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JEE Main Chemistry Syllabus: Topic-wise Weightage, Best Books and Important Topics

Last updated on June 29th, 2021 by Rituraj Dixit

NTA has officially released the JEE Main 2021 Chemistry Syllabus on its official website. There have been no updates in the JEE Main Chemistry syllabus 2021. However, NTA has revised the JEE Main exam pattern 2021 in order to ease the exam for those students whose boards have reduced the Class XII syllabus. JEE Main Chemistry syllabus PDF can be downloaded from jeemain.nta.nic.in. As per JEE Main 2021 syllabus, the Chemistry section will contain 25 objective type questions carrying 100 Marks.

Latest Update:

  • NTA will soon release the updated exam dates for the JEE Main April and May sessions.
  • JEE Advanced has also been postponed due to the delay in conducting JEE Main April and May sessions.

The article below provides complete information on JEE Main syllabus for Chemistry along with tips and tricks to prepare for the JEE Main 2021 exam. Scroll down to get details on important books, question papers, syllabus of other subjects and JEE Main exam pattern 2021.

Note: To download the syllabus in PDF, just press Ctrl + P (Print) and choose the option to save as PDF. Also, one can add the JEE Main Chemistry Syllabus PDF page in your ‘To-do list’ if you are beginning your JEE Main revision.

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JEE Main Chemistry Syllabus
JEE Main Chemistry Syllabus

JEE Main Chemistry Syllabus 2021: Important Chapters 

*JEE Main exam is majorly based on 11th and 12th class syllabus. The syllabus of JEE Main is mapped in accordance with NCERT textbooks for uniformity throughout the country*.

Therefore, the section below contains details on subsections in Chemistry namely – Physical Chemistry, Inorganic Chemistry and Organic Chemistry that form a major part of JEE Main Chemistry syllabus. All these sections carry equal weightage.

Section Chapters
Physical Chemistry Some Basic Concepts in Chemistry
Atomic Structure
State of Matter
Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure
Chemical Thermodynamics
Solutions
Equilibrium
Redox, Reaction and Electrochemistry
Chemical Kinetics
Surface Chemistry
Inorganic Chemistry Classification of elements and periodicity in properties
Hydrogen
Block elements (alkali and alkaline earth metals)
P Block elements group 13 to group 18 elements
d- and f – block elements
Coordination compounds
Environmental chemistry
General principles and processes of isolation of metals
Organic Chemistry Purification and characterization of organic compounds
Hydrocarbons
Chemistry in everyday life
Principles related to practical chemistry
Organic compounds containing –

  1. Halogens
  2. Oxygen
  3. Nitrogen
Polymers
Biomolecules
Some basic principles of organic chemistry

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Detailed JEE Main Syllabus for Chemistry

Given below is a detailed JEE Main Chemistry Syllabus with chapters and sub-topics of each chapter. JEE Main Chemistry syllabus is divided the same way as given above – Physical, Inorganic and Organic chemistry.

Syllabus for JEE Main Chemistry – Physical Chemistry

The JEE Main syllabus for Physical Chemistry is as follows:

Chapter 1 – Some Basic Concepts of Chemistry

  • Matter and its nature, Dalton’s the atomic theory, the concept of the atom, molecule, element, and compound.
  • Physical quantities and their measurements in Chemistry, precision, and accuracy, significant figures, S.I. Units, dimensional analysis.
  • Laws of chemical combination.
  • Atomic and molecular masses, mole concept, molar mass, percentage composition, empirical and molecular formulae.
  • Chemical equations and stoichiometry.

Chapter 2 – States of Matter

  • Classification of matter into solid, liquid and gaseous states.
  • Gaseous State: Measurable properties of gases; Gas laws – Boyle’s law, Charles’s law, Graham’s law of diffusion, Avogadro’s law, Dalton’s law of partial pressure.
  • The concept of the Absolute scale of temperature; Ideal gas equation, Kinetic theory of gases (only postulates).
  • The concept of average, root mean square and most probable velocities.
  • Real gases, deviation from Ideal behaviour, compressibility factor, van der Waals equation, liquefaction of gases, critical constants.
  • Liquid State: Properties of liquids – vapour pressure, viscosity and surface tension and effect of temperature on them (qualitative treatment only).
  • Solid State: Classification of solids-molecular, ionic, covalent and metallic solids, amorphous and crystalline solids (elementary idea).
  • Bragg’s Law and its applications.
  • Unit cell and lattices, packing in solids (fcc, bcc and hcp lattices), voids, calculations involving unit cell parameters, imperfection in solids.
  • Electrical, magnetic and dielectric properties.

Chapter 3 – Atomic Structure

  • Discovery of subatomic particles (electron, proton, and neutron).
  • Thomson and Rutherford atomic models and their limitations.
  • Nature of electromagnetic radiation, photoelectric effect.
  • The spectrum of hydrogen atoms, Bohr model of hydrogen atom – its postulates, derivation of the relations for energy of the electron and radii of the different orbits, limitations of Bohr’s model.
  • Dual nature of matter, de-Broglie relationship, Heisenberg uncertainty principle.
  • Elementary ideas of quantum mechanics, the quantum mechanical model of an atom, its important features, the concept of atomic orbitals as one electron wave functions.
  • Variation of Ψ1 and Ψ2 with r for 1s and 2s orbitals; various quantum numbers (principal, angular momentum, and magnetic quantum numbers), and their significance.
  • Shapes of s, p and d – orbitals, electron spin and spin quantum number.
  • Rules for filling electrons in orbitals – Aufbau principle, Pauli exclusion principle and Hund’s rule, electronic configuration of elements, the extra stability of half-filled and completely filled orbitals.

Chapter 4 – Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure

  • Kossel – Lewis approach to chemical bond formation, the concept of ionic and covalent bonds.
  • Ionic Bonding: Formation of ionic bonds, factors affecting the formation of ionic bonds; calculation of lattice enthalpy.
  • Covalent Bonding: Concept of electronegativity, Fajan’s rule, dipole moment; Valence Shell Electron Pair Repulsion (VSEPR) theory and shapes of simple molecules.
  • Quantum mechanical approach to covalent bonding: Valence bond theory, Its important features, the concept of hybridization involving s, p, and d orbitals; Resonance.
  • Molecular Orbital Theory: Its important features, LCAOs, types of molecular orbitals (bonding, antibonding), sigma and pi-bonds, molecular orbital electronic configurations of homonuclear diatomic molecules, the concept of bond order, bond length and bond energy.
  • Elementary idea of metallic bonding, Hydrogen bonding, and its applications.

Chapter 5 – Chemical Thermodynamics

  • Fundamentals of thermodynamics: System and surroundings, extensive and intensive properties, state functions, types of processes.
  • First law of thermodynamics: Concept of work, heat internal energy, and enthalpy, heat capacity, molar heat capacity.
  • Hess’s law of constant heat summation.
  • Enthalpies of bond dissociation, combustion, formation, atomization, sublimation, phase transition, hydration, ionization, and solution.
  • The second law of thermodynamics: Spontaneity of processes; Delta S of the universe and Delta G of the system as criteria for spontaneity, Delta Go (Standard Gibbs energy change) and equilibrium constant.

Chapter 6 – Solutions

  • Different methods for expressing the concentration of a solution: molality, molarity, mole fraction, percentage (by volume and mass both), the vapour pressure of solutions and Raoult’s Law.
  • Ideal and non-ideal solutions, vapour pressure – composition, plots for ideal and non-ideal solutions.
  • Colligative properties of dilute solutions, relative lowering of vapour pressure, depression of freezing point, elevation of boiling point and osmotic pressure.
  • Determination of molecular mass using colligative properties.
  • Abnormal value of molar mass, Hoff factor, and its significance.

Chapter 7 – Equilibrium

  • Meaning of equilibrium, the concept of dynamic equilibrium.
  • Equilibria involving physical processes: Solid – liquid, liquid – gas and solid – gas equilibria, Henry’s law, a general characteristic of equilibrium involving physical processes.
  • Equilibria involving chemical processes: Law of chemical equilibrium, equilibrium constants (Kp and Kc) and their significance, the significance of Delta G and Delta Go in chemical equilibria, factors affecting equilibrium concentration, pressure, temperature, the effect of the catalyst.
  • Le Chatelier’s principle.
  • Ionic equilibrium: Weak and strong electrolytes, ionization of electrolytes, various concepts of acids and bases (Arrhenius, Bronsted-Lowry and Lewis) and their ionization, acid-base equilibria (including multi stage ionization) and ionization constants, ionization of water, pH scale, common ion effect, hydrolysis of salts and pH of their solutions, solubility of sparingly soluble salts and solubility products, buffer solutions.

Chapter 8 – Redox Reactions and Electrochemistry

  • Electronic concepts of oxidation and reduction, redox reactions, oxidation number, rules for assigning oxidation number, balancing of redox reactions.
  • Electrolytic and metallic conduction, conductance in electrolytic solutions, specific and molar conductivities and their variation with concentration.
  • Kohlrausch’s law and its applications.
  • Electrochemical cells: Electrolytic and Galvanic cells, different types of electrodes, electrode potentials including standard electrode potential, half – cell and cell reactions, emf of a Galvanic cell and its measurement.
  • Nernst equation and its applications; Relationship between cell potential and Gibbs’ energy change.
  • Dry cell and lead accumulator, Fuel cells.
  • Corrosion and its prevention.

Chapter 9 – Chemical Kinetics

  • The rate of a chemical reaction, factors affecting the rate of reactions: concentration, temperature, pressure, and catalyst.
  • Elementary and complex reactions, order and molecularity of reactions, rate law, rate constant and its units, differential and integral forms of zero and first order reactions, their characteristics and half-lives, the effect of temperature on the rate of reactions.
  • Arrhenius theory, activation energy and its calculation, collision theory of bimolecular gaseous reactions (no derivation).

Chapter 10 – Surface Chemistry

  • Adsorption: Physisorption and chemisorption and their characteristics, factors affecting the adsorption of gases on solids: Freundlich and Langmuir adsorption isotherms, adsorption from solutions.
  • Catalysis: Homogeneous and heterogeneous, activity and selectivity of solid catalysts, enzyme catalysis, and its mechanism.
  • Colloidal state: Distinction among true solutions, colloids, and suspensions, classification of colloids: lyophilic, lyophobic.
  • Multimolecular, macromolecular and associated colloids (micelles), preparation and properties of colloids: Tyndall effect, Brownian movement, electrophoresis, dialysis, coagulation, and flocculation.
  • Emulsions and their characteristics.

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Syllabus for JEE Main Chemistry – Inorganic Chemistry

The JEE Main Inorganic Chemistry syllabus is as follows:

Chapter 11 – Classification of Elements and Periodicity in Properties

  • Modern periodic law and present form of the periodic table.
  • s, p, d and f block elements.
  • Periodic trends in properties of elements atomic and ionic radii, ionization enthalpy.
  • Electrons gain enthalpy, valence, oxidation states and chemical reactivity.

Chapter 12 – General Principles and Process of Isolation of Metals

  • Modes of occurrence of elements in nature, minerals, ores.
  • Steps involved in the extraction of metals: concentration, reduction (chemical and electrolytic methods) and refining with special reference to the extraction of Al, Cu, Zn, and Fe.
  • Thermodynamic and electrochemical principles involved in the extraction of metals.

Chapter 13 – Hydrogen

  • The position of hydrogen in the periodic table, isotopes, preparation, properties, and uses of hydrogen.
  • Physical and chemical properties of water and heavy water.
  • Structure, preparation, reactions, and uses of hydrogen peroxide.
  • Classification of hydrides: ionic, covalent and interstitial.
  • Hydrogen as a fuel.

Chapter 14 – S Block Elements (Alkali and Alkaline Earth Metals)

  • Group 1 and Group 2 Elements: General introduction, electronic configuration and general trends in physical and chemical properties of elements, anomalous properties of the first element of each group, diagonal relationships.
  • Preparation and properties of some important compounds: sodium carbonate, sodium chloride, sodium hydroxide and sodium hydrogen carbonate.
  • Industrial uses of lime, limestone, Plaster of Paris and cement.
  • The biological significance of Na, K, Mg and Ca.

Chapter 15 – P Block Elements

  • Group 13 to Group 18 Elements: General Introduction, Electronic configuration, and general trends in physical and chemical properties of elements across the periods and down the groups; unique behaviour of the first element in each group. Groupwise study of the p block elements.
  • Group 13: Preparation, properties, and uses of boron and aluminium; Structure, properties and uses of borax, boric acid, diborane, boron trifluoride, aluminium chloride, and alums.
  • Group 14: Tendency for catenation; Structure, properties, and uses of allotropes and oxides of carbon, silicon tetrachloride, silicates, zeolites, and silicones.
  • Group 15: Properties and uses of nitrogen and phosphorus; Allotropic forms of phosphorus; Preparation, properties, structure, and uses of ammonia, nitric acid, phosphine and phosphorus halides, (PCl3, PCl5); Structures of oxides and oxoacids of nitrogen and phosphorus.
  • Group 16: Preparation, properties, structures and uses of dioxygen and ozone; Allotropic forms of sulfur; Preparation, properties, structures, and uses of sulfur dioxide, sulphuric acid (including its industrial preparation); Structures of oxoacids of sulfur.
  • Group 17: Preparation, properties, and uses of chlorine and hydrochloric acid; Trends in the acidic nature of hydrogen halides; Structures of Interhalogen compounds and oxides and oxyacids of halogens.
  • Group 18: Occurrence and uses of noble gases; Structures of fluorides and oxides of xenon.

Chapter 16 – D and F Block Elements

  • Transition Elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence and characteristics, general trends in properties of the first-row transition elements: physical properties, ionization enthalpy, oxidation states, atomic radii, colour, catalytic behaviour, magnetic properties, complex formation, interstitial compounds, alloy formation.
  • Preparation, properties, and uses of K2Cr2O7 and KMnO4.
  • Inner Transition Elements: Lanthanides, Electronic configuration, oxidation states, chemical reactivity and lanthanide contraction, and Actinoids: Electronic configuration and oxidation states.

Chapter 17 – Coordination Compounds

  • Introduction to coordination compounds, Werner’s theory.
  • ligands, coordination number, denticity, chelation.
  • IUPAC nomenclature of mononuclear coordination compounds, isomerism.
  • Bonding-Valence bond approach and basic ideas of Crystal field theory, colour and magnetic properties.
  • Importance of coordination compounds (in qualitative analysis, extraction of metals and in biological systems).

Chapter 18 – Environmental Chemistry

  • Environmental pollution: Atmospheric, water, and soil.
  • Atmospheric pollution: Tropospheric and stratospheric.
  • Gaseous pollutants: Oxides of carbon, nitrogen, and sulfur, hydrocarbons; their sources, harmful effects, and prevention.
  • Greenhouse effect and Global warming, acid rain.
  • Particulate pollutants: Smoke, dust, smog, fumes, mist; their sources, harmful effects, and prevention.
  • Stratospheric pollution: Formation and breakdown of ozone, depletion of ozone layer, its mechanism and effects.
  • Water Pollution: Major pollutants such as pathogens, organic wastes, and chemical pollutants; their harmful effects and prevention.
  • Soil pollution: Major pollutants such as Pesticides (insecticides, herbicides and fungicides) their harmful effects and prevention.
  • Strategies to control environmental pollution.

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Syllabus for JEE Main Chemistry – Organic Chemistry

The JEE Main Inorganic Chemistry syllabus is as follows:

Chapter 19 – Purification and Characterisation of Organic Compounds

  • Purification: Crystallization, sublimation, distillation, differential extraction, and chromatography principles and their applications.
  • Qualitative analysis: Detection of nitrogen, sulfur, phosphorus, and halogens.
  • Quantitative analysis (basic principles only): Estimation of carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, halogens, sulfur, phosphorus.
  • Calculations of empirical formula and molecular formulae; Numerical problems in organic quantitative analysis.

Chapter 20 – Some Basic Principles of Organic Chemistry

  • Tetravalency of carbon; Shapes of simple molecules – hybridization (s and p).
  • Classification of organic compounds based on functional groups: -C = C- and those containing halogens, oxygen, nitrogen, and sulfur; Homologous series.
  • Isomerism: structural and stereoisomerism.
  • Nomenclature (Trivial and IUPAC): Covalent bond fission Homolytic and heterolytic: free radicals, carbocations, and carbanions; stability of carbocations and free radicals, electrophiles and nucleophiles.
  • Electronic displacement in a covalent bond: Inductive effect, electromeric effect, resonance, and hyperconjugation.
  • Common types of organic reactions: Substitution, addition, elimination, and rearrangement.

Chapter 21 – Hydrocarbons

  • Classification, isomerism, IUPAC nomenclature, general methods of preparation, properties and reactions.
  • Alkanes: Conformations; Sawhorse and Newman projections (of ethane); Mechanism of halogenation of alkanes.
  • Alkenes: Geometrical isomerism.
  • Mechanism of electrophilic addition: addition of hydrogen, halogens, water, hydrogen halides (Markownikoff’s and peroxide effect); Ozonolysis, oxidation, and polymerization.
  • Alkynes: Acidic character; Addition of hydrogen, halogens, water and hydrogen halides; Polymerization.
  • Aromatic hydrocarbons: Nomenclature, benzene structure and aromaticity.
  • Mechanism of electrophilic substitution: halogenation, nitration, Friedel Crafts alkylation and acylation, directive influence of the functional group in monosubstituted benzene.

Chapter 22 – Organic Compounds Containing Halogens

  • General methods of preparation, properties, and reactions.
  • Nature of C-X bond.
  • Mechanisms of substitution reactions.
  • Uses, Environmental effects of chloroform, iodoform, freons, and DDT.

Chapter 23 – Organic Compounds Containing Oxygen

  • General methods of preparation, properties, reactions, and uses.
  • Alcohols: Identification of primary, secondary and tertiary alcohols; mechanism of dehydration.
  • Phenols: Acidic nature, electrophilic substitution reactions: halogenation, nitration, and sulphonation, Reimer Tiemann reaction.
  • Ethers: Structure.
  • Aldehyde and Ketones: Nature of carbonyl group; Nucleophilic addition to >C=O group, relative reactivities of aldehydes and ketones.
  • Important reactions such as Nucleophilic addition reactions (addition of HCN, NH3 and its derivatives), Grignard reagent; oxidation; reduction (Wolff Kishner and Clemmensen); the acidity of hydrogen, aldol condensation, Cannizzaro reaction, Haloform reaction.
  • Chemical tests to distinguish between aldehydes and Ketones.
  • Carboxylic Acids: Acidic strength and factors affecting it.

Chapter 24 – Organic Compounds Containing Nitrogen

  • General methods of preparation, properties, reactions, and uses.
  • Amines: Nomenclature, classification, structure, basic character and identification of primary, secondary and tertiary amines and their basic character.
  • Diazonium Salts: Importance in synthetic organic chemistry.

Chapter 25 – Polymers

  • General introduction and classification of polymers, general methods of polymerization addition and condensation, co-polymerization.
  • Natural and synthetic rubber and vulcanization.
  • Some important polymers with emphasis on their monomers and uses, polyethene, nylon, polyester, and bakelite.

Chapter 26 – Biomolecules

  • General introduction and importance of biomolecules.
  • Carbohydrates: Classification: aldoses and ketoses; monosaccharides (glucose and fructose), constituent monosaccharides or oligosaccharides (sucrose, lactose, maltose) and polysaccharides (starch, cellulose, glycogen).
  • Proteins: Elementary Idea of amino acids, peptide bond, polypeptides; Proteins: primary, secondary, tertiary and quaternary structure (qualitative idea only), denaturation of proteins, enzymes.
  • Vitamins: Classification and functions.
  • B Chemical constitution of DNA and RNA. Biological functions of nucleic acids.

Chapter 27 – Chemistry in Everyday Life

  • Chemicals in medicines: Analgesics, tranquilizers, antiseptics, disinfectants, antimicrobials, antifertility drugs, antibiotics, antacids, antihistamines, their meaning and common examples.
  • Chemicals in food: Preservatives, artificial sweetening agents are common examples.
  • Cleansing agents: Soaps and detergents, cleansing action.

Chapter 28 – Principles Related to Practical Chemistry

  • Detection of extra elements (N, S, halogens) in organic compounds.
  • Detection of the following functional groups: hydroxyl (alcoholic and phenolic), carbonyl (aldehyde and ketone), carboxyl and amino groups in organic compounds.
  • The chemistry involved in the preparation of the following: Inorganic compounds: Mohr’s salt, potash alum, and Organic compounds: Acetanilide, p-nitro acetanilide, aniline yellow, iodoform.
  • The chemistry involved in the titrimetric exercises: Acids bases and the use of indicators, oxalic-acid vs KMnO4, Mohr’s salt vs KMnO4.
  • Chemical principles involved in the qualitative salt analysis: Cations: Pb2+, Cu2+, AI3+, Fe3+, Zn2+, Ni2+, Ca2+, Ba2+, Mg2+, NH4+, and Anions: CO32-, S2-, SO42-, NO2-, NO3-, CI-, Br, I. (Insoluble salts excluded).
  • Chemical principles involved in the following experiments: Enthalpy of solution of CuSO4, Enthalpy of neutralization of strong acid and strong base, Preparation of lyophilic and lyophobic sols, and Kinetic study of the reaction of iodide ion with hydrogen peroxide at room temperature.

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Important Topics of Chemistry in JEE Main

Analysing the past few years JEE Main question papers, students can note certain frequently asked questions. Such questions are a vital part of JEE Main Syllabus. Therefore, candidates must give more attention and practice such important topics thoroughly.

  • Also, certain topics of JEE Main Chemistry syllabus carry more weightage, hence they should be practised thoroughly as well.
  • Such relevant topics from the JEE Main Chemistry syllabus along with the weightage are given below:

Important Topics from JEE Main Organic Chemistry

In JEE Main, the type of questions asked is not fixed for Organic Chemistry. Questions can be asked randomly that makes almost every topic in the JEE Main Chemistry syllabus important for the JEE Main 2021 exam. However, some more important topics in JEE Main organic chemistry are:-

  • Reactions and their mechanism
  • Acidity
  • Nomenclature
  • Basicity

Tips to score well in JEE Main Organic Chemistry section:

  • Start from basic and frequently asked questions.
  • Practise topics with high weightage first.
  • In JEE Main, questions based on mechanism and named reactions and organic synthesis have been asked repeatedly, so focus on that properly.
  • Prepare steps of common chemical reactions.
  • Develop a daily practice of solving 2-3 questions on average, from a topic.

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Important Topics from JEE Main Inorganic Chemistry

While all the topics Inorganic Chemistry are considered important, you should focus more on the topics from which more questions are asked frequently. In JEE Main all the chapters carry equal weightage so it is important to clear your basics and the fundamentals of each and every topic. Some important topics in JEE Main Inorganic chemistry are:

  • Methods of Preparation and Chemical Reactions, uses, etc. of the compounds.
  • Chemical bonding
  • Elements of the periodic table
  • Transition elements and coordination chemistry
  • S & P block elements and Hydrogen

For Inorganic chemistry, building a solid foundation is of high importance. Frequent questions have been asked from the following topics:

  • Dipole Moment
  • Shape and Hybridisation
  • Molecular Orbital Theory
  • Fajan’s Rule & its application

Tips to score in Inorganic chemistry section:

  • Around 3 questions are asked from transition elements and coordination chemistry chapters so you must study these chapters thoroughly.
  • More questions are based on topics like Lanthanoid Contraction, Isomerism (Structural, Geometrical, Linkage, Optical Isomerism), Nomenclature and Crystal Field Theory.

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Important Topics from JEE Main Physical Chemistry

  • Mole concept is the most important topic for JEE Main Physical Chemistry section.
  • Certain reactions like Redox Reaction are based on the Mole concept. Hence, being the basic connection, this topic should be clear.
  • Important formulas and basic concepts of Atomic Structure should be clear.
  1. Many questions are frequently asked from this chapter in JEE Main.
  2. Important topics from this chapter are The Wavelength of Electronic Transition, Quantum Numbers and Ionisation Energy.
  • Topics like State and Solid-state are also important for JEE Main 2021
  • Questions from topics like van der Waals equation, Kinetic Theory of Gases and Types of Molecular Velocity are also counted for frequently asked questions.

The other topics that carry equal weightage in JEE Main are:

  • Equilibrium
  • Chemical Thermodynamics
  • Chemical Kinetics
  • Electrochemistry & Redox Reactions
  • Surface Chemistry
  • Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure
  • Solutions

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Topic-wise Weightage of Chemistry in JEE Main

For JEE Main Chemistry, there are theory-based questions. These questions are less time consuming as compared to Physics and Mathematics questions. Although complex, questions on chemistry topics can boost your marks in JEE Main exam as this section is usually the easiest. Given below is a weightage table for various chapters. This weightage is provided as per the trends in the past.

Topics No of Questions Marks
Transition Elements and Coordination Chemistry 3 12
Chemical Kinetics 1 4
Atomic Structure 1 4
Chemical Bonding 2 8
Alkyl Halides 1 4
Solid State And Surface Chemistry 1 4
Nuclear Chemistry And Environment 2 8
Redox Reaction 1 4
Electrochemistry 1 4
Thermodynamics And Gaseous State 2 8
General Organic Chemistry 1 4
Stereochemistry 1 4
Chemical And Ionic Equilibrium 2 8
Hydrocarbon 1 4
Carboxylic Acid and their Derivatives 1 4
Periodic table and Representative Elements 2 8
Carbohydrates, amino acid and Polymers 1 4
Aromatic Compounds 1 4

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Level of Difficulty of Chemistry in JEE Main 

The question paper analysis of JEE Main 2021 February and March session is described below:

February 2021 Session

  • The Chemistry section was considered to be the easiest among all the sections.
  • Most questions were asked from NCERT textbooks.
  • There was a balanced weightage of questions from Class XI and XII.
  • A lot of factual questions were asked.
  • Organic Chemistry had a higher weightage than the other 2 sections.

March 2021 Session

  • The Chemistry section was the easiest as it had many direct questions..
  • The pattern of questions was similar to NCERT textbooks

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Best Books to Prepare JEE Main Chemistry

Practically it may sound impractical for one book to cover the entire JEE Main Chemistry syllabus as for chemistry, the syllabus is exhaustive. Most of the top educational writers publish separate books for the three subsections. Given below are some best books that aspirants can refer to while preparing the JEE Main syllabus for Chemistry.

Common Books
  • Textbooks for Class 12 Chemistry (NCERT)
  • Exemplar Problems for Class 12 Chemistry (NCERT)
  • Textbooks for Class 11 Chemistry (NCERT)
  • Exemplar Problems for Class 11 Chemistry (NCERT)
Organic Chemistry
  • Advanced Problems in Organic Chemistry for JEE by M S Chauhan
  • A Guidebook to Mechanism in Organic Chemistry for the JEE by Peter Sykes
Inorganic Chemistry
  • Concise Inorganic Chemistry by J.D. Lee
  • Problems in Inorganic Chemistry for JEE Main & Advanced by V. K. JAISWAL
Physical Chemistry
  • Atkins’ Physical Chemistry
  • Problems in Physical Chemistry – Narendra Awasthi

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IIT-PAL Video Lectures Provided by NTA

NTA uploaded several video lectures recorded by some reputed IIT Professors under the name of IIT-PAL on Youtube. Students can make use of these lectures to ease their preparation. These lectures are divided into sub topics for each chapter. There are more than 100 videos of approximately 50 to 60 minute runtime for each video. Steps to access these videos are given below:

  • Visit the official website of NTA – www.nta.ac.in.
  • Then, click on the ‘Students’ tab.
  • Under the ‘Test Practice’ section, select ‘Content Based Lectures’.

Alternatively, students can also head over to Youtube and search for IIT-PAL along with the topic name they wish to watch the lecture for.

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Things To Remember While Preparing for JEE Main Chemistry

JEE Main Chemistry is considered as a scoring section by majority students as the questions vary from easy to moderate. Also most of the questions are based on fundamental concepts. The questions are less time consuming as they are not calculation based. A lot of direct questions are also asked from NCERT textbooks. Moreover, the JEE Main Chemistry syllabus is more about a planned approach rather than direct conceptual applications.

  • JEE Main aspirants must be thorough with all the important formulas, reactions, chemical equations, and periodic table trends.
  • These concepts constitute a major portion of JEE Main Chemistry syllabus.
  • JEE Main study material plays a very important role in the exam preparations.
  • There could be a large chunk of direct and indirect questions from the above-mentioned concepts.
  • Try not to just memorize the theory and formulas as it does not improvise problem-solving skills.
  • At the end, there must be the knowledge of what logic works behind a particular concept.

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Some Numerical Value-Based Questions in Chemistry

Ques. The hardness of a water sample (in terms of equivalents of CaCO3) containing 10–3M CaSO4 is : (molar mass of CaSO4 = 136g/mol).

Ans. 100 ppm

Ques. The standard electrode potential Eº and its temperature coefficient (dEº/dT)p for a cell are 2V and –5×10–4 VK–1 at 300K respectively. The cell reaction is Zn(s) + Cu2+(aq)→ Zn2+(aq) + Cu(s). The standard reaction enthalpy (ΔrHº) at 300K is _________________ kJ/mol (F= 96485 C mol-1)

Ans. -414.9

Ques. The number of monochlorinated products obtained on chlorination of 2 methylbutane is_________.

Ans. 4 Click here to download the official PDF of JEE Main Sample Numerical Based Questions on Chemistry. Do more practise and solve as many questions as possible. Also, such numerical type questions do not carry any negative marking.

FAQs

Q.Where can I get the previous year JEE Main papers?

Answer: You can download previous year JEE Main papers from here

Q.When will JEE Main 2021 be conducted?

Answer: Official dates for JEE Main 2021 will be released soon by NTA. It is like that JEE Main will be conducted 3 or 4 times in 2021 so dates for each session will be announced accordingly.

Q.When will the JEE Main 2021 April and May session be conducted?

Answer: Official dates for JEE Main 2021 April and May sessions will be released soon by NTA. It is likely that JEE Main will be conducted in July or August 2021.

Q. Is NCERT enough for the JEE Main Chemistry section?

Answer: NCERT provides good study material and books for the JEE Main Chemistry section as most questions are asked from NCERT. However, if you want to thoroughly prepare, then you must refer to other best books also. 

Q.Is the Chemistry section in JEE Main easy?

Last updated on June 29th, 2021 by user

Answer: The Chemistry section is considered to be easier than the other 2 sections. This is because a lot of questions are asked directlyf rom NCERT textbook in the Chemistry section.

Q. How can I score 250+ marks in JEE Main 2021?

Answer: You must follow the given tips if you want to score 250+ in JEE Main 2021. 

  • Prepare all topics, do not skip any chapter
  • Follow a proper time table
  • Take out time for revision
  • Memorise all the important formulas
  • Practice past year papers and take mock tests
  • Practise numerical questions daily.

For more such tips, click here.

JEE Main B.Arch Syllabus: Weightage, Important Topics and Preparation Tips

Last updated on March 4th, 2021 by user

The competitive exams of India are what students have to look forward to, in order to get into their favourite course and that too, in their favourite colleges. There are many of them, with the maximum students appearing for the JEE Main 2021. Joint Entrance Examination (JEE) is put forth by the National Testing Agency (NTA) conducted yearly for those who wish to become engineers and architects in their future. JEE Main B.Arch Paper is one of the three papers, conducted for admission to architecture courses of various colleges. In this article, we will discuss the JEE Main B.Arch Syllabus for 2021.


Latest: 

  • JEE Main 2021 Dates are announced, and it will be conducted in 4 sessions in 2021.
  • B.Arch and B.Planning exams will be conducted twice a year, in February and May 2021.
  • Top 20 percentile criteria has been scrapped from JEE Main Eligibility Criteria 2021. Read More
  • NTA has introduced some changes in the JEE Main Exam Pattern 2021. Check Updated Exam Pattern here

The JoSAA is responsible for getting students admitted in more than 100 engineering colleges in India. This includes 23 Indian Institutes of Technology, 31 National Institute of Technology Campuses, 25 Indian Institutes of Information Technology, around 23 Government Funded Technical Institutes (GFTIs).

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What is JEE Main B.Arch Paper?

JEE Main is divided into three papers, B.E. or B.Tech, B.Arch and B.Planning. We will be talking about JEE Main B.Arch Syllabus in this article. The JEE Main B.Arch Paper or JEE Main Paper 2 is scheduled to be conducted in February and May 2021.

In order to clear the exam, students are supposed to work hard and study regularly. Do not deviate and stop learning, as it can hamper your preparation. One aspiring to get into one of those prestigious architecture colleges with the help of JEE Main B.Arch examination should study continuously. The JEE Main B.Arch syllabus and all the other details such as weightage and preparation tips, are provided beforehand to them. Out of all the details, the JEE Main B.Arch (Paper 2) Syllabus is given below in this article. Let us first get a brief idea of JEE Main B.Arch Exam Pattern.

JEE Main B.Arch Exam Pattern

Particulars Details
Mode of exam Computer-Based, for the first two sectionsPen & Paper for the drawing sections
Duration of the exam The exam will last for three hours.
Total number of questions The total number of questions will be 77, with 25 questions for math, 50 for aptitude and 2 for drawing.
Types of questions that will be asked 20 Multiple Choice questions, 5 numerical answer type questions to be answered from 10 – for the first section.50 Multiple choice questions for the aptitude section.

2 Drawing questions for the third section.

Maximum marks distributed 400 marks
Marks scheme used for each section Section 1:MCQsCorrect: 4 marks

Incorrect: – 1 mark

NAT –Correct: 4 marks

Incorrect: 0 marks

Section 2:

Correct: 4 marks

Incorrect: -1 mark

Unanswered: 0 marks

Section 3:

Correct: 50 marks

Mode of Language English, Hindi, Gujarati, Assamese, Bengali, Kannada, Odia, Punjabi, Malayalam, Tamil, Marathi, Telugu, Urdu

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JEE Main B.Arch SyllabusJEE Main B.Arch Syllabus

Diving headfirst to study is a wrong decision when it comes to learning for JEE Main 2021 B.Arch. The syllabus seems vast and without any planning would make it seem gigantic. And soon enough, you will be holding your head in confusion and frustration. Map out your syllabus – but wait, you have to get it in your hands before mapping and planning it all out. Given below is the detailed JEE Main B.Arch Syllabus.

The JEE Main B.Arch Syllabus PDF has been released by the NTA so that the students can quickly start compiling their material, including books and old question papers. Finally, they can get down to planning and deciding on a proper and comprehensive study plan. Without proper planning, covering important topics of JEE Main B.Arch Syllabus is just not possible.

The syllabus is pretty unique; just don’t panic when you see the vastness of it. JEE Main April 2021 Paper 2 Syllabus, i.e. of B.Arch Paper will be divided into three sections. The first section or part will be based on Mathematics, the second one on Aptitude and the third one is a drawing-based section. Aspirants can save the JEE Main B.Arch Syllabus PDF by using Ctrl + P (Print) option on their devices.

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Section 1 – Mathematics Syllabus

JEE Main B.Arch Syllabus is vast mostly because of Mathematics. It consists of all the topics of Class 11th and 12th. Let us check what it entails and engages from the previous years’ JEE Main B.Arch Syllabus.

Units Sub-topics
Sets, Relations and Functions Sets, roster and set builder form of sets, Types of sets, subset, the proper and improper sets, Power set, universal set, the union of sets, complement of sets, De-Morgan’s Law, Ordered pairs, cartesian product, Relation, number of relations, types of relation, Functions, image, and Pre-image, Types of functions, Composition of function, condition for composite function, the property of a composite function, The inverse of a function.
Complex numbers and quadratic equations Algebra of complex numbers, Modulus and argument of complex numbers, The complex conjugate of complex numbers and properties of complex numbers, Polar form representation and Euler form, Finding the square root of complex numbers and complex equations, De-movie’ theorem, cube root and nth root of unity, Nature of roots, the relation of coefficient and roots, Vector representation and rotation, The discriminant of quadratic equation, Transformation of quadratic equations, condition of common roots.
Matrices and Determinants Matrix and operation on matrices, Types of matrix, Transpose of a matrix, symmetric and skew-symmetric matrix, Conjugate of matrix, Hermitian and skew-Hermitian matrix, Determinant of a matrix, Minor and cofactor of an element of matrix/determinant, Adjoint and the inverse of a matrix, Elementary row operations and use in finding the inverse of a matrix, System of linear equations and Cramer’s Rule, System of homogeneous linear equations.
Permutations and Combinations Fundamental Principle of Counting, Permutations as an Arrangement, Combinations as Selections, P (n,r) and C (n,r), Application of Permutation and Combination.
Mathematical Induction Principle of Mathematical Induction and it’s Simple Application, Principle of Mathematical Induction
Binomial Theorem and its simple applications Pascal’s Triangle, Binomial Theorem for Positive Integral Index, Properties and Application of Binomial Theorem, General Term, Middle Term
Sequence and Series Sequences, Arithmetic and Geometric Progression (AP, GP), Sum up to n terms, Arithmetic and Geometric Mean (AM, GM), Harmonic Progression (HP), Arithmetic-geometric series.
Limit, Continuity and differentiability Limits of a function, Properties of limits, Limits of polynomials and rational functions, Continuity of a function at a point, Discontinuity, Continuity of Composite Functions, Differentiability, Algebra of derivatives, Rolle’s Theorem, Mean Value Theorem (Lagrange).
Integral Calculus Introduction, integration as the inverse function of differentiation, Indefinite integral and properties of indefinite integral, Comparison between definite and Indefinite integral, Methods of integration, Integration by substitution, Integration using trigonometric identities, integration by partial fractions, integration by parts, Integrals of some particular function, Integrals of some special types, Definite integral and its properties, The fundamental theorem of calculus, Evaluations of definite integral by substitution.
Differential equations Order and Degree of a Differential equation, General and Particular solution, Formation of differential equations, Methods of solving different types of differential equations.
Coordinate Geometry Directrix, Latus Rectum, Slope and gradient, Focus and Eccentricity, Angle between two intersecting lines, their intersection points, parallel lines and collinear lines are the important terms of Coordinate Geometry.
Three-dimensional Geometry Coordinate of a point in space, distance formula, Direction cosine and Direction ratio, The angle between two intersecting lines, Skew lines and the shortest distance between two lines, Equation of line and plane, The intersection of line and plane.
Vector Algebra Vector (Position Vector, Direction cosine), Types of vector, Vector Algebra, Section Formula, Product of two vectors (Scalar and Vector product).
Statistics and Probability Independent Events, Dependent Events, Conditional probability, Random variables, etc.
Trigonometry Trigonometry Equation, Trigonometry Function and their Identities, Inverse Trigonometry.
Mathematical Reasoning Statements and types of statements, Basic logical connectives, conjunction, and disjunction, Negation, Conditional statements, The Contrapositive of conditional statements, the converse of conditional statements, Biconditional statements, Quantifiers, Validity of statements.

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Important Topics of JEE Main B.Arch Mathematics

Topic Expected questions – number Expected Marks
Differential Equations 5 20
Integral and Differential Calculus 6 24
Coordinate Geometry 2 8
Matrix & Determinants 2 8
Probability 2 8
Trigonometry 2 8

Other remaining topics will at least have one question from them appearing in the exam.

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Weightage of Mathematics in JEE Main B.Arch Syllabus

Topics Weightage
Coordinate Geometry 15%
Limit, continuity and differentiability 10%
Integral and Differential Calculus 12%
Statistics and Probability 8%
Complex numbers and quadratic equations 7%
Matrices and Determinants 7%
Three-Dimensional Geometry 6%
Sets, Relations and Functions 5%
Sequence and series 5%
Vector Algebra 5%
Trigonometry 4%
Permutations and combinations 4%
Mathematical reasoning 3%
Differential equations 3%
Mathematical Induction 3%
Binomial theorem and its simple applications 2%

Weightage of Mathematics in JEE Main B.Arch SyllabusSection 2 – Aptitude Syllabus

The second part of JEE Main B.Arch Syllabus is the general aptitude section. The section is similar in the B.Planning paper and strives to test the students’ reasoning skills – including verbal, abstract and conceptual – and not to forget numerical reasoning.

Parts Sub-Topics
Part I Analytical Reasoning Mental Ability (Visual, Numerical and Verbal), Awareness of Persons, Objects, Places, Buildings, Materials, Visualizing three-dimensional objects from two-dimensional drawings, Texture related to Architecture and build-environment, visualizing different sides of three-dimensional objects
Part II Three dimensional- perception, Understanding and appreciation of scale and proportion, colour texture, harmony and contrast, building forms and elements. Transformation of forms both 2D and 3D union, subtraction, rotation, development of surfaces and volumes, Design and drawing of geometrical or abstract shapes and patterns in pencil, Generation of Plan, elevations and 3D views of objects, creating two-dimensional and three-dimensional compositions using given shapes and forms. Sketching of scenes and activities from memory of landscape (riverfronts, jungles, trees, plants, etc.) and rural life, urbanscape (public space, festivals, market, street scenes, monuments, recreational spaces, etc.)

Weightage of Aptitude in JEE Main B.Arch Syllabus

Topics Weightage
Visualizing three-dimensional objects from two-dimensional drawings 3-4%
Visualizing different sides of 3D objects 3%
Awareness of persons, places, Building, Materials 2-3%
Objects, texture related to Architecture and build-environment 2-3%
3D- Perception and Appreciation of scale and proportion of objects 2-3%
Mental Ability 2%
Colour Texture 1-2%
Analytical Reasoning 1-2%

Weightage of Aptitude in JEE Main B.Arch Syllabus

Do note that there is limited analysis of important topics for Aptitude Section of JEE Main B.Arch Paper. This is due to the recent changes in JEE Main Papers 1,2 and 3.

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Section 3 – Drawing Skills

This section is the only one attempted in pen and paper mode in JEE Main 2021. It focuses on studying the drawing skills of the students’. The finesse and the precision they possess, through their drawings. The topics covered in JEE Main B.Arch Syllabus are a handful but important –

S.No. Topics
1 Sketching of activities from memory of urbanscape, landscape and rural life

There is no proper weightage or important topics for the Drawing section of JEE Main B.Arch Paper 2. This is because of the abstractness of this particular section. The scoring criteria is based on the examiners approach towards various intricate details in the answers drawn by the candidate. This section is often seen as one of the most scoring and sometimes the toughest section of JEE Main B.Arch Paper.

Preparation Tips for JEE Main B.Arch Syllabus

  • Divide your syllabus in order to study properly
    • Most of the students make the usual mistake of studying everything in one go, without properly dividing the syllabus and making a proper study plan.
    • If you have, on the other hand, made a proper study plan and are dedicatedly executing it, then you are more likely to successfully complete studying your syllabus.
    • Make sure you prepare an effective plan, which is not only easy for you to follow but also covers everything that you need to study.
  • Check your strengths and weaknesses from the syllabus
    • When you are deciding which topic to give more focus on, then don’t go by how the weightage is divided among the topics.
    • Regardless of the importance, it is important that you pay equal attention to all the topics that are given in your syllabus.
    • More importantly, make sure that you cover your weak topics, even if they don’t carry as many points.
    • This will make sure that you are appearing for the exam with your full potential and subsequently, potentially get you more marks.
  • Previous question papers
    • The Internet is full of references that you can take help with during planning your study or doing your actual study.
    • Even if you are not provided with sample papers or previous exams’ papers, then you can get all of them online.
    • Also, even if you are told about the important topics, it can never hurt to go over the previous papers, in case the examiner decides to add some questions from the previous years’ papers as well.
    • You also get a proper idea about the way questions are asked – whether in a tricky way or just the way they are mentioned in your books and reference texts.
  • How to approach the exam?
    • The most important thing to keep in mind while appearing for the JEE Main B.Arch Examination is the strategy that you will use for passing.
    • You have to keep in mind that most of the questions don’t have negative marking and are numbered.
    • Make sure that you don’t waste all of your time answering the questions that are difficult; instead, complete the other sections which are easier to solve for you.
    • It would be much better if you solve them first, then use all your remaining time you are finding difficult – this will make sure you will get your passing marks and even get that rank you want to achieve.
  • A clear head and calm mind
    • Mostly, students appearing for such competitions are out of their minds, worrying about the paper and how it will go and what will happen afterwards.
    • This is what you need to avoid during this particular exam.
    • JEE Main Architecture students should be able to have a clear head and calm mind, not just during you’re giving the exam but also before and after those three hours.
    • A clear mind and a calm head would also make sure you are not stumped in the exam in the face of difficult questions.

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Books to Refer for JEE Main B.Arch Syllabus

There might not be many reliable books that you can refer to. But there are definitely some trustworthy ones which students refer for a detailed study of JEE Main B.Arch Syllabus. Other than the usual textbooks that students referred to in the previous years (especially for mathematics), given below are some of the latest books that you can refer and study from. These books are wholesome and not just give complete information to the JEE Main B.Arch Syllabus, but also act as an introduction to the curriculum of B.Arch degree:

S.No Book’s name Author’s name
1. A Complete Self-Guide for B.Arch Entrance Examination P.K. Mishra (Arihant)
2. Complete Architecture Entrance Guide Ashok Goel and Arjun Kamal
3. Mathematics XI & XII R.S. Agarwal
4. Elementary Mathematics DoroFeev, Potapov
5. Higher Algebra Hall & Knight
6. Verbal and Non-verbal Reasoning Book R.S. Aggarwal
7. B.Arch/NATA/JEE Main- Offline Drawing Test Nimish Madan

If you are making an action plan on the basis of this syllabus, there are a handful of important points students need to remember. Make a small note of all the important points and formulas and go over it while revising or even the day before the exam; after studying a chapter or a concept, make sure you remember it by solving some practise questions on those topics; there is also an option of giving a JEE Main mock test online, which can help you see where you are now, after your thorough preparation.

Students are advised to stay focused and not lose any hope they might be harbouring for their dream to become an architect.

Frequently Asked Questions:

Q.How is the Drawing section of JEE Main Paper 2 conducted?

Last updated on June 18th, 2021

Answer: Drawing section of the JEE Main Paper 2 will be conducted in Pen Paper Mode.

Q.Can I take JEE Main in any regional language?

Last updated on March 4th, 2021

Answer: Yes, JEE Main 2021 will be conducted in 13 languages including English and Hindi. You can choose your preferred language while filling up the application form.

Q.Will JEE Main Paper 2 be conducted 4 times a year?

Last updated on March 4th, 2021

Answer: No, JEE Main Paper 2 will only be conducted twice, in February and May 2021.

JEE Main 2021 B.Arch Exam Pattern: New Pattern, Marking Scheme and Syllabus

Last updated on July 12th, 2021

JEE Main B.Arch Exam Pattern: Joint Entrance Examination (JEE) is a national level entrance examination for engineering and architecture. Students who qualify this prestigious paper get a chance to study the Bachelor of Architecture course in top colleges like IITs, NITs, IIITs, and other government colleges all over India.


Latest Update-

  • NTA has finally released the JEE Main Exam Dates for the May session which will conduct the B.Arch and B.Planning papers (Paper 2A and 2B). Session 4 (May) is scheduled from 27 July to 2 August 2021. Candidates can apply for this session through the JEE Main Application Form.
  • The number of numerical value questions have increased to 10 in Maths section. Any 5 have to be attempted from the 10. Apply Now For JEE Main 2021

  • There are two exams in JEE – JEE Main and JEE Advanced. JEE Main, which is the qualifying exam for JEE Advanced, is conducted in 3 papers- Paper 1, Paper 2A and Paper 2B.
  • Paper 2A is conducted for the B.Arch programme.
  • In this article, we will discuss the various aspects of JEE Main B.Arch Exam Pattern 2021.
  • With the help of this exam, aspirants can get into top-tier architecture colleges of the nation.

Since JEE Main examination dates will be announced soon, students should work hard on the JEE Main Syllabus provided.

Highlights of JEE Main B.Arch Exam Pattern 2021

The latest JEE Main B.Arch exam pattern has been released by NTA. Students can have a look at the exam pattern of 2021.

  • Half of the B.Arch exam will be conducted as a computer-based exam while the Drawing section of JEE Main Paper 2A would be the traditional pen-paper mode.
  • The exam will have papers in all types of important languages, including the usual English and Hindi. New languages have been introduced for the 2021 session.
  • The marking scheme is pretty straightforward, with four marks allotted to all the questions in Mathematics, Planning and Aptitude being equal to all the sections. The only difference is the drawing section, where skills are looked for more than anything else.
  • JEE Main Paper 2 also has negative marking, where any incorrect answer will have one mark deducted from your count, in MCQs.
  • On the other hand, the Numerical value questions will not have any negative markings, in case the students have left the question unattempted or given an incorrect answer.

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JEE Main B.Arch Exam Pattern 2021: SummaryJEE Main B.Arch Exam Pattern

Particulars Mathematics and Aptitude Section Drawing Section
Exam Mode Online Offline
Exam Duration 3 hours
Total Questions in JEE Main B.Arch Exam Maths – 20 MCQ questions and 10 Numerical questions (any 5 to attempt) Aptitude – 50 MCQs 2 questions only
Type of Questions MCQs and Numerical Value Subjective (Drawing skills)
Marking Scheme For MCQs – 4 Marks for correct answer, -1 mark for every incorrect answer

For answer with numeric value – 4 Marks for every correct answer, no negative marking

50 Marks for each question. Marking will be subjective.
Maximum Marks 300 100

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Why Should You Take JEE Main B.Arch Exam 2021?

There are three papers that NTA conducts and will be conducting this year as well. They are B.E/B.Tech, B.Arch and B.Planning. However, we will be – this time – focusing on B.Arch and what exactly does it entail?

  • JEE Main B.Arch is for those students who wish to crack the exam and get into top-most architecture colleges.
  • The popularity of architecture as a learning stream as well as a profession has been increasing day by day, even after the point that architecture is one of the hardest streams that are out there.
  • Now, imagine being part of an IIT and learning architecture from world-class faculties.
  • This would be possible with the help of JEE Main B.Arch 2021 and the JEE Advanced Architecture Aptitude Test.
  • Let us now discuss our main head i.e. JEE Main New B. Arch Exam Pattern.

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Detailed JEE Main B.Arch Exam Pattern 2021

We have discussed the marking scheme, syllabus and the various types of questions that are included in the JEE Main B.Arch Exam Pattern. Do read these carefully as it helps in understanding the strategy that one must devise to improvise on scores.

Distribution of Marks in JEE Main B.Arch 2021

The total questions that will be asked in JEE Main 2021 B.Arch Paper will be 82. The exam will be of total 400 marks. The sections marking scheme has been described in detail down below –

Section Questions Marking Scheme Total Marks
Part I – Mathematics 20 MCQs + 10 NAT (any 5 NAT to be attempted) MCQs-Correct: 4 marks Incorrect: – 1 mark NAT –Correct: 4 marks Incorrect: 0 marks 100
Part II – Aptitude 50 MCQs Correct: 4 marks Incorrect: -1 mark Unanswered: 0 marks 200
Part III – Drawing Test 2 drawing questions Correct: 50 marks 100
Total 82 questions 400

JEE Main Paper 2A will be conducted in two shifts, all lasting for three hours. First shift will last from 9:00 AM to 12:00 PM, whereas the second shift will be from 3:00 PM to 6:00 PM.

The mode of JEE Main Paper 2 will be a computer-based test only. However, the drawing test – i.e. the third section – will be on pen-paper. The questions that will be the most used will be multiple choice questions and numerical answer type (NAT).

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JEE Main B.Arch Exam Pattern: Types of Questions

Multiple Choice Questions:

  1. All of the twenty questions in JEE Main Paper 2 will carry four marks each, meaning the MCQs will carry 80 marks in total.
  2. If answered correctly, the student will get four marks. On the other hand, if the answer or attempt is wrong, the student will be penalized by cutting one mark.
  3. In case if the question is not answered, it will, fortunately, not be marked negatively.

Numerical Answer Type (NAT):

  1. All of the five questions, just like the MCQs questions, will be carrying four marks.
  2. No question of this section will be marked negatively.

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JEE Main B.Arch 2021 Syllabus

The syllabus for JEE Main B.Arch 2021 has been released now and updated officially. You can check the 2021 syllabus here.

Mathematics Section

Sets, relations and functions; integral calculus; sequences and series; mathematical reasoning; permutations and combinations; limit, continuity and differentiability; differential equations; complex numbers and quadratic equations; coordinate geometry; vector algebra; statistics and probability; binomial theorem and its simple applications.

Aptitude Section

Awareness of persons, buildings, objects and persons; texture related to architecture and build-environment; visualizing three-dimensional objects from two-dimensional drawings; analytical reasoning mental ability (visual, verbal as well as numerical); visualizing different sides of the three-dimensional objects.

Drawing Section

Drawing and Designing of geometrical or abstract shapes and patterns in pencil; transformation of forms (both two-dimensional and three-dimensional union); elevation and three-dimensional views of objects rotation; development of surfaces and volumes; generation of a plan; sketching of activities from memory of urban scenes; creating two dimensional and three-dimensional compositions using given shapes and forms.

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JEE Main B.Arch Score Accepting Colleges

Check a list of top colleges that offer B.Arch courses.

S. No. Institute Name
1 National Institute of Technology Calicut
2 National Institute of Technology Hamirpur
3 Malaviya National Institute of Technology Jaipur
4 National Institute of Technology Patna
5 National Institute of Technology Raipur
6 National Institute of Technology Rourkela
7 National Institute of Technology Tiruchirappalli
8 Visvesvaraya National Institute of Technology Nagpur
9 BITS Mesra
10 School of Planning & Architecture New Delhi
11 School of Planning & Architecture Vijayawada
12 School of Planning & Architecture Bhopal
13 Chandigarh College of Architecture Chandigarh
14 SRM University Chennai
15 ICL Institute of Architecture Ambala
16 GITAM University Visakhapatnam
17 Faculty of Technology and Engineering Vadodara

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Analysis of Various Sections of JEE Main B.Arch Exam

JEE Main B.Arch Mathematics Section

  • JEE Main B.Arch paper includes Mathematics as the first section.
  • The students are intimated the most by this section, right after the drawing question.
  • This section is later divided into two parts, the one being MCQs and the other being NAT.
  • However, this one is easier to crack, as the syllabus is the same as what you learned in the previous years, with more importance given to the class 11th syllabus, at least in this section.
  • Many of the questions that are asked hail from the topics of distance or 3D coordinate geometry, as well as integration and derivation, among others, with the questions based on the first two topics being more as compared to the last two.
  • It will contain a total of 25 questions.
  • Out of them, 20 will be multiple choice questions, while the remaining five will be numerical value questions, also called Numerical Answer Type (NAT).
  • This section is worth 100 marks, overall.

JEE Main B.Arch Aptitude Section

  • Aptitude section in JEE Main Paper 2 is known to measure the students’ aptitude, as the name suggests.
  • It is mostly easier and certainly even more so than the other sections, as the students claim
  • It will have 50 questions in all; all of this section will carry 200 marks.
  • Most of the questions revolve around mirror images, 3D structures or other similar figures, along with the locations of some places around the world, textures of things and a lot more.
  • Aptitude section in JEE Main Paper 2 has negative marking, so the students are warned to proceed with a lot more thinking and caution.

JEE Main B.Arch Drawing Section

  • This part is the last part of the paper and will contain drawing questions.
  • Moreover, this section will be measuring the students’ skills in drawing and whether they can handle the pressure all the architecture year gives to the students.
  • Most of the architecture studies rely on drawing and if the student’s drawing skills are not that up to the mark, then he or she won’t be able to crack the exam.
  • The section only has a total of 3 questions, out of which you have to attempt 2 questions.
  • They carry 100 marks in total and should be given more time and concentration.
  • The drawing section is conducted offline.
  • Also, the questions are mostly based on simple and basic topics of faces, gymnasts, cylinders and even school playgrounds, to name a few.
  • Most of the students appearing for JEE Main 2020 B.Arch examination claim that this section stumps them the most.

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JEE Main B.Arch Exam Day Guidelines

A variety of unforeseen and unwelcome things can happen on your examination day and trust me when I say this, you can’t afford going wrong in your JEE Main 2021 B.Arch examination.

  1. The entry gates of the exam centres will be opened around two and a half hours before the start of the exam.
  2. Students appearing for the exam should wisely reach their respective exam centres on time so as to avoid any hurriedness and latency, especially during the final moments before the evident exam.
  3. No entry will be permitted in the exam hall without JEE Main 2021 admit card along with identity proof
  4. Any electronics, including cell phones, calculators, watches with the calculators and pagers, books, notebooks, tablets, etc. are strictly not allowed to be carried inside the exam centre.
  5. Students with medical problems can be given a few pardons. For example, students with diabetes can carry small items such as sugar tablets or fruits as well as water bottles, only if it’s transparent. But packed items like chocolate, candy, wafer, sandwiches, etc. are not allowed even for diabetic students.

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What After B.Arch?

For those of you who are thinking about what will happen after the JEE Main examination – especially B.Arch – there are a number of options these students can adopt in their life.

  1. There is going a step forward and picking up masters after passing the Bachelors in Architecture.
  2. One can also get a PhD in Architecture, thus helping the student even more so in his or her professional life as a talented architect.
  3. If not interested in studying further, these students can also get jobs in the core architecture field, as there is plenty of scope in this field.

And all of these options boil down to good grades in the JEE Main 2021 B.Arch Examination.

The examination does seem to fluctuate; and though we can’t blame the authority or even the government, it is important that the students keep studying to not forget their syllabus. The JEE Main B.Arch Exam Pattern above will help the students to plan their study timetable and therefore, improve their chances of passing the JEE Main 2021 B.Arch Examination with flying colours.

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JEE Main B.Arch FAQs

Ques. What are the marking scheme changes in JEE Main paper 2 pattern in 2021?

Last updated on December 21st, 2020

Ans. In MCQs 4 marks for every correct response will be given and I mark will be deducted for every incorrect response. Whereas numerical Value questions will have no negative marking. And of course drawing questions will be marked as per the candidates’ drawing skills.

Ques. Is it possible to apply for both B. Arch and B. Planning papers?

Last updated on August 25th, 2020

Ans. Yes, definitely you can apply for both B. Arch and B. Planning papers. But your exam duration will be 3 hours 30 minutes instead of 3 hours in such a case.

Ques. Can commerce students sit for the B. Planning paper?

Last updated on August 25th, 2020

Ans. According to the eligibility guidelines, candidates of any stream who have passed 12th /qualifying examination with 50% marks in aggregate and 50 % marks in Mathematics are eligible to apply.

Ques. What is the new pattern of JEE Main paper 2 in 2021?

Last updated on December 21st, 2020

Ans. JEE Main Paper 2 consists of 3 sections. Marks and question distribution of JEE Main Paper 2 is tabulated below:

Part I Mathematics 25 Questions of 100 marks (20 MCQs and 10 Numerical Value Based Questions)
Part II Aptitude 50 MCQs of 200 marks
Part III Drawing 2 Questions of 100 marks
Ques. Is the B. Arch course tough or easy to study?

Last updated on August 25th, 2020

Ans. It totally depends on the student’s capability and performance. If you are truly interested in doing, nothing seems difficult.

Q.Is BArch a good career option?

Last updated on August 25th, 2020

Ans. Yes, definitely BArch is a good course and has great scope with amazing career opportunities. Even you could get a chance to get jobs abroad as well.

Q.Is it compulsory to appear for the JEE Main Paper 2 in JEE Main entrance examination?

Last updated on August 25th, 2020

Ans. No, it is not compulsory to appear for the JEE Main paper 2. If you are not interested in the BArch course you can skip that.

JEE Main 2021 B.Planning Exam Pattern (Updated): Numericals, Sections, Marking Scheme

Last updated on July 12th, 2021

NTA has officially released JEE Main Exam Pattern 2021 on it’s official website. B.Planning was introduced as a separate paper in 2020. Earlier, it was in combination with B.Arch. Apart from new updates, NTA has devised a structured JEE Main 2021 B.Planning Exam Pattern for the aspirants.


Latest Updates on JEE Main B.Planning 2021:

NTA has finally released the JEE Main Exam Dates for April and May sessions, which were postponed earlier. Session 3 (April) is scheduled from 20 to 25 July, while Session 4 (May) is scheduled from 27 July to 2 August 2021. Candidates can apply for both the sessions or either of them through JEE Main Application Form. There is no gap between the two sessions.

  • NTA has decided to provide choices in Numerical questions of Maths section because of reduction of syllabus by some boards.
  • Students will now get 10 Numerical Value Questions, out of which any 5 have to be solved.

There has been additional changes for the JEE Main 2021 exam owing to the reduction in Class XII syllabus by some boards. B.Planning Exam Pattern, by NTA for upcoming JEE Main 2021 exam provides details like total number of questions, marks distribution, marking scheme etc. The details below discuss important updates of JEE Main B.Planning Exam Pattern:

  • The total marks for the test will be 400 marks. The paper for selecting students for the B Plan courses will be conducted separately
  • The paper will have 105 questions for 400 marks.
  • Also, the aspirants can apply either for B.Arch or B.Plan paper or both of them together.
  • Candidates will be tested in three areas – Aptitude, Planning based MCQs and Mathematics.
  • A total of 105 questions is segregated in the following manner:
    • Aptitude – 50
    • Mathematics – 30
    • Planning – 25
  • In the Mathematics section, 20 questions will be MCQs while 10 questions will be numerical based questions. Candidates will be required to attempt 5 out of 10 numerical based questions.

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JEE Main B.Planning 2021: Highlights

  • Bachelor of Planning or B.Planning is a 4-year UG course
  • The course explains different fields of designing, engineering, and managing.
  • B.Plan program aims in resolving problems related to urban human settlements and building competencies in any area of business
  • Minimum eligibility for B.Plan is 10+2 or equivalent with at least 50% in Mathematics
  • JEE Main and subsequent round of counselling is the sole criteria for admission to this course in any college in India including IITs, CFITs, NITs, and other government-aided technical institutes

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JEE Main 2021 B.Planning Exam Pattern – Highlights

B.-Plan-Exam-Pattern

Details on latest JEE Main Exam Pattern is tabulated below:

Particulars B.Planning Exam Pattern
Mode of exam Online
Number of sections and subjects 3 (Mathematics, Aptitude, and planning based questions)
Duration of exam 3 hours (however, it will be 4 hours for persons with benchmark disabilities)
Timings 2:30-5:30 pm (Timings for the aspirants opting for both B.Arch. and Planning will be 2:30 – 06:00 p.m.
Number of questions to be attempted Paper 2: 100 questions (Mathematics: 25 questions, Aptitude: 50 and planning based questions 25)
Type of questions Mathematics and Aptitude: Objective type questions, Numerical questions; planning based questions,
JEE Main Total Marks 400 marks
Language of paper English, Hindi, Gujarati, Assamese, Bengali, Kannada, Marathi, Malayalam, Odia, Punjabi, Tamil, Telugu, Urdu

B.Planning Exam Pattern – Marking Scheme of B. Plan paper

Particulars Marks
Correct Answer +4 marks
Incorrect Answer -1 mark
Unattempted Question 0

JEE Main Paper 3 – Marks per section

Section Number of Questions Total marks/section
Mathematics 25 100 (25 x 4)
Aptitude 50 200 (50 x 4)
Planning-based Questions 25 100 (25 x 4)

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B.Planning Exam Pattern – Syllabus

  • NTA officially released updated syllabus for JEE Main aspirants
  • It is advisable to understand the syllabus for upcoming JEE Main 2021 exam
  • JEE Main syllabus helps in planning effective preparation strategies
  • B.Planning Exam Pattern ensures that students cover important chapters at the time of revisions

Details of JEE Main 2021 Syllabus for B.Planning is given below:

Part 1: Mathematics

Mathematics syllabus is the same for all the three JEE Main papers.

Sets, Relations and Functions Limit, Continuity and Differentiability
Mathematical Induction Integral Calculus
Binomial Theorem Differential Equations
Sequences and Series Coordinate Geometry
Complex Numbers Three Dimensional Geometry
Matrices and Determinants Vector Algebra
Permutations and Combinations Statistics and Probability
Trigonometry Mathematical Reasoning

Part 2: Aptitude

The syllabus for JEE Main aptitude section is as follows:

  • Knowledge of places, buildings, persons, etc.
  • Texture and objects in relation to Architecture and building environment
  • Understanding three-dimensional objects from two-dimensional drawings
  • Analyzing sides of three-dimensional objects
  • Assuming three-dimensional objects
  • Transforming 2D and 3D unions

Part 3: Planning-Based MCQs (for B. Planning paper only)

  • General Awareness in relation to development issues, government policies, etc.
  • Reviewing the analytical skills of the candidates
  • CBSE Class X Social Sciences

Download JEE Main Study Material

How to prepare as per the latest B.Planning Exam Pattern?

  • JEE Main aspirants need to focus more on the numerical value type questions
  • It has around 20% weightage in BE/B.Tech and B.Arch papers and 5% in B. Plan paper
  • Also, it is advisable to attempt these questions as they carry no negative marking
  • B.Planning Exam Pattern  has few variation, hence one must fluctuate speed of learning accordingly
  • Ensure to understand the question properly before attempting it
  • Avoid silly mistakes while doing calculations
  • JEE Main 2021 exam aspirants should try to complete the NCERT first before referring other books
  • As B.Planning Exam Pattern is comparatively newer, understanding of syllabus and pattern is important for scoring well

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General Preparation Strategies for B.Planning aspirants

For better effective learning, understanding of the B.Planning Exam Pattern is essential including the following points:

  • Understand the difference in syllabus:
    1. Part 1 and 2 of the B. Plan syllabus are the same as the B. Arch syllabus
    2. Part 3 has variations
    3. There are planning based questions for the B.Plan exam, while B.Arch has drawing based
  • B. Planning section will have three sections of Mathematics, General Aptitude and Planning
  • Understand the important topics well for JEE Main B.Plan paper
  • Acquaint yourself with skills to read a map as it will help in answering the related questions
  • Candidates should prepare according to B.Planning Exam Pattern that includes enhancing general awareness skills
  • JEE Main aspirants are advised to be updated on current affairs
  • Candidates preparing as per B.Planning Exam Pattern must pay special attention to various developmental schemes, Government activity, etc.
  • Try to attempt maximum mock tests.

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JEE Main Mock Tests

  • Annually NTA releases  JEE Main online mock test series for candidate reference for JEE Main exam
  • Coaching centers also rely heavily on these JEE Main test series
  • In 2020, NTA also launched the “National Test Abhyas” for aspirants to practice mock papers from home

JEE Main Previous Year Question Papers

  • JEE Main 2021 participants are advised to practice JEE Main previous year question papers to identify key concepts
  • Such question papers also helps in understanding style of question in the JEE Main exam
  • Practising previous year question papers also helps in better time management skill development

Recommended Books for JEE Main 2021 B.Planning Paper

For JEE Main exam, selection of right books and authors is quite essential. Below mentioned are few suggested best books by popular authors for preparation of JEE Main 2021:

JEE Main Recommended Books for Mathematics

Book Author/Publisher
Trigonometry S.L. Loney
Higher Algebra Hall & Knight
Coordinate Geometry S.L. Loney

Best books to prepare for Part 2 & 3: Aptitude and Planning

  • Contemporary India – Textbook in Geography
  • India and Contemporary World – History
  • Understanding Economic Development Textbook in Social Science
  • Study Guide for B.Arch 2021
  • NATA & JEE (B.Arch) Study Pack for 2021: 12 books with Previous year Question Paper

JEE Main 2021 Exam Day Guidelines

JEE Main aspirants are advised to go through the detailed JEE Main 2021 exam day guidelines below to avoid any kind of issues on the day of exam:

  • Entry gates to the exam hall will be opened at least 2.5 hours before the starting of the exam
  • Candidates are advised to reach as early as possible to speed up the process of security checking and verification
  • JEE Main aspirants must carry JEE Main 2021 admit card and identity proof to enter the exam hall
  • PWD category students must produce a duly signed PWD certificate in the format prescribed by the authorities at the exam center
  • All sorts of electronic devices like phones, calculators, watches with calculators, etc. are prohibited inside the exam centers
  • Diabetic students are allowed to carry sugar tablets/fruits and water in a transparent water bottle inside the exam hall. However, packaged food items like chocolate, sandwich, etc. are not allowed

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JEE Main B.Planning – Scope and Career

After B.Planning, students can either pursue higher studies or can look for a suitable job. Below are few options to choose from:

  • M.Planning
  • Relative M.Sc or M.Tech courses
  • PG Diploma Course
  • There are jobs available in the government sector as well like government departments of planning, housing schemes, etc.
  • For private sectors, options are from sectors like construction, interior designing firms, NGOs, etc.

Stay motivated and focus on revision well.

Best of luck with your upcoming exam!

JEE Main B.Planning FAQs

Ques: What is the format for paper 3 in JEE Main 2021 exam?

Last updated on December 23rd, 2020

Ans: From 2020 onwards, NTA has announced a separate paper for JEE Main exam. Paper 3 is of B.Planning and comprises aptitude, mathematics and planning based questions. The exam will be conducted in 13 languages. Candidates can choose the medium of language which is suitable for them. The duration of the exam will be 3 hours.

Ques: Are there any specific changes in the marking scheme for B.Plan?

Last updated on August 25th, 2020

Ans: There will be 3 sections in the paper namely mathematics, aptitude and planning based. There will be 50 aptitude based questions and 25 each for the mathematics and planning section. Numerical questions are added that carry no negative marking.

Ques: How will the merit list for paper 3 be devised?

Last updated on August 25th, 2020

Ans: The exam will be conducted in two shifts namely morning and evening. Overall NTA scores will be considered for preparing the merit list. In case of tie, merit will be based on score in mathematics, aptitude and planning based in the same order.

Ques: What is the basic eligibility to appear for the B.Plan exam?

Last updated on August 25th, 2020

ANs: To appear for paper 3 of B.Planning, a candidate needs to score a minimum of 50% marks in 12th board exam. However the minimum aggregate requirement has been deducted for this year exam. In 12th class, a JEE Main aspirant needs to appear for at least 5 subjects.

Ques: What is the minimum and maximum age limit for JEE Main?

Last updated on December 23rd, 2020

Ans: To appear for JEE Main 2021, candidates must have passed 12th either in 2020 or 2019, not before that. Students appearing for Class XII in 2021 are also eligible. Also, NTA does not specify any upper age limit to attempt the exam.

JEE Main Mathematics Syllabus 2021: Topic-wise Weightage, Best Books

Last updated on July 1st, 2021

JEE Main Mathematics Syllabus is common for all the 4 sessions of JEE Main. The information brochure of JEE Main 2021 has been released. There has been a change in JEE Main exam pattern but the syllabus is the same as 2020. Read the following article to know more about the complete JEE Main Maths Syllabus 2021, weightage of chapters and number of questions from each unit. Aspirants can save the whole syllabus as a PDF by using the print option (Ctrl + P). In addition, we have also suggested some useful books for preparation of JEE Main Mathematics.

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JEE Main Mathematics Syllabus – Highlights

  • As per the analysis of previous years’ JEE Main exams, JEE Main syllabus has remained more or less same.
  • JEE Main Maths syllabus is largely based on the CBSE Maths syllabus of class 11 and 12.
  • By knowing the syllabus, students will have a clear idea about what type of questions are asked in the paper and the difficulty level of the papers.

Also Check 

JEE Main Mathematics Syllabus

JEE Main Mathematics Syllabus 2021

Following is the detailed analysis of unit-wise and topic-wise JEE Main Maths Syllabus:

Unit 1: Sets, Relations and Functions

  • Sets and their representation
  • Union, intersection and complement of sets and their algebraic properties
  • Power set
  • Relation, Types of relations, equivalence relations, functions
  • One-one, into and onto functions, composition of functions

Unit 2: Complex Number and Quadratic Equations

  • Complex numbers as ordered pairs of reals
  • Representation of complex numbers in the form (a+ib) and their representation in a plane, Argand diagram
  • Algebra of complex numbers, modulus and argument (or amplitude) of a complex number, square root of a complex number
  • Triangle inequality
  • Quadratic equations in real and complex number system and their solutions
  • The relation between roots and coefficients, nature of roots, the formation of quadratic equations with given roots

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Unit 3: Matrices and Determinants

  • Matrices: Algebra of matrices, types of matrices, and matrices of order two and three
  • Determinants: Properties of determinants, evaluation of determinants, the area of triangles using determinants
  • Adjoint and evaluation of inverse of a square matrix using determinants and elementary transformations
  • Test of consistency and solution of simultaneous linear equations in two or three variables using determinants and matrices

Unit 4: Permutations and Combinations

  • The fundamental principle of counting
  • Permutation as an arrangement and combination as selection
  • The meaning of P (n,r) and C (n,r). Simple applications

Unit 5: Mathematical Induction

  • The principle of Mathematical Induction and its simple applications

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Unit 6: Binomial Theorem

  • Binomial theorem for a positive integral index
  • General term and middle term
  • Properties of Binomial coefficients and simple applications

Unit 7: Sequences and Series

  • Arithmetic and Geometric progressions, insertion of arithmetic
  • Geometric means between two given numbers
  • The relation between A.M. and G.M
  • Sum up to n terms of special series: Sn, Sn2, Sn3
  • Arithmetic – Geometric progression

Unit 8: Limit, Continuity and Differentiability

  • Real-valued functions, algebra of functions, polynomials, rational, trigonometric, logarithmic and exponential functions, inverse functions
  • Graphs of simple functions
  • Limits, continuity, and differentiability
  • Differentiation of the sum, difference, product, and quotient of two functions
  • Differentiation of trigonometric, inverse trigonometric, logarithmic, exponential, composite and implicit functions; derivatives of order up to two
  • Rolle’s and Lagrange’s Mean Value Theorems
  • Applications of derivatives: Rate of change of quantities, monotonic – increasing and decreasing functions, Maxima, and minima of functions of one variable, tangents, and normals.

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Unit 9: Integral Calculus

  • Integral as an antiderivative
  • Fundamental integrals involving algebraic, trigonometric, exponential and logarithmic functions
  • Integration by substitution, by parts, and by partial fractions
  • Integration using trigonometric identities
  • Integral as limit of a sum
  • Evaluation of simple integrals
  • Fundamental Theorem of Calculus
  • Properties of definite integrals, evaluation of definite integrals, determining areas of the regions bounded by simple curves in standard form

Unit 10: Differential Equations

  • Ordinary differential equations, their order, and degree.
  • Formation of differential equations
  • The solution of differential equations by the method of separation of variables
  • The solution of homogeneous and linear differential equations of the type

Unit 11: Coordinate Geometry

  • Cartesian system of rectangular coordinates in a plane, distance formula, section formula, locus and its equation, translation of axes, the slope of a line, parallel and perpendicular lines, intercepts of a line on the coordinate axes
  • Straight lines: Various forms of equations of a line, intersection of lines, angles between two lines, conditions for concurrence of three lines
  • The distance of a point from a line, equations of internal and external bisectors of angles between two lines, coordinates of centroid, orthocentre, and circumcentre of a triangle, equation of the family of lines passing through the point of intersection of two lines
  • Circles, conic sections: Standard form of equation of a circle, general form of the equation of a circle, its radius and centre, equation of a circle when the endpoints of a diameter are given, points of intersection of a line and a circle with the centre at the origin and condition for a line to be tangent to a circle, equation of the tangent
  • Sections of cones, equations of conic sections (parabola, ellipse, and hyperbola) in standard forms, condition for y = mx + c to be a tangent and point (s) of tangency

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Unit 12: Three Dimensional Geometry

  • Coordinates of a point in space, the distance between two points
  • Section formula, direction ratios and direction cosines, the angle between two intersecting lines
  • Skew lines, the shortest distance between them and its equation
  • Equations of a line and a plane in different forms, the intersection of a line and a plane, coplanar lines

Unit 13: Vector Algebra

  • Vectors and scalars, the addition of vectors
  • Components of a vector in two dimensions and three-dimensional space
  • Scalar and vector products, scalar and vector triple product

Unit 14: Statistics and Probability

  • Measures of Dispersion: Calculation of mean, median, mode of grouped and ungrouped data. Calculation of standard deviation, variance and mean deviation for grouped and ungrouped data.
  • Probability: Probability of an event, addition and multiplication theorems of probability, Bayes theorem, probability distribution of a random variate, Bernoulli trials and Binomial distribution.

Unit 15: Trigonometry

  • Trigonometric identities and equations.
  • Trigonometric functions.
  • Inverse trigonometric functions and their properties.
  • Heights and Distances

Unit 16: Mathematical Reasoning

  • Statements, logical operations and, or, implies, implied by, if and only if
  • Understanding of tautology, contradiction, converse, and Contrapositive

Also Check 

JEE Main Mathematics Syllabus: Chapter-Wise Weightage

Some chapters from the JEE Main Mathematics syllabus carry more weightage than the others. The table provided below contains the most important topics from JEE Main syllabus along with their weightage:

Important Topics Expected weightage
Coordinate Geometry 12%
Integral and Differential Calculus 30%
Trigonometry 7%
Sequence and Series 7%
Matrices and Determinants 7%
Differential Equations 7%

There are a total of 16 units in the JEE Main Syllabus for Mathematics. The number of questions asked from all units are given below:

Topic Number of questions
Sets, Relations and Functions 1
Complex Numbers and Quadratic Equations 3
Matrices and Determinants 2
Permutations and Combinations 1
Mathematical Induction 1
Binomial Theorem and its simple applications 1
Sequences and Series 2
Limit, Continuity and Differentiability 4
Integral Calculus 3
Differential Equations 1
Coordinate Geometry 5
Three-Dimensional Geometry 3
Vector Algebra 1
Statistics and Probability 2
Trigonometry 2
Mathematical Reasoning 1

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Best Books for Preparing JEE Main Mathematics Syllabus

Mathematics section requires comprehensive preparation. The following table represents some of the best books for JEE Main Mathematics Syllabus along with their author’s name that students can prefer for their Mathematics exam preparation:

Books Name Authors Name
IIT Mathematics M.L. Khanna
Differential Calculus Das Gupta
Class XI and XII Mathematics R.D. Sharma
Trigonometry, Geometry Books S.L. Loney
Integral Calculus for IIT-JEE Amit Agarwal
Calculus and Analytic Geometry Thomas and Finney
Problems in Calculus of One Variable I. A. Maron
Higher Algebra Hall and Knight

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JEE Main Mathematics Syllabus: Numerical Value Based Questions

Q1. Let α and β be two roots of the equation x2+2x+2=0, then α 15+β15 is equal to_____________.

Ans. -256

Q2. Consider a group of 5 females and 7 males. The number of different teams consisting of 2 females and 3 males that can be formed from this group, if there are two specific males A and B, who refuse to be the member of the same team, is ________________.

Ans. 300

Q3. If y = y (x) is the solution of the differential equation x +2y = x2 satisfying y (1) = 1, then 16 y (1/2) is equal to _______.

Ans. 49

Practising numerical questions is very important as numericals is a scoring section in JEE Main exam. This section does ot carry any negative marking. You must go through the past year papers in order to have a good idea about the type of questions asked. As Mathematics is a numerical based section, it requires thorough practise. You must also memorise all the important formulas well.

FAQs

Q.Is NCERT enough for JEE Main Mathematics preparation?

Last updated on December 23rd, 2020

Answer: NCERT should be treated as the base book for the preparation. However, it is not enough, thus you should also refer to other books like R.D Sharma, M.L. Khanna etc.

Q.When will the first session of JEE Main 2021 be conducted?

Last updated on December 23rd, 2020

Answer: The first session of JEE Main 2021 will be conducted from 23rd February 2021- 26th February 2021.

Q.When will the next session of JEE Main 2021 be conducted?

Last updated on July 1st, 2021

Answer: The next session of JEE Main 2021 will be tentatively conducted in July or August 2021.

Q: Has NTA released the revised dates for JEE Main April and May sessions?

Last updated on July 1st, 2021

Answer: The revised dates for April and May sessions have not been released yet. However, the dates are expected to be out soon.

Q. Is the Mathematics section easy?

Last updated on July 1st, 2021

Answer: Mathematics section is considered to be tougher than the other sections. The difficulty level ranges from moderate to difficult.

Q. Is 98 percentile a good score in JEE Main?

Last updated on July 1st, 2021

Answer: Yes, 98 percentile is a good score and you may secure a seat at one of the top NITs with this score.

JEE Main Physics Syllabus (Updated): Important Topics, Weightage, Paper Analysis

Last updated on June 29th, 2021

NTA, which is now the conducting authority for JEE Main, has released the JEE Main Physics Syllabus 2021. This year, some changes have been introduced in the JEE Main exam pattern. However, there has been no changes in the JEE Main Physics Syllabus even after the reduction in Class XII syllabus by some boards.

  • JEE Main 2021 April and May sessions will be conducted soon in the Computer-Based Mode (CBT) exam.
  • Students can practice JEE Main Mock Tests for a better understanding of CBT.
  • Since last year, the JEE Main Physics section has held 20 objective type questions and 5 numerical value questions. These 5 numerical questions won’t have any negative marking.
  • Meanwhile, JEE Advanced Syllabus 2021 also has few additional topics which require higher-level understanding.

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JEE Main Physics Syllabus (Updated)
JEE Main Physics Syllabus (Updated)

JEE Main 2021 Physics Syllabus Highlights

The JEE Main Syllabus is pretty vast and it usually takes at least 2 years to master everything.

  • Also, NTA JEE Main Physics Syllabus 2021 is considerably similar to the CBSE Curriculum.
  • So, the syllabus contains two sections – A and B.
    • Section A pertains to the Theory Part which holds 80% of the total weightage.
    • Meanwhile, Section B contains Practical Part (Physics Experimental Skills) with 20% weightage.

Read the following article to know more about JEE Main Physics Syllabus. You can also save this article by using Print Option (Ctrl + P) and save the NTA JEE Main Physics Syllabus PDF in case you need it in future.

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JEE Main Physics Syllabus 2021: Theory (Section A)

There are a lot of important topics in JEE Main Physics. The chapter on Kinematics has a good weightage in the exam. Students can also refer to the past paper analysis of JEE Main to understand more deeply about the weightage of various chapters. The following table depicts the JEE Main Physics Syllabus 2021 (Theory Part)-

S.No. Unit Topics
1 Physics and Measurement Physics, Technology and Society, S.I. units,
Fundamental and derived units.
Least count, accuracy and precision of measuring instruments, Errors in measurement,
Dimensions of Physical quantities, dimensional analysis and its applications
2 Kinematics Frame of reference.
Motion in a straight line: Position-time graph, speed and velocity.
Uniform and non-uniform motion, average speed and instantaneous velocity Uniformly accelerated motion, velocity-time, position-time graphs, relations for uniformly accelerated motion.
Scalars and Vectors, Vector Addition and Subtraction, Zero Vector, Scalar and Vector products, Unit Vector, Resolution of a Vector
Relative Velocity, Motion in a plane.
Projectile Motion, Uniform Circular Motion
3 Laws of Motion Force and Inertia,
Newton’s First Law of motion: Momentum, Newton’s Second Law of motion: Impulse and Newton’s Third Law of motion.
Law of conservation of linear momentum and its applications, Equilibrium of concurrent forces.
Static and Kinetic friction, Laws of friction, Rolling friction.
Dynamics of uniform circular motion: Centripetal force and its applications,
4 Work, Energy and Power Work done by a constant force and a variable force; Kinetic and potential energies, Work-Energy theorem
Power
Potential energy of a spring, Conservation of mechanical energy, Conservative and nonconservative forces;
Elastic and inelastic collisions in one and two dimensions.
5 Rotational Motion Centre of mass of a two-particle system, Centre of mass of a rigid body
Basic concepts of rotational motion; moment of a force, torque, angular momentum, conservation of angular momentum and its applications
Moment of inertia, Radius of gyration
Values of moments of inertia for simple geometrical objects, parallel and perpendicular axes theorems and their applications.
Rigid body rotation, Equations of rotational motion
6 Gravitation The Universal law of gravitation
Acceleration due to gravity and its variation with altitude and depth, Kepler’s laws of planetary motion
Gravitational potential energy; gravitational potential.
Escape velocity.
Orbital velocity of a satellite. Geostationary satellites.
7 Properties of Solids and Liquids Elastic behaviour, Stress-strain relationship, Hooke’s Law, Young’s modulus, bulk modulus, modulus of rigidity. Pressure due to a fluid column
Pascal’s law and its applications
Viscosity, Stokes’ law, terminal velocity, streamline and turbulent flow, Reynolds number
Bernoulli’s principle and its applications
Surface energy and surface tension, angle of contact, application of surface tension – drops, bubbles and capillary rise
Heat, temperature, thermal expansion;
Specific heat capacity, calorimetry
Change of state, latent heat
Heat transfer-conduction, convection and radiation, Newton’s law of cooling
8 Thermodynamics Thermal equilibrium, zeroth law of thermodynamics, concept of temperature
Heat, work and internal energy
First law of thermodynamics
The second law of thermodynamics: reversible and irreversible processes
Carnot engine and its efficiency
9 Kinetic Theory of Gases Equation of state of a perfect gas, work done on compressing a gas.
Kinetic theory of gases -assumptions, concept of pressure. Kinetic energy and temperature: rms speed of gas molecules
Degrees of freedom, Law of equipartition of energy
Applications to specific heat capacities of gases Mean free path
Avogadro’s number
10 Oscillations and Waves Periodic motion – period, frequency, displacement as a function of time.
Periodic functions
Simple harmonic motion (S.H.M.) and its equation; phase; oscillations of a spring -restoring force and force constant;
Energy in S.H.M. – kinetic and potential energies; Simple pendulum – derivation of expression for its time period
Free, forced and damped oscillations,
Resonance
Wave motion
Longitudinal and transverse waves, speed of a wave
Displacement relation for a progressive wave
Principle of superposition of waves, reflection of waves, Standing waves in strings and organ pipes, fundamental mode and harmonics, Beats, Doppler effect in sound
11 Electrostatics Electric charges: Conservation of charge, Coulomb’s law-forces between two point charges, forces between multiple charges
Superposition principle and continuous charge distribution
Electric field: Electric field due to a point charge, Electric field lines, Electric dipole, Electric field due to a dipole, Torque on a dipole in a uniform electric field
Gauss’s law and its applications to find field due to infinitely long uniformly charged straight wire, uniformly charged infinite plane sheet and uniformly charged thin spherical shell, Electric flux,
Electric potential and its calculation for a point charge, electric dipole and system of charges.
Equipotential surfaces, Electrical potential energy of a system of two point charges in an electrostatic field.
Conductors and insulators, Dielectrics and electric polarization, capacitor, combination of capacitors in series and in parallel, capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor with and without dielectric medium between the plates, Energy stored in a capacitor.
12 Current Electricity Electric current, Drift velocity, Ohm’s law, Electrical resistance, Resistances of different materials, V-I characteristics of Ohmic and non-ohmic conductors
Electrical energy and power, Electrical resistivity, Colour code for resistors
Series and parallel combinations of resistors; Temperature dependence of resistance.
Electric Cell and its Internal resistance, Potential difference and emf of a cell, combination of cells in series and in parallel
Kirchhoff’s laws and their applications
Wheatstone bridge, Metre bridge
Potentiometer – principle and its applications.
13 Magnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism Biot – Savart law and its application to the current carrying circular loop.
Ampere’s law and its applications to infinitely long current carrying straight wire and solenoid.
Force on a moving charge in uniform magnetic and electric fields.
Cyclotron
Force on a current-carrying conductor in a uniform magnetic field. Force between two parallel current-carrying conductors-definition of ampere, Torque experienced by a current loop in uniform magnetic field
Moving coil galvanometer, its current sensitivity and conversion to ammeter and voltmeter.
Current loop as a magnetic dipole and its magnetic dipole moment. Bar magnet as an equivalent solenoid, magnetic field lines; Earth’s magnetic field and magnetic elements.
Para-, dia-, and ferro- magnetic substances.
Magnetic susceptibility and permeability, Hysteresis, Electromagnets and permanent magnets.
14 Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents Electromagnetic induction
Faraday’s law, induced emf and current
Lenz’s Law, Eddy currents
Self and mutual inductance
Alternating currents, peak and rms value of alternating current/voltage
Reactance and Impedance; LCR series circuit, Resonance
Quality factor, power in AC circuits, wattless current.
AC Generator and Transformer.
15 Electromagnetic Waves Electromagnetic waves and their characteristics.
Transverse nature of electromagnetic waves.
Electromagnetic spectrum(radio waves, microwaves, infrared, visible, ultraviolet, X rays, gamma rays).
Applications of e.m. waves.
16 Optics Reflection and refraction of light at plane and spherical surfaces, mirror formula, Total internal reflection and its applications,
Deviation and Dispersion of light by a prism, Lens Formula, Magnification, Power of a Lens, Combination of thin lenses in contact, Microscope and Astronomical Telescope (reflecting and refracting) and their magnifying powers.
Wave optics: wavefront and Huygens’ principle, Laws of reflection and refraction using Huygens principle.
Interference, Young’s double slit experiment and expression for fringe width, coherent sources and sustained interference of light.
Diffraction due to a single slit, width of central maximum. Resolving power of microscopes and astronomical telescopes, Polarisation, plane polarized light
Brewster’s law, uses of plane polarized light and Polaroids.
17 Dual Nature of Matter and Radiation Dual nature of radiation
Photoelectric effect, Hertz and Lenard’s observations
Einstein’s photoelectric equation
Particle nature of light
Matter waves-wave nature of the particle, de Broglie relation.
Davis son-Germer experiment.
18 Atoms and Nuclei Alpha-particle scattering experiment
Rutherford’s model of the atom
Bohr model, energy levels, hydrogen spectrum
Composition and size of the nucleus, atomic masses, isotopes, isobars, and isotones
Radioactivity-alpha, beta and gamma particles/rays and their properties
Radioactive decay law
Mass-energy relation, mass defect
Binding energy per nucleon and its variation with mass number, nuclear fission and fusion.
19 Electronic Devices Semiconductors
Semiconductor diode: I-V characteristics in forward and reverse bias
Diode as a rectifier
1-V characteristics of LED, photodiode, solar cell and Zener diode; Zener diode as a voltage regulator
Junction transistor, transistor action, characteristics of a transistor
Transistor as an amplifier(common emitter configuration) and oscillator
Logic gates (OR, AND, NOT, NAND and NOR), Transistor as a switch
20 Communication Systems Propagation of electromagnetic waves in the atmosphere
Sky and space wave propagation, Need for modulation, Amplitude and Frequency Modulation, Bandwidth of signals, Bandwidth of Transmission medium,
Basic Elements of a Communication System (Block Diagram only).

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JEE Main Physics Experimental Skills (Section B)

The following table depicts the JEE Main Physics Syllabus 2021 – Section B on Experimental Skills. There are no changes in this section also and the JEE Main syllabus 2021 is the same as 2020.

Unit 1 to 10

S.No. Experiments
1 Vernier callipers-its use to measure internal and external diameter and depth of a vessel.
2 Screw gauge-its use to determine thickness/ diameter of thin sheet/wire.
3 Simple Pendulum-dissipation of energy by plotting a graph between square of amplitude and time.
4 Metre Scale – mass of a given object by principle of moments.
5 Young’s modulus of elasticity of the material of a metallic wire.
6 Surface tension of water by capillary rise and effect of detergents.
7 Coefficient of Viscosity of a given viscous liquid by measuring terminal velocity of a given spherical body.
8 Plotting a cooling curve for the relationship between the temperature of a hot body and time.
9 Speed of sound in air at room temperature using a resonance tube.
10 Specific heat capacity of a given (i) solid and (ii) liquid by method of mixtures.

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Unit 11 to 22

S.No. Experiments
11 Resistivity of the material of a given wire using a metre bridge.
12 Resistance of a given wire using Ohm’s law.
13 Potentiometer -Comparison of emf of two primary cells. -Determination of internal resistance of a cell.
14 Resistance and figure of merit of a galvanometer by half deflection method
15 Focal length of-Convex mirror -Concave mirror, and -Convex lens using parallax method
16 Plot of angle of deviation vs angle of incidence for a triangular prism.
17 Refractive index of a glass slab using a traveling microscope.
18 Characteristic curves of a p-n junction diode in forward and reverse bias.
19 Zener diode characteristic curves and finding reverse breakdown voltage.
20 Characteristic curves of a transistor and finding current gain and voltage gain.
21 Identification of Diode, LED, Transistor, IC, Resistor, Capacitor from mixed collection of such items.
22 Using multimeter to-Identify base of a transistor -Distinguish between npn and pnp type transistor -See the unidirectional flow of current in case of a diode and an LED. -Check the correctness or otherwise of a given electronic component (diode, transistor or IC).

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Books For Preparing JEE Main Physics Syllabus 2021

A lot of important topics in JEE Main Physics Syllabus 2021 are not easy to apprehend. If students do not have the best books explaining important topics, they might not be able to understand the logic behind certain topics. To understand topics with ease and to know the logic behind certain important formulae, major experts suggest the best books given below-

Books Author
Concepts of Physics Volume 1 and Volume 2 H.C. Verma
Feynman Lectures on Physics Feynman, Leighton and Sands
Problems in General Physics IE Irodov
Objective Questions on Physics- Chapterwise Solved Papers D.C. Pandey
Fundamentals of Physics Halliday, Resnick and Walker
Problems in Physics AA Pinsky
Advance Physics Nelkon and Parker

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JEE Main 2021: Tips and Tricks for Attempting the Paper 

Preparation is the prime way to crack competitive exams like JEE Main. But we should keep in mind that mere preparation is not enough. Knowing how to attempt the JEE Main paper is equally important. Below given are some general paper attempting tips that will help you to score good marks in JEE Main.

  • Section Attempting Order:
      • According to experts and past trend analysis, the idle paper attempting order should be in the following manner- first Chemistry, followed by Maths and lastly Physics.
      • The logic behind this is that Chemistry has more fact-based questions and the level of logical questions rises from Chemistry to Maths to Physics.
      • It is easier to solve fact-based questions than solving questions with calculations.
      • This way students can secure some marks before moving forward to the tougher parts.
      • However, the students’ command in each subject also plays an important role here.
  • Segregation of Questions:
      • Segregation of questions in terms of their difficulty level is important.
      • On average in the JEE Main paper, 30 questions are expected to be easy.
      • This clearly means that 120 marks can be secured easily.
      • Securing these 120 marks will help students to get themselves ranked among 2,00,000 candidates.
  • Elimination:
      • The trend analysis shows that (20-25%) of questions in the Mathematics section can be solved using substitution and elimination methods.
      • This means that the students need to substitute the answer from the multiple choices in the question and then eliminate the wrong answers.
      • Also, this method saves time and gives the correct answer almost every time.
      • In some other questions also, the answers can be eliminated by using logic.
  • Solving Previous Year Papers:
      • This tip is very much effective; solving JEE Main previous year papers and analyzing results.
      • It will also help you to locate your strong and weak areas.
      • Knowing your strength will help to understand which questions you should attempt first to secure some marks.
  • Accuracy:
      • It is always preferable to attempt questions of the topics you have great command over, rather than focusing on weaker areas.
      • This way you will save your time and energy.
      • Also, there is a higher chance of scoring good marks if there is a minimum negative marking.
  • Don’t Over Attempt:
      • Students need to keep in mind that the number of correct answers has more weightage than the number of attempted questions.
      • Also, you must attempt only those questions which you are confident about.
      • Solving extra questions only increases the chances of negative marking.
      • Skipping the questions which seem too difficult will be a smart move to save time and it’ll also help you to dedicate more time to solve easier questions.
  • Time management:
    • After attempting the exam it is important to revise the attempted questions in order to locate possible errors.
    • So, good time management will help you to save 15 min out of 3 hours to facilitate revision.

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Some Numerical Value Type Questions in JEE Main Physics

Given below are some numerical value questions which have been provided in the official sample questions of JEE Main Physics. These were introduced for the first time in the JEE Main Physics section in 2020.

Q1. A particle moves in the x-y plane under the influence of a force such that the linear momentum is P(t) = A [ î cos kt – ĵ sin kt ] Where A and k are constants. The angle in degrees between force and momentum is_________.

Ans. 90

Q2. A power line lies along the east-west direction and carries a current of 10 A. The force per meter due to the earth’s magnetic field of 10-4 T is 10-X N/m. The value of x is_____________.

Ans. 3

Q3. Light of wavelength 0.6 mm from a sodium lamp falls on a photocell and causes the emission of photoelectrons for which the stopping potential is 0.5 V. With the light of wavelength 0.4 mm from a mercury lamp the stopping potential is 1.5 V. Then, the work function in eV of the photocell surface is____________.

Ans. 1.5

These questions above are just samples taken from the official sample questions provided by NTA. You can also go through past year papers to understand the JEE Main exam pattern. Aspirants can also download the PDF of sample questions on numerical value for JEE Main Physics. As you have reviewed the whole syllabus of JEE Main Physics, you must have understood the topics which are highly important for the exam. JEE Main Physics Kinematics, Optics, Electrostatics are the top-scoring chapters for this section. Make sure to give these topics enough time. All the best!

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JEE Main Physics FAQs

Ques.: Does the JEE Main 2021 Physics syllabus have questions from Class XI also?

Last updated on December 22nd, 2020

Ans: Yes, the JEE Main Physics syllabus 2021 contains topics from class 11th and 12th as well.

Ques: What is the weightage of section B in JEE Main Physics syllabus 2021?

Last updated on June 29th, 2021

Ans: JEE Main Physics syllabus has two sections- weightage of Section B is 20% whereas Section-A consists of theory having 80% weightage.

Ques. Has the JEE Main 2021 Physics syllabus been released officially?

Last updated on June 29th, 2021

Ans. Yes, NTA has released the official JEE Main Physics Syllabus. There have been no changes in the syllabus.

Ques. What are the most preferable books for JEE Main Physics syllabus preparation?

Last updated on June 29th, 2021

Ans. Most preferred books – Problems in Physics by AA Pinsky, advanced Physics by Nelkon and Parker, Concepts of Physics Volume 1 and Volume 2 by H.C. Verma and yes don’t forget NCERT books.

Ques. Has the reduction of Class XII CBSE syllabus affected JEE Main 2021 syllabus?

Last updated on June 29th, 2021

Ans. No, NTA has not reduced the JEE Main syllabus but has rather changed the exam pattern to help the students whose Class XII syllabus was reduced.

Ques. Is the JEE Main Physics section easy?

Last updated on June 29th, 2021

Ans. As per the past year trends, the difficulty level of Physics section ranges from moderate to difficult.

JEE Main Exam Pattern 2021 (Updated): Check Latest Pattern, Marking Scheme For B.Tech, B.Arch and B.Planning

Last updated on July 1st, 2021

NTA has revised the JEE Main Exam Pattern 2021. As per latest exam pattern, candidates will now have 10 numericals in each section, out of which, only 5 must be attempted. Total questions in Paper 1 (B.E. / B.Tech) are now increased to 90, but candidates need to attempt only 75 questions. The exam pattern has been revised in order to help the students whose Class XII syllabus has been reduced by the board. Dr Ramesh Pokhriyal also said that questions will be framed in a way to cover the syllabus of boards which have reduced Class XII syllabus as well as those which haven’t reduced the syllabus. A new paper for B.Planning was introduced in 2020 so JEE Main 2021 will also be conducted over 3 papers –

  • B.E/B.Tech – Paper 1
  • B. Arch – Paper 2A
  • B. Planning – Paper 2B

Aspirants can view JEE Main 2021 Paper Analysis to know about the questions and paper structure. Students are also advised to go through the syllabus for JEE Main 2021. The details below explain JEE Main Exam Pattern 2021, marking scheme, section-wise distribution of questions etc.

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JEE Main Exam Pattern 2021 (Updated)

Few changes were introduced by NTA in the exam pattern for JEE Main 2021. The number of Numerical value questions has been increased to 10. However, candidates will have an option of attempting 5 out of the 10 questions. This will be applicable for all 3 papers.

Paper 1 – B.E. / B.Tech Paper Pattern

Subject Section A Section B Marks
Mathematics 20* 10* 100
Physics 20* 10* 100
Chemistry 20* 10* 100
Total 60 30 300

Note: In Section B (Numerical value), candidates are required to attempt any 5 questions out of 10 for each subject.

Also Check-

Marking Scheme at JEE Main 2021

Marking Scheme for MCQs (Section A) Correct Answer Four marks (+4)
Incorrect Answer Minus one mark (-1)
Unanswered / Marked for Review No mark (0)
Marking Scheme for Numerical value questions (Section B) Correct Answer Four marks (+4)
Incorrect Answer No mark (0)
Unanswered / Marked for Review No mark (0)

With a reduction of around 30% syllabus by CBSE, students were expecting NTA to to reduce the JEE Main 2021 syllabus.

  • However, NTA has not officially reduced the syllabus till date but has instead altered the exam pattern
  • The JEE Main exam is based on the complete 11th and 12th class syllabus.
  • The changes made for JEE Main 2020 September session will be unaltered
    • Inclusion of numerical type questions along with MCQs
    • B.Planning paper has been separated as Paper 3
    • No negative marking for numerical type questions

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Updated JEE Main Exam Pattern 2021: Highlights

Particulars PAPER 1 PAPER 2A PAPER 2B
Programs Offered B.E./ B.Tech. B.Arch B.Planning
Sections/ Subjects Physics, Chemistry & Mathematics Aptitude Test, Mathematics & Drawing Mathematics, Aptitude Test, Planning based questions
Type of Questions MCQs + Numerical Value MCQs + Numerical Value + Drawing MCQs + Numerical Value + Planning
Medium of Exam English/ Hindi/Other regional languages English/ Hindi/ Other regional languages English/ Hindi/ Other regional languages
Duration of Exam 3 hours 3 hours 3 hours
Total Questions 90 (75 to attempt) 82 (77 to attempt) 105 (100 to attempt)
JEE Main Total Marks 300 400 400
Marking Scheme for MCQs +4 for correct answers -1 for wrong answers +4 for correct answers -1 for wrong answers +4 for correct answers -1 for wrong answers
Marking Scheme for numerical value questions +4 for correct answers, no negative marking for wrong answers +4 for correct answers, no negative marking for wrong answers +4 for correct answers, no negative marking for wrong answers
  • In 2020, MHRD directed NTA to not announce JEE rankings/scores
  • NTA will only announce the percentile scores based on which admissions will be granted in colleges across India.
  • However, All India Ranks are still announced for cut off at various colleges.
  • The list of All India Ranks will be announced after all the sessions are conducted.

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JEE Main Old vs New Exam Pattern

Mode of Examination 

JEE Main 2021 Examination will be conducted in the following mode:

Paper  Mode
Paper 1 – B.E/ B.Tech Computer-Based Test (CBT)
Paper 2 – B.Arch Mathematics – Computer-based Test
Aptitude – Computer-based Test
Drawing Test – Pen and Paper Based test
Paper 3 – B. Planning Computer-Based Test (CBT)

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JEE Main 2021 – Choice of Medium of Question Paper

  • In JEE Main 2021, there will be multiple choices of medium of question paper.
  • The number of regional languages in which candidates can take the exam have been increased and now the total number of available languages is 13.
S. No. Language Exam Centres
1. English All Examination Centres
2. Hindi All Exam Centres in India
3. English and Assamese Exam Centres in Assam
4. English and Bengali Exam Centres in West Bengal, Tripura and Andaman & Nicobar Island
5. English and Gujarati Exam Centres in Gujarat, Daman and Diu, Dadra and Nagar Haveli
6. English and Kannada Exam Centres in Karnataka
7. English and Marathi Exam Centres in Maharashtra
8. English and Malayalam Exam Centres in Kerala and Lakshadweep
9. English and Odia Exam Centres in Odisha
10. English and Punjabi Exam Centres in Punjab, Chandigarh and Delhi
11. English and Tamil Exam Centres in Tamil Nadu, Puducherry and Andaman & Nicobar Island
12. English and Telugu Exam Centres in Andhra Pradesh and Telangana
13. English and Urdu All Exam Centres in India
  • Candidates are required to choose the medium at the time of filling the JEE Main 2021 Application Form

Note: For ensuring correctness of the questions, the English version will be taken as final.

JEE Main Exam Pattern: Paper 1 (B.Tech/B.E.)

  • Paper-1 of JEE Main 2021 will be conducted for admission to undergraduate engineering courses (B.Tech)
  • As per the updates, the examination will be a Computer Based Test and will be conducted in online mode
  • The paper will have questions from Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics sections
  • There will be a total of 60 Multiple Choice Questions and 30 Numerical value questions.
  • Each Subject will have 20 MCQs and 10 Numerical Value Questions. Any 5 numerical questions have to be attempted by candidates.
  • The duration of the examination will be 180 minutes.

JEE Main 2021 Paper 1 Subject-wise distribution of questions with marks:

SUBJECTS MAXIMUM QUESTIONS MAXIMUM MARKS
Physics 30 (25 to be attempted) 100
Chemistry 30 (25 to be attempted) 100
Mathematics 30 (25 to be attempted) 100
Total 90 questions (75 to be attempted) 300 marks

Physics Section-Wise Exam Pattern

  • There will be 20 questions of objective type from Physics in Paper 1
  • For each correct answer, 4 marks will be added
  • 1 mark is deducted for every incorrect answer
  • Any 5 questions must be attempted from 10 Numerical value questions.
  • No negative marking for Numerical value questions.

Chemistry Section-Wise Exam Pattern

  • For Chemistry, there will be mixed questions from Physical, Inorganic, and Organic Chemistry
  • There will be a total of 20 Multiple Choice Questions and 10 numerical value-based questions
  • For each correct answer, 4 marks will be added
  • 1 mark will be deducted for every incorrect answer
  • No negative marking for Numerical value questions.

Mathematics Section-Wise Exam Pattern

  • There will be 20 questions of objective type and 10 numerical value questions from Mathematics
  • For each correct answer, 4 marks will be added
  • 1 mark is deducted for every incorrect answer
  • No negative marking for Numerical value questions.

Read About

JEE Main Exam Pattern: Paper 2A (B.Arch)

  • Paper-2 of JEE Main 2021 will be conducted for admission to undergraduate architecture courses
  • It will be a Computer-Based Test and analyses a candidate’s aptitude in Mathematics and Drawing Ability
  • Drawing section will be conducted offline in pen and paper mode
  • Candidates need to bring essential equipment for the Drawing section on their own
  • The paper will consist of a total of 82 questions
  • It will include 50 questions for aptitude test, 2 questions for drawing test and 30 questions from mathematics including 10 questions with numerical value answers
  • Candidates will be required to attempt 5 out of 10 numerical questions.
  • Duration of the examination will be 180 minutes
  • The medium of the paper will be English, Hindi and 11 other languages depending on the location of the exam centres
  • Each correct answer will carry 4 marks
  • Two drawing questions will be of 50 marks each
  • One mark will be deducted for each incorrect response except for questions with numerical based values.

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Subject-wise distribution of questions with marks in JEE Main 2021 Paper 2 is given below:

  • I – Mathematics – Objective type questions and numerical value questions
  • II – Aptitude Test – Objective type questions
  • III – Drawing Test – Questions based on drawing
SUBJECTS MAXIMUM QUESTIONS MAXIMUM MARKS
Mathematics 30 (25 to be attempted) 100
Aptitude Test 50 200
Drawing 02 100
Total 82 questions (77 to be attempted) 400 marks

JEE Main Exam Pattern: Paper 2B (B.Planning)

  • Paper-2B of JEE Main 2021 will be conducted for admission to undergraduate planning courses
  • It will be a Computer Based Test that checks for a candidate’s aptitude in Mathematics and planning
  • The paper will consist of a total of 105 questions
    • 50 questions for aptitude test
    • 25 questions for planning test
    • 30 questions from mathematics
  • Duration of the examination will be 180 minutes
  • The medium of the paper will be in 13 languages.
  • Each correct question will carry 4 marks.
  • One mark will be deducted for each incorrect response except for questions having numerical values

Also Read 

Subject-wise distribution of questions with marks in JEE Main 2021 Paper 2B is given below:

SUBJECTS MAXIMUM QUESTIONS MAXIMUM MARKS
Mathematics 30 (25 to be attempted) 100
Aptitude Test 50 200
Planning Based 25 100
Total 105 questions (100 to be attempted) 400 marks

What if a candidate wants to attempt both Paper 2 and Paper 3?

  • JEE Main candidates who wish to attempt both Paper 2 and 3, are allotted a total time of 3 hours 30 minutes
  • The total of 210 minutes can be utilised accordingly for 4 sections namely – Mathematics, Aptitude, Planning and Drawing

JEE Main Exam Pattern 2021 for Aptitude and Drawing

The exam pattern for the Aptitude and Drawing section is as follows –

Aptitude

  • Aptitude test will contain 50 objective type questions
  • 4 marks are awarded for every correct answer
  • 1 mark is deducted from the total score for every incorrect answer

Drawing

  • The Drawing Test will consist of 2 questions
  • Candidates need to attempt these questions on a separate drawing sheet
  • Each question is of maximum 50 marks
  • Candidates will be awarded marks as per their work on the drawing sheet

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JEE Main Exam Pattern 2021: Marking Scheme

  • JEE Main 2021 Paper 1 will be of 300 marks
  • Paper 2 and Paper 3 will be of 400 marks
  • Four marks will be awarded for each right answer
  • One mark will be deducted for the wrong answer except for the Drawing Test
  • Drawing Test will have 2 questions of maximum 50 marks each
  • Answering more than one choice will be considered incorrect and marks will be deducted for the same
  • For numerical value-based questions, there will be no negative marking for wrong answers

Sample Questions for New Changes

Below mentioned are a few download links for JEE Main 2021 sample papers. Similar JEE Main Test series can be availed online:

  • Sample Numerical Value Questions for Physics – Click here
  • Sample Numerical Value Questions for Chemistry – Click here
  • Sample Numerical Value Questions for Mathematics – Click here
  • Sample Questions for Planning – Click here

JEE Main Exam Pattern: Official Mock Test 2021

  • The official mock test link has been activated by NTA.
  • Candidates can visit the official website of NTA to register for JEE Main 2021 mock tests.
  • JEE Main 2021 participants can attempt these tests from home itself without any registration fee
  • NTA has collected questions for mock tests from a large archive of April/September 2020 sessions and old JEE Main Question Papers

JEE Main Exam Pattern 2021: Books for Preparation

Chemistry Mathematics Physics
Organic Chemistry by Morrison and Boyd Differential Calculus for IIT-JEE by Amit Agarwal Mechanics Part-1 & 2 by DC Pandey
Concise Inorganic Chemistry by J. D. Lee Integral Calculus for IIT-JEE by Amit Agarwal Understanding Physics for JEE Main & Advanced Waves & Thermodynamics by DC Pandey
Numerical Chemistry by P Bahadur Calculus and Analytic Geometry by Thomas and Finney Concepts of Physics by H.C. Verma – Volume 1 and Volume 2
Textbook of Inorganic Chemistry for Competitions (JEE Main & Advanced) by OP Tandon Algebra for JEE Main & Advanced by Arihant Publication Fundamentals of Physics by Resnick and Halliday
Modern Approach to Chemical Calculations by RC Mukherjee Higher Algebra by Hall & Knight Problems in Physics by S.S. Krotov

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Preparation Tips for JEE Main 2021 Based on Revised Exam Pattern

  • Compiling of notes: JEE Main 2021 aspirants should note down important points and formulas after finishing every chapter that eases revision and help in faster processing
  • Avoid procrastination: Official dates for the next sessions of JEE Main exam 2021 will be announced soon so candidates must not waste any time
  • Confidence: Don’t get intimidated by difficult and complex topics and focus on concept learning.
  • Time Management: It is an important aspect for JEE Main 2021 Preparations. As class XII examinations have been cancelled by most boards, students have got ample of time so utilise it for preparation of JEE Main 2021.
  • Mock Tests and Sample Papers: Practise mock tests and JEE Main 2021 sample papers for better understanding of the JEE Main 2021 Exam Pattern and check time management skills

Check-

How To Boost Preparation For JEE Main 2021?

  • JEE Main aspirants are advised to solve maximum question papers to understand the JEE Main 2021 exam pattern
  • Try to solve previous year question papers especially JEE Main 2021 February and March session Question Paper to understand the new pattern
  • One can also solve mock tests and JEE Main 2021 sample papers
  • Candidates can get the best books on JEE Main 2021 Preparation for better results which helps in scoring JEE Main passing marks for JEE Main Cut Off

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Exam Day Instructions for JEE Main 2021

Candidates should keep these instructions in mind while appearing for JEE Main 2021.

  • JEE Main 2021 participants should report two hours before the examination schedule to avoid delay in verification formalities
  • The exam hall/room registration desk will be closed 30 minutes prior to the examination
  • Candidates are not permitted to enter after 9:00 a.m in the first shift and after 2:00 p.m. in the second shift
  • Seat with roll number is allocated to every student
  • One must occupy the seat allotted to them else their candidature will not be accepted
  • A candidate cannot leave the JEE Main exam centre or seat without special permission of the Centre Superintendent or the invigilator before session ends
  • Every student must adhere to instructions by the Centre Superintendent/Invigilators
  • JEE Main 2021 admit card along with rough sheets must be submitted before leaving the hall
  • NTA will not entertain any re-test, under any circumstances
  • Schedule and test centre will be informed in the JEE Main 2021 Admit Card
  • JEE Main applicants must not bring any electronic device or study material to exam hall
  • Candidates are required to bring all required stationary for aptitude test

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FAQs on JEE Main Exam Pattern

Ques: Is there any change in the JEE main 2021 exam pattern owing to pandemic situation?

Last updated on July 1st, 2021

Ans: Yes, NTA has introduced some changes in the exam pattern for 2021. 5 extra optional questions have been introduced in the numerical answer based questions.

Ques: What will be the pattern of questions for B.Planning paper?

Last updated on July 1st, 2021

Ans: There will be a separate paper for B.Planning that will consist of questions from Mathematics, Aptitude based and Planning based. The total marks will be 100 in which 50 marks are for aptitude test.

Ques: What is the mode of examination and medium of questions for paper 2B?

Last updated on July 1st, 2021

Ans: Like paper 1 and 2A, paper 2B will also be conducted in online mode for a duration of 180 minutes. The medium of questions will be English, Hindi, Gujarati, Assamese, Punjabi, Marathi, Odia, Bengali, Kannada, Tamil, Malayalam, Telugu, and Urdu.

Ques: Is there any revision on JEE Main exam duration?

Last updated on July 1st, 2021

Ans: As per the revised JEE Main exam pattern 2021, all three papers of B.E/B.Tech, B.Arch and B.Plan. will be of 3 hours duration each. For those candidates who wish to appear for both paper 2 and paper 3, the exam duration will be 3 hours 30 minutes.

Ques: What will be the marking scheme of B.Planning paper?

Last updated on July 1st, 2021

Ans: There will be MCQs as well as numerical based questions as per the updated JEE Main exam format. Every correct MCQ will be rewarded 4 points and for every incorrect answer 1 point will be deducted. Unattempted questions will not be marked. There will be no negative marking for numerical based questions while correct numerical questions will be given 4 marks.

Ques: Where can I find relevant mock tests for JEE Main 2021 preparation?

Last updated on July 1st, 2021

Ans: NTA has released mock tests for JEE Main 2021 in all the 13 languages. You can find the links to the mock tests on the official website of NTA.

JEE Main Important Topics & Chapters: Weightage-wise Breakdown and Trend Analysis

Last updated on February 6th, 2021

JEE Main Important Topics are of the utmost importance when it comes to JEE Main Preparations. At the same time, it is very hard to figure the important topics for JEE Main without proper data. That is why students must go the smarter and easier way that requires a strong commitment.

  • Every chapter in the JEE Main Syllabus is assigned a weightage of marks.
  • This weightage is not fixed according to any official guidebook by JEE Main conducting authority.
  • But, it is visible according to the question pattern followed in previous year JEE Main exams.
  • Now you have to break down all these chapters in 3-4 categories, such as most JEE Main important topics that carry a high weightage of marks, JEE Main important topics that carry an average weightage of marks and then JEE Main important topics that hold the minimum weightage of marks.
  • Doing this will bring your attention to those topics which are crucial for the examination. You can also segregate the topics of various sections in accordance with the difficulty level.
  • This will also help you figure the most important topics for JEE Main 2021.

JEE Main is one of the toughest competitive exams for engineering aspirants. Learning the formulae, chemical equations, steps for some questions and other rotting sections can never guarantee a great score in JEE Main. In this article, we are going to discuss the most important chapters for the JEE Main 2021 January session.

If we look at the JEE Main exam pattern, all the sections of Paper-1 will have 25 questions each and will be of 100 marks each. Out of the 25 questions, 5 will be Numerical Value Based Questions, which will have no negative marking. However, the JEE Main 2021 syllabus has not been released yet but we can analyse the important topics based on the JEE Main syllabus for 2020. Let us divide the JEE Main Important topics into the same three sections i.e. Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics.

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JEE Main Important Topics for Physics

The Physics syllabus of JEE Main contains around 21 chapters and some of the JEE Main important topics are given below-

  • Mechanics
  • Oscillations And Waves
  • Rotational Motion
  • Electrostatics
  • Atoms And Nuclei
  • Current Electricity
  • Magnetic effect of Current and Magnetism

The Oscillations and Waves chapter covers the maximum percentage of questions in the exam, which is around 10%. Other than these topics, we have seen questions from topics like Electrodynamics, Modern Physics, Optics, etc. in the previous exams.

  • So a student should first start with these topics as these topics have been frequently asked in the previous year papers.
  • After completing these topics, you can pick the easiest topics like Unit and Dimensions, Measurement of errors and vectors.
  • All you have to do is to understand the concepts of each topic.
  • If you follow this path, your preparation for Physics will be up to the mark and you’ll be able to bag decent marks from this section.

JEE Main Important Topics for Chemistry

The Chemistry syllabus contains around 30 chapters. These are further divided into three – Organic, Inorganic and Physical Chemistry. As the numbers of chapters in Chemistry are very high, you should intelligently divide your chapters, to achieve the best possible break-even point. The most important chapters for JEE Main 2021 are-

  • Organic Compounds Containing Oxygen
  • Equilibrium
  • Chemical Kinetics
  • Transition Elements (d and f block)
  • s-block Elements
  • Chemical Bonding And Molecular Structure
  • Some Basic Principles Of Organic Chemistry
  • p-block Elements
  • Coordination Compounds
  • Chemical Thermodynamics

The Organic Compounds Containing Oxygen chapter covers the maximum percentage of questions in the JEE Main exam. All the above-mentioned topics are the most important topics for JEE Main 2021, which will be definitely asked in the examination.

  • After completing these chapters, you should move towards some important chapters – Organic Compounds Containing Nitrogen, Redox Reactions, Biomolecules, Electrochemistry, Atomic Structure, Polymers, Solid State, Some Basic Concepts in Chemistry and Classification of Elements and Periodicity in Properties.
  • Moreover, after completing these chapters, you can head towards the simpler chapters like Hydrogen, States of Matter, Hydrocarbons, Surface Chemistry, etc. 
  • Preparation for Chemistry will sky-rocket your marks as it is the most scoring section.

JEE Main Important Topics

JEE Main Important Topics for Mathematics

The Mathematics syllabus contains around 25 chapters. This can be the most scoring section but it requires more and more practice. The most important chapters for JEE Main 2021 are-

  • Integration
  • Differentiation
  • Probability
  • Three Dimensional Geometry
  • Trigonometry
  • Vector Algebra
  • Conic Sections
  • Straight Lines
  • Sets, Relations and Functions
  • Matrices And Determinants

After completing these most important chapters, you should move towards the important chapters- Limits and Continuity, Quadratic Equations, Permutation and Combination, Complex Numbers, Circles, Binomial Theorem, Sequences and Series and Differential Equations.

  • After completing the above-mentioned topics, you can give your time to the simpler and less important chapters like Inverse Trigonometry, Heights and Distances, Application of Derivatives and Statistics.
  • And due to a foundation based on Sets, Relations and Functions, the learning does not require to start everything from scratch.
  • Therefore, preparation for Mathematics is relatively easier.

These were the JEE Main important topics for the 2021 session; all the students should make a proper subject wise plan to crack the JEE Main exam. Follow the sequence provided here and do a lot of practice, you will definitely succeed in your exam.

Subject-wise Important Topics with Higher Difficulty Level

Here we are describing topics with their difficulty level for each subject. The division is according to basic and fundamental concepts, along with easy and highly important topics for the exams which have heavy weightage in JEE Main and have constantly appeared in the past few years.

JEE Main Important Topics in Physics

We have segregated the topics on the basis of the following factors.

Basic concepts that contain 1 mark each

  • Units and Dimensions
  • Measurement of Errors
  • Vectors

Fundamental concepts that contain 2 marks each

  • Kinematics
  • Newton’s Laws of Motion
  • Friction

Easy topics which can help you to score good marks in JEE Main 2021

  • Work, Energy and Power
  • Electrostatics
  • Current Electricity
  • Wave Optics
  • Ray Optics

JEE Main Important Topics which contain 2-3 marks each

  • Centre of Mass, Momentum and Collision
  • Rotational Dynamics
  • Simple Harmonic Motion
  • Fluid Mechanics
  • Wave Motion and String Waves
  • Magnetism
  • Heat & Thermodynamics
  • Nuclear Physics
  • Modern Physics

Topic-wise Weightage in Physics

Topics No of Questions Weightage of Marks
Electromagnetics Induction; AC 1 4
Solids and Fluids 1 4
Waves 1 4
Work, Power and Energy 1 4
Gravitation 1 4
Simple Harmonic Motion 1 4
Unit, Dimension and Vector 1 4
Kinematics 1 4
Laws of motion 1 4
Centre Of Mass, Impulse and Momentum 1 4
Rotation 1 4
Magnetics 2 8
Heat and Thermodynamics 3 12
Current Electricity 3 12
Electrostatics 3 12
Optics 3 12
Modern Physics 5 20

JEE Main Important Topics in Chemistry

Let us see the important topics divided on the basis of their marks and other different factors.

Topics that contain 1-2 marks (Fundamental section)

  • IUPAC Nomenclature
  • Periodic Table
  • Chemical Bonding

Topics that contain easy & important questions (Scoring Section)

  • Mole Concept
  • Coordination Chemistry
  • Alcohol, Phenols and Ethers
  • p-Block element

JEE Main Important Topics that contain 2-3 Questions

  • Atomic Structure
  • Gaseous State
  • Hydrocarbons
  • Aldehydes and Ketones
  • d & f Block Elements
  • General Organic Chemistry

Topics you need to go through once

  • Chemical Equilibrium
  • Ionic Equilibrium
  • Thermodynamics
  • Hydrogen and its Compounds
  • s-Block Elements
  • Isomerism of Organic Compounds
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Solid State
  • Chemical Kinetics
  • Electrochemistry
  • Solutions
  • Qualitative Salt Analysis
  • Alkyl Halides and Aryl Halides
  • Carboxylic Acids and their derivatives
  • Amines
  • Biomolecules
  • Polymers
  • Metallurgy
  • Surface Chemistry
  • Chemistry in Everyday Life

JEE Main Important Topics previously asked in JEE Main/Advanced

  • Transition Element and Coordination Chemistry
  • Periodic Table and Representative Elements
  • Gaseous State
  • Atomic structure
  • Amines
  • Solution and Colligative Properties
  • General Organic Chemistry
  • Carboxylic Acids and Derivatives
  • Hydrocarbons
  • Carbohydrate, Amino Acids and Polymer

Topic-wise Weightage in Chemistry

Topics No of Questions Weightage of Marks
Electrochemistry 1 4
General Organic Chemistry 1 4
Stereochemistry 1 4
Carbohydrates, amino acid and Polymers 1 4
Alkyl Halides 1 4
Carboxylic Acid and their Derivatives 1 4
Aromatic Compounds 1 4
Redox Reaction 1 4
Mole Concept 1 4
Solution and Colligative Properties 1 4
Hydrocarbon 1 4
Chemical Kinetics 1 4
Solid-State And Surface Chemistry 2 8
Thermodynamics And Gaseous State 2 8
Chemical Bonding 2 8
Chemical And Ionic Equilibrium 2 8
Atomic Structure 2 8
Nuclear Chemistry And Environment 2 8
The periodic table and Representative Elements 3 12
Transition Elements and Coordination Chemistry 3 12

JEE Main Important Topics in Mathematics

Let us see how different topics of the mathematics section are divided on the basis of several factors.

Topics that contain 1-2 marks (Fundamental section)

  • Inverse Trigonometric Functions
  • Circles and Family of Circles
  • Sequence and Series

Topics that contain 1-2 marks (Easy and important)

  • Applications of Derivative
  • Limit and Continuity
  • Matrices and Determinants
  • Straight Lines and Pair of Straight Lines

If you are in practice and attempt 4 to 6 questions from each section every day, you will increase the chances of scoring higher in Mathematics.

JEE Main Important Topics that contain 2-3 Questions

  • 3-D Geometry
  • Probability and Statistics
  • Vector Algebra
  • Integration
  • Differentiation
  • Complex Numbers
  • Parabola
  • Trigonometric Ratios

Topics you need to go through once

  • Logarithms
  • Quadratic Equations
  • Theory of Equations
  • Sets, Relations and Functions
  • Permutation and Combination
  • Binomial Theorem
  • Locus
  • Hyperbola
  • Ellipse
  • Fundamentals of Mathematics
  • Solution of Triangle

JEE Main Important Topics previously asked in JEE Main/Advanced

  • Coordinate Geometry
  • Continuity/ Differentiability, Limits
  • Complex Numbers
  • Quadratic Equations
  • Integral Calculus
  • Sequences and Series
  • Trigonometry

Topic-wise Weightage in Mathematics

Topics No of Questions Weightage of Marks
Sets, Relation and Function 1 4
Sequences and Series 1 4
Binomial Theorem and Its Application 1 4
Differential Equation 1 4
Differential Calculus 1 4
Permutations and Combinations 1 4
Trigonometry 1 4
Mathematical Reasoning 1 4
Statics and Dynamics 1 4
Statistics and Probability 2 8
Matrices and Determinants 2 8
Vector Algebra 2 8
Three Dimensional Geometry 2 8
Complex numbers and Quadratic Equation 2 8
Limits, Continuity and Differentiability 3 12
Integral Calculus 3 12
Coordinate Geometry 5 20

JEE Main Important Topics: Past Papers’ Analysis

Given below is a paper analysis of chapter-wise/topic-wise number of questions that appeared in JEE Main Papers of the last three years. This is not specific to any particular shift but is taken on an average basis of all shifts for that particular year. This will help students realise the most important chapters for JEE Main 2021 and before, in order to understand the trend of the exam. Go through this once to understand the relevance of various topics.

Topic-wise Analysis for Physics

Topics Number of Questions
2017 2018 2019
Units, Dimensions, Errors, Experiments 1 2 1
Kinematics 1 0 1
Newton’s Laws and Friction 1 0 2
Work, Power & Energy 0 2 1
System of Particles 2 1 1
Gravitation, Rotational Mechanics 2 2 3
Properties of Matter 1 0 1
SHM, Oscillations 1 2 1
Mechanical Waves and Sound 1 1 2
Ray Optics, Wave Optics 3 2 3
Heat and Thermodynamics 3 3 2
Electrostatics 3 2 3
Current Electricity 2 3 3
Magnetism, Magnetic effects of current 3 2 2
EMI, AC and EM waves and Communication 4 3 1
Modern Physics 2 5 3

Topic-wise Analysis for Chemistry

Topics Number of Questions
2017 2018 2019
Atomic Structure and Classification 2 1 2
Chemical Bonding 1 1 3
Stoichiometry 2 1 2
States of Matter 1 2 1
Chemical & Ionic Equilibrium 2 1 1
Chemical Kinetics & Nuclear Chemistry 1 2 1
Chemical Thermodynamics 1 1 2
Solutions 1 2 1
Electrochemistry 1 2 1
General Organic Chemistry + Functional Group-I 3 4 3
Organic Chemistry + Functional Group-II 2 0 3
Organic Chemistry + Functional Group-III 1 1 2
Chemistry of Representative Elements 4 4 3
Transition Elements 3 2 1
Coordination Compounds & Organometallics 1 2 1
Surface Chemistry 0 1 1
Biomolecules 3 3 2

Topic-wise Analysis for Mathematics

Topic Number of Questions
2017 2018 2019
Sets, Relations and Functions 1 2 1
Limits, Continuity & Differentiability 3 2 3
Application of Derivatives 1 2 2
Indefinite and Definite Integrals & Area under the Curve 3 4 3
Cartesian coordinates & Straight Line 2 1 1
Circles 1 1 2
Conics 2 2 1
Quadratic Equations, Inequalities, Progressions 3 3 1
Complex Numbers 1 0 1
Binomial Theorem, Exponential & Logarithmic Series 1 2 2
Permutation & Combination 0 1 1
Probability 1 1 2
Vectors 2 1 1
3-D Coordinate Geometry 2 1 2
Differential Equations & Properties of Triangles 1 2 1
Trigonometry 2 3 2
Matrices & Determinants 2 1 2
Mathematical Logic 1 0 1
Statistics 1 2 1

These were the major topics of Paper 1 of JEE Main 2021. JEE Main Paper 2 (B.Arch) and Paper 3 (B.Planning) have recently been updated in two different papers and the weightage, as well as trend analysis for these Papers, will be available for aspirants very soon. Do note that the important topics of Mathematics for both Paper 2 and 3 will be the same as Paper 1.

JEE Main 2021 Exam Pattern

Students are advised to understand the exam pattern for JEE Main 2021 as this will help them in planning a strategy according to the requirements of the examination.

JEE Main exam pattern 2021 will be released soon by NTA. Owing to COVID 19 pandemic, chances are high that changes in JEE Main 2021 exam pattern is inevitable. However, there has been no update yet by NTA officially.

  • With a reduction of around 30% syllabus by CBSE, there are high chances that syllabus for JEE Main 2021 might get reduced
  • JEE Main exam is based on 11th and 12th syllabus
  • The changes made for JEE Main 2020 September session will be unaltered
    • Inclusion of numerical type questions along with MCQs
    • Reduction in the number of questions each paper
    • B. plan paper has been separated as paper 3
    • No negative marking for numerical type questions
Paper Number Paper-1 Paper-2 Paper-3
Course Specification B.E/B.Tech B.Arch B.Planning
Subjects Physics, Chemistry, Maths Aptitude, Maths, Drawing Aptitude, Maths, Planning
Total Marks 300 400 400
Total Duration 3 hours + 1 hour for PwD candidate
Total Questions 75 77 100
Marking Scheme 4 marks for every right answer
Negative Marking -1 for each wrong answer, no negative marking for Numerical Value Based Questions

Basic Tips for JEE Main Important Topics

  • Maintain Speed
    • With better practice, students will build speed in core topics.
    • This speed must be maintained during the examination as well.
    • Since there is no sectional timing, ensure that you solve enough questions from each section within 1 and a half hour (90 minutes) such that the score reaches the expected cutoff.
  • Topic-wise Mock Tests
    • Solving mock tests and practice papers can actually tell what level of preparation is needed.
    • Thus also enables the candidates to know the level of exam and their own preparation against it so they can work on their weak topics.
    • Nowadays a deep analysis of mocks is easily available online, to understand accuracy, strong topics, time-consuming topics and weak topics.
  • Accurate Answers  –
    • If you follow the speed rule in the first 90 minutes, follow the accuracy rule in the next 90 minutes.
    • Instead of solving maximum questions, try solving what you can, but with accurate answers.
    • This will help build your score and probably help in overall rank considered for IITs.
  • Revise every week
    • Organise your study time and revision time.
    • Revision ensures you are on track with the topics that are not under purview but must be worked on.
    • Take regular breaks and practice previous years’ JEE Main question papers.
    • Revise the topics every alternate day or at least twice a week.

Various Android Apps to learn JEE Main Important Topics

Applications Facilities
Unacademy Learning App
  • Unacademy provides completely free lectures on various subjects and topics directly streamed by the toppers of various examinations.
  • Students can also interact with the educators or teachers through the comment provided..
Khan Academy
  • Khan Academy provides well explained video lectures according to the curriculum of CBSE and for IIT JEE.
  • With each video lecture, students are also asked questions on the topic for which they earn points and badges as rewards.
Toppr
  • Toppr is one of the biggest learning platforms for JEE Main and NEET aspirants.
  • The USP of this application is the interactive design and properly organized resources.
EduRev
  • EduRev is a learning application that provides subject wise notes and video lectures.
  • Mock Tests and topic-wise tests for students to work on their weak topics are also provided.
  • Large database of questions from previous years are also provided within the application.
Vedantu
  • Vedantu provides all the necessary resources completely free !Such as Solutions of questions from books of major writers to All India Mock Tests and live video lectures.
  • Their in-house WAVE technology lets students (or users) interact with educators.
Meritnation
  • Meritnation furnishes video lectures with more than 14,000 videos based on content from NCERT books.
  • It also provides free answers to unsolved questions from more than 50 popular reference books such as RD Sharma, HC Verma and TS Grewal.
JEEReady JEEReady by Amazon offers:

  •  All India Mock Tests to check your position on a large scale.
  • Interactive personalized reports on strong and weak sections
  • Quality questions and mock tests from various chapters from the syllabus of JEE Main.

Now that you have a good idea about the Important Topics and Chapters of JEE Main, it is time you push yourself towards a good preparation. With the help of weightage, paper analysis, exam pattern and useful e-learning applications, it will definitely become easy for you to study in a streamlined manner.

JEE Main Important Topics FAQs

Ques. What is the most scoring subject in JEE mains 2021?

Last updated on December 15th, 2020

Ans. Previous year papers trend analysis reveals that JEE Main Chemistry is one of the easiest subjects. Many students have scored the most marks in this section.

Ques. Which subject is the toughest in JEE Main 2021?

Last updated on December 15th, 2020

Ans. JEE Main Mathematics section is considered to be a difficult section as it is completely numerical based. A good understanding of the concepts will help you sweep through the Mathematics section easily.

Ques. What are the most important chapters for JEE Main 2021?

Last updated on December 15th, 2020

Ans. Currently, no update is provided by NTA regarding JEE Main 2021 syllabus. However, students can consider the 12th class syllabus (2020-2021 session) as the base for preparing JEE Main 2021.

Ques. Is RD Sharma enough for JEE mains 2021?

Last updated on December 15th, 2020

Ans. If you are aiming for a random college then RD Sharma is sufficient but if you are targeting a government institute, you must refer to some other books as well such as HC Verma and TS Grewal.

Ques. How many chapters are there in the JEE Main syllabus?

Last updated on August 25th, 2020

Ans. JEE Main syllabus consists of 76 chapters and is categorized under 3 Sections:

  • Chemistry- 30 Chapters
  • Physics- 21 chapters
  • Mathematics- 25 chapters
Ques. Is class 11 & 12 syllabus enough to cover all important topics?

Last updated on August 25th, 2020

Ans. Class 11 & 12 books provide a solid base to prepare for JEE Mains. But you will definitely require to study from other books.

Ques. Is trigonometry important for JEE Main 2021?

Last updated on December 15th, 2020

Ans. Yes, trigonometry is one of the most important topics in the Mathematics section. The tricks to transform the trigonometric equations will also help in Calculus in JEE Main 2021 Exam.

Ques. Is stoichiometry important for JEE Main 2021?

Last updated on December 15th, 2020

Ans. Yes, definitely Stoichiometry is important from the JEE Main exam point of view. It covers a major part of physical chemistry in the JEE Main paper.

JEE Main Syllabus 2021: Subject-wise Syllabus for B.Tech, B.Arch and B.Plan Papers

Last updated on July 12th, 2021

NTA has released the official JEE Main Syllabus 2021. Initially, there were speculations that there will be changes or reduction in the JEE Main Syllabus 2021 owing to the COVID-19 pandemic. However, NTA has released the syllabus of JEE Main 2021 without any changes. The NTA JEE Main 2021 Syllabus varies depending upon the sections or subjects – Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics, Aptitude, Drawing and Planning. 

Candidates can get an insight of the syllabus for JEE Main 2021 from this article and devise a plan of action.


Latest Updates on JEE Main Syllabus 2021-

  • NTA has finally released the JEE Main Exam Dates for April and May sessions, which were postponed earlier. Session 3 (April) is scheduled from 20 to 25 July, while Session 4 (May) is scheduled from 27 July to 2 August 2021. Candidates can apply for both the sessions or either of them through JEE Main Application Form. There is no gap between the two sessions.
  • JEE Main Syllabus 2021 has been officially notified by NTA on their official website. Download Syllabus PDF
  • HRD Minister Ramesh Pokhriyal ‘Nishank’ has hinted towards a change in JEE Main exam pattern 2021. Read More

The examination will be conducted for 3 separate papers B.E/B. Tech, B.Arch and B.Planning. Paper 1 is for B.E/B. Tech, Paper 2 is for B.Arch and Paper 3 is for B.Planning. Candidates seeking admissions to B.E./B.Tech and B.Arch courses to IITs, NITs, IIITs and CFTIs can fill JEE Main form online when the registration window opens.

JEE Main Syllabus for Chemistry JEE Main Syllabus for Physics
Best Books to Cover JEE Main Syllabus JEE Main Syllabus for Mathematics

Overview of the JEE Main Syllabus 2021

  • The syllabus for Paper 1 comprises three major subjects – Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics. This paper is specific for admissions to B.Tech/B.E courses.
  • Paper 2 syllabus comprises three major subjects which are Aptitude, Drawing and Mathematics. This paper is conducted for admissions to B.Arch Courses.
  • Finally, Paper 3 syllabus comprises three subjects which are Aptitude, Planning-based questions and Mathematics. This paper is conducted for admissions to the B. Planning course of IITs.

Read About the Top Engineering Colleges in India here

Will NTA Reduce JEE Main 2021 Syllabus?

Lockdown situation due to the outbreak of COVID-19 has led to the delay in events of JEE Main 2020 session. This has created pressure among the JEE main 2021 session aspirants, hence they have demanded a reduction in the JEE Main 2021 syllabus.

  • Yet there is no clarification by NTA regarding this. But a possibility of a reduction in JEE Main 2021 Syllabus is speculated. Director-General of NTA and Education Minister has hinted towards the reduction of JEE Main 2021 Syllabus.
  • As preparation time has reduced for JEE Main 2021 aspirants, NTA might consider the point of reducing JEE Main 2021 Syllabus.
  • JEE Main Syllabus is mostly prescribed from science subjects of class 11th & 12th. CBSE has already reduced class XI and XII syllabus by 30%. Therefore, the chances of reduction in JEE Main syllabus for 2021 has also increased.
  • It is advisable that aspirants should keep preparing and not halt their preparation until the further update by NTA. Read JEE Main Preparation Tips.

JEE Main Syllabus 2021: Subject-wise Syllabus

The JEE Main Syllabus is similar to that of the JEE Advanced examination. However, the difficulty level is different as the students may face more difficult questions in the JEE Advanced examination, which might have more than one answer. In order to acquire a good rank, the students need to know the syllabus and exam pattern and also keep their practice thorough.

JEE Main 2021 Chemistry Syllabus

The JEE Main Chemistry Syllabus is divided into three sections which are Physical Chemistry, Organic Chemistry and Inorganic Chemistry. The students must go through each of these subsections in order to score well.

Section A – Physical Chemistry

Following section caters to the entire NTA JEE Main Syllabus 2020 for Chemistry-

Unit Topic Details
1. Some Basic Concepts of Chemistry
  • Matter and its nature
  • Dalton’s Atomic Theory
  • Concept of atom, molecule, element and compound
  • Physical Quantities, SI Units, Atomic and molecular mass
  • Laws of Chemical Combination, Chemical Equation and Stoichiometry
2. States of Matter
  • Gaseous State – Measurable properties, Gas Laws, Kinetic theory of gases, Ideal Gas Equation, Van der Waals Equation and more
  • Liquid State – Properties of liquids Vapor pressure, viscosity and surface tension and effect of temperature on them (qualitative treatment only)
  • Solid State – Classification; Bragg’s Law; Unit cell and lattices; Electrical and Magnetic Properties
3. Atomic Structure
  • Thomson and Rutherford Atomic Models
  • Bohr Model of Hydrogen atom
  • Dual Nature of Matter, De-Broglie Relationship, Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle
  • Pauli’s Exclusion Principle and Hund’s Rule
  • Shapes of s, p and d orbitals
4. Chemical Bonding and molecular structure
  • Kossel – Lewis Approach to Chemical Bond Formation
  • Ionic Bonding
  • Covalent Bonding
  • Quantum Mechanical Approach to Covalent Bonding
  • Molecular Orbital Theory
5. Chemical Thermodynamics
  • Fundamentals of thermodynamics, System and surroundings, Extensive and Intensive Properties State Functions, Types of Processes
  • First Law of Thermodynamics – Concept of work, heat, internal energy and enthalpy, heat capacity, molar heat capacity.
  • Hess’s Law of constant heat Summation, Enthalpies of bond dissociation, combustion, formation, atomization, sublimation, etc.
  • Second Law of Thermodynamics – Spontaneity of Processes;
  • ∆S of the universe and ∆G as the criteria for spontaneity
6. Solutions
  • Different methods for expressing concentration of solution – molality, molarity, mole fraction,
  • Percentage by volume and mass both, vapour pressure of solutions and
  • Raoult’s Law – ideal and no ideal solutions, vapor pressure
  • Colligative properties of dilute solutions,
  • Relative lowering of vapor pressure, depression of freezing point,
  • Elevation of boiling of boiling point and osmotic pressure
  • Determination of molecular mass using colligative properties,
  • Abnormal value of molar mass,
  • Van Hoff Factor and its significance
7. Equilibrium
  • Meaning of Equilibrium, Concept of dynamic equilibrium
  • Equilibria involving Physical Processes – Law of Chemical Equilibrium,
  • Equilibrium constants (Kp and Kc) and their significance,
  • Significance of ∆G and ∆G° in chemical equilibria,
  • Factors affecting equilibrium concentrations, pressure, temperature effect of catalyst;
  • Le Chatelier’s principle.
  • Equilibria involving Physical Processes – solid-liquid, liquid-gas and solid-gas equilibria,
  • Henry’s Law, General characteristics of equilibrium involving physical processes.
  • Ionic Equilibrium – Weak and strong electrolytes, ionization of electrolytes,
  • Various concepts of acids and bases (Arrhenius Bronsted – Lowry and Lewis) and their ionization,
  • Acid-base equilibria (including multi stage ionization) and ionization constants,
  • Ionization of water, pH scale, common ion effect,
  • Hydrolysis of salts and pH of their solutions, solubility of sparingly soluble salts and solubility products and buffer solutions.
8. Redox Reactions and Electrochemistry
  • Electrical concepts of oxidation and reductions, redox reactions,
  • Oxidation number, rules for assigning oxidation number, balancing of redox reactions
  • Electrolytic and metallic conduction, conductance in electrolytic solutions,
  • Molar conductivities and their variation with concentration,
  • Koulrausch’s Law and its applications
  • Electrochemical Cells – Electrolytic and Galvanic Cells, different types of electrodes, electrode potentials,
  • Half-cell and cell reactions, emf of a galvanic cell and its measurement
  • Nernst equation and its applications
9. Chemical Kinetics
  • Rate of a chemical reaction, factors affecting the rate of reactions
  • Elementary and complex reactions, order and molecularity of reactions, rate law, rate constant and its units,
  • Differential and integral forms of zero and first order reactions, their characteristics and half-lives,
  • The effect of temperature on the rate of reactions.
  • Arrhenius theory, activation energy and its calculation,
  • Collision theory of bimolecular gaseous reactions (no derivation).
10. Surface Chemistry
  • Adsorption: Physisorption and chemisorption and their characteristics,
  • Factors affecting the adsorption of gases on solids
  • Freundlich and Langmuir adsorption isotherms, adsorption from solutions.
  • Catalysis: Homogeneous and heterogeneous, activity and selectivity of solid catalysts,
  • Enzyme catalysis, and its mechanism.
  • Colloidal state: Distinction among true solutions, colloids, and suspensions,
  • Classification of colloids: lyophilic, lyophobic.
  • Multimolecular, macromolecular and associated colloids (micelles), preparation and properties of colloids
  • Tyndall effect, Brownian movement, electrophoresis, dialysis, coagulation, and flocculation.
  • Emulsions and their characteristics.

Section B – Inorganic Chemistry

Given below are chapters and topics from Inorganic Chemistry for JEE Main 2021. Major focus is on the Periodic table and its elements.

Unit Topic Details
11. Classification of elements and periodicity in properties
  • Modern periodic law and present form of the periodic table.
  • s, p, d and f block elements.
  • Periodic trends in properties of elements atomic and ionic radii, ionization enthalpy.
  • Electrons gain enthalpy, valence, oxidation states and chemical reactivity.
12. General Principles and processes of isolation of metals
  • Steps involved in the extraction of metals
  • Concentration, reduction (chemical and electrolytic methods) and refining
  • Special reference to the extraction of Al, Cu, Zn, and Fe.
  • Modes of occurrence of elements in nature, minerals, ores.
  • Thermodynamic and electrochemical principles involved in the extraction of metals.
13. Hydrogen
  • The position of hydrogen in periodic table, isotopes, preparation, properties, and uses of hydrogen.
  • Structure, preparation, reactions, and uses of hydrogen peroxide.
  • Physical and chemical properties of water and heavy water.
  • Hydrogen as a fuel
  • Classification of hydrides: ionic, covalent and interstitial.
14. S-Block Elements (Alkali and Alkali Earth Metals)
  • Group 1 and Group 2 Elements: General introduction,
  • Electronic configuration and general trends in physical and chemical properties of elements,
  • Anomalous properties of the first element of each group, diagonal relationships.
  • Preparation and properties of some important compounds
  • Sodium carbonate, sodium chloride, sodium hydroxide and sodium hydrogen carbonate.
  • Industrial uses of lime, limestone, Plaster of Paris and cement.
  • The biological significance of Na, K, Mg and Ca.
15. P-Block Elements
  • Group 13
  • Preparations and properties of Boron and aluminium;
  • Structure, properties and uses of borax, boric acid, diborane, boron trifluoride, aluminium chloride, alums.
  • Group 14
  • Tendency for Catenation;
  • Structure, properties and uses of Allotropes and oxides of carbon,
  • Silicon tetrachloride, silicates, zeolites and silicones
  • Group 15
  • Properties and uses of nitrogen and phosphorus;
  • Allotropic forms of Phosphorus;
  • Preparation, properties, structure and uses of ammonia, nitric acid, phosphine halides, (PCLჳ, PCLཏ);
  • Structures of oxides and oxoacids of nitrogen and phosphorus
  • Group 16
  • Preparation, properties, structures and uses of ozone;
  • Allotropic forms of sulphur;
  • Preparation, properties, structure and uses of sulphuric acid (including its industrial preparation);
  • Structures of oxoacids of sulphur
  • Group 17
  • Preparation, properties and uses of hydrochloric acid;
  • Trends in the acidic nature of hydrogen halides;
  • Structure of interhalogen compounds and oxides and oxoacids of halogens
  • Group 18
  • Occurrence and uses of noble gases;
  • Structures of Fluorides and oxides of xenon
16. D and f- Block Elements
  • Transition Elements
  • General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence and characteristics,
  • General trends in properties of the first-row transition elements
  • Physical properties, ionization enthalpy, oxidation states, atomic radii, colour, catalytic behaviour, magnetic properties,
  • Complex formation, interstitial compounds, alloy formation.
  • Preparation, properties, and uses of K2Cr2O7 and KMnO4.
  • Inner Transition Elements: Lanthanides, Electronic configuration, oxidation states, chemical reactivity and lanthanide contraction, and
  • Actinoids: Electronic configuration and oxidation states.
17. Coordination Compounds
  • Introduction to coordination compounds,
  • Werner’s theory.
  • ligands, coordination number, denticity, chelation.
  • IUPAC nomenclature of mononuclear coordination compounds, isomerism.
  • Bonding-Valence bond approach
  • Basic ideas of Crystal field theory, colour and magnetic properties.
  • Importance of coordination compounds (in qualitative analysis, extraction of metals and in biological systems).
18. Environmental Chemistry
  • Environmental pollution: Atmospheric, water, and soil.
  • Atmospheric pollution: Tropospheric and stratospheric.
  • Gaseous pollutants: Oxides of carbon, nitrogen, and sulfur, hydrocarbons;
  • Their sources, harmful effects, and prevention.
  • Greenhouse effect and Global warming, acid rain.
  • Particulate pollutants: Smoke, dust, smog, fumes, mist;
  • Their sources, harmful effects, and prevention.
  • Stratospheric pollution: Formation and breakdown of ozone, depletion of ozone layer, its mechanism and effects.
  • Water Pollution: Major pollutants such as pathogens, organic wastes, and chemical pollutants;
  • Their harmful effects and prevention.
  • Soil pollution: Major pollutants such as Pesticides (insecticides, herbicides and fungicides)
  • Their harmful effects and prevention.
  • Strategies to control environmental pollution.

Section C – Organic Chemistry

Organic Chemistry Syllabus for JEE Main 2021 is given below. All chapters in Organic Chemistry are important. Hydrocarbons and Organic compounds usually carry a very high weightage in Organic Chemistry.

Unit Topic Details
19. Purification and Characterization of Organic Compounds
  • Purification – Crystallization, sublimation, distillation, differential extraction, and
  • Chromatography principles and their applications.
  • Qualitative Analysis – Detection of nitrogen, sulfur, phosphorus, and halogens.
  • Quantitative Analysis (basic principles only) –
  • Estimation of carbon, hydrogen, nitrogens, halogens, sulphur and phosphorus
  • Calculations of Empirical and Molecular Formulae;
  • Numerical Problems in organic quantitative analysis
20. Some basic principles of organic chemistry
  • Tetravalency of Carbon, Shapes of simple molecules – hybridization (s and p)
  • Classification of organic compounds based on functional groups: -C = C- and those containing halogens, oxygen, nitrogen, and sulfur;
  • Homologous series.
  • Isomerism – structural and stereoisomerism
  • Nomenclature – Covalent bond fission
  • Homolytic and heterolytic: free radicals, carbocations, and carbanions;
  • Stability of carbocations and free radicals, electrophiles and nucleophiles.
  • Electronic displacement in a covalent bond
  • Inductive effect, electromeric effect, resonance, and hyperconjugation.
  • Common types of organic directions: Substitution, addition, elimination and rearrangement.
21. Hydrocarbons
  • Classification, isomerism, IUPAC nomenclature,
  • General methods of preparation, properties and reactions.
  • Alkanes – Conformations;
  • Sawhorse and Newman projections (of ethane);
  • Mechanism of halogenation of alkanes.
  • Alkenes – Geometrical Isomerism
  • Mechanism of electrophilic addition: addition of hydrogen, halogens, water, hydrogen halides (Markownikoff’s and peroxide effect);
  • Ozonolysis, oxidation, and polymerization.
  • Alkynes – Acidic character;
  • Addition of hydrogen, halogens, water and hydrogen halides;
  • Polymerization.
  • Aromatic Hydrocarbons – Nomenclature, Benzene Structure and Atomicity
  • Mechanism of electrophilic substitution – halogenation, nitration,
  • Friedel Crafts alkylation and acylation,
  • Directive influence of the functional group in monosubstituted benzene.
22. Organic Compounds Containing Halogens
  • General Methods of preparation, properties and reactions
  • Nature of C-X Bond
  • Mechanisms of substitution reactions
  • Uses, Environmental effects of chloroform, iodoform, freons and DDT
23. Organic Compounds containing Oxygen
  • General methods of preparation, properties, reactions and uses
  • Alcohol – Identification of primary, secondary and tertiary alcohols;
  • Mechanism of dehydration.
  • Phenols – Acidic nature, electrophilic substitution reactions
  • Halogenation, nitration, and sulphonation,
  • Reimer Tiemann reaction.
  • Ethers – Structures
  • Aldehyde and Ketones – Nature of carbonyl group;
  • Nucleophilic addition to >C=O group
  • Relative reactivities of aldehydes and ketones
  • Important reactions such as Nucleophilic addition reactions (addition of HCN, NH3 and its derivatives), Grignard reagent;
  • Oxidation; reduction (Wolff Kishner and Clemmensen);
  • The acidity of hydrogen, aldol condensation, Cannizzaro reaction, Haloform reaction.
  • Chemical Tests to distinguish between aldehydes and ketones.
  • Carboxylic Acid – Acidic strength and factors affecting it.
24. Organic Compounds Containing Nitrogen
  • General methods of preparation, properties, reactions and uses
  • Amines – Nomenclature, classification, structure, basic character and identification of primary, secondary and tertiary amines and their basic character.
  • Diazonium Salts – Importance in synthetic organic chemistry.
25. Polymers
  • General Introduction and classification of polymers,
  • General methods of polymerization, addition and condensation, co-polymerization
  • Natural and synthetic rubber and vulcanization
  • Some important polymers with emphasis on monomers and uses
  • Polyethene, nylon, polyester, and bakelite.
26. Biomolecules
  • General Introduction and importance of biomolecules
  • Carbohydrates – Classification: aldoses and ketoses;
  • Monosaccharides (glucose and fructose), constituent monosaccharides or oligosaccharides (sucrose, lactose, maltose) and polysaccharides (starch, cellulose, glycogen).
  • Proteins – Elementary Idea of amino acids, peptide bond, polypeptides;
  • Proteins: primary, secondary, tertiary and quaternary structure (qualitative idea only), denaturation of proteins, enzymes.
  • Vitamins – Classification and Functions
  • B Chemical Constitution of DNA and RNA, Biological Functions of Nuclei Acids
27. Chemistry in Everyday life
  • Chemicals in medicines: Analgesics, tranquillizers, antiseptics, disinfectants, antimicrobials,
  • Antifertility drugs, antibiotics, antacids, antihistamines, their meaning and common examples.
  • Chemicals in food: Preservatives, artificial sweetening agents common examples.
  • Cleansing Agents – Soaps and detergents, cleansing action
28. Principles related to Practical Chemistry
  • Detection of extra elements (N, S, halogens) in organic compounds.
  • Detection of the following functional groups: hydroxyl (alcoholic and phenolic), carbonyl (aldehyde and ketone), carboxyl and amino groups in organic compounds.
  • The chemistry involved in the preparation of the following:
  • Inorganic compounds
  • Mohr’s salt, potash alum, and Organic compounds
  • Acetanilide, p-nitro acetanilide, aniline yellow, iodoform.
  • The chemistry involved in the titrimetric exercises: Acids bases and the use of indicators,
  • Oxalic-acid vs KMnO4,
  • Mohr’s salt vs KMnO4.
  • Chemical principles involved in the qualitative salt analysis:
  • Cations: Pb2+, Cu2+, AI3+, Fe3+, Zn2+, Ni2+, Ca2+, Ba2+, Mg2+, NH4+, and
  • Anions: CO32-, S2-, SO42-, NO2-, NO3-, CI-, Br, I. (Insoluble salts excluded).
  • Chemical principles involved in the following experiments: Enthalpy of solution of CuSO4, Enthalpy of neutralization of strong acid and strong base,
  • Preparation of lyophilic and lyophobic sols, and Kinetic study of the reaction of iodide ion with hydrogen peroxide at room temperature.

Weightage of JEE Main Chemistry Syllabus

An analysis of the Chemistry paper of JEE Main examination 2021 have been given below:

Chemistry Important Topics Weightage (%)
Inorganic Chemistry 29
Organic Chemistry 36
Physical Chemistry 35

Chemistry Syllabus WeightageChemistry Syllabus Weightage

Read JEE Main Preparation Tips for Chemistry

JEE Main 2021 Physics Syllabus

The JEE Main Physics Syllabus is divided into two major sections — Section A and Section B. Section A comprises 80% of the question paper and mainly has theoretical questions. Section B comprises 20% of the question paper and has practical-based questions.

Following section caters to the detailed NTA JEE Main syllabus 2021 of Physics

Unit Topic Details
1 Physics and Measurement
  • Physics, Technology and society, S.I. units,
  • Fundamental and derived units.
  • Least count, accuracy and precision of measuring instruments, Errors in measurement,
  • Dimensions of Physical quantities, dimensional analysis and its applications
2 Kinematics
  • Frame of reference.
  • Motion in a straight line: Position-time graph, speed and velocity.
  • Uniform and non-uniform motion, average speed and instantaneous velocity
  • Uniformly accelerated motion, velocity-time, position-time graphs, relations for uniformly accelerated motion.
  • Scalars and Vectors, Vector addition and Subtraction,
  • Zero Vector, Scalar and Vector products, Unit Vector, Resolution of a Vector
  • Relative Velocity, Motion in a plane.
  • Projectile Motion, Uniform Circular Motion
3 Laws of Motion
  • Force and Inertia,
  • Newton’s First Law of motion;
  • Momentum, Newton’s Second Law of motion; Impulse;
  • Newton’s Third Law of motion.
  • Law of conservation of linear momentum and its applications, Equilibrium of concurrent forces.
  • Static and Kinetic friction, Laws of friction, Rolling friction.
  • Dynamics of uniform circular motion: Centripetal force and its applications,
4 Work, Energy and Power
  • Work done by a constant force and a variable force; Kinetic and potential energies, Work-Energy theorem
  • Power
  • Potential energy of a spring, Conservation of mechanical energy, Conservative and nonconservative forces;
  • Elastic and inelastic collisions in one and two dimensions.
5 Rotational Motion
  • Centre of mass of a two-particle system, Centre of mass of a rigid body
  • Basic concepts of rotational motion;
  • Moment of a force, torque, angular momentum, conservation of angular momentum and its applications
  • Moment of inertia, Radius of gyration
  • Values of moments of inertia for simple geometrical objects, parallel and perpendicular axes theorems and their applications.
  • Rigid body rotation, Equations of rotational motion
6 Gravitation
  • The Universal law of gravitation
  • Acceleration due to gravity and its variation with altitude and depth
  • Kepler’s laws of planetary motion
  • Gravitational potential energy; gravitational potential.
  • Escape velocity.
  • Orbital velocity of a satellite. Geostationary satellites.
7 Properties of Solids and Liquids
  • Elastic behaviour, Stress-strain relationship,
  • Hooke’s Law, Young’s modulus, bulk modulus, modulus of rigidity.
  • Pressure due to a fluid column
  • Pascal’s law and its applications
  • Viscosity, Stokes’ law, terminal velocity, streamline and turbulent flow,
  • Reynolds number
  • Bernoulli’s principle and its applications
  • Surface energy and surface tension, angle of contact, application of surface tension – drops, bubbles and capillary rise
  • Heat, temperature, thermal expansion;
  • Specific heat capacity, calorimetry
  • Change of state, latent heat
  • Heat transfer-conduction, convection and radiation, Newton’s law of cooling
8 Thermodynamics
  • Thermal equilibrium, zeroth law of thermodynamics, concept of temperature
  • Heat, work and internal energy
  • First law of thermodynamics
  • The second law of thermodynamics: reversible and irreversible processes
  • Carnot engine and its efficiency
9 Kinetic Theory of Gases
  • Equation of state of a perfect gas, work done on compressing a gas.
  • Kinetic theory of gases -assumptions, concept of pressure. Kinetic energy and temperature: rms speed of gas molecules
  • Degrees of freedom, Law of equipartition of energy
  • Applications to specific heat capacities of gases Mean free path
  • Avogadro’s number
10 Oscillations and Waves
  • Periodic motion – period, frequency, displacement as a function of time.
  • Periodic functions
  • Simple harmonic motion (S.H.M.) and its equation; phase; oscillations of a spring -restoring force and force constant;
  • Energy in S.H.M. – kinetic and potential energies; Simple pendulum – derivation of expression for its time period
  • Free, forced and damped oscillations,
  • Resonance
  • Wave motion
  • Longitudinal and transverse waves, speed of a wave
  • Displacement relation for a progressive wave
  • Principle of superposition of waves, reflection of waves, Standing waves in strings and organ pipes
  • Fundamental mode and harmonics, Beats, Doppler effect in sound
11 Electrostatics
  • Electric charges: Conservation of charge, Coulomb’s law-forces between two point charges, forces between multiple charges
  • Superposition principle and continuous charge distribution
  • Electric field: Electric field due to a point charge, Electric field lines, Electric dipole, Electric field due to a dipole, Torque on a dipole in a uniform electric field
  • Electric flux, Gauss’s law and its applications to find field due to infinitely long uniformly charged straight wire,
  • Uniformly charged infinite plane sheet and uniformly charged thin spherical shell
  • Electric potential and its calculation for a point charge, electric dipole and system of charges.
  • Equipotential surfaces, Electrical potential energy of a system of two point charges in an electrostatic field.
  • Conductors and insulators, Dielectrics and electric polarization, capacitor, combination of capacitors in series and in parallel,
  • Capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor with and without dielectric medium between the plates, Energy stored in a capacitor.
12 Current Electricity
  • Electric current, Drift velocity, Ohm’s law, Electrical resistance,
  • Resistances of different materials, V-I characteristics of Ohmic and non-ohmic conductors
  • Electrical energy and power, Electrical resistivity, Colour code for resistors
  • Series and parallel combinations of resistors; Temperature dependence of resistance.
  • Electric Cell and its Internal resistance,
  • Potential difference and emf of a cell, combination of cells in series and in parallel
  • Kirchhoff’s laws and their applications
  • Wheatstone bridge, Metre bridge
  • Potentiometer – principle and its applications.
13 Magnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism
  • Biot – Savart law and its application to current carrying circular loop.
  • Ampere’s law and its applications to infinitely long current carrying straight wire and solenoid.
  • Force on a moving charge in uniform magnetic and electric fields.
  • Cyclotron
  • Force on a current-carrying conductor in a uniform magnetic field.
  • Force between two parallel current-carrying conductors-definition of ampere,
  • Torque experienced by a current loop in uniform magnetic field
  • Moving coil galvanometer, its current sensitivity and conversion to ammeter and voltmeter.
  • Current loop as a magnetic dipole and its magnetic dipole moment.
  • Bar magnet as an equivalent solenoid, magnetic field lines;
  • Earth’s magnetic field and magnetic elements.
  • Para-, dia-, and ferro- magnetic substances.
  • Magnetic susceptibility and permeability, Hysteresis, Electromagnets and permanent magnets.
14 Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents
  • Electromagnetic induction
  • Faraday’s law, induced emf and current
  • Lenz’s Law, Eddy currents
  • Self and mutual inductance
  • Alternating currents, peak and rms value of alternating current/voltage
  • Reactance and Impedance; LCR series circuit, Resonance
  • Quality factor, power in AC circuits, wattless current.
  • AC Generator and Transformer.
15 Electromagnetic Waves
  • Electromagnetic waves and their characteristics.
  • Transverse nature of electromagnetic waves.
  • Electromagnetic spectrum(radio waves, microwaves, infrared, visible, ultraviolet, X rays, gamma rays).
  • Applications of e.m. waves.
16 Optics
  • Reflection and refraction of light at plane and spherical surfaces, mirror formula,
  • Total internal reflection and its applications,
  • Deviation and Dispersion of light by a prism, Lens Formula, Magnification, Power of a Lens,
  • Combination of thin lenses in contact, Microscope and Astronomical Telescope (reflecting and refracting) and their magnifying powers.
  • Wave optics: wavefront and Huygens’ principle,
  • Laws of reflection and refraction using Huygens principle.
  • Interference, Young’s double slit experiment and expression for fringe width, coherent sources and sustained interference of light.
  • Diffraction due to a single slit, width of central maximum.
  • Resolving power of microscopes and astronomical telescopes,
  • Polarisation, plane polarized light
  • Brewster’s law, uses of plane polarized light and Polaroids.
17 Dual Nature of Matter and Radiation
  • Dual nature of radiation
  • Photoelectric effect,
  • Hertz and Lenard’s observations
  • Einstein’s photoelectric equation
  • Particle nature of light
  • Matter waves-wave nature of the particle, de Broglie relation.
  • Davis son-Germer experiment.
18 Atoms and Nuclei
  • Alpha-particle scattering experiment
  • Rutherford’s model of the atom
  • Bohr model, energy levels, hydrogen spectrum
  • Composition and size of the nucleus, atomic masses, isotopes, isobars, and isotones
  • Radioactivity-alpha, beta and gamma particles/rays and their properties
  • Radioactive decay law
  • Mass-energy relation, mass defect
  • Binding energy per nucleon and its variation with mass number, nuclear fission and fusion.
19 Electronic Devices
  • Semiconductors
  • Semiconductor diode: I-V characteristics in forward and reverse bias
  • Diode as a rectifier
  • 1-V characteristics of LED, photodiode, solar cell and Zener diode; Zener diode as a voltage regulator
  • Junction transistor, transistor action, characteristics of a transistor
  • Transistor as an amplifier(common emitter configuration) and oscillator
  • Logic gates (OR, AND, NOT, NAND and NOR), Transistor as a switch
20 Communication Systems
  • Propagation of electromagnetic waves in the atmosphere
  • Sky and space wave propagation, Need for modulation,
  • Amplitude and Frequency Modulation, Bandwidth of signals,
  • Bandwidth of Transmission medium,
  • Basic Elements of a Communication System (Block Diagram only).

Weightage of JEE Main Physics Syllabus

Here we have been an in-depth analysis of the JEE Main Physics Paper 2021-

Physics Important Topics Weightage (%)
Electrodynamics 23
Heat & Thermodynamics 13
Mechanics 25
Modern Physics 19
Optics 14
SHM & Waves 6

Physics Syllabus WeightagePhysics Syllabus Weightage

Read JEE Main Preparation Tips for Physics

JEE Main 2021 Mathematics Syllabus

The mathematics section is included in all the three papers of JEE Main 2021. The main topics of Mathematics that are included in the JEE Main Syllabus 2021 are Trigonometry, Algebra, Calculus and Coordinate Geometry.

Check detailed JEE Main Mathematics Syllabus

The following section caters to the detailed JEE Main syllabus for Mathematics.

Unit Topic Details
1. Sets, Relations and Functions
  • Sets and their representation
  • Union, intersection and complement of sets and their algebraic properties
  • Power set
  • Relation, Types of relations, equivalence relations, functions
  • One-one, into and onto functions, composition of functions
2. Complex Number and Quadratic Equations
  • Complex numbers as ordered pairs of reals
  • Representation of complex numbers in the form (a+ib) and their representation in a plane, Argand diagram.
  • Algebra of complex numbers, modulus and argument (or amplitude) of a complex number, square root of a complex number.
  • Triangle inequality.
  • Quadratic equations in real and complex number systems and their solutions.
  • The relation between roots and coefficients, nature of roots, the formation of quadratic equations with given roots.
3. Matrices and Determinants
  • Algebra of matrices, types of matrices, and matrices of order two and three.
  • Properties of determinants, evaluation of determinants, the area of triangles using determinants.
  • Adjoint and evaluation of inverse of a square matrix using determinants and elementary transformations.
  • Test of consistency and solution of simultaneous linear equations in two or three variables using determinants and matrices
4. Permutations and Combinations
  • The fundamental principle of counting.
  • Permutation as an arrangement and combination as a selection.
  • The meaning of P (n,r) and C (n,r). Simple applications.
5. Mathematical Induction
  • The principle of Mathematical Induction and its simple applications.
6. Binomial Theorem
  • Binomial theorem for a positive integral index.
  • General term and middle term.
  • Properties of Binomial coefficients and simple applications.
7. Sequences and Series
  • Arithmetic and Geometric progressions, insertion of arithmetic.
  • Geometric means between two given numbers.
  • The relation between A.M. and G.M.
  • Sum up to n terms of special series: Sn, Sn2, Sn3
  • Arithmetic – Geometric progression.
8. Limit, Continuity and Differentiability
  • Real-valued functions, algebra of functions, polynomials, rational, trigonometric, logarithmic and exponential functions, inverse functions.
  • Graphs of simple functions.
  • Limits, continuity, and differentiability.
  • Differentiation of the sum, difference, product, and quotient of two functions.
  • Differentiation of trigonometric, inverse trigonometric, logarithmic, exponential, composite and implicit functions; derivatives of order up to two.
  • Rolle’s and Lagrange’s Mean Value Theorems.
  • Rate of change of quantities, monotonic – increasing and decreasing functions, Maxima, and minima of functions of one variable, tangents, and normals
9. Integral Calculus
  • Integral as an antiderivative.
  • Fundamental integrals involving algebraic, trigonometric, exponential and logarithmic functions.
  • Integration by substitution, by parts, and by partial fractions.
  • Integration using trigonometric identities.
  • Integral as limit of a sum.
  • Simple Integrals, Fundamental Theorem of Calculus.
  • Properties of definite integrals, evaluation of definite integrals,
  • Determining areas of the regions bounded by simple curves in standard form
10. Differential Equations
  • Ordinary differential equations, their order, and degree.
  • Formation of differential equations.
  • The solution of differential equations by the method of separation of variables.
  • The solution of homogeneous and linear differential equations of the type.
11. Coordinate Geometry
  • Cartesian system of rectangular coordinates in a plane, distance formula, section formula,
  • Locus and its equation, translation of axes, the slope of a line,
  • Parallel and perpendicular lines, intercepts of a line on the coordinate axes.
  • Straight lines
  • The distance of a point from a line, equations of internal and external bisectors of angles between two lines,
  • Coordinates of the centroid, orthocentre, and circumcentre of a triangle,
  • Equation of the family of lines passing through the point of intersection of two lines.
  • Circles, conic sections: Standard form of equation of a circle, a general form of the equation of a circle, its radius and centre,
  • Equation of a circle when the endpoints of a diameter are given, points of intersection of a line and
  • Circle with the centre at the origin and condition for a line to be tangent to a circle, equation of the tangent.
  • Sections of cones, equations of conic sections (parabola, ellipse, and hyperbola) in standard forms,
  • Condition for y = mx + c to be a tangent and point (s) of tangency.
12. Three Dimensional Geometry
  • Coordinates of a point in space, the distance between two points.
  • Section formula, direction ratios and direction cosines, the angle between two intersecting lines.
  • Skew lines, the shortest distance between them and its equation.
  • Equations of a line and a plane in different forms, the intersection of a line and a plane, coplanar lines.
13. Vector Algebra
  • Vectors and scalar
  • Components of a vector in two dimensions and three-dimensional space.
  • Scalar and vector products
14. Statistics and Probability
  • Measures of Dispersion
  • Calculation of mean, median, mode of grouped and ungrouped data.
  • Calculation of standard deviation, variance and mean deviation for grouped and ungrouped data.
  • Probability
  • Probability of an event, addition and multiplication theorems of probability,
  • Bayes theorem, probability distribution of a random variate,
  • Bernoulli trials and Binomial distribution.
15. Trigonometry
  • Trigonometric identities and equations.
  • Trigonometric functions.
  • Inverse trigonometric functions and their properties.
  • Heights and Distances
16. Mathematical Reasoning
  • Statements, logical operations and, or, implies, implied by, if and only if.
  • Understanding of tautology, contradiction, converse, and contrapositive

Weightage of JEE Main Mathematics Syllabus

An analysis of the Mathematics paper of JEE Main examination 2021 have been given below-

Maths Important Topics Weightage (%)
Complex Numbers 6
Coordinate Geometry 16
Differential & Integral Calculus 34
Fundamentals of Mathematics 4
Probability 8
Matrices 13
Trigonometry 9
Vector & 3D 10

Mathematics Syllabus WeightageMathematics Syllabus Weightage

Read JEE Main Preparation Tips for Mathematics

JEE Main 2021 Drawing Test Syllabus

Drawing is included in Paper 2 of JEE Main examination. Few topics which are important for JEE Main Drawing Test are:

  • Drawing abstract shapes and geometric patterns in pen and paper.
  • Transformation of figures from 2D to 3D or vice-versa
  • Elevation of object rotation
  • Designing memory of urban scenes
  • Generation of plan
  • 3D view of an object, rotation

JEE Main 2021 Aptitude Test Syllabus

Aptitude section is included in both Paper 2 and Paper 3 of the JEE Main. The Aptitude section is divided into two parts according to the JEE Main Syllabus. The important topics from each of these parts which have been mentioned in the official JEE Main Syllabus have been given below:

Aptitude Important Topics Weightage
  • Awareness of Places, Persons, Building and Materials Texture and Objects related to Architecture
  • 3D- Perception and Appreciation of scale and proportion of Objects
3%
  • Visualizing 3D Objects from 2D drawings
4%
  • Visualizing different sides of 3D objects
3%
  • Mental Ability
2%
  • Analytical reasoning and Colour texture
1%

Aptitude Syllabus WeightageAptitude Syllabus Weightage

JEE Main 2021 Planning-based Test Syllabus

Questions based on Planning will be a part of Paper 3 i.e. B.Planning only in JEE Main 2021. This section was introduced for students along with a completely new paper in 2020. As per the sample questions provided on the official website of JEE Main 2020, it is implied that questions from Planning section will be from the following topics-

  • General Awareness – Government programs/schemes, development issues, current affairs related to rural and urban development programs etc.
  • Critical thinking, Analytical skills, Map reading skills, Graphs, Charts, Basic Statistics etc.
  • Social Sciences – Geography, History, Political Science, Economics

The official JEE Main 2021 syllabus will be available for download as soon as it is released by NTA.

Best Books for JEE Main Syllabus 2021 

Reference books and mock tests are really helpful in JEE Main Preparation. Reference books help in understanding the JEE Main Syllabus and JEE Main Exam Pattern. Following books are suggested in order to prepare for JEE Main as per the previous year syllabus for JEE Main-

Chemistry

Name of the Book Author
Organic Chemistry O.P. Tandon
Physical Chemistry O.P. Tandon
Numerical Chemistry P. Bahadur

Physics

Name of the Book Author
IIT JEE Physics D.C. Pandey
Concepts of Physics H.C. Verma
Fundamentals of Physics Resnick, Halliday and Walker

Mathematics

Name of the book Author
Mathematics XI and XII R.D. Sharma
Higher Algebra Hall & Knight
Problems of Calculus in one Variable I.A. Maron

Read More Books for JEE Main Preparation

Drawing

Important Books Author
B.Arch/ B. Planning Aptitude Test for J.E.E. (Main) S C Garg
A Complete Self-guide for B.Arch Entrance Examination P K Mishra

Aptitude

Important Book Name of the Author
Verbal and Non-Verbal Reasoning R.S. Aggarwal
Quantitative Aptitude R.S. Aggarwal

Check Best Books for B. Arch Preparation

Planning

Books Author
Contemporary India Part – 2 Textbook in Geography for Class – 10 NCERT
Democratic Politics – II Textbook in Social Science for Class 10 NCERT
India and the Contemporary World – 2 Textbook in History for Class – 10 NCERT
Understanding Economic Development – Textbook in Social Science for Class – 10 NCERT
Current Affair Yearly (2020) Arihant

JEE Main Syllabus is based on class XI and XII syllabus. Preparation of one will automatically help you get ready for the other. The students are advised to focus more on  JEE Main important topics and chapters for efficient learning and preparation.

JEE Main Exam Pattern for Paper 1 (B.E/B.Tech)

If you take a look at JEE Main Paper Analysis, you will understand that previously, there were a total of 90 questions in Paper 1 with 30 questions from each section. Now, the total number of questions have been reduced to 75 with each section having 25 questions.

  • This new JEE Main Exam pattern of examination has been implemented since the January 2020 examination.
  • Out of these 25 questions, 20 will be of MCQ type and the rest 5 questions will be numerical value-based questions.
  • Numerical value-based questions will not have negative marking.
  • All the three sections will be given equal weightage. The total marks of Paper 1 are 300.
  • However, there are chances that the exam pattern will be further changed in 2021.
  • The new exam pattern will be updated as soon as it is released by NTA.
Section Number of Questions Type of Questions
Physics Total: 25 MCQ Type: 20 Numerical Value Type: 5
Chemistry Total: 25 MCQ Type: 20 Numerical Value Type: 5
Mathematics Total: 25 MCQ Type: 20 Numerical Value Type: 5

JEE Main Exam Pattern for Paper 2 (B.Arch)

Paper 2 will have a total of 77 questions divided into three sections – Aptitude, Mathematics and Drawing. The Mathematics section will be the same as Paper 1. The Drawing section previously had 3 questions but from 2020 onwards, it will have 2 questions of 50 marks each. Only this section will be conducted in an offline mode (Pen and Paper-based). The total marks of Paper 2 will constitute a total of 400 marks.

Section Number of Questions Type of Questions
Aptitude Total: 50 MCQ Type: 50
Drawing Total: 2 Drawing Type: 2
Mathematics Total: 25 MCQ Type: 20 Numerical Value Type: 5

Read JEE Main Exam Pattern for B. Arch in Detail

JEE Main Exam Pattern for Paper 3 (B.Planning)

This is a new paper introduced in 2020 for B.Planning courses in colleges. JEE Main syllabus for paper 3 will have a total of 100 questions which will be divided into three sections – Aptitude, Mathematics and Planning. Here too, the Mathematics section will be the same as Paper 1. Paper 3 will constitute a total of 400 marks.

Section Number of Questions Type of Questions
Aptitude Total: 50 MCQ Type: 50
Planning-based questions Total: 25 MCQ Type: 25
Mathematics Total: 25 MCQ Type: 20 Numerical Value Type: 5

Read JEE Main Exam Pattern for B. Plan in Detail

FAQs

Ques. Can a student appear for both B.Arch and B.Planning examination?

Last updated on March 6th, 2020

Ans. Yes, a student can sit for both B.Arch and B.Planning examination. In that case, the duration of the examination will be 3 hours and 30 minutes.

Ques. Does the JEE Main Syllabus include topics from both Class XI and XII?

Last updated on March 6th, 2020

Ans. Yes, the JEE Main Syllabus covers all the important topics from both class XI and XII.

Ques. What are the important topics for Mathematics according to the JEE Main Syllabus?

Last updated on March 6th, 2020

Ans. Two of the most important topics for Mathematics from which the majority of questions are asked are Trigonometry and Calculus.

Ques. Is the JEE Main Syllabus and JEE Advanced Syllabus different?

Last updated on March 6th, 2020

Ans. No, the JEE Main Syllabus and the JEE Advanced Syllabus is mostly the same but the question pattern is different.

Ques. Does the JEE Main Syllabus change every year?

Last updated on December 15th, 2020

Ans. The JEE Main Syllabus remains mostly the same every year. One or two topics may be included or excluded from the syllabus. However, there are chances of reduction in the syllabus for 2021 exam due to the pandemic.

Ques. Is the JEE Main Syllabus for Mathematics same for all the three papers?

Last updated on March 6th, 2020

Ans. Yes, the JEE Main Syllabus for Mathematics is the same for Paper 1, Paper 2 and Paper 3.

Ques. Will the syllabus remain the same for JEE Main 2021 paper 1 and paper 2?

Last updated on December 15th, 2020

Ans. No, The JEE Main 2021 syllabus for paper 1 and paper 2 will be completely different. Paper 1 comprises three major subjects – Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics whereas paper 2 comprises of Aptitude, Drawing, and Mathematics

Ques. What is the weightage of Kinematics Questions in JEE Main 2021?

Last updated on December 15th, 2020

Ans. From JEE Main 2020 point of view Kinematics is a very important chapter because of mainly two reasons:

  1. Its weightage is high
  2.  Kinematics is the most basic chapter of mechanics and can be applied in almost any topic of physics.

Candidates must have conceptual clarity when it comes to topics like Kinematics.

Ques. What are the important topics in JEE Main 2021 Paper 1?

Last updated on December 15th, 2020

Ans. The topics vital for Paper 1 in JEE Main 2021 are tabulated below:

Subject Topic
Physics Current Electricity & Heat Transfer, Dimensional Analysis, Waves & Sounds, Thermodynamics, Kinetic Theory of Gases and Rotational Dynamics and Electromagnetic Induction, Gravitation & Electro-statistics, Geometrical Optics.
Chemistry Mole concept & the concept of equivalents, Redox reactions, Electrochemistry, Coordination chemistry, Chemical bonding, and Qualitative analysis, Thermodynamics, Chemical Equilibrium, Carbonyl Compounds & their derivatives.
Mathematics Inverse Trigonometric Functions, Circles, and Family of Circles, Sequence, and Series, Probability, Hyperbola in coordinate geometry, Parabola; Functions, Continuity & Differentiability, Limits, Application of derivatives, Definite integral in calculus, Vectors, Quadratic equations and expressions, Complex numbers, Matrices.

 

Ques. What are the vital topics for JEE Main 2021 Paper 2?

Last updated on December 15th, 2020

Ans. The important topics for JEE Main 2021 Paper 2 are listed below:

  • Harmony, Contrast, and Colour texture.
  • 3D– perception, appreciation of scale and proportion of building forms, objects, and elements
  • Design and drawing of abstract or geometrical shapes and patterns in pencil
  • Transformation of forms both 2D and 3D union, Rotation, Elevations, Generation of Plan, 3D views of objects, Subtraction, Development of surfaces, and volumes.
  • Sketching
  •  2D and 3D compositions using given forms and shapes
Ques Will the JEE Main syllabus have questions from Class XI also?

Last updated on August 24th, 2020

Ans. JEE Main syllabus covers topics from Class XI and XII both. Therefore, a lot of chapters from Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics become equally vital both for Boards and the JEE Main Exam from both the classes.

Ques. Does JEE Main Syllabus changes every year?

Last updated on August 24th, 2020

Ans. No, the JEE Main syllabus has been the same from last 10 year. JEE Main Syllabus based on the class 11th and 12th syllabus.