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JEE Main 2019 is underway with commencement of registration for the January session. Most of the students are worried about filling all the details carefully in JEE Main Application Form and ensuring that feel the desired eligibility criteria to avoid rejection. A lot of candidates search for top percentile cutoff marks in JEE Main.
JoSAA is responsible for releasing the top 20 percentile for JEE Main and JEE Advanced. The top 20 percentile cut off marks is released separately for IITs and other institutes (NITs, IIITs and CFTIs) on the official site, jossa.nic.in. Although the top 20 percentile is released after the result declaration, candidates must be aware about the previous year trends.
What is the top 20 percentile?
Each year as many as a million of students appear for JEE and NIT entrance examinations with the view of gaining admission in top engineering institutes. Even though the marks secured in Class 12th is no longer considered for JEE Main Rank Calculation, yet it is a determining factor for admission to IITs, NITs, IIITs and CFTIs. However, not all the state education boards release marks in the form of percentage. Therefore, the organizing authority will also consider candidates failling in the top 20 percentile while determining their eligibility.
In order to secure a place in JEE or NITs, candidates will have to fulfill the following requirements:
- The minimum eligibility is to secure 75% for General Category. For reserved category belonging to SC/ ST/ PwD, the minimum eligibility is scoring 65% in the class 12 examination.
- They must fall in the top 20 percentile category in class 12 of their respective boards or qualifying examination.
- Even though a candidate fails to secure 75% in their class 12th, they still hold opportunity for appearing in the entrance examinations on the basis of top 20 percentile marks.
How are class 12th marks calculated for admission to IITs and NITs
The calculation of score will be as follows:
- The score of candidates will be calculated for any 5 subjects which in total will be calculated out of 500. These five subjects will include Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics as compulsory subjects out of the five. The other two include one language subject and one other subject (expect from the four already selected). In this manner, the total secured in the five subjects with aggregate marks 500 will be taken into account.
- In case, a candidate has taken two language subjects, then the subject with a higher score will be considered.
- If the marks of any subject are not awarded out of 100, then in such cases, the score will be scaled to make it out of 100. For example – if a candidate secures 50 out of 80, then the calculation of score will be as follows: (65/80)*100 = 81%
- If a candidate has appeared for Class 12th examination in the year 2016 and again reappears in 2017 for improvement in any one or two subjects, then the marks secured in 2016 will be considered and not that of 2017.
- However, in case a candidate had appeared in 2016, yet reappears for improvement in all 5 exams conducted in 2017, in that case, the scores of the year in which the candidate has score more marks will be considered.
Difference Between Percentage and Percentile
Often candidates get obscured of the difference between a percentage score and percentile. However, both the terms are completely different from one another. A percentage score is marks obtained by a candidate from the aggregate of 100. On the other hand, a percentile is a term used to define the percentage a candidate secures below particular marks.
Example – Suppose a candidate has secured 85 percent marks. This is the marks secured out of 100, wherein he/she has scored 85. If the total is 200 it will be 170 and so on. However, if a candidate mentions he/she has scored 85 percentile, that would mean 85 percent of all other candidates who have appeared for the examination have score fewer marks than the candidate with 85 percentile.
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Following are the state education boards for which JoSAA will publish top 20 percentile for JEE Main on its official website.
|Andhra Pradesh Board of Intermediate Education|
|Assam Higher Secondary School Council|
|Bihar Intermediate Education Council|
|Central Board of Secondary Education|
|Aligarh Muslim University Board of Secondary & Sr. Secondary Education|
|Chhattisgarh Board of Secondary Education|
|Council of the Indian School Certificate Examinations|
|Goa Board of Secondary and Higher Secondary Education|
|Gujarat Secondary Education Board|
|Haryana Board of Education, Bhiwani|
|Himachal Pradesh Board of School Education|
|Jammu and Kashmir State Board of School Education|
|Jharkhand Academic Council|
|Karnataka Board of Pre-University Education|
|Kerala Board of Public Examinations|
|Madhya Pradesh Board of Secondary Education|
|Council of Higher Secondary Education, Manipur|
|Meghalaya Board of School Education|
|Mizoram Board of School Education|
|Nagaland Board of School Education|
|National Institute of Open Schooling|
|Punjab School Education Board|
|Telangana State Board of Intermediate Education, Hyderabad|
|Telangana Open School Society Hyderabad|
|Tripura School of Secondary Education|
|Maharashtra State Board of Secondary and Higher Education|
|U.P. Board of High School & Intermediate Education|
|Board of Secondary Education Rajasthan|
|Council of Higher Secondary Education, Odisha|
NTA (National Testing Agency) has finally come into existence and the rollout of the official notification for JEE Main 2019 January session has set the engineering exam season underway. JEE Main is scheduled from January 06, 2019 to January 20, 2019 in online mode and the application process has already commenced.
This simply means all those who are preparing to crack JEE Main 2019 have tentatively four months in their hand. At this juncture of your preparation what is crucial is to test your speed and accuracy and find the weaker links during the preparation.
JEE Main 2019 will be conducted by National Testing Agency, Until 2019 the exam was being conducted by CBSE. From 2019 onwards, there will be some major changes in the format of JEE Main 2019 precisely due to introduction of two attempts for the same year and reintroduction of normalization process. Check JEE Main 2019 Merit List
- JEE Main Result will be released separately for both the sessions based on the rank calculated through normalization process.
- The final merit list will be made by compiling rank of candidates from both JEE Main session through normalization process.
- JEE Main Counselling Process will commence only after the final merit list is declared.
JEE Main 2019 Official Schedule is finally out now, and now we know that the exam is going to be held in the months of January and April. JEE is among the most competitive exam in the world which sees a participation of approximately 1 million candidates every year. To get a seat in NITs or IITs through JEE requires a lot of effort and one has to supersede huge competition to succeed. So, what’s the ideal time to start JEE Main Preparation?
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National Testing Agency (NTA) is likely to re-commence registration for the practice centers for all the interested students from September 01. Aspirants for JEE Main, UGC NET and NEET can train themselves for the CBT (Computer Based Test) mode to be introduced by NTA. The JEE Main registration window was opened for a short while in August 28, 2018 and then it was closed due to unknown reasons. On the same day, NTA has announced about the new date of commencement of registration process i.e. on September 1, 2018.
JEE Main Exam will completely shift to online mode after the National Testing Agency or NTA takes control of the management of the exam. However, until 2018, a vast majority of the aspirants have opted for the pen and paper test, that is the offline mode. In 2018, the Central Board of Secondary Education or CBSE conducted the test for the last time.
Under the supervision of CBSE, JEE Main was conducted in both the online and the offline mode and according to the trends, the greater portion of the students went for the offline mode of the exam or the pen and paper based test.
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However, in recent years, a discernible increase has been noticed in the number of students opting for the online mode of the exam. Here is comprehensive guide on JEE Main CBT mode for students who will for the first time in January 2019 session.
Confusions and fears among the students regarding the CBT
Usually, there remains a general confusion about the nature of the online mode of the exam. Many consider it to be an internet-based exam, which is, in reality, not the case. The online mode of the exam is a Computer-Based Test or CBT that only has the need for a Local Area Network (LAN). The exam is not dependent on the Internet connection and the LAN is used only to make sure that the whole examination process is executed with ultimate safety and without any intrusion of glitches.
Despite being so carefully handled, there are some confusing concerns among the students regarding the CBT for which they generally incline to opt for the pen and paper test rather than the online exams. Some of these concerns are:
- CBTs generally have tougher questions than the pen and paper test
- There might be power failures or technical glitches in the exam centers
- The responses given by the examinees may not be recorded properly etc.
- One may require of higher degree of familiarity with operating computer systems and other technical aspects.
Apart from that, some think that handling computer might be difficult, especially those who have very little practical experience or are coming from highly remote areas without proper computer awareness.
In response to all the concerns listed above, it can be said that CBSE has been conducting the JEE Main Exam in the online mode since 2014 and no such problems have been reported yet. Regarding the difficulty in handling the computer, it can be said that no special training is required to appear for any CBT, only the basic knowledge of handling the mouse is sufficient. These things have been clearly declared by CBSE when they previously published the FAQs on the online mode of the exam.
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Practice sessions that can help
This time, NTA has taken a helpful step with the intention of making things clearer. In order to provide the students from the rural areas the chance to get familiar with the essentials of JEE Main CBT mode, NTA is going to establish free practice centers.
3000 training centers are stipulated for the purpose of training aspirants from rural areas and remote locations for the CBT. Students having the internet facility at their homes can also download these practice test series questions and get themselves prepared likewise.
Advantages of the CBT
- No special computer knowledge is required except for knowing how to handle the mouse
- Chances are there to review and change a given response
- No threat of a leak
- An automatically set clock at the screen that shows the time left, the number of questions answered, the number of questions left, and the number of questions left for review
- Results are expected to be declared much earlier
Disadvantages of the CBT
Apart from the general fear of appearing in the CBT among the rural candidates, there is no big disadvantage expected from the CBT. However, both the NTA and the MHRD have taken this matter into special consideration and that is why the practice centers are going to be operated soon from the ending of this month.
So, the aspirants are advised not to believe in the rumors and myths. They need to get prepared for the examination at the right time and make use of the opportunities offered.
MHRD recently made a few important proposals including scrapping JEE Advanced and amending policies followed by IITs regarding fee structure, admission process, quality of education, preparation methods being opted among students etc. In a high level meeting held on August 21, the IIT Council and Minister Prakash Javadekar has vetoed against the proposals, citing that JAB (Joint Admission Board) is already looking after some of the major transformations for JEE Advanced.
Proposals by MHRD
- To form a committee of experts to check on the measures to be taken to bring changes in JEE Advanced & if necessary scrap the test and bring IITs under the purview of JEE Main.
- The other major reform offered was that instead of the previous system being followed, there must be allocation of the institution only and not of branches in different engineering colleges.
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- There was also a proposal to work upon so that the dependency on coaching institutes may get reduced for the preparation of JEE among the aspirants.
- Other proposal was to increase the number of students being taught at IIT from about 10,000 to directly 80,000 by converting the IITs into high end institutes which would indulge teaching of only certain semesters.
- Proposal for recruitment of foreign faculty was also one of the main highlights.
- Revision in fee structure for foreign students must not exceed as it is already approx 6 Lakhs per annum which is not within of all candidates.
Some of these proposals have been clearly rejected by our Union Minister, Prakash Javadekar. According to the council, there is no need to take measures towards the JEE process as it is already in progress. Online examination was held instead of offline since last year only. “On the matter of allocation of institute instead of branch during JOSAA (Joint Seat Allocation Authority) counseling, many IITs don’t think it’s a good idea”, said Bhaskar Ramamurthy, director, IIT Madras.
However, some of the ideas which really were beneficial for the students and the decorum of IITs have been considered well and accepted by the IITs among those mentioned above. They are as follows:-
Some of the major decisions that have been made during 52nd council meeting are as follows:-
- Unlike the provision of council deciding fee structure, IITs own board of governors would be solely responsible for deciding the fee structure of foreign students pursuing masters. There would be no increment in the fee for undergraduate studies and process to recruit foreign faculties may be introduced in the IITs as well.
- There would be no revision in the fees for undergraduate studies in the IIT. SWAYAM designed to help students in preparation of JEE advanced would be made easily available so that dependency of students on coaching institutes may get reduced.
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- No changes would be made in JEE advanced as according to the statement by director of an IIT, the procedure of JEE advanced is already being checked and is being upgraded from time to time. It was just a year back when the examination process was held completely online.
- Council has decided that one college in the country would be designated as coordinating institute which would identify the eligible candidates completing PhD while having Indian origin in order to have recruitment of foreign faculties.
- The other decision made in the direction of improving quality of education imparted in our engineering colleges is that, IIT will mentor at least 5 engineering colleges in its vicinity to check the standard and improvise the system of education in those colleges.
- Campuses and infrastructure projects at IIT would be taken care of by a committee comprising of directors of IIT- Delhi, IIT-Hyderabad and IIT- Tirupati.
After NTA taking charge of conducting various national level entrance exams such as JEE Main and NEET, several major overhauls are expected in these exams. These changes includes organising exams twice a year and in multiple sessions. One of such major change is that it will set unique question papers for every aspirant.
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The NTA or National Testing Agency has planned to use high level artificial intelligence, psychometric analysis and computer based adaptive testing tools. These tools will ensure that test is 100% safe with no scope of errors.
Vineet Joshi, Director General of NTA has proclaimed that highest level of encryption will be used so that no one can hack the system. As per the NTA officials, additionally this change has been introduced to check that candidate is thorough with curriculum syllabus and the rote learning and coaching centers are not of much help.
They are also hopeful that this change will be advantageous for candidates in following ways:-
- Keeping track of Unattempted Questions- Candidates can easily revisit the questions they are doubtful of or haven’t answered. It is advisable for that candidates first solve the easier questions then revisit the questions they were in doubt of.
- Change in Exam Date and slot – As the exams will be held in multiple slots, candidates can choose their time slot and date as per their convenience
- No scope of Cheating – Unique questions will provide a fair chance to all the candidates as the software will pick different questions for all candidates and leaving no scope of cheating for the candidates
- Introducing different levels of questions – The difficulty level of the questions in the exam will be increased on the basis of candidate’s past answers.
- Introducing Computer Adaptive Testing – The answer keys will also be released using Artificial intelligence techniques to ensure free work in computing the result
Currently the agency is performing psychometric analysis of past years’ question papers including the MCQ questions. They are also checking the impact of introducing MCQ questions. These distractors will help in checking candidate’s overall knowledge of the subject. One of the disadvantage of using software system is that candidates will be at the mercy of the software which will pick the questions on random basis. The answer keys will also be released by Artificial intelligence system.
Till 2017 CBSE or Central Board of Secondary Education used to conduct these exams. In order to reduce the burden of CBSE and smooth conduction of exams, HRD ministry introduced NTA. The new authority will conduct these exams twice a year. JEE Main 2019 is scheduled to take place in January and April 2019. The agency is expected to test around 1.5 crore candidates at National level.
According to HRD officials, a number of tests and experiments will be tried such as psychometric data analysis of data, psychometric analysis for training the item writers and web based, etc to ensure there are no errors in question papers and answer keys.
The MHRD (Ministry of Human Resource Development) has already implemented a major change of conducting the JEE (Joint Entrance Examination) Main test twice from 2019 and another critical proposal for the engineering aspirants is about to get underway. There is a proposed move to discontinue the JEE Advanced, which has so far been the main evaluation criteria for admission to the undergraduate engineering courses at the various Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs).
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Although the decision is not finalized yet, but the same will be discussed in the IIT council meeting to be held on August 21, 2018. The meeting is intended to discuss the pros and cons associated with the proposed act and further to evaluate the feasibility of its implementation.
The proposal, if approved, may surely be a historical and transformational decision to streamline and regulate the highly reputed engineering institutions of the country in a better way. Apart from scrapping down the JEE Advanced exam, it would also be proposed for the IITs to turn the undergraduate engineering B.Tech. courses to the elevated engineering courses.
The number of semesters in the new postgraduate engineering courses at the IITs may also be altered, which would enable the students to achieve world-class engineering education in the least possible time. Additionally, the IITs are currently educating around 10,000 aspirants every year through their undergraduate engineering courses, while the new system would allow around 80,000 aspirants in materializing their dream of studying engineering from an IIT.
The discussed proposals have been put up based on the feedback provided by some veteran professors of the IITs, as confirmed by media reports. Those would surely refrain the students from undergoing private coaching courses, which would burden down their parents for several lakhs bucks to make them qualify the JEE Advanced exam.
To join expensive coaching courses was indeed an unaffordable deal for so many meritorious students across the country. Many families, still, have been observed to take loans to facilitate their children to undergo coaching for JEE Main and JEE Advanced exams from reputed coaching institutes at multiple locations in India.
When over 11 lakhs candidates appear generally in these exams to qualify for just around 10,000 seats at the IITs, the heavy expenditures incurred in the coaching classes would put up lots of pressure on the students hailing from economical weaker families. The new model would consider only the JEE Main scores of the students to offer them admissions to the engineering courses at the IITs.
New Criteria for Admission to IITs
It is assumed that the top scorers of the JEE Main entrance examination would be eligible for the counselling for admissions to the courses at the IITs and other reputed engineering institutions across the country without undergoing any further test or interview. Additionally, the qualifying candidates would be categorized into ten groups based on their scores in the JEE Main exam.
For instance, the first group would include the candidates scoring marks above 90%, the second may include those scoring marks between 80 – 90%, and so on. The candidates belonging to each group would hold same position for attending the counselling for admissions to the IITs.
The revamp of education pattern at the IITs would also introduce a concept of ‘One Semester IIT Experience’ for transforming those to global high-end education providers. Based on it, the B.Tech. course at the IITs would be dismantled, and further upgraded to One Semester IIT Experience.
Those students, who would attain the One Semester IIT Experience based on their scores from the fifth to eighth semesters at the IITs, would be awarded with an engineering degree from the associated universities. Additionally, they would be preferred for admissions to the postgraduate engineering courses offered at the IITs.
The new examination conducting authority, National Testing Agency (NTA), would coordinate JEE Main exam twice every year starting 2019 and takeover all the responsibilities from CBSE (Central Board of Secondary Education) who previously managed JEE Main and several national level engineering exams.
With the newly commissioned NTA (National Testing Agency) at the helm of managing premier engineering and medical entrance examinations besides others, several changes in the scenario are in the offering. In a press release dated July 7, 2018, the autonomous body announced its initiatives that are in the pipeline to bring about a qualitative difference in the examination was conducted till now. The most prominent and laudable of the initiatives is the plan to set up a network of approximately 3000 practice centers in rural areas to make local JEE Main and NEET aspirants well acquainted with the online examination system.
Educational establishments with computer labs will be identified for the setting up of these new Practice Centers. Candidates can access these centers free of cost to practice computer-based tests in the lines of JEE Main and NEET (UG) free of cost. The Agency plans to keep these Practice centers operational on Saturdays and Sundays starting from the 3rd week of August 2018. NTA will also launch a mobile app which will help candidates identify the nearest center in the locality and register themselves to book Practice Sessions.
National Testing Agency –#NTA has started its work. It will conduct NEET(UG), JEE(Main), UGC-NET, CMAT & GPAT examinations. Millions of students to benefit.@narendramodi #Transformingeducation #48MonthsOfTransformingIndia pic.twitter.com/MLq9GzRpGL
— Prakash Javadekar (@PrakashJavdekar) July 7, 2018
Given that 2019 onwards exams like JEE Main and NEET (UG) are switching completely to the online mode, this endeavor of the Agency will be very beneficial for candidates, specifically those who are from a rural background and have no or minimal access to computers. The Practice Centers are an attempt to provide an adequate chance to such aspirants to acclimatize with an online examination mode. The candidates who book practice sessions will be allotted one-hour slots each to write a real computer-based examination at the centers.
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NTA has not planned any changes in the examination fees, question pattern, number or difficulty level of questions except for the complete switch to the online mode of exam. It is worthwhile to mention here that 2019 onwards both JEE Main and NEET (UG) will be held twice a year to ease the performance pressure on candidates. NTA has also clarified that
JEE Main is tentatively slated to be held in January and April while NEET (UG) has been scheduled for February and May in 2019. The first phase of JEE Main is scheduled tentatively from January 06 to January 20 while the second stage is slated from April 07 to April 21.
The complete switchover to nline examination is to avoid logistics issues like the paper leak or shortage of question papers. Also, the switch to online mode will make evaluation easier and error-free. However, as per statistics, the number of test–takers opting for the online mode when both online and offline examinations were in practice, shows a grim picture as to how uncomfortable the candidates are to attempt the computer-based test. In 2018, of 11.5 lakh candidates that registered for JEE Main, only 2.25 lakh opted for the CBT while in 2017, of 12 lakh applicants only 1.8 lakh opted for the online test. In both years, the rest of the applicants chose to take the customary paper-based test. Under the circumstances, NTA’s decision to set up the practice centers for pre-examination practice test session will certainly be of huge help to future aspirants of JEE Main and NEET (UG).
The centers that would be utilized as Practice Centers by NTA may or may not be designated as exam centers for the conduction of the entrances. There has been no disclosure from the Agency’s side in this context.