
Number of Questions Total Marks Number of Questions Total Marks Class 11 Class 12
Chemistry 12 48 13 52 48% 52%
Maths 11 44 14 56 44% 56%
Physics 12 48 13 52 48% 52%
Grand Total 35 140 40 160 46.67% 53.33%

Paper Analysis as per difficulty level of questions

Subject Easy Medium Difficult
Number of Questions Total Marks Number of Questions Total Marks Number of Questions Total Marks
Chemistry 9 36 13 52 3 12
Maths 9 36 11 44 5 20
Physics 22 88 2 8 1 4
Grand Total 40 160 26 104 9 36

January 8 Morning

Check JEE Main Physics Syllabus

JEE Main Paper 1 Analysis – January 8, 2020 (Afternoon Shift)

  • In this shift, Chemistry was the easiest to solve. However, Physics was the toughest. The overall difficulty level was moderate.
  • Although Mathematics was solvable, the questions were very time-consuming.
  • Most of the questions in the Chemistry section were asked from NCERT syllabus. This made the paper easier and was a relief for most candidates.
  • The Mathematics section consisted of more questions from the Standard XI syllabus.
  • Most of the candidates found the numerical value questions to be easy and solvable.
  • Electromagnetism was the most dominant topic in the Physics section. In the Chemistry section, organic chemistry was one of the major topics.

Paper Analysis as per division of questions from Class 11th and 12th

Subject Class 11 Class 12 Total Percentage
Number of Questions Total Marks Number of Questions Total Marks Class 11 Class 12
Chemistry 8 32 17 68 32% 68%
Maths 12 48 13 52 48% 52%
Physics 11 44 14 56 44% 56%
Grand Total 31 124 44 176 41.33% 58.67%

Paper Analysis as per difficulty level of questions

Subject Easy Medium Difficult
Number of Questions Total Marks Number of Questions Total Marks Number of Questions Total Marks
Chemistry 12 48 9 36 4 16
Maths 7 28 15 60 3 12
Physics 13 52 9 36 3 12
Grand Total 32 128 33 132 10 40

January 8 Afternoon

JEE Main Paper 1 Analysis – January 7, 2020 (Morning Shift)

  • Physics was the toughest section, according to many candidates. However, Chemistry was easier than in previous years. Most of the questions from Chemistry were covered by the NCERT syllabus.
  • Numerical value questions were tricky for some candidates, while some found them to be moderately difficult.
  • Mathematics appeared lengthy and difficult for many candidates.
  • Some notable topics covered in the Chemistry section were – quantum numbers, chemical bonds, organic compounds, etc. Answering about 17 to 20 questions could be a good attempt.
  • Some important topics covered in the Mathematics section were – parabola, quadratic equation, probability, permutation-combination, calculus, etc. All questions were of moderate to difficult level. A good attempt is 13 to 17 questions.
  • Some mentionable topics covered in the Physics section were – wave optics, projectile, magnetic field, resistance, modern physics, etc. This section was a little calculative and many students found it difficult. The number of good attempts is 14 to 17 questions.

Paper Analysis as per division of questions from Class 11th and 12th

Subject Class 11 Class 12 Total Percentage
Number of Questions Total Marks Number of Questions Total Marks Class 11 Class 12
Chemistry 11 44 14 56 44% 56%
Maths 11 44 14 56 44% 56%
Physics 12 48 13 52 48% 52%
Grand Total 31 124 44 176 45.33% 54.67%

Paper Analysis as per difficulty level of questions

Subject Easy Medium Difficult
Number of Questions Total Marks Number of Questions Total Marks Number of Questions Total Marks
Chemistry 10 40 11 44 4 16
Maths 13 52 10 40 2 8
Physics 16 64 7 28 2 8
Grand Total 39 156 28 112 8 32

January 7 Morning

Check JEE Main Chemistry Syllabus

JEE Main Paper 1 Analysis – January 7, 2020 (Afternoon Shift)

  • Similar to the morning shift, Chemistry was the easiest section, while Physics and Mathematics were tougher.
  • Mathematics section covered mainly from the syllabus of Standard XII.
  • Numerical questions in the Mathematics section were lengthy. Many candidates found it difficult to complete them in the allotted time. However, numerical value questions in Chemistry were quite easy and students can expect to score if correctly answered.
  • Integration and probability were the easiest problems to answer in the Mathematics section. There were about 4-5 questions from these topics that were easier to solve.
  • In the Chemistry section, more questions were on Organic Chemistry than Inorganic Chemistry.
  • In the Physics section, there were a considerable number of questions from Newton’s Law of Cooling and Thermodynamics.

Paper Analysis as per division of questions from Class 11th and 12th

Subject Class 11 Class 12 Total Percentage
Number of Questions Total Marks Number of Questions Total Marks Class 11 Class 12
Chemistry 11 44 14 56 44% 56%
Maths 12 48 13 52 48% 52%
Physics 12 48 13 52 48% 52%
Grand Total 31 124 44 176 46.67% 53.33%

Paper Analysis as per difficulty level of questions

Subject Easy Medium Difficult
Number of Questions Total Marks Number of Questions Total Marks Number of Questions Total Marks
Chemistry 4 16 13 52 8 32
Maths 5 20 14 56 6 24
Physics 13 52 8 32 4 16
Grand Total 22 88 35 140 18 72

January 7 Afternoon

JEE Main 2020 Paper 1 Analysis by Resonance (PDFs)

Resonance Institute has provided detailed Paper Analysis of JEE Main 2020 January Session for B.E/B.Tech Paper. Candidates can download the PDFs from the links below.

Date Shift 1 (Morning) Shift 2 (Afternoon)
7th Jan 2020 Download Download
8th Jan 2020 Download Download
9th Jan 2020 Download Download

JEE Main Paper 2 Analysis

The JEE Main Paper 2 exam was conducted by the National Testing Agency (NTA) on January 6. JEE Main Paper 2 is the entrance exam for admission to B.Arch courses at various government universities. The exams were conducted in two sessions, the forenoon session and the afternoon session.

In this article, we have provided a detailed analysis of the papers in both sessions so that students can get a better understanding of the exam.

Check JEE Main Syllabus

Student’s Reaction (JEE Main 2020)

  • The papers in both the sessions were moderate to easy in their difficulty level.
  • Questions were trickier rather than difficult.
  • More questions were asked from the 11th standard syllabus.
  • Numerical answer based questions are more challenging, said some candidates.

As usual, the B.Arch paper was subdivided into three sections – aptitude, mathematics and drawing.

Aptitude Section

In the aptitude section, students were tested on their mental ability rather than theoretical knowledge. There were questions regarding

  • 3D images
  • Symmetry between figures
  • viewing of building structures from the top

Mathematics Section

In the mathematics section, questions were asked from

  • Coordinate geometry
  • Calculus
  • Set theory
  • Probability

Some students have said that they found solving the numerical value questions more challenging than other questions. Since the questions in this section were a bit tricky, many students found this to be the most difficult section of the paper.

Drawing Section

The third and last section is the drawing section. This section tests the creativity and artistic skill of students. In the drawing section, which contains 100 marks, students were asked to draw a gymnast and make a composition out of cylinders.

JEE Main Paper 3 Analysis

The JEE Main paper 3 is the official entrance exam conducted by the NTA for admission to B.Planning courses. The exam was conducted on January 6, 2020, at 327 JEE Main Exam Centers spread around the country.

The paper was subdivided into three subsections

  • Mathematics- Part 1
  • Aptitude test- Part 2
  • Planning based objective type questions- Part 3.

The total time limit for the exam was three hours.

Student’s Reaction (JEE Main 2020)

Mathematics Section

Following in the trend of the shift 1 exam, students found the questions in the mathematics section to be the most difficult. Questions mostly tested the fundamental knowledge of the students and no advanced level questions were asked as such. Most questions in the mathematics section were asked from the class 11 syllabus. Students were tested on their knowledge in

  • Probability
  • Conic sections
  • Set theory
  • Calculus
  • Coordinate geometry

An example of the questions in the mathematics section would be, “The vector equations of the sides of a parallel pipe is given along with its volume, find the coordinates of the vector equations of the sides.”

Objective Type Planning Section 

Students also said that they found the objective type planning section questions quick to solve but required factual knowledge rather than conceptual. In this section, they were asked general knowledge questions, such as who is the architect of the LIC buildings. Ministers and government-related questions were also asked.

Aptitude Section 

The aptitude section was of easy to moderate difficulty level. Questions such as, what will be the side view of a building, if its top view is given or vice versa, were asked here. The questions in the drawing section were considered easy by most students, however, it was a bit time-consuming.

Both paper 2 and paper 3 were conducted in the CBT (computer-based test) mode although drawing questions were attempted on paper. In general, students have reacted positively to the ambiance in the exam halls. The centers were peaceful and no technical glitches occurred as such.

The marking scheme is the same for all three paper types (B.Tech, B.Arch and B.Planning).

  • For every correct answer, the student will be awarded 4 marks
  • For every wrong answer, one mark will be deducted
  • Choosing multiple answers on the MCQ is treated as a wrong answer and marks will get deducted
  • There is no negative marking in the numerical type questions.

Students are encouraged to attempt previous year question papers and also refer to the JEE Main 2020 Answer Key. This will not only strengthen their fundamental knowledge but also give them a clear idea about the pattern and difficulty level of these competitive exams.

JEE Main 2019 Paper Analysis – Paper 1

According to the analysis, the JEE Main paper for 2019 was moderately difficult.

Physics Section

  • It was the toughest section of the entire paper.
  • The section consisted of tricky questions that required logical and reasoning skills.
  • The section consisted of 30 questions.
  • 13 questions were from electromagnetism, 8 from mechanics 2 from modern physics, 3 from optics, 3 from thermodynamics,1 from SHM and Waves.
  • On a scale of difficulty, 10 questions were quite easy, 17 were moderate and 3 questions were difficult.
Topics No of Questions Weightage of Marks
Electromagnetics Induction; AC 1 4
Solids and Fluids 1 4
Waves 1 4
Work, Power and Energy 1 4
Gravitation 1 4
Simple Harmonic Motion 1 4
Unit, Dimension and Vector 1 4
Kinematics 1 4
Laws of motion 1 4
Centre Of Mass, Impulse and Momentum 1 4
Rotation 1 4
Magnetics 2 8
Heat and Thermodynamics 3 12
Current Electricity 3 12
Electrostatics 3 12
Optics 3 12
Modern Physics 5 20
Total 30 120

Check JEE Main Physics Preparation Tips

Chemistry Section

  • This section was considered the easiest among all the three sections.
  • Equal weightage was given to all the three sections – Physical, organic and inorganic.
  • Looking from a different perspective, the section had more questions from the class 12 syllabus.
  • There were 12 questions from physical chemistry, 10 from organic chemistry and 8 from inorganic chemistry.
  • Out of these, 11 questions were quite easy, 16 on a moderate level and 3 were a little tricky but doable.
Topics No of Questions Weightage of Marks
Electrochemistry 1 4
General Organic Chemistry 1 4
Stereochemistry 1 4
Carbohydrates, amino acid and Polymers 1 4
Alkyl Halides 1 4
Carboxylic Acid and their Derivatives 1 4
Aromatic Compounds 1 4
Redox Reaction 1 4
Mole Concept 1 4
Solution and Colligative Properties 1 4
Hydrocarbon 1 4
Chemical Kinetics 1 4
Solid-State And Surface Chemistry 2 8
Thermodynamics And Gaseous State 2 8
Chemical Bonding 2 8
Chemical And Ionic Equilibrium 2 8
Atomic Structure 2 8
Nuclear Chemistry And Environment 2 8
The periodic table and Representative Elements 3 12
Transition Elements and Coordination Chemistry 3 12
Total 30 120

Check JEE Main Chemistry Preparation Tips

Mathematics Section

  • The questions asked in this section were moderately difficult.
  • A few candidates stated that there were few calculations in the exam that took a little bit longer.
  • There were 9 questions from algebra, 8 from coordinate geometry, 9 from calculus and 4 were based on probability, mathematical reasoning and statistics.
  • 13 questions were fairly easy, 13 were on a moderate level and 4 questions were difficult.
Topics No of Questions Weightage of Marks
Sets, Relation and Function 1 4
Sequences and Series 1 4
Binomial Theorem and Its Application 1 4
Differential Equation 1 4
Differential Calculus 1 4
Permutations and Combinations 1 4
Trigonometry 1 4
Mathematical Reasoning 1 4
Statics and Dynamics 1 4
Statistics and Probability 2 8
Matrices and Determinants 2 8
Vector Algebra 2 8
Three Dimensional Geometry 2 8
Complex numbers and Quadratic Equation 2 8
Limits, Continuity and Differentiability 3 12
Integral Calculus 3 12
Coordinate Geometry 5 20
Total 30 120

Check JEE Main Mathematics Preparation Tips

JEE Main 2019 Important Chapters That Were Covered

In JEE 2019, there were 20 chapters belonging to maths, physics and chemistry syllabus that were mostly covered in all the 8 different question papers. Some of these chapters are important and have been appearing in most of the exams.

Chemistry
Solutions and Colligative Properties
Chemical Thermodynamics
General Principles and Processes of Isolation of Metals (Metallurgy)
Nuclear and Surface Chemistry
Practical and Environmental Chemistry
Maths
Indefinite Integration
Definite Integration
Complex Numbers
Matrices and Determinants
Circle
Three Dimensional Geometrical System
Point and Straight Line
Binomial Theorem
Application of Derivatives
Probability
Statistics
Physics
Electrostatics
Ray Optics
Current Electricity
Photoelectric Effect and Electromagnetic Waves

Read More About JEE Main Important Chapter

JEE Main 2019 Paper Analysis – Paper 2

Mathematics and General Aptitude section of JEE Main Paper 2 were conducted in computer-based mode and Drawing test in pen and paper-based mode.

Mathematics Section

  • The questions were quite difficult in the mathematics section.
  • Most of the questions were based on calculus.
  • The questions in the April section and January session displayed no similarity.

General Aptitude Section

  • This section comprised a lot of tricky questions.
  • The questions were based on topics such as 3D objects and shapes.
  • Questions were General Knowledge-based too.
  • Candidates were also asked about the location of architectural importance and the full form of important words.
  • The entire section comprised fifty questions in 4 marks.

Drawing Section

  • This section consisted of easy questions.
  • The questions were lengthy and very time-consuming.
  • The section consisted of 3 questions of 70 marks.
  • The questions were basically designed to test the creativity and drawing skills of the students.

JEE Main 2018 Paper Analysis

JEE Main was conducted in online and offline mode. It was held in two shifts in India and abroad on April 8 (pen and paper-based) and April 15 and 16 (computer-based) respectively. The exam was conducted across 258 centers and approximately 10.5 lakhs aspirants appeared for the examination. The paper analysis will help to understand the exam pattern. Check the Paper analysis for Paper 1:

  • JEE Main 2018 Paper was tougher than JEE Main 2017.
  • The physics section was the most difficult to crack. Students faced a lot of difficulties while solving this section.
  • The chemistry section was the easiest. The questions were straightforward and easy to solve. The students did not have to go out of their way to solve these questions.
  • While some students claimed that the maths section was moderately difficult, others were of the opinion it was tough and lengthy.
  • The ratio of questions asked from class 11 and 12 syllabi was unevenly distributed. The concentration of questions asked from class 11 paper was higher than class 12.
  • Topics that were found easy: Integration, Conic Sections, Semiconductor, Optics.
  • Most of the questions in physics were asked from Electrodynamics and Mechanics.

On the exam day, at the JEE Main exam centers, metal detectors were set up to ensure that the candidates were not carrying any prohibited materials. The candidates were even asked to remove their belt and shoes.

JEE Main 2018 Exam Pattern

In the following section, students will be able to get an analysis of the paper on the basis of different categories.

Distribution based on Difficulty

Levels Physics Chemistry Mathematics
Difficult 6 Questions 3 Questions 3 Questions
Moderate 20 Questions 17 Questions 14 Questions
Easy 4 Questions 10 Questions 13 Questions
Total 30 Questions 30 Questions 30 Questions

Class-wise Marks Distribution

The ratio of questions asked from class 11 and 12 syllabi was unevenly distributed. The concentration of questions asked from class 11 paper was higher than class 12.

Physics

Class Total Questions Topics
11 17 Magnetism, Solutions, Electromagnetic Induction, Magnetic Effects of Current, Electronic Devices
12 13 Motion in a plane, Kinematics, Friction, Gravitation, Surface Tension

Chemistry

Class Total Questions Topics
11 14 Electrochemistry, Solutions, Solid State, Biomolecules, Chemistry in Everyday Life
12 16 Chemical Thermodynamics, Chemical Bonding, Hydrocarbons, P-block Elements

Mathematics

Class Total Questions Topics
11 10 Differential Equations, 3D Geometry, Application of Integration, Matrices, Inverse trigonometry
12 20 Statistics, Quadratic Equations, Trigonometry, Sequences, and Series, Permutations and Combinations

Topic-wise Marks Distribution

The topics-wise marks distribution is as follows:

Physics

Unit Marks
Mechanics 44
Electrodynamics 48
Thermodynamics 8
Optics 8
Modern and Nuclear Physics 12
Total 120

Chemistry

Unit Marks
Physical Chemistry 48
Inorganic Chemistry 28
Organic Chemistry 44
Total 120

Mathematics

Unit Marks
Calculus 28
Algebra 56
Conics 16
Trigonometry 8
Vector Algebra 12
Total 120

Chapter-wise analysis of the section over the years

This section will cater to the trend of the chapter-wise distribution of the questions over the years.

Physics 

Topic 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Units, Dimensions, Errors and Experiments 2 1 2 1 1 1
Kinematics 1 1 0 1 2 1
Newtons’ Law of Friction 1 1 0 1 1 1
Work, Power and Energy 1 0 2 1 1 1
System of Particles 1 2 1 0 0 1
Gravitation, Rotational Mechanics 2 2 2 3 2 1
Properties of Matter 4 1 0 1 1 1
SHM, Oscillations 1 1 1 1 1 1
Mechanical Waves and Sound 1 1 2 0 1 1
Ray Optics and Wave Optics 3 3 3 3 2 3
Heat and Thermodynamics 2 3 3 4 2 4
Electrostatics 2 3 2 2 3 3
Current Electricity 1 2 2 4 3 2
Magnetism, Magnetic effects of current 2 3 2 1 2 2
EMI, AC and EM waves and Communication 3 4 3 2 2 3
Modern Physics 3 2 5 5 5 4
Total Questions 30 30 30 30 30 30

Chemistry

Topic 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Atomic Structure and Classification 2 2 1 2 1 2
Chemical Bonding 2 1 1 1 2 2
Stoichiometry 0 1 1 2 1 1
States of Matter 3 1 1 1 2 3
Chemical and Ionic Equilibrium 0 1 1 1 4 2
Chemical Kinetics and Nuclear Chemistry 1 1 1 1 1 1
Chemical Thermodynamics 1 1 1 2 1 1
Solutions 1 1 1 1 1 1
Electrochemistry 3 1 1 1 1 1
General Organic Chemistry + Functional Group I 3 3 6 3 3 3
General Organic Chemistry + Functional Group II 3 2 0 4 4 1
General Organic Chemistry + Functional Group III 2 1 1 2 1 2
Chemistry of Representative Elements 5 7 6 4 4 4
Transition Elements 1 3 2 1 1 1
Coordination Compounds and Organometallics 1 1 2 1 2 2
Surface Chemistry 0 0 1 1 1 1
Biomolecules 2 3 3 2 1 2
Total Questions 30 30 30 30 30 30

Mathematics

Topic 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Sets, Relations and Functions 2 1 1 1 1 1
Limits, Continuity and Differentiability 1 3 2 2 2 3
Application of Derivatives 2 1 2 2 1 1
Indefinite and Definite Integrals and Area Under the Curve 3 3 3 3 3 3
Cartesian coordinates and Straight Line 2 2 1 1 1 3
Circles 1 1 2 1 1 1
Conics 2 2 2 2 3 1
Quadratic Equations, Inequalities and Progressions 4 3 3 3 3 1
Complex numbers 1 1 1 1 1 1
Binomial Theorem, Exponential and Logarithmic Series 1 1 1 1 1 1
Permutation and Combination 0 1 1 1 1 1
Probability 1 1 1 3 1 1
Vectors 1 1 1 1 1 2
3-D Coordinate Geometry 2 2 2 2 2 2
Differential Equations and Properties of Triangles 1 1 1 1 1 1
Trigonometry and Inverse Circular Function 1 1 1 1 2 1
Heights and Distances 1 1 1 1 1 1
Matrices and Determinants 2 2 2 2 2 2
Mathematical Logic 1 1 1 1 1 1
Statics and Dynamics 0 0 0 0 0 1
Statistics 1 1 1 0 1 1
Total Questions 30 30 30 30 30 30

Check JEE Main Preparation Tips

Importance of JEE Main Paper Analysis

JEE Main Paper Analysis gives you an insight about several things in the paper. These include

  • Comprehending the difficulty of each of the papers.
  • Overall difficulty level.
  • The nature of questions, whether they were easy, tricky, difficult, conceptual and more.
  • The number of questions.
  • The chapters from which the questions were asked.
  • Weightage of marks.
  • Subject-wise Analysis.
  • Marks allotted to each question and each section.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Ques. What type of questions are asked in JEE Main?

Ans. Questions asked in JEE Main are mostly multiple-choice questions. According to the new pattern, Paper 1 will now have 5 numerical based questions in each section. Candidates will not be marked negatively for these numerical based questions. Although, 1 mark will be deducted if they answer a multiple-choice question incorrectly.

Ques. Which paper is the toughest in JEE Main 2020?

Ans. In the January session, Physics was the most difficult with a lot of formula-based questions. Mathematics was moderately difficult and time-consuming. Chemistry questions were mostly from NCERT with some tricky portions.