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Joint Entrance Examination (JEE) is conducted for admission into the undergraduate engineering programmes(B.Tech, B.E., and B.Arch) offered by various IIITs, NITs, GFTIs, and various Institutes. Candidates qualifying JEE Main will be shortlisted for the next stage of JEE:
- JEE Main 2019 includes two papers – Paper 1 for B.E./B.Tech. aspirants, and Paper 2 for B.Arch aspirants.
- Mathematics is the common section in both the papers.
- 30 questions of objective type are asked from Mathematics in Paper 1 as well as in Paper 2.
- Each correct marked answer is of 4 marks while 1 mark is deducted from candidates’ score for every incorrect answer.
Mathematics is usually the easiest section in JEE Main but requires practice. The more problems you will solve, the better will be your speed and accuracy. In order to prepare for JEE Main 2019 and improve your mathematics, you need to focus more on understanding problem-solving methods instead of just reading theories, formulae, and solutions.
In this article, we have compiled some handy JEE Main Preparation Tips for Maths.
Important Topics from JEE Main Mathematics
Candidates need to focus on the right topics rather than trying to cover the entire syllabus. It doesn’t mean that candidates should prepare all the topics carefully but to obtain the right score they must be aware about the topic wise weightage to allocate their time and energy accordingly.
Here is a list of some prominent topics from Mathematics with their respective weightage:
|Units||Weightage in %|
|Sets, Relations and Functions||4-6|
|Complex Numbers and Quadratic Equations||6-10|
|Matrices and Determinants||6-10|
|Permutations And Combinations||3-10|
|Binomial Theorem and its Simple Applications||3|
|Sequences and Series||3-6|
|Limit, Continuity and Differentiability||3-16|
|Co-ordinate Geometry||3 to 24|
|Three Dimensional Geometry||5|
|Statistics and Probability||3-8|
Preparation Tips for Mathematics
Mathematics is an important part of JEE Main syllabi which makes it an important subject in terms of marks distribution. Here are few preparation tips which may be helpful for candidate appearing for JEE Main:
- Believe in self-study and developing firm command over concepts for all the topics.
- NCERT textbooks are reliable for understanding preliminary concepts. Move to other books only after you have solved NCERT books.
- You should brush up the basics to get a grip on the fundamental topics.
- Make a schedule, and try to stick to it.
- Choose the right set of books.
- Practice is the key to Mathematics, so you must practise as much as you can from the past year question booklets and sample papers.
- Spend more time on solve problem instead of reading solutions/theories/formulae
- The more you solve, the more tricks and methods, you will find to solve the questions.
- Formulae are very important in mathematics. Creating a table that topics and formulas from all the chapters can prove very useful.
- Solving two to three model questions papers will help you a lot as it will help you manage your time better and get your rhythm going.
- Special attention must be given to topics under calculus and algebra. These two are crucial topics and must be practiced regularly.
Topic wise Tips
- Differential calculus is an important topic, for which candidate should specialise in solving roots of equations with the utilisation of Rolle’s and Lagrange’s theorems.
- You also need to excel in problems based on Permutation Combination and Probability, as they are essential topics in Algebra.
- Should be able to solve Simplify Integral calculus by using some basic varieties of integrable functions.
- Keep the Integral calculus properties in mind while using them to complete solutions on time.
- Your excellence in Coordinate Geometry depends on proper knowledge of parametric forms of various conic sections.
- The formulae of trigonometry appear everywhere in JEE Mathematics exam paper.
- There are always questions in Calculus that involve standard trigonometric identities. All identities must be on your fingertips.
Reference Books for JEE Main Mathematics
It is mandatory to have the right toolkit for preparation. We have enlisted below some important reference books for JEE Main Mathematics preparation.
|Name of the book||Author/Publisher|
|Class XI & XII||NCERT|
|Class XI & XII||R.D. Sharma|
|103 Trigonometry Problems||Titu Andreescu & Zuming Feng|
|Higher Algebra||Hall Knight + Bernard-child|
|Problems in Calculus of One Variable Algebra||I.A.Maron|
|Complete Mathematics for JEE Main||Tata McGraw-Hill (TMH)|
|New Pattern Mathematics for JEE Main/Advanced||Arihant Publications|
|Previous year-IIT-JEE- question bank||———————–|
JEE Main is the topmost engineering entrance exam in our country and every year lakhs of students appear for the exam. The exam is basically a test of three subjects- Physics, Chemistry and Maths. Although all the three subjects have same weightage in the exam, Mathematics is the deciding factor in case of same marks secured by two candidates, so it is the most important section of the exam. The section can also be the most scoring section of the exam if proper preparation is done by a candidate. So, looking at the importance of the Mathematics in JEE Main exam, we have come up with a full proof strategy and preparation tips for all the aspirants.
JEE Main Preparation Tips for Mathematics
Before starting with the preparation tips, let us first have look on the number of questions asked from each topic in Mathematics in the recent JEE Main 2018 Examination. The following chart shows the complete overview of the number of questions asked from a particular topic.
|TOPIC||NO OF QUES.||MARKS|
|Permutation & Combination||1||4|
|Maxima & Minima||1||4|
|Limit, Continuity & Differentiability||2||8|
|Sets & Relation||1||4|
|Application of Derivatives||1||4|
|Matrices & Determinants||2||8|
|Sequence & Series||2||8|
|Fundamentals of Mathematics||1||4|
|Trigonometric Ratio & identities||1||4|
|Co-ordinate Geometry (3-D)||2||8|
The above table gives us an overview of the current pattern of Mathematics section in JEE Main examinations. This table can be very useful for all the aspirants in deciding which topic to choose first according to its weightage in the examination.
Set your Daily Routine- The first step of your preparations should to set your daily routine for your preparations. Being one of the topmost exams, it requires proper attention, only 2 hours study will lead you nowhere. So, set the routine say a study plan of 6 hours daily. However, you will have to divide the time for other two subjects also.
Start with the most scoring Topics- As the syllabus of the subject is vast and you have to cover all the topics to clear the examination, you should first start with the most scoring topics like Co-ordinate Geometry, Parabola, Integration as per the question chart of the JEE Main 2018 exam. However, Algebra and calculus were the most scoring topics in JEE Main 2017. So, you must decide the topics to start first and the criteria of your selection should be the weightage of the topic in the examination.
Learn all the Formulae- Mathematics is entirely based on formulas and before starting your preparations you should make a record of all important formulae and learn them by heart. You should keep updating your record and keep revising it time to time. But only learning the formulas is not enough, you must know their applications. So, once you will start learning the formulas, you will automatically build a strong foundation of your preparations.
NCERT Books are Best- There are many reference books for JEE Main preparations in the market but the first book you should consider must be your 11th and 12th class NCERT books. As the entire syllabus of the exam is based on these classes, you should first complete your NCERT Books and move towards the reference books.
Proper Time Management- As the subject has many topics to cover; you should have a proper time management so that you can be able to give ample time to each topic. You shouldn’t give all your time to selected topics, so you should smartly make a chart of topics and the time that you will give to it in order to complete your entire syllabus.
Solve Previous Year Papers- Previous Year papers are very important for your preparations as when you solve them, you get to know the level and type of questions asked in the actual examination and based on these papers, and you can practice the same level questions to ensure your success.
Practice Daily- Only studying and completing topics is not enough for your preparations. With all this, you should give proper time for practicing questions on the topics which you have completed. So, you should solve at least 20 questions everyday from different topics to check your preparation level.
Find Some Leisure Time for Yourselves- Although preparation should be serious and you should not waste your time but you must devote some time to any leisure activity once in week. It can be anything that you like as this kind of activity will refresh your mind and you will become more attentive.
Some Reference Books- All the students are many times confused about which book to follow for their preparations. So, here we are providing you a list of some important reference books that can help you in your examinations. You don’t need to get all of them but can refer to any of them according to your choices.
- R.D. Sharma for Class XI & XII
- Coordinate Geometry by S.L. Loney
- Arihant for Algebra, Differential Calculus, Integral Calculus & Trigonometry
- TMH Mathematics
- IIT Mathematics for JEE Main and Advanced by ML Khanna
- Higher Algebra by Hall Knight
- Problems in Calculus of One Variable by L.A. Maron
These were the preparation tips to ace in the Mathematics section of JEE Main Examination. We hope that our post have given you an idea about how to start your preparations for the Mathematics section. You just have to smartly work on your weaknesses and you will be able to reach your aim.
All the best!!
JEE Main Preparation Tips for Physics: Joint Entrance Examination (JEE) is one of the most popular and sought-after engineering entrance exams in India and every year lakhs of candidates appear in the entrance to seek admissions into top engineering institutes. Physics subject is considered as one of the toughest subjects and it happens to be the key one for JEE Main. The Physics section comes with application based questions. Students need to have a grip over the basic concepts to attempt such questions.
As per experts, the level of difficulty of Physics is similar to the other two subjects. However, last year, JEE Main was relatively tough with Physics being the toughest section to crack. Further, past trends have reflected that Physics has always been tricky and on the tougher side. Here, it becomes important for candidates to tighten up their preparations, as Physics is all set to give you a tough time.
Strengthen the Basic
To start with, it’s important for students to strengthen the fundamentals and basic concepts. They must complete the prescribed syllabus and there is no shortcut to this. Even a single question can make difference to your JEE scores/cutoff. For JEE Main, students must refer to NCERT Class XI and XII Physics books to get a grasp of concepts. Further, they must delve deep into each topic by referring to other books. There no need to worry about fetching out extra time along with class 12 boards as JEE Main and board exam preparation can be clubbed together.
Next step towards preparation should be the analysis of previous years’ JEE Main question papers. Know the topics covered and weightage given to each topic in terms of the number of questions and the level of difficulty. Based on the importance of each topic, plan your preparation schedule. Hereunder, we have categorized major topics based on their importance as per previous years’ trends.
Most Important Topics
Some topics cover the major portion of Physics portion and students shouldn’t miss them out during preparations. Check them out:
- Modern Physics – JEE Main 2018 paper has five questions from Modern Physics, making it one of the most important topics. Make sure to cover sub-topics like nuclear fission and fusion, dual nature of matter, radioactive decay of substances and X-rays. Also study the Bohr’s model properly. Again NCERT shall be a starting point and further consult HC Verma for the theory part and 3000 Solved Problems in Physics by Schaum for the numerical part.
- Electrostatics: Every year almost four questions are being asked from Electrostatics; considered to be one of the high scoring topics in Physics. With the clarity of basic concepts, students can easily crack four questions from a single topic. Concepts of Physics by H C Verma, is a highly recommended book for Electrostatics as it comprises of solved numerical problems of good quality.
- Oscillation and Waves– Like Electrostatics, students can expect 3-4 questions on this topic too. Clear concepts from NCERT and then delve further with H C Verma for application of concepts.
- Optics – Comparatively, an easy topic with minimum 2-3 questions being asked every year. While doing studies make sure to understand Huygen’s principles. The best book recommended for this topic would be Understanding Physics for JEE Main, Advanced Optics & Modern Physics by DC Pandey.
Check JEE Main Exam Pattern
Topics listed hereunder are equally important and should be covered by students during preparations to be on safer side. A good amount of questions are being asked about these topics. Take a look at these and the books one must refer to:
- Magnetics – JEE Main usually includes 2 questions from this portion and JEE Main in 40 Days by ARIHANT and Understanding Physics for JEE Main are the best books to refer.
- Electromagnetic Induction and AC- Mostly, numerical problems are asked in this section. Get a grasp over Faraday’s Law and consult Concepts of Physics by H C Verma for understanding the topic.
- Current Electricity– Physics section covers almost 3 questions on Current Electricity with Ohm’s law, Ohmic and Nonohmic conductors and colour code for resistors being the most important sub-topics. Refer Concepts of Physics by H C Verma to brush up fundamentals.
- Waves- Usually this portion has one question every year and HC Verma would be a good book to refer. Make sure to give importance to topics like S.H.M and its equation, principle of superposition of waves and Doppler Effect in sound.
Lesser Important Topics
The last category of topics includes questions from sections that may or may not have questions in JEE Main. However, it’s advised to not to skip them completely and read them to have a clarity of concepts. Usually, one question is asked about these topics.
- Physics and measurement
- Dual nature of matter and radiation
- Communication system
Preparation Tips Physics Part B
JEE Main Physics part B gives 20% weightage to practical applications (Experimentation) of concepts. The problems are simple and require a basic understanding of experimenting. The questions are based on topics like Vernier Calipers, Ohm’s Law, Metre Scale, Surface Tension of Water, Screw Gauge, Co-Efficient of Viscosity, Speed of Sound, Young Modulus of Elasticity, Refractive Index of a Glass Slab, Simple Pendulum, Use of Multimeter, Resistivity of the Material and more. It’s advised that students must grab this opportunity to score and attempt as many questions as possible.
Preparation Books for JEE Physics
Check out the list of books that students must read and refer for gearing up their preparations:
- NCERT Physics, Text Books for Basics
- Concepts of Physics, HC Verma
- Problems in General Physics, I.E. Irodov
- Arihant Physics, D. C. Pandey
- Elements of Dynamics, S.L.Loney
Chemistry subject is considered as easiest and it happens to be the key scoring subject for JEE Main. The Physics section comes with application based questions. Students need to have a grip over the basic concepts to attempt such questions.
As per the experts, the level of difficulty of all the subjects is quite similar. However, last year, JEE Main many of the applicants found Chemistry tough, questions on Organic Chemistry were tough.
JEE Main Chemistry follows the syllabus covered in Class XI and XII Chemistry paper. As the scope of the syllabus is, candidates need to learn and retain in mind a lot of equations, reactions, and formulae. This kind of rote learning makes preparation tricky but renders the subject a high-scoring one as stress is not on conceptual application but information retention and appropriate recall.
Each of the three sections in JEE Mains has an equal number of questions; as such, the Chemistry section consists of 30 compulsory questions bearing 4 marks each. The questions will cover Physical Chemistry, Organic Chemistry, and Inorganic Chemistry. The table below depicts unit-wise weightage for each of the sub-sections of Chemistry.
|Unit||Overall Weightage (in percentage)||Important Topics||Topic Weightage (in percentage)|
|Physical Chemistry||35.6||Basic Concepts||7.4|
|States of Matter and Solutions||23.2|
|Redox and Electrochemistry||8.4|
|Organic Chemistry||34.7%||Basic Principles||6.33|
|Hydrocarbons and its Substituents||6.33|
|O containing Compounds||8.33|
|N containing Compounds||3.00|
|Biomolecules & Polymers||5.67|
|Environmental & Everyday-life Chemistry||1.67|
|Inorganic Chemistry||29.7%||Coordination Compounds||14.9|
|Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure||21.8|
|Classification of Elements and Periodicity||8.9|
|D & F Block Elements||24.7|
|Hydrogen and S-block Elements||12.9|
Pointers for Preparation
A few tried and tested preparation tips from subject experts are listed below for the convenience of candidates:
- In preparation for JEE Main Chemistry, the go-to textbook are the NCERT publications. NCERT books are the most reliable ones in terms of illustrations of concepts in a lucid language. Candidates can get their basics of the subject clear with the help of the NCERT books and move on to higher level books for advanced studies.
- However, it is advised that studying from too many reference books can lead to confusion and missing out on important topics. As such, candidates should limit their reference studies to the minimum and instead stress on making their own notes after each lesson so the concept gets internalized and thus easier to commit to memory.
- Students should also solve as many mock-papers as possible in order to score well in the exam. Consistent timed practice is the only way to ensure speed and accuracy in solving the questions in the JEE Mains exam. Attempting as many previous year’s JEE papers as possible would give candidates a real-time feel and experience of taking the test.
- Repeated revision of concepts, equations, and formulae would ensure better retention.
- Once the entire syllabus has been covered thoroughly, students should deploy smart prep strategy by focusing mainly on topics with higher weightage. It’s not that the entire syllabus should not be revised or practised, but the weighted topics should be focused a little more than the rest.
- Physical Chemistry section consists of a lot of numerical problems primarily from Redox Reaction, Mole Concept and their equivalences, Solid States, Gas Theory, Thermochemistry, and Thermodynamics. It is essential to have knowledge of proper formulae and/or logic to solve questions from these topics accurately and on time.
- Inorganic Chemistry’s most scoring topic is Chemical Bonding and Periodic Table and maximum questions from this unit are in the context of bond formation, bond breaking, and periodicity.
- Organic Chemistry is mostly concept based. Candidates would do well to focus on carbonyl groups reactions and their mechanism. Physical properties of organic groups, the polarization of carbonyl compounds, the hydrogen group, and carbon groups are the most frequently asked questions in the JEE Main Examination.
Suggested Readings for Chemistry
A few popular reference books apart from the must-read NCERT Chemistry Books (Class XI-XII) that are recommended in preparation of the JEE Main Chemistry section are:
|Name of Book||Author/Publisher|
|Concise Inorganic Chemistry for JEE||J D Lee|
|Inorganic Chemistry||O P Tandon|
|Textbook of Organic Chemistry||Arihant Publications|
|Organic Chemistry||P Tandon|
|Modern Approach to Chemical Calculations||R C Mukherjee|
|Physical Chemistry||O P Tandon|
|University Chemistry||Bruce M Mahan and Rollie J Meyers|
Chemistry is considered to be the most scoring section in the JEE Main Examination. Candidates will do well by following the prescribed syllabus while focusing on weighted topics, and consistent and rigorous practice of mock papers/previous year question papers in order to ensure high score is not only the Chemistry section but can also raise overall score and ranking in the test.
JEE Main 2019 Preparation Tips: If you are an engineering aspirant and wants to pursue B.E./B.Tech from top notch engineering institutes of India then cracking JEE Main is mandatory. The exam is held in the month of April in India and abroad. When it comes to juggling between class 12th boards & JEE Main, then the struggle is real. Here, we have got you some awesome tips for JEE Main 2019 preparation. These tips will help the candidates to crack this most important engineering entrance exam in India. The time management, revising important topics and chapters, and solving sample papers & mock tests are some well-known preparation tips for JEE Main 2019.
Alongside, the section and topic wise analysis of the previous year JEE Main question papers is another useful tool while preparing for the exam. This article will provide you with JEE Main 2019 Preparation Tips along with subject and topic wise analysis of previous year JEE Main exams.
Basic Tips for JEE Main 2019 Preparation
- Time Management- A proper schedule for exam preparation is the best way of managing time wisely. You can stick to it and prioritize your set goals. Be sure to set deadlines and cover the entire syllabus within the stipulated time.
- Know the Syllabus – Be thorough with the JEE Main 2019 syllabus. Practice the familiar topics and revise them regularly. The topics that seem tough for you, practice them on a regular basis and give them extra time. Don’t forget to go through the topics from which most of the questions are asked.
- Practice JEE Main Sample Papers and Mock Tests- Solving mock tests and practice sets can actually tell what level of preparation is needed. Solving the question papers enables the candidates to know the level of exam and their preparation.
- Revision- Organise your study time. Take regular breaks and practice previous years’ question papers. Revise the topics every alternate day.
Subject wise Preparation Tips
JEE Main consists of 3 subjects namely Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics having 30 questions each. All three subjects are important and should be given equal importance. Be updated with the latest pattern of exam. Following are some subject wise JEE Main preparation tips that will help students prepare well.
Physics is a conceptual subject and candidate should understand its basic concepts thoroughly.
- After studying a particular topic, make sure to solve the related problems on the same day. This makes concepts clear and helps in remembering them in a better way.
- Along with some recommended books like HC Verma, aspirants should also refer to NCERT books. These books will help in understanding the basic concepts.
Chemistry is the subject which is a combination of concepts, theory and chemical equations.
- Do remember to refer some really good books to help you understand the subject better.
- While studying a Chemistry topic, always mark the important points which will help during revision.
- Solve the problems related to the concepts and practice the chemical equations by writing them down to learn them.
Mathematics is the most important subject which is also an easy scoring as well as a hard scoring section.
- You can only be thorough in Mathematics if you keep practising it. Also, along with practising try to be accurate and quick.
- While solving the maths problems, try to create your own shortcuts for different topics. This will help you in saving time during the JEE Main which is important for maths.
JEE Main Exam Analysis of Previous Years Papers
Candidates can also check the JEE Main paper analysis of the previous year’s exam. This will give them an understanding the type of questions asked and the important topics from each subject that carry more weightage.
JEE Main- Topic wise Analysis for Physics
|Topics||Number of Questions|
|JEE Main 2015||JEE Main 2016||JEE Main 2017|
|Units, Dimensions, Errors, Experiments||1||2||1|
|New ton’s Laws and Friction||1||0||1|
|Work, Power & Energy||0||2||1|
|System of Particles||2||1||0|
|Gravitation, Rotational Mechanics||2||2||3|
|Properties of Matter||1||0||1|
|Mechanical Waves and Sound||1||2||0|
|Ray Optics, Wave Optics||3||3||3|
|Heat and Thermodynamics||3||3||4|
|Magnetism, Magnetic effects of current||3||2||1|
|EMI, AC and EM waves and Communication||4||3||2|
JEE Main- Topic wise analysis for Chemistry
|Topics||Number of Questions|
|JEE Main 2015||JEE Main 2016||JEE Main 2017|
|Atomic Structure and Classification||2||1||2|
|States of Matter||1||1||1|
|Chemical & Ionic Equilibrium||1||1||1|
|Chemical Kinetics & Nuclear Chemistry||1||1||1|
|General Organic Chemistry + Functional Group-I||3||6||3|
|Organic Chemistry + Functional Group-II||2||0||4|
|Organic Chemistry + Functional Group-III||1||1||2|
|Chemistry of Representative Elements||7||6||4|
|Coordination Compounds & Organometallics||1||2||1|
JEE Main- Topic wise analysis for Mathematics
|Topic||Number of Questions|
|JEE Main 2015||JEE Main 2016||JEE Main 2017|
|Sets, Relations and Functions||1||1||1|
|Limits, Continuity & Differentiability||3||2||2|
|Application of Derivatives||1||2||2|
|Indefinite and Definite Integrals & Area under the Curve||3||3||3|
|Cartesian coordinates & Straight Line||2||1||1|
|Quadratic Equations, Inequalities, Progressions||3||3||3|
|Binomial Theorem, Exponential & Logarithmic Series||1||1||1|
|Permutation & Combination||1||1||1|
|3-D Coordinate Geometry||2||2||2|
|Differential Equations & Properties of Triangles||1||1||1|
|Matrices & Determinants||2||2||2|
Important Books for JEE Main Preparation
Some important books recommended for JEE Main aspirants by the expert are-