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JEE Main Preparation Tips for Mathematics

JEE Main is the topmost engineering entrance exam in our country and every year lakhs of students appear for the exam.  The exam is basically a test of three subjects- Physics, Chemistry and Maths. Although all the three subjects have same weightage in the exam, Mathematics is the deciding factor in case of same marks secured by two candidates, so it is the most important section of the exam.  The section can also be the most scoring section of the exam if proper preparation is done by a candidate. So, looking at the importance of the Mathematics in JEE Main exam, we have come up with a full proof strategy and preparation tips for all the aspirants.

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JEE Main Preparation Tips for Mathematics

Before starting with the preparation tips, let us first have look on the number of questions asked from each topic in Mathematics in the recent JEE Main 2018 Examination. The following chart shows the complete overview of the number of questions asked from a particular topic.

                                 TOPIC NO OF QUES. MARKS
Permutation & Combination 1 4
Complex Numbers 1 4
Maxima & Minima 1 4
Definite integration  2 8
Hyperbola 1 4
Straight Line 1 4
Limit, Continuity & Differentiability 2 8
Circle 1 4
Sets & Relation 1 4
Application of Derivatives 1 4
Trigonometric equation 1 4
Parabola 2 8
Differential equation 1 4
Indefinite integration 1 4
Matrices & Determinants 2 8
Binomial Theorem 1 4
Mathematical Reasoning 1 4
Sequence & Series 2 8
Fundamentals of Mathematics 1 4
Trigonometric Ratio & identities 1 4
Co-ordinate Geometry (3-D) 2 8
VectorAnchor 1 4
Probability 1 4
Statistics 1 4
Total 30 120

The above table gives us an overview of the current pattern of Mathematics section in JEE Main examinations. This table can be very useful for all the aspirants in deciding which topic to choose first according to its weightage in the examination.

Preparation Tips:

Set your Daily Routine- The first step of your preparations should to set your daily routine for your preparations. Being one of the topmost exams, it requires proper attention, only 2 hours study will lead you nowhere. So, set the routine say a study plan of 6 hours daily. However, you will have to divide the time for other two subjects also.

Start with the most scoring Topics- As the syllabus of the subject is vast and you have to cover all the topics to clear the examination, you should first start with the most scoring topics like Co-ordinate Geometry, Parabola, Integration as per the question chart of the JEE Main 2018 exam. However, Algebra and calculus were the most scoring topics in JEE Main 2017. So, you must decide the topics to start first and the criteria of your selection should be the weightage of the topic in the examination.

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Learn all the Formulae- Mathematics is entirely based on formulas and before starting your preparations you should make a record of all important formulae and learn them by heart. You should keep updating your record and keep revising it time to time. But only learning the formulas is not enough, you must know their applications. So, once you will start learning the formulas, you will automatically build a strong foundation of your preparations.

NCERT Books are Best- There are many reference books for JEE Main preparations in the market but the first book you should consider must be your 11th and 12th class NCERT books.  As the entire syllabus of the exam is based on these classes, you should first complete your NCERT Books and move towards the reference books.

Proper Time Management- As the subject has many topics to cover; you should have a proper time management so that you can be able to give ample time to each topic. You shouldn’t give all your time to selected topics, so you should smartly make a chart of topics and the time that you will give to it in order to complete your entire syllabus.

Solve Previous Year Papers- Previous Year papers are very important for your preparations as when you solve them, you get to know the level and type of questions asked in the actual examination and based on these papers, and you can practice the same level questions to ensure your success.

Practice Daily- Only studying and completing topics is not enough for your preparations. With all this, you should give proper time for practicing questions on the topics which you have completed. So, you should solve at least 20 questions everyday from different topics to check your preparation level.

Find Some Leisure Time for Yourselves- Although preparation should be serious and you should not waste your time but you must devote some time to any leisure activity once in week. It can be anything that you like as this kind of activity will refresh your mind and you will become more attentive.

Some Reference Books- All the students are many times confused about which book to follow for their preparations. So, here we are providing you a list of some important reference books that can help you in your examinations. You don’t need to get all of them but can refer to any of them according to your choices.

  • R.D. Sharma for Class XI & XII
  • Coordinate Geometry by S.L. Loney
  • Arihant for Algebra, Differential Calculus, Integral Calculus & Trigonometry
  • TMH Mathematics
  • IIT Mathematics for JEE Main and Advanced by ML Khanna
  • Higher Algebra by Hall Knight
  • Problems in Calculus of One Variable by L.A. Maron

These were the preparation tips to ace in the Mathematics section of JEE Main Examination. We hope that our post have given you an idea about how to start your preparations for the Mathematics section.  You just have to smartly work on your weaknesses and you will be able to reach your aim.

All the best!!

JEE Main Preparation Tips for Physics

JEE Main Preparation Tips for Physics: Joint Entrance Examination (JEE) is one of the most popular and sought-after engineering entrance exams in India and every year lakhs of candidates appear in the entrance to seek admissions into top engineering institutes. Physics subject is considered as one of the toughest subjects and it happens to be the key one for JEE Main. The Physics section comes with application based questions. Students need to have a grip over the basic concepts to attempt such questions.

As per experts, the level of difficulty of Physics is similar to the other two subjects. However, last year, JEE Main was relatively tough with Physics being the toughest section to crack. Further, past trends have reflected that Physics has always been tricky and on the tougher side. Here, it becomes important for candidates to tighten up their preparations, as Physics is all set to give you a tough time.

Strengthen the Basic

To start with, it’s important for students to strengthen the fundamentals and basic concepts. They must complete the prescribed syllabus and there is no shortcut to this. Even a single question can make difference to your JEE scores/cutoff. For JEE Main, students must refer to NCERT Class XI and XII Physics books to get a grasp of concepts. Further, they must delve deep into each topic by referring to other books. There no need to worry about fetching out extra time along with class 12 boards as JEE Main and board exam preparation can be clubbed together.

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Topic-wise Preparation

Next step towards preparation should be the analysis of previous years’ JEE Main question papers. Know the topics covered and weightage given to each topic in terms of the number of questions and the level of difficulty. Based on the importance of each topic, plan your preparation schedule. Hereunder, we have categorized major topics based on their importance as per previous years’ trends.

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Most Important Topics

Some topics cover the major portion of Physics portion and students shouldn’t miss them out during preparations. Check them out:

  1. Modern Physics – JEE Main 2018 paper has five questions from Modern Physics, making it one of the most important topics. Make sure to cover sub-topics like nuclear fission and fusion, dual nature of matter, radioactive decay of substances and X-rays. Also study the Bohr’s model properly. Again NCERT shall be a starting point and further consult HC Verma for the theory part and 3000 Solved Problems in Physics by Schaum for the numerical part.
  2. Electrostatics: Every year almost four questions are being asked from Electrostatics; considered to be one of the high scoring topics in Physics. With the clarity of basic concepts, students can easily crack four questions from a single topic. Concepts of Physics by H C Verma, is a highly recommended book for Electrostatics as it comprises of solved numerical problems of good quality.
  3. Oscillation and Waves– Like Electrostatics, students can expect 3-4 questions on this topic too. Clear concepts from NCERT and then delve further with H C Verma for application of concepts.
  4. Optics – Comparatively, an easy topic with minimum 2-3 questions being asked every year. While doing studies make sure to understand Huygen’s principles. The best book recommended for this topic would be Understanding Physics for JEE Main, Advanced Optics & Modern Physics by DC Pandey.

Check JEE Main Exam Pattern

Important Topics

Topics listed hereunder are equally important and should be covered by students during preparations to be on safer side. A good amount of questions are being asked about these topics. Take a look at these and the books one must refer to:

  1. Magnetics – JEE Main usually includes 2 questions from this portion and JEE Main in 40 Days by ARIHANT and Understanding Physics for JEE Main are the best books to refer.
  2. Electromagnetic Induction and AC- Mostly, numerical problems are asked in this section. Get a grasp over Faraday’s Law and consult Concepts of Physics by H C Verma for understanding the topic.
  3. Current Electricity– Physics section covers almost 3 questions on Current Electricity with Ohm’s law, Ohmic and Nonohmic conductors and colour code for resistors being the most important sub-topics. Refer Concepts of Physics by H C Verma to brush up fundamentals.
  4. Waves- Usually this portion has one question every year and HC Verma would be a good book to refer. Make sure to give importance to topics like S.H.M and its equation, principle of superposition of waves and Doppler Effect in sound.

Lesser Important Topics

The last category of topics includes questions from sections that may or may not have questions in JEE Main. However, it’s advised to not to skip them completely and read them to have a clarity of concepts. Usually, one question is asked about these topics.

  1. Physics and measurement
  2. Dual nature of matter and radiation
  3. Gravitation
  4. KTG
  5. Communication system

Preparation Tips Physics Part B

JEE Main Physics part B gives 20% weightage to practical applications (Experimentation) of concepts. The problems are simple and require a basic understanding of experimenting. The questions are based on topics like Vernier Calipers, Ohm’s Law, Metre Scale, Surface Tension of Water, Screw Gauge, Co-Efficient of Viscosity, Speed of Sound, Young Modulus of Elasticity, Refractive Index of a Glass Slab, Simple Pendulum, Use of Multimeter, Resistivity of the Material and more. It’s advised that students must grab this opportunity to score and attempt as many questions as possible.

Preparation Books for JEE Physics

Check out the list of books that students must read and refer for gearing up their preparations:

  • NCERT Physics, Text Books for Basics
  • Concepts of Physics, HC Verma
  • Problems in General Physics, I.E. Irodov
  • Arihant Physics, D. C. Pandey
  • Elements of Dynamics, S.L.Loney

Check JEE Main Recommended Books

JEE Main Preparation Tips for Chemistry

Chemistry subject is considered as easiest and it happens to be the key scoring subject for JEE Main. The Physics section comes with application based questions. Students need to have a grip over the basic concepts to attempt such questions.

As per the experts, the level of difficulty of all the subjects is quite similar. However, last year, JEE Main many of the applicants found Chemistry tough, questions on Organic Chemistry were tough.

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JEE Main Chemistry follows the syllabus covered in Class XI and XII Chemistry paper. As the scope of the syllabus is, candidates need to learn and retain in mind a lot of equations, reactions, and formulae. This kind of rote learning makes preparation tricky but renders the subject a high-scoring one as stress is not on conceptual application but information retention and appropriate recall.

Important Topics

Each of the three sections in JEE Mains has an equal number of questions; as such, the Chemistry section consists of 30 compulsory questions bearing 4 marks each. The questions will cover Physical Chemistry, Organic Chemistry, and Inorganic Chemistry. The table below depicts unit-wise weightage for each of the sub-sections of Chemistry.

Unit Overall Weightage (in percentage) Important Topics Topic Weightage (in percentage)
Physical Chemistry 35.6 Basic Concepts 7.4
States of Matter and Solutions 23.2
Thermodynamics 11.6
Atomic Structure 10.5
Redox and Electrochemistry 8.4
Chemical Kinetics 10.5
Surface Chemistry 17.9
Equilibrium 10.5
Organic Chemistry 34.7% Basic Principles 6.33
Hydrocarbons and its Substituents 6.33
O containing Compounds 8.33
N containing Compounds 3.00
Biomolecules & Polymers 5.67
Environmental & Everyday-life Chemistry 1.67
Inorganic Chemistry 29.7% Coordination Compounds 14.9
Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure 21.8
Classification of Elements and Periodicity 8.9
P-Block Elements 16.8
D & F Block Elements 24.7
Hydrogen and S-block Elements 12.9

Pointers for Preparation

A few tried and tested preparation tips from subject experts are listed below for the convenience of candidates:

  1. In preparation for JEE Main Chemistry, the go-to textbook are the NCERT publications. NCERT books are the most reliable ones in terms of illustrations of concepts in a lucid language. Candidates can get their basics of the subject clear with the help of the NCERT books and move on to higher level books for advanced studies.
  2. However, it is advised that studying from too many reference books can lead to confusion and missing out on important topics. As such, candidates should limit their reference studies to the minimum and instead stress on making their own notes after each lesson so the concept gets internalized and thus easier to commit to memory.
  3. Students should also solve as many mock-papers as possible in order to score well in the exam. Consistent timed practice is the only way to ensure speed and accuracy in solving the questions in the JEE Mains exam. Attempting as many previous year’s JEE papers as possible would give candidates a real-time feel and experience of taking the test.
  4. Repeated revision of concepts, equations, and formulae would ensure better retention.
  5. Once the entire syllabus has been covered thoroughly, students should deploy smart prep strategy by focusing mainly on topics with higher weightage. It’s not that the entire syllabus should not be revised or practised, but the weighted topics should be focused a little more than the rest.
  6. Physical Chemistry section consists of a lot of numerical problems primarily from Redox Reaction, Mole Concept and their equivalences, Solid States, Gas Theory, Thermochemistry, and Thermodynamics. It is essential to have knowledge of proper formulae and/or logic to solve questions from these topics accurately and on time.
  7. Inorganic Chemistry’s most scoring topic is Chemical Bonding and Periodic Table and maximum questions from this unit are in the context of bond formation, bond breaking, and periodicity.
  8. Organic Chemistry is mostly concept based. Candidates would do well to focus on carbonyl groups reactions and their mechanism. Physical properties of organic groups, the polarization of carbonyl compounds, the hydrogen group, and carbon groups are the most frequently asked questions in the JEE Main Examination.
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Suggested Readings for Chemistry

A few popular reference books apart from the must-read NCERT Chemistry Books (Class XI-XII) that are recommended in preparation of the JEE Main Chemistry section are:

Name of Book Author/Publisher
Concise Inorganic Chemistry for JEE J D Lee
Inorganic Chemistry O P Tandon
Textbook of Organic Chemistry Arihant Publications
Organic Chemistry P Tandon
Modern Approach to Chemical Calculations R C Mukherjee
Physical Chemistry O P Tandon
University Chemistry Bruce M Mahan and Rollie J Meyers

Chemistry is considered to be the most scoring section in the JEE Main Examination. Candidates will do well by following the prescribed syllabus while focusing on weighted topics, and consistent and rigorous practice of mock papers/previous year question papers in order to ensure high score is not only the Chemistry section but can also raise overall score and ranking in the test.

JEE Main Mathematics Syllabus: Download from Here

JEE Main Mathematics Syllabus is prepared by the examination conducting body. NTA will release the syllabus along with the information brochure on JEE Main 2019. As per the analysis of previous years’ JEE Main papers, it is expected that there will be no change in the syllabus. However, there may be a change in the exam pattern.

JEE Main Mathematics syllabus is based on the syllabus of class 11 and 12 of CBSE board. By knowing the JEE Main Mathematics Syllabus students will have clear idea about what type of questions asked in the paper, and difficulty level of the papers. Read the following article to no more about JEE Main syllabus for Mathematics section, weightage of chapters and number of questions from each unit.

JEE Main Mathematics Syllabus

Following is the detailed analysis of unit wise and topic wise Mathematics syllabus:

Unit 1: Sets, Relations and Functions

  • Sets and their representation
  • Union, intersection and complement of sets and their algebraic properties
  • Power set
  • Relation, Types of relations, equivalence relations, functions
  • One-one, into and onto functions, composition of functions

Unit 2: Complex Number and Quadratic Equations

  • Complex numbers as ordered pairs of reals
  • Representation of complex numbers in the form (a+ib) and their representation in a plane, Argand diagram.
  • Algebra of complex numbers, modulus and argument (or amplitude) of a complex number, square root of a complex number.
  • Triangle inequality.
  • Quadratic equations in real and complex number system and their solutions.
  • The relation between roots and coefficients, nature of roots, the formation of quadratic equations with given roots.

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Unit 3: Matrices and Determinants

  • Matrices: Algebra of matrices, types of matrices, and matrices of order two and three.
  • Determinants: Properties of determinants, evaluation of determinants, the area of triangles using determinants.
  • Adjoint and evaluation of inverse of a square matrix using determinants and elementary transformations.
  • Test of consistency and solution of simultaneous linear equations in two or three variables using determinants and matrices

Unit 4: Permutations and Combinations

  • The fundamental principle of counting.
  • Permutation as an arrangement and combination as selection.
  • The meaning of P (n,r) and C (n,r). Simple applications.

Unit 5: Mathematical Induction

  • The principle of Mathematical Induction and its simple applications.

Unit 6: Binomial Theorem

  • Binomial theorem for a positive integral index.
  • General term and middle term.
  • Properties of Binomial coefficients and simple applications.

Unit 7: Sequences and Series

  • Arithmetic and Geometric progressions, insertion of arithmetic.
  • Geometric means between two given numbers.
  • The relation between A.M. and G.M.
  • Sum up to n terms of special series: Sn, Sn2, Sn3
  • Arithmetic – Geometric progression.

Unit 8: Limit, Continuity and Differentiability

  • Real-valued functions, algebra of functions, polynomials, rational, trigonometric, logarithmic and exponential functions, inverse functions.
  • Graphs of simple functions.
  • Limits, continuity, and differentiability.
  • Differentiation of the sum, difference, product, and quotient of two functions.
  • Differentiation of trigonometric, inverse trigonometric, logarithmic, exponential, composite and implicit functions; derivatives of order up to two.
  • Rolle’s and Lagrange’s Mean Value Theorems.
  • Applications of derivatives: Rate of change of quantities, monotonic – increasing and decreasing functions, Maxima, and minima of functions of one variable, tangents, and normals
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Unit 9: Integral Calculus

  • Integral as an antiderivative.
  • Fundamental integrals involving algebraic, trigonometric, exponential and logarithmic functions.
  • Integration by substitution, by parts, and by partial fractions.
  • Integration using trigonometric identities.
  • Integral as limit of a sum.

Evaluation of simple integrals:

  • Fundamental Theorem of Calculus.
  • Properties of definite integrals, evaluation of definite integrals, determining areas of the regions bounded by simple curves in standard form

Unit 10: Differential Equations

  • Ordinary differential equations, their order, and degree.
  • Formation of differential equations.
  • The solution of differential equations by the method of separation of variables.
  • The solution of homogeneous and linear differential equations of the type:

Unit 11: Co-ordinate Geometry

  • Cartesian system of rectangular coordinates in a plane, distance formula, section formula, locus and its equation, translation of axes, the slope of a line, parallel and perpendicular lines, intercepts of a line on the coordinate axes.
  • Straight lines: Various forms of equations of a line, intersection of lines, angles between two lines, conditions for concurrence of three lines.
  • The distance of a point from a line, equations of internal and external bisectors of angles between two lines, coordinates of centroid, orthocentre, and circumcentre of a triangle, equation of the family of lines passing through the point of intersection of two lines.
  • Circles, conic sections: Standard form of equation of a circle, general form of the equation of a circle, its radius and centre, equation of a circle when the endpoints of a diameter are given, points of intersection of a line and a circle with the centre at the origin and condition for a line to be tangent to a circle, equation of the tangent.
  • Sections of cones, equations of conic sections (parabola, ellipse, and hyperbola) in standard forms, condition for y = mx + c to be a tangent and point (s) of tangency.

Unit 12: Three Dimensional Geometry

  • Coordinates of a point in space, the distance between two points.
  • Section formula, direction ratios and direction cosines, the angle between two intersecting lines.
  • Skew lines, the shortest distance between them and its equation.
  • Equations of a line and a plane in different forms, the intersection of a line and a plane, coplanar lines.

Unit 13: Vector Algebra

  • Vectors and scalars, the addition of vectors.
  • Components of a vector in two dimensions and three-dimensional space.
  • Scalar and vector products, scalar and vector triple product.

Unit 14: Statistics and Probability

  • Measures of Dispersion: Calculation of mean, median, mode of grouped and ungrouped data. Calculation of standard deviation, variance and mean deviation for grouped and ungrouped data.
  • Probability: Probability of an event, addition and multiplication theorems of probability, Baye’s theorem, probability distribution of a random variate, Bernoulli trials and Binomial distribution.

Unit 15: Trigonometry

  • Trigonometric identities and equations.
  • Trigonometric functions.
  • Inverse trigonometric functions and their properties.
  • Heights and Distances

Unit 16: Mathematical Reasoning

  • Statements, logical operations and, or, implies, implied by, if and only if.
  • Understanding of tautology, contradiction, converse, and Contrapositive

JEE Main Mathematics Syllabus: Chapter-Wise Weightage

Some chapters from the JEE Main Mathematics syllabus carry more weightage than the others. The table provided below contains the most important topics from JEE Main syllabus with weightage:

Important Topics Expected weightage
Coordinate Geometry 12%
Integral Calculus 12%
Trigonometry 7%
Sequence and Series 7%
Matrices and Determinants 7%
Differential Equations 7%

There are a total of 16 units in JEE Main Syllabus for Mathematics with the following weightage:

Topic Number of questions
 Sets, Relations and Functions 1
Complex Numbers and Quadratic Equations 3
Matrices and Determinants 2
Permutations and Combinations 1
Mathematical Induction 1
 Binomial Theorem and its simple applications 1
Sequences and Series 2
Limit, Continuity and Differentiability 1
Integral Calculus 3
Differential Equations 1
Co-Ordinate Geometry 5
Three Dimensional Geometry 3
Vector Algebra 1
Statistics and Probability 2
Trigonometry 2
Mathematical Reasoning 1

Recommended Books for Preparing JEE Main Mathematics

Mathematics section requires a comprehensive preparation. The following table represents names of some books along with their author’s name that students can prefer for their Mathematical exam preparation:

Books Name Authors Name
IIT Mathematics M.L. Khanna
Differential Calculus Das Gupta
Class XI and XII Mathematics R.D. Sharma
Trigonometry, Geometry Books S.L. Loney
Integral Calculus for IIT-JEE Amit Agarwal
Calculus and Analytic Geometry Thomas and Finney
Problems in Calculus of One Variable I. A. Maron
Higher Algebra Hall and Knight

Check JEE Main Syllabus for Chemistry

JEE Main Chemistry Syllabus: Download from Here

JEE Main Syllabus for Chemistry: NTA will release JEE Main Chemistry Syllabus along with the notification on the exam. The syllabus for Chemistry gives the section-wise breakup of units and topics. Chemistry syllabus is based on the syllabus of Chemistry on Class XI and XII (Science stream). JEE Main syllabus for Chemistry is divided into 3 sections – Physical Chemistry, Organic Chemistry and Inorganic Chemistry.

Check JEE Main Exam Pattern

JEE Main 2019 will be conducted on multiple dates in April in online and offline modes. Read on to know the detailed information on JEE Main syllabus for Chemistry.

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JEE Main Chemistry Syllabus

The following table represents the Chemistry syllabus for JEE Main 2019.

Units Topics
Physical Chemistry
Some Basic Concepts in Chemistry Laws of Chemical Combination

Mole concept and Stoichiometry

States of Matter Gas Laws

Kinetic Molecular Theory of Gases

Real Gas Behavior and Liquefaction of Gases

Crystal Lattice and Unit cells

Closed Packed Structures and Voids

Defects in Solids

Atomic Structure Dual Nature of Radiation

Atomic Spectra

Bohr’s Model of Hydrogen

Quantum Mechanical Model: Orbitals and Quantum Numbers

Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure Ionic and Covalent Bonding and Bond Parameters

Valence Shell Electron Pair Repulsion (VSEPR) Theory

Valence Bond Theory and Hybridization

Molecular Orbital Theory

Chemical Thermodynamics Enthalpy and Heat Capacity

Enthalpy Change of Various Types of Reactions

Gibb’s Energy and Spontaneity

Solutions Types and Concentration of Solutions

The vapour pressure of solutions and Raoult’s Law

Colligative Properties of Solutions

Van’t Hoff Factor

Equilibrium Law of chemical equilibrium and equilibrium constants

Factors affecting equilibrium: Le Chatelier’s Principle

Acids, Bases, and concept of pH

Hydrolysis of Salts and Buffer Solutions

Solubility and Solubility product of sparingly soluble Salts

Redox Reactions and Electrochemistry Redox reactions: Types and concept of Oxidation Number

The conductance of Electrolytic Solutions

Galvanic Cells: Features and Electrode Potentials

Electrolytic Cells and Products of Electrolysis

Chemical Kinetics Rate, Order, and Molecularity of a Reaction

Integrated rate reactions and Half –lives

Arrhenius equation

Radioactivity and Nuclear Reactions (Fission & Fusion)

Surface Chemistry Adsorption: Mechanism, Types, and Isotherms


Colloids and Emulsions: Classification and Properties

Inorganic Chemistry
Classification of Elements and Periodicity in Properties Modem Periodic Table and Electronic Configuration of Elements

Periodic Trends in Properties of Elements

General Principles and Processes of Isolation of Metals Steps Involved in The Extraction of Metals from Their Ores

Thermodynamic and Electrochemical Principles of Metallurgy

Hydrogen & S-Block Elements Hydrides

Water and Hydrogen Peroxide: Structure & Properties

General Characteristics of Compounds of S-Block Elements

Anomalous Properties of the First Element

Important Compounds of S-Block Elements

P- Block Elements General Trends in Physical and Chemical Properties of Elements

General Trends in the Properties of Compounds of P-Block Elements

Important Compounds of Boron, Carbon and Silicon

Allotropes and Important Compounds of Nitrogen, Phosphorous and Sulphur

Important Compounds of Halogens and their Properties

d – and f – Block Elements General Trends in Physical and Chemical Properties of the Transition Elements

Important Compounds of Transition Elements

Co-Ordination Compounds IUPAC Nomenclature and Isomerism of Co­ordination

Warner’s Theory, Valence Bond Theory and Crystal Field Theory

Environmental Chemistry Water Pollution and Control

Atmospheric pollution and Control

Organic Chemistry
Some Basic Principles of Organic Chemistry Structure and Nomenclature of Organic Compounds

Structural and Stereoisomerism in Organic Compounds

Electronic Displacement Effects in Covalent Bonds

Hydrocarbons Structure, Physical and Chemical Properties of Alkanes, Alkenes, Alkynes, Benzene, Haloalkanes and Haloarenes
Organic Compounds Containing Oxygen Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers: Structure, Physical and Chemical Properties

Aldehyde and Ketones: Physical and Chemical Properties

Carboxylic Acids and their Derivatives: Structure and Chemical Properties

Organic Compounds Containing Nitrogen Amines and Diazonium Salts: Chemical Properties
Biomolecules & Polymers Monosaccharides: Structure, Physical and Chemical Properties

Proteins and Enzymes: Structure and Properties

Nucleic Acids: Structure and Properties

Addition and Condensation Polymerization: Mechanism and Examples

Commercial Polymers

Chemistry In Everyday Life Drugs: Classification and Therapeutic Action

Soaps and Detergents

Principles Related to Practical Chemistry Acids Bases and the Use of Indicators, Oxalic-Acid vs KMnO, Mohr’s Salt vs. KMnO

Chemical Principles Involved in the Qualitative Salt Analysis

Qualitative and Quantitative Analysis of Organic Compounds

Weightage of Marks

The following table represents the total weightage of marks (in percentage) of the section-wise syllabus:

Unit Weightage
Physical Chemistry 35.6%
Organic Chemistry 34.7%
Inorganic Chemistry 29.7%

Experts consider Chemistry as the most scoring section in JEE Main and following the prescribed syllabus and regular practice of mock papers can ensure high score not only in the particular section but can also raise overall score and ranking. To obtain a good score in Chemistry, go for the sample papers and mock test after completing the syllabus from NCERT text books.

Get latest news and updates of JEE Main 2019 through email or SMS by entering your details in below given form:

Check Best Books for JEE Main

Physical Chemistry section poses a lot of numerical problems primarily from Redox Reaction, Mole Concept and their equivalences, Solid States, Gas Theory, Thermochemistry, and Thermodynamics. Knowledge of proper formulae and/or logic is essential to solving questions from these topics on time.

JEE Main Syllabus for Physics

JEE Main Syllabus for Physics is provided by the exam conducting authority. It is expected that NTA may conduct JEE Main 2019 and it may result in the change in the pattern of the examination. As for now the pattern of the exam has not been changed. Physics section will hold 30 objective type questions. Check JEE Main Exam Pattern

JEE Main Syllabus for Physics contains two sections – A and B. Section A pertains to the Theory Part which holds 80% of the total weightage and Section B contains Practical Part (Experimental Skills) having 20% weightage. Read the following article to know more about Physics syllabus for JEE Main 2019.

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JEE Main Physics Syllabus

Section A

The following table depicts the JEE Main Syllabus for Physics (Theory Part):

S.No. Unit Topics
1 Physics and Measurement Physics, Technology and society, S.I. units,
Fundamental and derived units.
Least count, accuracy and precision of measuring instruments, Errors in measurement,
Dimensions of Physical quantities, dimensional analysis and its applications
2 Kinematics Frame of reference.
Motion in a straight line: Position-time graph, speed and velocity.
Uniform and non-uniform motion, average speed and instantaneous velocity Uniformly accelerated motion, velocity-time, position-time graphs, relations for uniformly accelerated motion.
Scalars and Vectors, Vector Addition and Subtraction, Zero Vector, Scalar and Vector products, Unit Vector, Resolution of a Vector
Relative Velocity, Motion in a plane.
Projectile Motion, Uniform Circular Motion
3 Laws of Motion Force and Inertia,
Newton’s First Law of motion; Momentum, Newton’s Second Law of motion; Impulse; Newton’s Third Law of motion.
Law of conservation of linear momentum and its applications, Equilibrium of concurrent forces.
Static and Kinetic friction, Laws of friction, Rolling friction.
Dynamics of uniform circular motion: Centripetal force and its applications,
4 Work, Energy and Power Work done by a constant force and a variable force; Kinetic and potential energies, Work-Energy theorem
Potential energy of a spring, Conservation of mechanical energy, Conservative and nonconservative forces;
Elastic and inelastic collisions in one and two dimensions.
5 Rotational Motion Centre of mass of a two-particle system, Centre of mass of a rigid body
Basic concepts of rotational motion; moment of a force, torque, angular momentum, conservation of angular momentum and its applications
Moment of inertia, Radius of gyration
Values of moments of inertia for simple geometrical objects, parallel and perpendicular axes theorems and their applications.
Rigid body rotation, Equations of rotational motion
6 Gravitation The Universal law of gravitation
Acceleration due to gravity and its variation with altitude and depth, Kepler’s laws of planetary motion
Gravitational potential energy; gravitational potential.
Escape velocity.
Orbital velocity of a satellite. Geostationary satellites.
7 Properties of Solids and Liquids Elastic behaviour, Stress-strain relationship, Hooke’s Law, Young’s modulus, bulk modulus, modulus of rigidity. Pressure due to a fluid column
Pascal’s law and its applications
Viscosity, Stokes’ law, terminal velocity, streamline and turbulent flow, Reynolds number
Bernoulli’s principle and its applications
Surface energy and surface tension, angle of contact, application of surface tension – drops, bubbles and capillary rise
Heat, temperature, thermal expansion;
Specific heat capacity, calorimetry
Change of state, latent heat
Heat transfer-conduction, convection and radiation, Newton’s law of cooling
8 Thermodynamics Thermal equilibrium, zeroth law of thermodynamics, concept of temperature
Heat, work and internal energy
First law of thermodynamics
The second law of thermodynamics: reversible and irreversible processes
Carnot engine and its efficiency
9 Kinetic Theory of Gases Equation of state of a perfect gas, work done on compressing a gas.
Kinetic theory of gases -assumptions, concept of pressure. Kinetic energy and temperature: rms speed of gas molecules
Degrees of freedom, Law of equipartition of energy
Applications to specific heat capacities of gases Mean free path
Avogadro’s number
10 Oscillations and Waves Periodic motion – period, frequency, displacement as a function of time.
Periodic functions
Simple harmonic motion (S.H.M.) and its equation; phase; oscillations of a spring -restoring force and force constant;
Energy in S.H.M. – kinetic and potential energies; Simple pendulum – derivation of expression for its time period
Free, forced and damped oscillations,
Wave motion
Longitudinal and transverse waves, speed of a wave
Displacement relation for a progressive wave
Principle of superposition of waves, reflection of waves, Standing waves in strings and organ pipes, fundamental mode and harmonics, Beats, Doppler effect in sound
11 Electrostatics Electric charges: Conservation of charge, Coulomb’s law-forces between two point charges, forces between multiple charges
Superposition principle and continuous charge distribution
Electric field: Electric field due to a point charge, Electric field lines, Electric dipole, Electric field due to a dipole, Torque on a dipole in a uniform electric field
Electric flux, Gauss’s law and its applications to find field due to infinitely long uniformly charged straight wire, uniformly charged infinite plane sheet and uniformly charged thin spherical shell
Electric potential and its calculation for a point charge, electric dipole and system of charges.
Equipotential surfaces, Electrical potential energy of a system of two point charges in an electrostatic field.
Conductors and insulators, Dielectrics and electric polarization, capacitor, combination of capacitors in series and in parallel, capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor with and without dielectric medium between the plates, Energy stored in a capacitor.
12 Current Electricity Electric current, Drift velocity, Ohm’s law, Electrical resistance, Resistances of different materials, V-I characteristics of Ohmic and non-ohmic conductors
Electrical energy and power, Electrical resistivity, Colour code for resistors
Series and parallel combinations of resistors; Temperature dependence of resistance.
Electric Cell and its Internal resistance, Potential difference and emf of a cell, combination of cells in series and in parallel
Kirchhoff’s laws and their applications
Wheatstone bridge, Metre bridge
Potentiometer – principle and its applications.
13 Magnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism Biot – Savart law and its application to current carrying circular loop.
Ampere’s law and its applications to infinitely long current carrying straight wire and solenoid.
Force on a moving charge in uniform magnetic and electric fields.
Force on a current-carrying conductor in a uniform magnetic field. Force between two parallel current-carrying conductors-definition of ampere, Torque experienced by a current loop in uniform magnetic field
Moving coil galvanometer, its current sensitivity and conversion to ammeter and voltmeter.
Current loop as a magnetic dipole and its magnetic dipole moment. Bar magnet as an equivalent solenoid, magnetic field lines; Earth’s magnetic field and magnetic elements.
Para-, dia-, and ferro- magnetic substances.
Magnetic susceptibility and permeability, Hysteresis, Electromagnets and permanent magnets.
14 Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents Electromagnetic induction
Faraday’s law, induced emf and current
Lenz’s Law, Eddy currents
Self and mutual inductance
Alternating currents, peak and rms value of alternating current/voltage
Reactance and Impedance; LCR series circuit, Resonance
Quality factor, power in AC circuits, wattless current.
AC Generator and Transformer.
15 Electromagnetic Waves Electromagnetic waves and their characteristics.
Transverse nature of electromagnetic waves.
Electromagnetic spectrum(radio waves, microwaves, infrared, visible, ultraviolet, X rays, gamma rays).
Applications of e.m. waves.
16 Optics Reflection and refraction of light at plane and spherical surfaces, mirror formula, Total internal reflection and its applications,
Deviation and Dispersion of light by a prism, Lens Formula, Magnification, Power of a Lens, Combination of thin lenses in contact, Microscope and Astronomical Telescope (reflecting and refracting) and their magnifying powers.
Wave optics: wavefront and Huygens’ principle, Laws of reflection and refraction using Huygen’s principle.
Interference, Young’s double slit experiment and expression for fringe width, coherent sources and sustained interference of light.
Diffraction due to a single slit, width of central maximum. Resolving power of microscopes and astronomical telescopes, Polarisation, plane polarized light
Brewster’s law, uses of plane polarized light and Polaroids.
17 Dual Nature of Matter and Radiation Dual nature of radiation
Photoelectric effect, Hertz and Lenard’s observations
Einstein’s photoelectric equation
Particle nature of light
Matter waves-wave nature of the particle, de Broglie relation.
Davis son-Germer experiment.
18 Atoms and Nuclei Alpha-particle scattering experiment
Rutherford’s model of the atom
Bohr model, energy levels, hydrogen spectrum
Composition and size of the nucleus, atomic masses, isotopes, isobars, and isotones
Radioactivity-alpha, beta and gamma particles/rays and their properties
Radioactive decay law
Mass-energy relation, mass defect
Binding energy per nucleon and its variation with mass number, nuclear fission and fusion.
19 Electronic Devices Semiconductors
Semiconductor diode: I-V characteristics in forward and reverse bias
Diode as a rectifier
1-V characteristics of LED, photodiode, solar cell and Zener diode; Zener diode as a voltage regulator
Junction transistor, transistor action, characteristics of a transistor
Transistor as an amplifier(common emitter configuration) and oscillator
Logic gates (OR, AND, NOT, NAND and NOR), Transistor as a switch
20 Communication Systems Propagation of electromagnetic waves in the atmosphere
Sky and space wave propagation, Need for modulation, Amplitude and Frequency Modulation, Bandwidth of signals, Bandwidth of Transmission medium,
Basic Elements of a Communication System (Block Diagram only).

Check JEE Main 2019 Syllabus

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Section B 

The following table depicts the JEE Main Syllabus for Physics (Practical Part):

S.No. Experiments
1 Vernier callipers-its use to measure internal and external diameter and depth of a vessel.
2 Screw gauge-its use to determine thickness/ diameter of thin sheet/wire.
3 Simple Pendulum-dissipation of energy by plotting a graph between square of amplitude and time.
4 Metre Scale – mass of a given object by principle of moments.
5 Young’s modulus of elasticity of the material of a metallic wire.
6 Surface tension of water by capillary rise and effect of detergents.
7 Co-efficient of Viscosity of a given viscous liquid by measuring terminal velocity of a given spherical body.
8 Plotting a cooling curve for the relationship between the temperature of a hot body and time.
9 Speed of sound in air at room temperature using a resonance tube.
10 Specific heat capacity of a given (i) solid and (ii) liquid by method of mixtures.
11 Resistivity of the material of a given wire using metre bridge.
12 Resistance of a given wire using Ohm’s law.
13 Potentiometer-

  • Comparison of emf of two primary cells.
  • Determination of internal resistance of a cell.
14 Resistance and figure of merit of a galvanometer by half deflection method
15 Focal length of:

  • Convex mirror
  • Concave mirror, and
  • Convex lens

using parallax method

16 Plot of angle of deviation vs angle of incidence for a triangular prism.
17 Refractive index of a glass slab using a traveling microscope.
18 Characteristic curves of a p-n junction diode in forward and reverse bias.
19 Characteristic curves of a Zener diode and finding reverse break down voltage.
20 Characteristic curves of a transistor and finding current gain and voltage gain.
21 Identification of Diode, LED, Transistor, IC, Resistor, Capacitor from mixed collection of such items.
22 Using multimeter to:

  • Identify base of a transistor
  • Distinguish between npn and pnp type transistor
  • See the unidirectional flow of current in case of a diode and an LED.
  • Check the correctness or otherwise of a given electronic component (diode, transistor or IC).

Check Important Topics for JEE Main

Best Books for JEE Main 2019 Preparation

Best Books for JEE Main 2019: Reference books plays a very important role when it comes to preparing for an exam. If you lead your preparation with a strong strategy and right preparation books, half of the battle is won. Preparing for JEE Main is an arduous task and thus many of the applicants get confused in picking up the right book. Here, we have enlisted some specific books that give you accurate hints of the expected questions in JEE Main.

Things to Consider Before Taking Books for JEE Main

  • Always go for the latest editions of the books.
  • Ensure that the books you buy follow the latest exam pattern.
  • Make sure some sample papers/unsolved papers are included in the reference books.

Picking the correct books for JEE Mains and JEE Advanced 2019 will give the right heading to your JEE preparation. JEE Mains and JEE Advanced exams are not new.

Best Books for JEE Main 2019 Preparation

Applicants can check any book of their selection in order to cover subjects which are provided in the JEE Main 2019 Syllabus. Mentioned below are some books which applicants can refer when preparing for the exam.

Best Books for JEE Main 2019 Physics:

  • NCERT Physics 11th and 12th class
  • H.C. Verma
  • Resnick, Halliday, and Walker (Optional)
  • Concepts of Physics – HC Verma Vol-1 & Vol-2
  • Understanding of Physics for  the students of Electricity & Magnetism – DC Pandey
  • Understanding of Physics for  the students of JEE Main & Advanced Optics & Modern Physics – DC Pandey
  • Understanding of Physics for  the students of JEE Main & Advanced Waves & Thermodynamics – DC Pandey
  • Concepts of Modern Physics (SIE) – Arthur, Sobita Mahajan & S.Rai Choudhury
  • Problems In General Physics – IE Irodov
  • Physics Vol-1 and Vol-2 by Resnick Halliday for theory and non-trivial problems
  • New pattern Physics Book – DC Pandey
  • NCERT Exemplar Problems: Solutions Physics

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Best Books for JEE Main 2019 Chemistry:

  • NCERT Chemistry 11th and 12th class
  • Numerical Chemistry by P. Bahadur (Objective book)
  • Arihant Organic Chemistry Objective (Optional)
  • Arihant Problem Collection Objective for the students of IIT JEE.
  • New Textbook of Physical Chemistry for JEE Main & Advanced available in Vol-1 and Vol-2.
  • Modern Approach to Chemical Calculations – RC Mukherjee.
  • Numerical Chemistry 22/E – P Bahadur.
  • Organic Chemistry by Robert Thornton Morrison.
  • Concise Inorganic Chemistry – JD Lee
  • NCERT Exemplar Problems: Solutions Chemistry

These books are a few from the best books suggested by top rankers of JEE Main but read them only after you have covered considerable part of NCERT textbooks.

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  • Concise Inorganic Chemistry by J. D. Lee: This book will focus on understanding the basics rather than cram it.
  • Textbook of by OP Tondon – a great book for solving numeric problems.
  • Modern Approach to Chemical Calculations by RC Mukherjee: This book will help in acing the numeric problems in Physical Chemistry.
  • Numerical Chemistry 22/e by P Bahadur. This book is highly recommended by several top rankers.

Best Books for JEE Main 2019 Mathematics:

  • NCERT Maths 11th and 12th
  • Das Gupta Objective
  • S.L. Loney for Trigonometry and Coordinate Geometry
  • G.N. Berman
  • I.A. Maron and A Das Gupta (Subjective).
  • RD Sharma 11th class and RD Sharma 12th class.
  • SK Goyal – Co-ordinate Geometry for IIT JEE
  • Differential Calculus – IIT JEE
  • Integral Calculus – IIT JEE – Amit Agarwal
  • Vectors & 3D Geometry – Arihant Publications
  • Trigonometry for JEE Main & Advanced – Arihant Publications
  • Chapterwise and Topicwise Solved Papers (1979 – 2016) – Amit Agarwal
  • IIT Mathematics – ML Khanna
  • Problems Plus In IIT Mathematics – A Das Gupta
  • A Practice Book of Mathematics JEE Main & Advanced – Arihant Publication
  • NCERT Exemplar Problems: Solutions Mathematics

Instructions to the applicants

  • Stick to the best book and prepare accordingly.
  • It is advisable to not go for too many books at one time.
  • Make sure your books have solved- unsolved sample papers.

JEE Main Preparation Tips 2019

JEE Main 2019 Preparation Tips: If you are an engineering aspirant and wants to pursue B.E./B.Tech from top notch engineering institutes of India then cracking JEE Main is mandatory. The exam is held in the month of April in India and abroad. When it comes to juggling between class 12th boards & JEE Main, then the struggle is real. Here, we have got you some awesome tips for JEE Main 2019 preparation. These tips will help the candidates to crack this most important engineering entrance exam in India. The time management, revising important topics and chapters, and solving sample papers & mock tests are some well-known preparation tips for JEE Main 2019.

Alongside, the section and topic wise analysis of the previous year JEE Main question papers is another useful tool while preparing for the exam. This article will provide you with JEE Main 2019 Preparation Tips along with subject and topic wise analysis of previous year JEE Main exams.

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Basic Tips for JEE Main 2019 Preparation

  • Time Management- A proper schedule for exam preparation is the best way of managing time wisely. You can stick to it and prioritize your set goals. Be sure to set deadlines and cover the entire syllabus within the stipulated time.
  • Know the Syllabus – Be thorough with the JEE Main 2019 syllabus. Practice the familiar topics and revise them regularly. The topics that seem tough for you, practice them on a regular basis and give them extra time. Don’t forget to go through the topics from which most of the questions are asked.
  • Practice JEE Main Sample Papers and Mock Tests- Solving mock tests and practice sets can actually tell what level of preparation is needed. Solving the question papers enables the candidates to know the level of exam and their preparation.
  • Revision- Organise your study time. Take regular breaks and practice previous years’ question papers. Revise the topics every alternate day.

Subject wise Preparation Tips

JEE Main consists of 3 subjects namely Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics having 30 questions each. All three subjects are important and should be given equal importance. Be updated with the latest pattern of exam. Following are some subject wise JEE Main preparation tips that will help students prepare well.

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Physics is a conceptual subject and candidate should understand its basic concepts thoroughly.

  • After studying a particular topic, make sure to solve the related problems on the same day. This makes concepts clear and helps in remembering them in a better way.
  • Along with some recommended books like HC Verma, aspirants should also refer to NCERT books. These books will help in understanding the basic concepts.

Check JEE Main Preparation Tips for Physics


Chemistry is the subject which is a combination of concepts, theory and chemical equations.

  • Do remember to refer some really good books to help you understand the subject better.
  • While studying a Chemistry topic, always mark the important points which will help during revision.
  • Solve the problems related to the concepts and practice the chemical equations by writing them down to learn them.

Check JEE Main Preparation Tips for Chemistry


Mathematics is the most important subject which is also an easy scoring as well as a hard scoring section.

  • You can only be thorough in Mathematics if you keep practising it. Also, along with practising try to be accurate and quick.
  • While solving the maths problems, try to create your own shortcuts for different topics. This will help you in saving time during the JEE Main which is important for maths.

Check JEE Main Preparation Tips for Mathematics

JEE Main Exam Analysis of Previous Years Papers

Candidates can also check the JEE Main paper analysis of the previous year’s exam. This will give them an understanding the type of questions asked and the important topics from each subject that carry more weightage.

JEE Main- Topic wise Analysis for Physics

Topics Number of Questions
JEE Main 2015 JEE Main 2016 JEE Main 2017
Units, Dimensions, Errors, Experiments 1 2 1
Kinematics 1 0 1
New ton’s Laws and Friction 1 0 1
Work, Power & Energy 0 2 1
System of Particles 2 1 0
Gravitation, Rotational Mechanics 2 2 3
Properties of Matter 1 0 1
SHM, Oscillations 1 1 1
Mechanical Waves and Sound 1 2 0
Ray Optics, Wave Optics 3 3 3
Heat and Thermodynamics 3 3 4
Electrostatics 3 2 2
Current Electricity 2 2 4
Magnetism, Magnetic effects of current 3 2 1
EMI, AC and EM waves and Communication 4 3 2
Modern Physics 2 5 5
Total 30 30 30

JEE Main- Topic wise analysis for Chemistry

Topics Number of Questions
JEE Main 2015 JEE Main 2016 JEE Main 2017
Atomic Structure and Classification 2 1 2
Chemical Bonding 1 1 1
Stoichiometry 1 1 2
States of Matter 1 1 1
Chemical & Ionic Equilibrium 1 1 1
Chemical Kinetics & Nuclear Chemistry 1 1 1
Chemical Thermodynamics 1 1 2
Solutions 1 1 1
Electrochemistry 1 1 1
General Organic Chemistry + Functional Group-I 3 6 3
Organic Chemistry + Functional Group-II 2 0 4
Organic Chemistry + Functional Group-III 1 1 2
Chemistry of Representative Elements 7 6 4
Transition Elements 3 2 1
Coordination Compounds & Organometallics 1 2 1
Surface Chemistry 0 1 1
Biomolecules 3 3 2
Total 30 30 30

JEE Main- Topic wise analysis for Mathematics

Topic Number of Questions
JEE Main 2015 JEE Main 2016 JEE Main 2017
Sets, Relations and Functions 1 1 1
Limits, Continuity & Differentiability 3 2 2
Application of Derivatives 1 2 2
Indefinite and Definite Integrals & Area under the Curve 3 3 3
Cartesian coordinates & Straight Line 2 1 1
Circles 1 2 1
Conics 2 2 2
Quadratic Equations, Inequalities, Progressions 3 3 3
Complex Numbers 1 1 1
Binomial Theorem, Exponential & Logarithmic Series 1 1 1
Permutation & Combination 1 1 1
Probability 1 1 3
Vectors 1 1 1
3-D Coordinate Geometry 2 2 2
Differential Equations & Properties of Triangles 1 1 1
Trigonometry 2 2 2
Matrices & Determinants 2 2 2
Mathematical Logic 1 1 1
Statistics 1 1 0
Total 30 30 30

Important Books for JEE Main Preparation

Some important books recommended for JEE Main aspirants by the expert are-

Subject Important Books
  • H.C. Verma- For concepts and numerical practice
  • Resnick and Halliday: An optional book for concepts and examples
  • DC Pandey and O.P Tandon
  • Numerical Chemistry (Objective book) by P. Bahadur
  • S.N Sanyal’s Organic Chemistry book,
  • NCERTs for Inorganic chemistry
  • Coordinate Geometry and Trigonometry by S.L. Loney
  • A DasGupta’s book for subjective and objective practice
  • Calculus by G N Berman
  • Arihant Books, Algebra – Hall and Knight

JEE Main Syllabus 2019 for PCM by NTA, Books, Pattern

JEE Main Syllabus for Paper 1 (Engineering) and Paper 2 (Architecture) is expected to be same as last year. The National Testing Agency will organise JEE Main 2019 twice a year in online mode.

Latest Updates

The engineering exam will have Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics sections, whereas, architecture exam includes Mathematics, Aptitude and Drawing section.

Read JEE Main 2019 Preparation Tips

Even though the coordinating body for JEE has switched from CBSE to NTA, the syllabus and pattern are expected to remain same. The questions for PCM will be framed out of NCERT books of Class 11th and 12th. For a better idea, the authorities will release the sample papers and mock papers online shortly.

Direct Link to download JEE Main Mock TestsClick Here

Listed below are quick facts of the paper pattern of JEE Main:

  • Paper 1 will have 90 questions of 4 marks each.
  • Paper 2 will have 82 questions of varying marking scheme.
  • Aspirants can opt for one or both the JEE Main paper.
  • The exam duration of both the papers is 3 hours each.
  • A compensatory time of 1 hour is given to candidates with 40% disability.
Get latest news and updates of JEE Main 2019 through email or SMS by entering your details in below given form:

JEE Main 2019 will be conducted in January and April. Candidates seeking admissions to B.E./B.Tech and B.Arch courses to IITs, NITs, IIITs and CFTIs can apply for JEE Main 2019 as when the registration window opens. The syllabus of both the papers is different, read on to know more about the weightage, important topics and best books to prepare from.

JEE Main Syllabus 2019

JEE Main Syllabus – Mathematics

Mathematics section consists of class 11 and 12th topics as per CBSE Syllabus. There are total 30 questions from this section. Major topics under this section are:

  1. Algebra
  2. Trigonometry
  3. Calculus
  4. Coordinate Geometry

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Topic-wise Mathematics Weightage

Important Topics Expected weightage
Coordinate Geometry 12%
Integral Calculus 12%
Trigonometry 7%
Sequence and Series 7%
Matrices and Determinants 7%
Differential Equations 7%

Tabulated below are the most important topics with an expected number of questions in JEE Main 2019:

Topic No. of questions
Sets, Relations and Functions 1
Complex Numbers and Quadratic Equations 3
Matrices and Determinants 2
Permutations and Combinations 1
Mathematical Induction 1
Binomial Theorem and its simple applications 1
Sequences and Series 2
Limit, Continuity and Differentiability 1
Integral Calculus 3
Differential Equations 1
Co-Ordinate Geometry 5
Three-Dimensional Geometry 3
Vector Algebra 1
Statistics and Probability 2
Trigonometry 2
Mathematical Reasoning 1

Difficulty level of Mathematics Section

As per the previous year trends, the level of difficulty of JEE Main Math section is moderate to difficult:

Difficulty level No. of Questions
Easy Questions 13
Medium Questions 12
Difficult Questions 5

JEE Main Mathematics: Best Books

Book Title Author
Maths XI & XII R.D. Sharma
Plane Trigonometry S.L. Loney
Higher Algebra Hall & Knight
IIT Mathematics A Das Gupta
Problems of Calculus in one Variable I.A. Maron
Read JEE Main Preparation Tips for Mathematics

JEE Main Syllabus 2019: Chemistry

Chemistry section has three sub-sections including Physical Chemistry, Organic and Inorganic Chemistry. The following topics have been exam favourites over the years and must be given more time and effort as compared to other topics.

Topic-wise Chemistry Weightage

Important Topics Expected weightage
Carbohydrates, Amino Acids and Polymers 7%
Transition Elements & Coordination Chemistry 9%
Periodic Table and Representative elements 6%
General Organic Chemistry 6%
Chemical Bonding 6%
Atomic Structure 5%

Following table illustrates Chemistry chapters and percentage of questions asked in JEE Main.

Topic Percentage of question
General Organic Chemistry 9
Alcohol Phenol Ether 7
Redox reactions 6
Chemical Bonding 5
Coordination Compound 5
P-block elements 5
S-block elements 5
Aldehyde & Ketones 5
Solutions 5
Solid State 5
Chemical Thermodynamics 5
Ionic Equilibrium 3
Chemical Equilibrium 3
Surface chemistry 3
Atomic Structure 2
Gaseous State 2
Transition Elements 2
Polymers 2
Nuclear Chemistry 2
Chemical Kinetics 2
Mole Concepts 2
Amines and Diazonium Salts 2
Biomolecules 2
Alkanes, Alkenes &Alkynes 2
Electrochemistry 2

JEE Main Chemistry: Best Books

Book Title Author
Physical Chemistry O.P. Tandon
Numerical Chemistry P Bahadur
Modern Approach to Chemical Chemistry RC Mukherjee
Organic Chemistry Paula Bruice Yurkanis
Organic Chemistry O.P. Tandon

Read JEE Main Preparation Tips for Chemistry

JEE Main 2019 Physics Syllabus

The Physics syllabus contains two sections — A and B. Section A pertains to the theory having 80% weightage, while Section B contains practical component (Experimental Skills) having 20% weightage. There are 30 questions from this section in JEE Main 2019.

The syllabus can be broadly segregated into the following 5 sections:

  1. Heat and Thermodynamics
  2. Electrostatics and Magnetism
  3. Mechanics
  4. Current Electricity and Electromagnetism
  5. Optics and Modern Physics

Topic-wise Physics Weightage

Important Topics Expected weightage
Heat and Thermodynamics 11%
Optics 11%
Modern Physics 10%
Electrostatics 8%
Current and Electricity 7%
Waves 5%

Following table indicates Physics chapters and percentage of questions asked in JEE Main.

Topic Percentage of question
Electrostatics 9
Thermodynamics 8
Wave Motion 7
Rotational Motion 7
Laws of Motion 6
Ray Optics 6
Magnetic effect of current and Magnetism 6
Simple Harmonic Motion 5
Wave optics 5
Units Dimension Errors 4
Work Energy Power 4
Modern Physics 4
Current Electricity 4
Electromagnetic Induction 3
Physics of Nucleus 3
Fluids 2
Gravitation 2
Elasticity 2
Solids and Semiconductor Devices 2
Center of Mass, Impulse and Momentum 2
Kinetic Theory of Gases 2
Radioactivity 2
Alternating Current 1
EM waves 1

JEE Main Physics: Best Books

Book Title Author
Concept of Physics Part 1&2 H.C. Verma
IIT JEE Physics D.C. Pandey
Problems in Physics S.S. Krotov
Fundamental of Physics Resnick, Halliday and Walker

Read JEE Main Preparation Tips for Physics

JEE Main Syllabus: Paper 2 (B. Arch/ B.Planning)

JEE Main Paper 2 is for candidates who wish to pursue B.Arch and B.Planning in JEE Mains scores accepting colleges/ institutes. The exam will comprise of 3 sections:

Part 1: Mathematics- 30 Questions

Part 2: Aptitude Test- 50 Questions

Part 3: Drawing Test- 2 Questions

Drawing Test Syllabus

  • Awareness of persons, places, Buildings, Materials.
  • Objects, Texture related to Architecture and build—environment.
  • Visualising three-dimensional objects from two-dimensional drawings.
  • Visualising different sides of three-dimensional objects.
  • Analytical Reasoning Mental Ability (Visual, Numerical and Verbal)
  • Three dimensional – perception: Understanding and appreciation of scale and proportion of objects, building forms and elements, colour texture, harmony and contrast.
  • Design and drawing of geometrical or abstract shapes and patterns in pencil.
  • Transformation of forms both 2 D and 3 D union, subtraction, rotation, development of surfaces and volumes, Generation of Plan, elevations and 3 D views of objects.
  • Creating two dimensional and three-dimensional compositions using given shapes and forms.
  • Sketching of scenes and activities from memory of urban scape, landscape and rural life.

Highlights of JEE Main Exam Pattern

JEE Main 2019 is conducted in two papers – Paper 1 (Engineering) and Paper (Architecture). A quick sneak peek is given below:

JEE Main Paper Paper 1 Paper 2
Programs Offered B.E./ B.Tech. B.Arch/ B.Planning
Sections/ Subjects Physics, Chemistry & Mathematics Aptitude Test, Mathematics & Drawing
Type of Questions MCQs MCQs + Drawing
Medium of Exam English/ Hindi/ Other regional language English/ Hindi/ Other regional language
Duration of Exam 3 hours 3 hours
Total Questions 90 82
Total Marks 360 390
JEE Marking Scheme +4 marks | – ¼ marks +4 marks | – ¼ marks | 2*35 = Drawing Ques.

JEE Main Cut Off 2019 (Released): Check Here the Category – wise Cut Off

JEE Main Cut off 2019 for April session has been released with the announcement of result by NTA. The cut off mark is the minimum qualifying mark which must be obtained in order to be eligible for B.Tech/B.E. and B.Arch/B.Plan admissions in NITs, IIITs and other top engineering colleges accepting JEE Main score.

Latest: JEE Main Result – April 2019 has been announced on April 30. Download Now

JEE Main Cut Off April 2019

Reservation Category Cut off for Paper 1
Common Rank List 89.7548849
General – EWS 78.2174869
Other Backward Classes (OBC-NCL) 74.3166557
Scheduled Caste (SC) 54.0128155
Scheduled Tribe (ST) 44.3345172
PwD 0.1137173

Candidates can predict their rank using JEE Main Rank Predictor here

JEE Main cut off is the closing rank at which admission to a particular B.Tech program in a particular institute is closed.

The final cut off will be released by NTA soon. For the first time, NTA will use percentile score and Normalization Procedure to rank the candidates after compiling the result of both January and April sessions.  

With the announcement of the qualifying marks, NTA also releases the All India Ranks (AIR) for JEE Main which will be considered in seat allotment process. Check JEE Main Counselling Process

JEE Main Previous Years Cut off

JEE Main cut off is also available institution-wise and branch-wise and it varies from candidate to candidate as per the institution/ programme/ category. The JEE Main 2018 Cut Off to qualify for JEE Advanced was 74, 45, 29, 24, -35 for CRL, OBC-NCL, SC, ST, PwD categories respectively. Read the following article to know more about JEE Main cut off, qualifying marks, previous years’ trends and factors affecting cut off.

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JEE Main Cut Off

Factors Affecting JEE Main Cut Off

There are numerous factors that affect JEE Main cut off. Joint Admission Board has already announced that class 12th marks will no more be considered for calculating AIRs in JEE Main exam. This simply hints that applicants need to perform even better in the entrance for securing a good rank in JEE Main 2019. Check JEE Main 2019 April Paper Analysis

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The following factors play a vital role in determining the JEE Main cut off every year:

  • Total number of candidates appeared for the exam
  • Level of difficulty of exam
  • Number of available seats
  • Overall performance of the candidate

 JEE Main Cut off Trends

The JEE Main 2019 cutoff will be updated here as and when announced meanwhile candidates can take a look at the previous year cutoff. JEE Main 2018 Cutoff is the lowest in the past 6 years.

Category JEE Main 2018 Cut Off JEE Main 2017 Cut Off JEE Main 2016 Cut Off JEE Main 2015 Cut Off JEE Main 2014 Cut Off JEE Main 2013 Cut Off
General 74 81 100 105 115 113
OBC-NCL 45 49 70 70 74 70
SC 29 32 52 50 53 50
ST 24 27 48 44 47 45

JEE Main Qualifying Marks

The qualifying marks for JEE Main 2019 can be predicted from the following table which depicts the JEE Main 2018 Cutoff for JEE Advanced.

Category Qualified Candidates Maximum Marks Minimum Marks
Common Rank List 111275 350 74
OBC-NCL 65313 73 45
SC 34425 73 29
ST 17256 73 24
PWD 2755 73 -35

JEE Main Counselling

JoSAA and CSAB holds the seat allotment process for admission in 100 participating institutes (23 IITs, 31 NITs, 23 IIITs and 23 GFTIs). Candidates will be allocated seats based on the merit, availability of seat and choice preference (at the time of registration for counselling). Prior to the actual allotment of seats, mock allotment will be held in 2 rounds. This way, candidates will be able to know and choose better preferences for themselves in the actual rounds of seat allotment.

Know more about JEE Main Counselling

JEE Main Marking Scheme

JEE Main result also determines whether the candidates have qualified for JEE Advanced or not. The marking scheme followed to calculate JEE Main scores and ranks are as follows:

Total Marks

  • Maximum score for paper 1 is 360 marks.
  • Maximum score for paper 2 is 390 marks.

Marks obtained in Paper 1 = Number of correct answers x 4 – Number of incorrect answers x 1.

Marks obtained in Paper 2 = Number of correct answers in Maths and Aptitude Test x 4 – Number of incorrect answers in Maths and Aptitude Test x 1 + marks obtained in Drawing Test.

Calculation of Ranks

Based on obtained percentile in JEE Main through normalization procedure, candidates will be allocated the respective ranks. In case 2 or more candidates obtain equal marks then inter-se-merit is applied to determine the ranks and break the tie.

Tie-break criteria (other than IITs)

Higher percentile in Mathematics > Higher percentile in Physics > Higher percentile in Chemistry > candidate elder in age

Note: In case the tie is not broken, the candidates will be given same ranks while declaring JEE Main Result 2019.


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